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Qayamat Se Qayamat Tak (English: From Doom till Doom), also known by the initialism QSQT, is a 1988 Indian Hindi-language musical romance film, directed by Mansoor Khan, written and produced by his father Nasir Hussain, and starring his cousin Aamir Khan along with Juhi Chawla in the lead roles. The film was released on 29 April 1988 to critical acclaim, and was a major commercial success, and was a blockbuster turning Aamir Khan and Juhi Chawla into hugely popular stars.[3] The plot was a modern-day take on classic tragic romance stories such as Layla and Majnun, Heer Ranjha,[4] and Romeo and Juliet.[5] QSQT, which "reinvented the romantic musical genre" in Bollywood,[6] was a milestone in the history of Hindi cinema, setting the template for Bollywood musical romance films that defined Hindi cinema in the 1990s.[7][8]

Qayamat Se Qayamat Tak
Qayamat Se Qayamat Tak1.jpg
Movie Poster
Directed byMansoor Khan
Produced byNasir Hussain
Written byNasir Hussain
StarringAamir Khan
Juhi Chawla
Dalip Tahil
Alok Nath
Music byAnand-Milind
CinematographyKiran Deohans
Edited byZafar Sultan
Production
company
Nasir Hussain Films
Release date
  • 29 April 1988 (1988-04-29)[1]
Running time
163 mins
CountryIndia
LanguageHindi
Box office₹50 million or ₹1.4 billion (adjusted in 2017) [2]

The soundtrack of the film, composed by Anand-Milind, with lyrics written by Majrooh Sultanpuri, was equally successful, becoming one of the best-selling Bollywood soundtrack albums of the 1980s with more than 8 million soundtrack albums sold, and with "Papa Kehte Hain" (sung by Udit Narayan and picturised on Aamir Khan) being the most popular hit song from the album. The soundtrack was a breakthrough for the careers of Anand-Milind,[9] as well as T-Series, one of India's leading record labels.[10] Indiatimes Movies ranks the movie amongst the "Top 25 Must See Bollywood Films".[11] It won the National Film Award for Best Popular Film Providing Wholesome Entertainment, and eight Filmfare Awards from eleven nominations including Best Film, Best Director for Mansoor Khan, Best Male Debut for Aamir Khan, and Best Female Debut for Juhi Chawla.

Contents

PlotEdit

Dhanakpur village farmer Thakur Jaswant Singh (Alok Nath) and Dhanraj Singh (Dalip Tahil) are brothers. They have a younger sister Madhumati, who was impregnated and dumped by Ratan Singh (Arjun), the son of Thakur Raghuveer Singh from a rich Rajput family. The family refuses Jaswant Singh's request to get his sister married to Ratan and refuses Ratan's role in Madhu's current situation as they are interested in their status.

Insulted, Jaswant leaves the village. Unable to tolerate the events, Madhumati commits suicide. Frustrated, Dhanraj kills Ratan at his wedding and gets imprisoned. The two families are now bitter enemies. Jaswant moves to Delhi develops his business, and reaches good status; he also raises Dhanraj's kids. Years later, Dhanraj gets released from the prison and receives a letter from his son, Raj (Aamir Khan), an ardent music lover, who completes his education in Rajput College. An emotional Dhanraj sneaks into Raj's college farewell party and is glad to see his son fulfill his dreams.

In a twist of fate, Raj and his cousin go to Dhanakpur to clear his family's land deal. While returning home, Raj falls for Rashmi (Juhi Chawla), a relative of Raghuveer Singh. Raj sneaks into Rashmi's birthday bash. The two meet again at a holiday spot. They become lost in the forest and fall in love while finding a way out. Raj finds out about Rashmi's family but is unable to tell her the truth. When Randhir Singh, Rashmi's father, finds out about the affair, he immediately arranges Rashmi's wedding to another man. The lovers take on their families and elope, dreaming of an idyllic life together.

Furious, Randhir hires a contract killer to target Raj. The lovers have a brief interval of happiness. They stay in a deserted fort, happy in their own paradise. When Randhir learns their whereabouts, he goes there to bring Rashmi home and ensure that Raj is killed. Randhir's mother does not wish for this so she goes to Dhanraj and tells him to save the lovebirds. Raj leaves the fort to bring firewood for their house. While Raj is away, Randhir meets Rashmi and tells her to come home, assuring her he has "accepted their love". Rashmi is overjoyed at her father's words, not knowing the truth. In the forest, Raj is chased by the henchmen.

Dhanraj reaches the fort and repeatedly asks about his son's whereabouts. They get in a fight and a gunshot is heard. Rashmi leaves the scene to make sure that Raj is okay. He is about to be shot but, on seeing Rashmi, the henchman shoots her instead. She is shot twice and rolls down the hill. Raj overpowers the henchman and reaches Rashmi's side, crying. They promise never to leave each other. On saying this, Rashmi breathes her last in Raj's arms. A grief-stricken Raj is devastated by Rashmi's death and says that nothing can separate them. He commits suicide with a dagger given to him by Rashmi and dies with his head on her chest.

