Safiur Rahman Mubarakpuri

Safiur Rahman Mubarakpuri[3] (6 June 1942 – 1 December 2006) was an Indian Islamic scholar, teacher and writer within the Salafi creed.[4][5] He wrote the book, Ar-Raheeq Al-Makhtum (The Sealed Nectar).

Safiur Rahman Mubarakpuri
Shofiur rahman mobarakpuri.jpg
Personal
Born(1942-06-06)6 June 1942
Died1 December 2006(2006-12-01) (aged 64)[1]
ReligionIslam
NationalityIndian
JurisprudenceSunni
MovementSalafi
Notable work(s)Ar-Raheeq Al-Makhtum
EducationMadrasah Arabiyah Dar At-Ta’leem (1948)
Madrasah Ihya Al-Ulum (1954)
Jamia Islamia Faiz-e-Aam (1956)
Occupation
  • Writer
  • Author
Muslim leader
AwardsMuslim World League
(in 1976; first grand prize of SR 50,000)

Ar-Raheeq Al-Makhtum was honored by the first Islamic conference on seerah Muslim World League as first prize winner book took place in 1978.[6][5] 1,182 manuscripts were received from all over the world.[5] Out of these, 183 were shortlisted. Mubarakpuri received first prize and the award of SR 50,000[5][6][7]

BiographyEdit

Early lifeEdit

Mubarakpuri was born in Husainabad, a village in Mubarakpur (Azamgarh district), Uttar Pradesh, India in 1942.[8]

Educational backgroundEdit

Mubarakpuri began his studies at home with the Quran under the tutelage of his grandfather and uncle. He then began studies in Arabic and Persian after getting admission in Madrasa Arabia Dar-ut-Taleem. He later moved to Madrasah Ihyaaul Uloom in Mubarakpur after being admitted there in 1954. Two years later in 1956, he joined Madrasa Faiz-e-Aam Maunath Bhanjan (Mau district) for further studies. Upon completion of his seven years of studies, he acquired the Fadilat degree and passed multiple exams to receive the Maulvi and Alim Certification. Mubarakpuri then went on to teach for the next 28 years in various universities, madrasas, and schools in India until he was offered a position at the Islamic University of Al Madinah al-Munawarah. Mubarakpuri in his autobiography, he told that, Almighty given him ability of writing from the very beginning of his career. During his teaching period, he wrote and compiled about seventeen books in Urdu and Arabic languages. He also said that when the monthly Urdu Magazine Muhaddith of Jamiah Salagiyah was published in 1980, he was appointed as Chief Editor of the Magazine section up to September 1988, until he joined the Islamic University at al-Madinah. He served several years at the Islamic University of Madinah.[9][10]

CareerEdit

After completing his studies at the Jamia Islamia Faiz-e-Aam in 1961 C.E., he began to teaching, preaching and delivering sermons. However, unfavorable circumstances did not permit him to stay in one place for long. In March 1963 C.E., he joined the Jamia Islamia Faiz-e-Aam as a Teacher. Then he was transferred to the Al-Jamiatul Asaria Darul Hadees in the same city in February 1966 C.E.[11]

In January 1969, he was appointed as the Principal at the Madrasa Faizul Oloom at Seoni (M.P.), India. According to his autobiography, after four years in 1972 he was requested to serve in his native Institute Madrasa Arabia Darul-Taleem as Principal. After spending two years, he was invited by Jamia Salafia, Varanasi to join as a Professor. He was appointed in Shawwal 1394 A.H. (October 1974 C.E.), working in various academic departments till Dhul-Hijjah 1408 A.H. (July 1988 C.E.).

