Gyeongjong of Goryeo

Gyeongjong of Goryeo (9 November 955 – 13 August 981) (r. 975–981) was the fifth ruler of the Goryeo dynasty of Korea. He was the eldest son of Gwangjong and was confirmed as Crown Prince in the year of his birth.

Gyeongjong of Goryeo
고려 경종
高麗 景宗
Wang Ju (왕주)
Crown Prince of Goryeo
Reign965–975
Coronation965
PredecessorCrown Prince Wang Mu
SuccessorCrown Prince Wang Heum
MonarchKing Gwangjong (father)
King of Goryeo
Reign975–981
Coronation975
Gaegyeong, Goryeo
PredecessorGwangjong of Goryeo
SuccessorSeongjong of Goryeo
BornWang Ju
9 November 955
Gaegyeong, Kingdom of Unified Goryeo
Died13 August 981 (aged 26)
Gaegyeong, Kingdom of Goryeo
Burial
Yeongneung tomb
Queen ConsortQueen Heonsuk
Queen Heonui
Queen Heonae
Queen Heonjeong
ConsortLady Daemyeong
SonMokjong of Goryeo
Era name and dates
Taepyeong (태평, 太平): 976–981
Posthumous name
  • King Jiin Seongmok Myeonghye Heonhwa the Great
    (지인성목명혜헌화대왕, 至仁成穆明惠獻和大王; firstly)
  • King Gongui Jeonghyo Sunhui Myeonghye Seongmok Heonhwa the Great
    (공의정효순희명혜성목헌화대왕, 恭懿靖孝順熙明惠成穆獻和大王; lastly)
Temple name
Gyeongjong (경종, 景宗)
HouseHouse of Wang
FatherGwangjong of Goryeo
MotherQueen Daemok
Korean name
Hangul
Hanja
Revised RomanizationGyeongjong
McCune–ReischauerKyŏngjong
Birth name
Hangul
Hanja
Revised RomanizationWang Ju
McCune–ReischauerWang Ch'u
Courtesy name
Hangul
Hanja
Revised RomanizationJangmin
McCune–ReischauerCh'angmin
Posthumous name
Hangul
Hanja
Revised RomanizationHeonhwa Daewang
McCune–ReischauerHŏnhwa Taewang

Upon rising to the throne, Gyeongjong established the Jeonsigwa (land-allotment system). Later, according to the Goryeo-sa, he avoided politics and royalty, and spent his time cavorting with commoners.

FamilyEdit

  1. Queen Heonsuk of the Gyeongju Gim clan (헌숙왕후 김씨) – No issue.
  2. Queen Heonui of the Chungju Yu clan (헌의왕후 유씨); first cousin – No issue.
  3. Queen Heonae of the Hwangju Hwangbo clan (헌애왕후 황보씨); half first cousin.
    1. Wang Song, Prince Gaeryeong (왕송 개령군)
  4. Queen Heonjeong of the Hwangju Hwangbo clan (헌정왕후 황보씨); half first cousin – No issue.
  5. Lady Daemyeong of the Jeongju Yu clan (대명궁부인 유씨); half first cousin – No issue.

In popular cultureEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • 경종 (in Korean). Doosan Encyclopedia.
Gyeongjong of Goryeo
Born: 9 November 955 Died: 13 August 981
Regnal titles
Preceded by King of Goryeo
975–981
Succeeded by