Miqat (Arabic: ميقات means "a stated place"). Miqats are the points at which pilgrims on the Hajj, the pilgrimage to Mecca which is required of all able Muslims, put on ihrām, the pilgrim's garment made up of white cloth. Five of the six Miqat stations were appointed by the Islamic prophet [Muhammad(SM)]. The sixth Miqat was appointed at a later date for the convenience of travelers from India and countries to the east. The stations are as follows:
- Dhu 'l-Hulayfah - This Miqat is about 9 kilometers from Madinah and about 450 kilometers from Makkah. Dhu 'l-Hulayfah is the Miqat for those who live in Madinah and for those who approach Makkah from the direction of Madinah.
- Juhfah - This Miqat is about 190 kilometers to the northwest of Makkah. This is the Miqat for the people who come from the direction of Syria.
- Qarn ul-Manāzil - Also known as Meeqat Al-Sail. Located 85 km from Al-Haram, in a small town known as As-Sail Al-Kabeer on Highway 40. This Miqat serves pilgrims coming from the Najd region which is generally the middle of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
- Yalamlam - This Miqat point serves the Hujajj coming from the direction of Yemen. Yalamlam is a small city in the province of Makkah.
- Thaneim - This Miqat is located in the Al-Hil area of Makkah, 8 km from the Holy Kaabah. The Mosque is also known as Masjid-e Taneem. The Miqat serves those starting their pilgrimage in Makkah. The Mosque is large with good facilities for baths, ablution and changing.
- Dhāt-i 'Irq - This Miqat is about 85 kilometers northeast of Makkah. This Miqat serves pilgrims coming from the direction of Iraq, Iran and other places en route. The Miqat is situated in a very rural location, 58 km from the Highway 40, the main Taif-Riyadh road.
A map of the Miqats and their exact locations:
If one intends to travel to Makkah for either the pilgrimage of the Hajj or Umrah one should wear one's Ihram at these Miqat stations. The state of Ihram goes beyond one's clothing and it is considered most important to enter a spiritual state of mind.
Entering the Miqat by airEdit
When flying to Makkah it is necessary to wear one's Ihram before one's plane enters the Miqat zone in the air. This map shows the Miqat zone from the air. Jeddah is within the Miqat zone as a line from the southernmost Miqat at Yalamlam to the northwestern Miqat at Juhfah includes Jeddah in the zone. Pilgrims either wear their Ihram from the airport at departure or wear it in the plane. Pilots often announce entering the Miqat about 30 minutes prior so that pilgrims can go to the restroom and change.