A research institute was established in 1408 Hijrah at the Islamic University of Al-Madinah known as The Center for the Services of the Prophet’s Biography. He was selected to work there and was entrusted the duty of preparing an encyclopedia on the subject of the life history of Muhammad, as a research scholar.[12][3]

Timeline of his careerEdit

After graduating in 1961 from “Madrasah Faidh e Aam”, Shaikh Safiur Rahman taught in many Madaris:

  • From 1961 to 1963: He taught in the village Nagpur in the area of Ilahabad.
  • From 1963 to 1965: He became teacher in his motherly Madrasah Faydh e Aam’.
  • In 1965: He taught in “Jamiyah Ar-Rashad” in A’zamgarh.
  • From 1966 to 1969: He taught in “Madrasah Dar Al-Hadith Mau’, and he was Naib Sadr Mudaris (vice head teacher) there.
  • From 1969 to End 1972: He taught in the “Madrasah Faydh Al-Ulum’ Seyuni which was located 7 km from Maunath Bhajan in Madhiyah Pardesh. He taught there for 4 years and he was Sadr Mudaris (as a Head teacher).
  • End of 1972 to 1974: The head of “Madrasah Dar At-Ta’leem” in Mubarakpur, which was the Shaykh's first Madrasah, insisted on him to be teacher there and he accepted.
  • 1974 to 1988: Shaykh SafiuRahman Mubarakpuri taught in Jamiyah Salafiyah Banaris, the Markazi Ahl e Hadith University in India.
  • 1988 to 1997: Shaykh SafiurRahman Mubarakpuri was a research scholar for “Markaz Khidmah As-Sunnah wa As-Seerah” which was part of Madeenah University, and he worked there up to December 1997.
  • 1998 to till his death: The Shaykh moved to Riyadh and worked as a research scholar for Maktabah Darussalam established by Shaykh AbdulMalik Mujahid.

DeathEdit

Mubrakpuri passed away on the 1st December 2006 (Zul Qi’dah 1427) on a Friday after a long disease in his house in Husaynabad.[13]

Books and compilationsEdit

Books in ArabicEdit

  • "Ar-Raheeq Al-Makhtum”: The famous book of Seerah which won the competition of the Muslim World League for the best biography.
  • Rawdah Al-Anwar fi Seerah An-Nabi Al-Mukhtar”: A shorter book on the Seerah, published by Darussalam.
  • Ittihaf Al-Kiram”: An explanation of “Bulugh Al-Maram” published by Darussalam.
  • Minnah Al-Mun’im Sharh Sahih Muslim”: An Arabic explanation of Sahih Muslim in 4 volumes published by Darussalam.
  • Bahjah An-Nazar”: A small booklet on Usul Al-Hadith
  • Ibraz Al-Haqq wa Sawab fi Masalah As-Sufur wal Hijab”: on the veil.
  • Al-Ahzab As-Siyasiyah fil Islam”: A book on political parties in Islam.
  • At-Tatawur Ash-Shu’ub wa Diyanat fil Hind wa Majal Ad-Da’wah fiha”: On the different religions in India and the opportunities of Da’wah in India.
  • Al-Firqah An-Najiyah wal Furuq Al-Islamiyah Al-Ukhra”.
  • Sharh Azhaar Al-Arab”: An explanation of the book of “Azhaar Al-Arab” of Shaykh Muhammad Surti.
  • Al-Basharat bi Muhammad (saw) fi Kutub Al-Hunud wal Budiyin”: On the predictions of Muhammad in the books of the Hindus and Buddhists.

