Meeqath(Redirected from Miqat)
Meeqath (Arabic: ميقات means "a stated place") is one of the points at which pilgrims on the Hajj, the pilgrimage to Mecca which is required of all able Muslims, put on ihrām, the pilgrim's garment made up of white cloth.
Five of the six Meeqath stations were appointed by the Islamic prophet Muhammad. The sixth Meeqath was appointed at a later date for the convenience of travelers from India and countries to the east.
The Meeqaths are as follows:
1. Dhu 'l-Hulayfah - This Meeqath is about 9 kilometers from Madinah and about 450 kilometers from Makkah. Dhu 'l-Hulayfah is the Meeqath for those who live in Madinah and for those who approach Makkah from the direction of Madinah.
2. Juhfah - This Meeqath is about 190 kilometers to the northwest of Makkah. This is the Meeqath for the people who come from the direction of Syria.
3. Qarn ul-Manāzil - Also known as Meeqat Al-Sail. Located 85 km from Al-Haram, in a small town known as As-Sail Al-Kabeer on Highway 40. This Meeqath serves pilgrims coming from the Najd region which is generally the middle of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
4. Yalamlam - This Meeqath point serves the Hujajj coming from the direction of Yemen. Yalamlam is a small city in the province of Makkah.
5. Dhāt-i 'Irq - This Meeqath is about 85 kilometers northeast of Makkah. This Meeqath serves pilgrims coming from the direction of Iraq, Iran and other places en route. The Meeqath is situated in a very rural location, 58 km from the Highway 40, the main Taif-Riyadh road.
A map of the Meeqath and their exact locations:
If one intends to travel to Makkah for either the pilgrimage of the Hajj or Umrah one should wear one's Ihram at these Meeqath stations. The state of Ihram goes beyond one's clothing and it is considered most important to enter a spiritual state of mind.
Entering the Meeqath by airEdit
When flying to Makkah it is necessary to wear one's Ihram before one's plane enters the Meeqath zone in the air. Jeddah is within the Meeqath zone as a line from the southernmost Meeqath at Yalamlam to the northwestern Meeqath at Juhfah includes Jeddah in the zone. Pilgrims either wear their Ihram from the airport at departure or wear it in the plane. Pilots often announce entering the Meeqath about 30 minutes prior so that pilgrims can go to the restroom and change.
Al-Hil refers to the area between the boundaries of the Mawaqit and the boundaries of the Haram. Towns and cities such as Jeddah, Khulais, al-Janun and Taneem are all situated within al-Hil.
Pilgrims residing in or travelling through al-Hil must enter into a state of Ihram before crossing the boundary of the Haram. For example, a person who travels to Jeddah for business purposes and wants to perform Umrah at a later stage may enter into Ihram in Jeddah or before crossing the boundary of the Haram.
If an individual from al-Hil has the intention of entering Makkah for another purpose, such as praying Salah at the Haram or visiting friends or relatives, Ihram won’t be required. If after entering Makkah the individual decides to perform Umrah, he will need to assume Ihram at the boundary of the Haram.
The Haram is the sacred boundary of Makkah within which certain acts are considered unlawful which may be lawful elsewhere. It is prohibited to hunt wild animals, damage any plant or tree, graze animals, carry weapons, fight or behave in a manner that will violate the sanctity of Masjid al-Haram. If a violation is carried out within the precinct of the Haram, Damm or Sadaqah is required as expiation.
The boundaries of the Haram are as follows:
1. Taneem – Masjid Aisha, also known as Masjid Taneem, located about 8 km (5 miles) from the Kaaba and 5 km (3 miles) away from Makkah, in the direction of Madinah.
2. Adaat Laban – On the road to Yemen, 11 km (7 miles) away from Makkah.
3. Wadi Nakhla – On the road to Iraq, 11 km (7 miles) away from Makkah.
4. Arafat – On the road to Ta’if, close to Masjid al-Namirah in Arafat, 11 km (7 miles) away from Makkah.
5. Ji’ranah – Masjid al-Ji’ranah, located about 14 km (9 miles) away from Makkah.
6. Hudaibiyah – Masjid al-Hudaibiyah, on the road to Jeddah, about 16 km (10 miles) away from Makkah.
If a pilgrim intends to perform an additional Umrah, Ihram must be assumed outside the boundary of the Haram before reentering Makkah to carry out the rites of Umrah. Many pilgrims choose to enter into the state of Ihram at Masjid Aisha which is the nearest and most convenient location from Masjid al-Haram. Transportation to get to this location is readily available near the mosque.
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- Hughes, Thomas Patrick (1994). Dictionary of Islam. Chicago, IL: Kazi Publications Inc. USA. ISBN 0-935782-70-2.
- "Meeqath | Hajj & Umrah Planner". hajjumrahplanner.com. Retrieved 2017-04-10.
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