Queen Heonjeong

Queen Heonjeong of the Hwangju Hwangbo clan (Korean헌정왕후 황보씨; Hanja獻貞王后 皇甫氏; c. 960/5–993[2]) or formally called as Grand Queen Mother Hyosuk (Korean효숙왕태후; Hanja孝肅王太后) during her son's reign, was a Korean Royal family member as the third daughter (formally second and youngest) of Daejong of Goryeo and Queen Seonui, also become a Korean Queen Consort[3] as the 4th wife and queen consort of King Gyeongjong of Goryeo. She was the biological mother of King Hyeonjong of Goryeo, who was her son with Anjong of Goryeo.[4] Queen Heonjeong became the fourth reigned Goryeo Queen Consort who followed her maternal clan, that later commonly used to other goryeo queens, followed her older sister, Queen Heonae.

Queen Heonjeong
헌정왕후
Grand Queen Mother Hyosuk
(효숙왕태후, 孝肅王太后)
Queen Consort of Goryeo
PredecessorQueen Heonae
SuccessorQueen Mundeok
MonarchKing Gyeongjong
Queen Consort of Goryeo
(posthumously)
Reignafter 966
Coronationafter 966
PredecessorQueen Jeongdeok (1st)
Queen Munhwa (2nd)
SuccessorQueen Seonui (1st)
Queen Wonhye (2nd)
MonarchKing Anjong
Grand Queen Mother of Goryeo
(posthumously)
PredecessorGrand Queen Mother Sinseong
SuccessorGrand Queen Mother Wonseong
MonarchKing Hyeonjong
Bornc. 960/5
Gaegyeong-si, Kingdom of Goryeo
Died
Burial
Wolleung tomb[1]
SpouseGyeongjong of Goryeo
Anjong of Goryeo
IssueHyeonjong of Goryeo (with Anjong)
Regnal name
  • Based on Goryeosa:
    • Grand Queen Mother Myeonggan Seonyong Inhye Hyosuk (명간선용인혜효숙왕태후, 明簡宣容仁惠孝肅王太后)
  • Based on Hyeonhwasabi:
    • Royal Grand Queen Mother Hyosuk Inhye Sunseong (효숙인혜순성대왕태후, 孝肅仁惠順聖大王太后)
Posthumous name
Queen Hyesun Inhye Seonyong Myeonggan
혜순인혜선용명간왕후
惠順仁惠宣容明簡王后
HouseHouse of Wang (by birth)
Hwangju Hwangbo (by marriage)
FatherDaejong of Goryeo
MotherQueen Seonui

Aftermath with Anjong of GoryeoEdit

Since child, she and her siblings, was raised by her grandmother, Queen Sinjeong since all of her parents were died early.[5] While King Gyeongjong died early, she became a widowed on her mid-twenties and out the palace, lived in her own mansion in Gaegyeong which close with her half uncle, Wang Uk's house in southern Wangnyun Temple (왕륜사, 王輪寺), Songak Mountain, so they were a neighborhood.[6]

Someday, it was said that she had a dream that, in her dream, she climbed a hill and urinated, overflowing the country and turning into a sea of silver. She then visited a shaman to interpret her dream and the shaman predicted that if she gave birth to a son, her son would become the King of the Nation and she'll occupy the country. Meanwhile, the Queen said: "I am already a widow, how can I have a son?." and rebuked that shaman.[7]

Since the widowed queen wasn't allowed to approach other men by law, so she often visited her uncle as just him on his 50s was her only conversation partner[6] and as they spend times together, they then became close each other and after 10 years passed, the Queen thought that her heart, which had moved little by little, just relayed on Wang Wook.[6] On the ambitious night in 991, after prayed for the former King Gyeongjong's happiness in Wangnyun Temple, both Wang Uk and the Queen confirmed each other's feelings and the two slowly began to embrace their love affair. As a result, they had a son named Wang Sun.[8]

At this time, peoples around them were all quiet and the courts was unaware of this. Knowing her deed, The Queen who felt her fetus was anxious and her body must just served the former King and couldn't even have a relationship with another man and she was said to wanted to die as she even had a child with her own uncle.[6] Seeing this, her older sister, Queen Mother Heonae was openly communicated her affection with Gim Chi-yang, but the weak-hearted Heonjeong trembled with Heonae's anxiety and she then cried while hugged Wang Uk.[6] In her uncle's hugged, she said:

"How do i do this?, i'd rather die. It's all my fault. I should have kept only your heart. What do I do now that I have a child?, don't worry too much and take good care of yourself, I'll cover all your mistakes. I'm going to hurt my body like this."[9][6]

In 992, while she stayed in his house, his slave piled up firewood in the yard and set it on fire. As soon as the flames started to rise, an official ran to put the fire out, Seongjong rushed to rescue them and hurriedly came with asked for Uk's affairs and condolences.[6] During this time, it was said that she ashamed and despised, then cried a lot in shame and went back to her own mansion, but as soon as she reached the gate, there was a fetal movement. The Queen was said to trembling with anxiety until the day she gave birth to her child in her late-twenties and she turned her back on her world, leaving her uncle. Seongjong, who wanted to comforted his younger sister, said:

"Your uncle has disturbed the morals of the Royal Family. Don't think too badly about sending him to Sasu-hyeon to correct the country's discipline."