His Urdu booksEdit

  • Ar-Raheeq Al-Makhtum”: The Shaykh translated his Arabic book to Urdu himself and it was published by Maktabah Salafiyah Lahore by Shaykh Ata’ullah Haneef Bhujiyani.
  • Tajaliyat Nubuwwat”: The Urdu translation of “Rawdah Al-Anwar”, published by Darussalam.
  • Qadiyaniyat Apne Aine Mein”: A book authored by the Shaykh refuting Qadianism.
  • Fitnah Qadiyaniyat or Molana Thanaullah Amritsari”: A book authored by the Shaykh on the efforts of Shaykul Islam Thanaullah Amritsari against Qadianism.
  • Inkar Hadith Kiyun”: On the authority of Hadith.
  • Inkar Hadith Haqq ya Batil”: Against Hadith rejecters
  • Ramz Haqq wa Batil”: A book containing the texts of his debate with a Brelwi scholar.
  • Islam or ‘Adm Tashaddud”: On Islam being a peaceful religion.
  • His Arabic Sharh on “Bulugh Al-Maram” called “Ittihad Al-Kiram” has been translated in Urdu by Shaykh AbdulWakeel Alawi and published by Darussalam after the verification of Shaykh Irshad Al-Haqq Athari.
  • Suhuf Yahud wa Nasara mein Nabi se Muta’aliq Bashartein”: A book authored by the Shaykh on the predictions of Muhammad in the Books of the Jews and Christians.

Translations from Arabic to Urdu of books of other scholarsEdit

  • Ahl e Tasawuuf ki Karstaniyan”: Translation in Urdu by Shaykh SafiurRahman Mubarakpuri of “Fadaih Sufiyah” of Shaykh Abdur-Rahman Abdu-Khaliq.
  • Tazkirah Shaykh Al-Islam Muhammad ibn AbdilWahhab”: The Shaykh translated of a book of Shaykh Ahmad ibn Hajar Aal Botami, and added a detailed introduction on the history of Aal Saud.
  • Shaykh Muhammad ibn AbdilWahab ka Salafi Aqidah or Duniya Islam par Us ka Athar”: Shaykh SafiurRahman Mubarakpuri translated in Urdu a book of Shaykh Salih Al-‘Ubood on Shaykh Muhammad ibn AbdilWahab in 2 volumes in 854 pages total and it was published by Madeenah University.
  • Translation in Urdu by the Shaykh of “Al-Masabih fi Masalah At-Tarawih” of Hafiz Suyuti.
  • Translation in Urdu by the Shaykh of “Mukhtasar Izhar Al-Haqq”.
  • Aimah Arba’ah ka Aqidah”: Translation in Urdu by the Shaykh of a book on the creed of the 4 Imams.
  • Translation of the Shaykh of “Mukhtasar Seerah Ar-Rasool (saw)” of Shaykh Muhammad ibn AbdilWahab
  • Translation of the Shaykh of “Al-Kalim At-Tayib” of Shaykhul Islam ibn Taymiayh
  • The translation of the Shaykh of “Kitab Al-Arba’in An-Nawawi

Books of Darussalam verified by the ShaikhEdit

The Shaykh verified many books of Darusslam among whom we count:

  • Al-Misbah Al-Muneer fi Tahdhib Tafsir ibn Kathir”: Tafsir ibn Kathir was summarised by a team of researchers of Darussalam under the supervision of Shaykh SafiurRahman Mubarakpuri and Shaykh Abul Ashbal Sagheer Ahmad Saghif. This summarised Arabic Tafsir was then translated in Urdu, English, French and many other languages.
  • Tafsir Ahsan Al-Kalam” (Urdu) of Hafiz Salahdin Yusuf
  • Tafsir Al-Quran bi Kalam Ar-Rahman” of Shaykh Al-Islam Thanaullah Amritsari, a one vol. Arabic Tafsir of the Quran by the Quran of Shaykh Amritsari, with the Takhrij of Shaykh AbduQadir Arnaut and verification of Shaykh SafiurRahman Mubarakpuri.
  • History of Islam” of Akbar Shah Najeebabadi. The book was translated from Urdu to English by Darussalam and Shaykh SafiurRahman Mubarakpuri added notes to it.
  • Tarikh Makkah Mukarramah”: This book was prepared by a group of scholars under the supervision of Shaykh SafiurRahman Mubarakpuri and it was published in Arabic, Urdu, Bengali, French and many other languages. The English translation is entitled: “The History of Makkah”
  • Tarikh Madinah Munawwarah”: This book was prepared by a group of scholars under the supervision of Shaykh SafiurRahman Mubarakpuri and it was published in many languages, Arabic, Urdu, Bengali, French and others. The English translation is entitled “History of Madinah Munawwarah
  • Collection from Riyadus Saliheen”: Shaykh SafiurRahman collected some Ahadith from “Riyadh As-Salihin” of Imam Nawawi, and it was translated in English.
  • The Shaykh verified and introduced the Arabic book of Shaykh AbulMukarim ibn AbdilJaleel “Da’wah Al-Imam Muhammad ibn AbdilWahab bayna Muayiduha wa Mu’aridhuha fi Shibah Al-Qarah Al-Hindiyah

