Mokjong of Goryeo

Mokjong of Goryeo (5 July 980 – 2 March 1009) (r. 997–1009) was the seventh ruler of the Goryeo dynasty of Korea.

Mokjong of Goryeo
고려 목종
高麗 穆宗
Wang Song (왕송)
Duke of Yang State
(양국공, 讓國公)
Prince Gaeryeong
(개령군, 開寧君)
Reign990–997
Coronation990
PredecessorWang Chi, the 1st Prince Gaeryeong
SuccessorTitle abolished
King of Goryeo
Reign997–1009
Coronation997
Gaegyeong, Goryeo
PredecessorSeongjong of Goryeo
SuccessorHyeonjong of Goryeo
BornWang Song
5 July 980
Gaegyeong, Kingdom of Goryeo
Died2 March 1009 (aged 28)
Jeokseong-hyeon, Gaeseong-bu, Gaegyeong, Kingdom of Goryeo
Burial
Gongneung tomb → Uireung tomb
Queen ConsortQueen Seonjeong
ConcubineLady Yoseok
Posthumous name
King Hyosa Wihye Geukyeong Jeonggong Seonyang the Great
효사위혜극영정공선양대왕
(孝思威惠克英定恭宣讓大王)
Temple name
Minjong (민종, 愍宗)→Mokjong (목종, 穆宗)
HouseHouse of Wang
FatherGyeongjong of Goryeo
MotherQueen Heonae
Korean name
Hangul
Hanja
Revised RomanizationMokjong
McCune–ReischauerMokjong
Birth name
Hangul
Hanja
Revised RomanizationWang Song
McCune–ReischauerWang Song
Courtesy name
Hangul
Hanja
Revised RomanizationHyosin
McCune–ReischauerHy'osin
Posthumous name
Hangul
Hanja
Revised RomanizationSeonyang Daewang
McCune–ReischauerSŏn'yang Taewang

ReignEdit

Born as Wang Song, Mokjong was the only son of King Gyeongjong; however, when his father died, he was too young to become king, so it was his uncle, prince Gaeryeong Wang Chi, who succeeded to the throne as King Seongjong.[1] Mokjong eventually became king after his uncle's death in 997 and chose his mother, Queen Honae, as regent.[1]

Mokjong is known for his reform of the Jeonsigwa (land-allotment system), and for a plot by his mother, Queen Honae and Kim Chi-yang to overthrow him. In the course of the turbulent events surrounding the plot, Mokjong was dethroned by general Gang Jo and sent into exile in Chungju. However, he was slain before he arrived there.[1]

Mokjong's tomb was known as Gongneung, but its present location is not known.

FamilyEdit

  1. Queen Seonjeong of the Chungju Yu clan (선정왕후 유씨), her maternal first cousin or paternal second cousin - No issue
  2. Palace Lady Yoseoktaek, of the Gim clan (요석택궁인 김씨) - No issue[2]

In popular cultureEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "목종[穆宗] - 비극적 결말에 가려진 12년의 치세". contents.history.go.kr (in Korean). Retrieved 2022-11-07.
  2. ^ She firstly served as a palace maid (궁녀, 宮女) from the Gim clan (김씨, 金氏) and was honoured as Palace Lady Yoseoktaek (요석택궁인, 邀石宅宮人) after being favored by the king. However, she got involved in the Gim Yung-dae (김융대)'s case. After Mokjong was exiled, no records were left about Yoseok's life.
Mokjong of Goryeo
Born: 5 July 980 Died: 2 March 1009
Regnal titles
Preceded by King of Goryeo
997–1009
Succeeded by