[10][6] Wang Uk, who had no choice, cried as he embraced his lover (niece) who was getting colder and she then died during her childbirth.[6]

Not long after this, after the country know that the widowed Queen got pregnant, Wang Uk was exiled to Sasu-hyeon (nowadays is Sacheon-si, Gyeongsangnam-do, South Korea) due to his affair with the widowed queen. As Wang Sun still young at this time, so he then bought to the palace by his uncle, King Seongjong and gave Sun a nanny to take care of him.[5] Wang Sun's maternal aunt, Heonae, who now became her son, Mokjong of Goryeo's regent, threatened Sun's life from time to time after his mother's death and had a tumultuous time until the day he ascended the throne.

Meanwhile, in 1009, Mokjong was deposed and his mother was expelled due to Gang Jo's rebellion in Ganghwa Island and Wang Sun then ascended to the throne as a result from Ganghwa's insistence. Heonjeong then honoured as a Queen Mother and received her Posthumous name, along with Wang Uk, also buried in Wolleung Tomb (원릉, 元陵).[5]

FamilyEdit

  • Father: Daejong of Goryeo (? – November 969) (고려 대종)[11]
  • Mother: Queen Seonui (선의왕후)
  • Husband:
    • 1st: Gyeongjong of Goryeo (9 November 955 – 13 August 981) (고려 경종)[12]
    • 2nd: Anjong of Goryeo (? – 7 July 996) (고려 안종)
      • Son: Hyeonjong of Goryeo (1 August 992 – 17 June 1031) (고려 현종)
        • Daughter-in-law: Queen Wonjeong (? – 1018) (원정왕후)
        • Daughter-in-law: Queen Wonhwa (원화왕후)
        • Daughter-in-law: Queen Wonseong (? – 22 July 1028) (원성왕후)
        • Daughter-in-law: Queen Wonhye (? – 30 June 1022) (원혜왕후)
        • Daughter-in-law: Queen Wonyong (원용왕후)
        • Daughter-in-law: Queen Wonmok (? – 12 May 1057) (원목왕후)
        • Daughter-in-law: Queen Wonpyeong (? – October 1028) (원평왕후)

Posthumous nameEdit

  • In May 1017 (8th year reign of King Hyeonjong), name Hye-sun (혜순, 惠順) was added.
  • In June 1021 (12nd year reign of King Hyeonjong), name In-hye (인혜, 仁惠) was added.
  • In April 1027 (18th year reign of King Hyeonjong), name Seon-yong (선용, 宣容) was added.
  • In October 1253 (40th year reign of King Gojong), name Myeong-gan (명간, 明簡) was added to her Posthumous name too.

[13][5]

In popular cultureEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "원릉에 도적이 들다". Goryeosa (in Korean). Retrieved August 5, 2021.
  2. ^ In Lunar calendar, she was died on 19th days 3rd months 993. Since her death date is not clear, so there were many theories such as: the Queen was died on 1 August 992 or in Lunar calendar was 1st day 7th months 992 according to the Goryeosa.
  3. ^ Queen Heonjung Archived 2013-02-18 at archive.today (in Korean)
  4. ^ Queen Heonjeong (in Korean)
  5. ^ a b c d "경종 후비 헌정왕후 황보씨". db.history.go.kr (in Korean). Retrieved August 5, 2021.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i Kim, Sung-chul (10 September 2012). "안종 욱과 헌정왕후의 슬픈 사랑". NamhaeTimes (in Korean). Retrieved September 24, 2021.
  7. ^ 그녀가 꿈에 곡령(鵠嶺)에 올라 소변을 하니 나라 안에 흘러넘쳐 모두 은 바다가 되는 꿈을 꾸었다고 한다. 헌정왕후가 무속인을 찾아가 꿈해몽을 하자 무속인은 아들을 낳으면 일국의 왕이 될 것이라고 점하였다. 그러나 헌정왕후는 "내가 이미 과부인데 어찌 아들을 낳겠는가?"며 대수롭지 않게 넘겼다 한다.
  8. ^ "현종 총서". Goryeosa (in Korean). Retrieved September 23, 2021.
  9. ^ "이 일을 어찌하면 좋아요. 차라리 죽어버리고 싶습니다. 모든 게 다 내 잘못이오. 그대의 마음만 간직했어야 하는데. 아이까지 갖게 했으니 어쩌겠소. 내가 모든 잘못을 뒤집어 쓸 테니 너무 걱정 말고 몸조리나 잘 하시오. 이러다간 몸까지 상하겠소."
  10. ^ "숙부께서 왕실의 풍기를 문란하게 했소이다. 나라의 기강을 바로잡기 위해 사수현으로 귀양보내고자 하니 너무 섭섭게 생각하지 마시오."
  11. ^ Prince of Hwangjuwon (Hangul: 황주원군, Hanja: 黃州院君), King Taejo's eighth son
  12. ^ No issue.
  13. ^ "경종 후비 헌정왕후 황보씨". Goryeosa (in Chinese). Retrieved August 5, 2021.

External linksEdit