And many other works published by Darussalam.

Books compiled from his articlesEdit

Shaikh Safiur Rahman Mubarakpuri was the editor of the Monthly magazine “Mohadis” Banaris for 6 years and he authored many articles in this magazine and others. In current times many books have been published collecting his articles, such as:

  • Khomeini ka ‘Islami’ Inqilab, Nafsiyati Mahol or Haqaiq”: This book of 82 pages compiles a series of article of the Shaykh exposing the reality of Khomeini and his revolution in Iran, it was published by “Nadwah As-Sunnah” Sidarrath Nagar UP. This book has been translated in English by “Umm-ul-Qura Publications” and will be published soon insha Allah.
  • Azab e Qabr ka Bayan”: this book compiles two articles, one of Shaykh SafiurRahman Mubarakpuri and one of Shaykh Abu Abdillah Jabir Dimanwi refuting those who deny the punishment of the grave. It was published by Maktabah Muhammadiyah Sahiwal in Pakistan.

Some of his works at “Markaz Khidmah As-Seerah wa As-Sunnah”Edit

  • The Shaykh established the format of a “Seerah Encyclopaedia
  • Preparation to establish an Encyclopaedia on the two Holly lands (Haramyn Sharifayn) Makkah and Madinah.
  • Compilation of all the narrations of Aishah (Rad) in 9 books of Hadith and other books
  • Compilation of cards on Makkah for the publication of an “Encyclopaedia” on Makkah
  • Compilation of an index of all Ahadith in the six books and others on Seerah
  • Research on the genealogy of Muhammad up to Adam.
  • Compilation on the Prophesies of Muhammad in all religions. The Shaykh gathered in it as well the predictions in books of Hindus, Budhists and Zoroastrians.
  • The Markaz Khidmah As-Sunna Wa As-Seerah (Centre for the Service of the Sunnah and Sirah) published in English in 2 large volumes “Sirat Al-Nabi (Saw) And The Orientalists with the special reference to the writings of William Muir, D.S. Margoliouth and W. Montgomery Watt” by Muhammad Mohar Ali. Shaykh SafiurRahman Mubarakpuri reviewed this work.

And many other projects written and reviewed by the Shaykh at Markaz Khidmah As-Sunnah wa As-Seerah.

Some of his books translated to EnglishEdit

  • The Sealed Nectar”: English translation of “Ar-Raheeq Al-Makhtum”, published by Darussalam. The 2nd edition has been revised by Shaykh Abu Khaliyl (US) who obtained Ijaza in Hadith from Shaykh SafiurRahman Mubarakpuri
  • When the Moon Split”: English translation of “Rawdah Al-Anwar”, published by Darussalam.
  • In Reply to the Mischief of Denial of Hadith”: Translation of “Inkar e Hadith, Haqq ya Batil”, published by Maktabah Quddusia Lahore.
  • All the works of Darussalam mentioned before published under the Shaykh's supervision “Tafsir ibn Kathir”, “History of Islam”, “History of Makkah Mukarramah”, “History of Madinah Munawwarah”, Collection from Riyadus Saliheen” and others.
  • The Markaz Khidmah As-Sunna Wa As-Seerah (Centre for the Service of the Sunnah and Sirah) published in English in 2 large volumes “Sirat Al-Nabi (Saw) And The Orientalists with the special reference to the writings of William Muir, D.S. Margoliouth and W. Montgomery Watt” by Muhammad Mohar Ali. Shaykh SafiurRahman Mubarakpuri reviewed this work.
  • A chapter of his book “Fitnah Qadiyaniyat or Molana Thanaullah Amritsari” has been translated in English and quoted in the book of Shaykh Suhaib Hasan “Two Essays on Qadianism”, published by Al-Quran Society
  • The Islamic” revolution of Khomeini, the psychological environment and realities”: Translation of “Khomeini ka ‘Islami’ Inqilab, Nafsiyati Mahol or Haqaiq” and it will be published soon by Umm-Ul-Qura Publications.

Books recognized worldwideEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Biography of Safiur Rahman Mubarakpuri (in Arabic)
  2. ^ "Biography of Safiur Rahman Mubarakpuri | Al-Istiqaamah". istiqaamah.net. Retrieved 20 September 2021.
  3. ^ a b Ar-Raheeq Al-Makhtum Pdf (Pdf); See at Author's Autobiography page in Lincage part; his full name mentioned.
  4. ^ danishalhyderabadee (2 December 2006). "Shaykh Safi ur Rahman Mubarakpuri Passes Away!". IBN AL HYDERABADEE. Retrieved 20 September 2021.
  5. ^ a b c d "Biography of Shaykh SafiuRahman Mubarakpuri | Umm-Ul-Qura Publications". Archived from the original on 21 September 2021. Retrieved 20 September 2021.
  6. ^ a b "The Sealed Nectar is full of boundless and valuable lessons". Daily Times. 6 December 2019. Retrieved 20 September 2021.
  7. ^ Admin (11 November 2019). "Learn about the prophet Muhammad (PBUH) - BOOKS". British Muslim Magazine. Retrieved 20 September 2021.
  8. ^ "Autobiography of Safi-ur-Rahman al-Mubarakpuri". Dar us Salam. Retrieved 13 October 2013.
  9. ^ Biography of Safiur Rahman Mubarakpuri. darussalam.
  10. ^ "Author Autobiography in Arabic". Retrieved 13 October 2013.
  11. ^ البهنساوى, أحمد (1 December 2020). "المباركفوري.. 14 عاما على وفاة مؤلف "الرحيق المختوم" و"نسل الأنصار"". الوطن (in Arabic). Retrieved 20 September 2021.
  12. ^ "Shaykh Mubarakpuri Passes Away (Author of Ar-Rahiq al-Makhtum (The Sealed Nectar))". TurnToIslam Islamic Forum & Social Network. Retrieved 20 September 2021.
  13. ^ Gulistan Hadith of Shaykh Ishaq Bhatti, “Allamah SafiurRahman Mubarakpuri Yadon ke Safar Mein” of Shaykh Rizwanullah Ryadhi
  14. ^ Mubarkpuri, Safi-ur-Rahman (2002). A complete authoritative book on the life of Prophet Muhammad (S) by Sheikh Safi-ur-Rahman al-Mubarakpuri. ISBN 1591440718.
  15. ^ "مؤلف كتاب الرحيق المختوم – الأول". www.alawwl.com (in Arabic). Retrieved 20 September 2021.
  16. ^ "When the Moon Split A Biography of Prophet Muhammad (SAW)". Dar Us Salam. Retrieved 13 October 2013.
  17. ^ "History of Makkah Mukarramah". Dar Us Salam. Retrieved 13 October 2013.
  18. ^ "History of Madinah Munawwarah By Safiur-Rahman Shaykh Mubarakpuri". Historic Book. Dar Us Salam. Retrieved 13 October 2013.
  19. ^ "Tafsir Ibn Kathir Abridged By Safiur-Rahman Shaykh Mubarakpuri". Dar Us Salam. Retrieved 13 October 2013.
  20. ^ "Safiur-Rahman Mubarakpuri's Books in different languages". Retrieved 13 October 2013.

External linksEdit