The final scene is both families running toward them; the lovers are together, never to be separated, as the sun sets behind them.

CastEdit

ProductionEdit

The film marked the directorial debut of Mansoor Khan, son of Nasir Hussain and his cousin Aamir Khan. The film was a tale of unrequited love and parental opposition, with Khan portraying Raj, a "clean-cut, wholesome boy-next-door".[5] The plot was a modern-day take on classic tragic romance stories such as Layla and Majnun, Heer Ranjha,[4] and Romeo and Juliet.[5]

Mansoor recalled that his father Nasir wanted to launch Aamir as a leading actor and got convinced that Mansoor would direct the film after watching his telefilm.[12][13] The film was initially titled Nafrat Ke Waaris before returning to original title.[14]

For the film's marketing, Aamir Khan was involved in promoting the film. He set up an outdoor ad campaign, which was a faceless poster that said, “Who is Aamir Khan? Ask the girl next door.” With the help of his brother-in-law Raj Zutshi, Khan also went around putting up posters on auto-rickshaws across Mumbai.[15]

MusicEdit

Qayamat Se Qayamat Tak
Studio album by
Released1988
GenreFeature film soundtrack
LanguageHindi-Urdu
LabelT-Series
ProducerAnand-Milind
Anand-Milind chronology
Shiv Shakti
(1988)
Qayamat Se Qayamat Tak
(1988)
Woh Phir Aayegi
(1988)
Majrooh Sultanpuri chronology
Zamane Ko Dikhana Hai
(1981)
Qayamat Se Qayamat Tak
(1988)
Jo Jeeta Wohi Sikandar
(1992)
Professional ratings
Review scores
SourceRating
Planet Bollywood           [16]

The soundtrack contains five songs composed by duo Anand-Milind, and songs written by veteran Majrooh Sultanpuri. All the tracks were sung by Udit Narayan and Alka Yagnik.

Pancham (R.D. Burman) was to compose the soundtrack, but director Mansoor Khan wanted a young music director. That's how Anand-Milind, who had worked with him earlier on this tele-film, secured this project.[12] Mansoor selected Udit to sing all songs because he felt that his voice would suit Aamir.[12]

The biggest hit song from the album was "Papa Kehte Hain".[17] Majroosh saab (as he is fondly known) wrote the song at the age of 70. Sung by Udit Narayan and picturised on Aamir Khan, the full title of the song is "Papa Kehte Hain Bada Naam Karega",[18] which translates to "My dad says that I'll make him proud".[19]

Qayamat Se Qayamat Tak was the best-selling Bollywood music soundtrack album of 1988, outselling Tezaab,[20] which itself had sold over 8 million units.[21] Qayamat Se Qayamat Tak became one of the best-selling Indian soundtrack albums of the 1980s.[20] It was the first major hit album released by the record label T-Series.[10] Prior to release, Nasir Hussain reportedly sold the film's music rights to T-Series founder Gulshan Kumar for only ₹400,000[22] ($30,000).[23]

At the 34th Filmfare Awards, Anand-Milind won the Best Music Director Award, Majrooh Sultanpuri won for Best Lyricist, and Udit Narayan won Best Male Playback Singer for "Papa Kehte Hain".

All lyrics written by Majrooh Sultanpuri; all music composed by Anand-Milind.

No.TitleSinger(s)Length
1."Papa Kehte Hain"Udit Narayan05:55
2."Ae Mere Humsafar"Udit Narayan & Alka Yagnik05:53
3."Akele Hain To Kya Gum Hai"Udit Narayan & Alka Yagnik05:59
4."Gazab Ka Hai Din""Udit Narayan & Alka Yagnik04:26
5."Kahe Sataye""Alka Yagnik02:19
6."Papa Kehte Hain" (Sad)"Udit Narayan04:01

Popular cultureEdit

The hit "Papa Kehte Hain":

The song became successful in Binaca Geetmala.[24]

The song "Aye Mere Humsafar" was recreated by Mithoon and sung by Mithoon and Tulsi Kumar for the 2015 film All Is Well. Amitabh Verma wrote additional lyrics for this version.[25]

The song "Gazab Ka Hai Din" was used in 2015 film Masaan. The song "Gazab Ka Hai Din" was also recreated by Tanishk Bagchi and sung by Jubin Nautiyal & Prakriti Kakar for the 2018 film Dil Juunglee. Tanishk Bagchi wrote additional lyrics for this version.

Box officeEdit

Qayamat Se Qayamat Tak became a golden jubilee hit after running for 50 weeks.[26] It earned a domestic net collection of 50 million[2] ($4 million),[23] and was a blockbuster that became the third highest-earning film of 1988, after Tezaab and Shahenshah.[27] Adjusted for inflation, the domestic net collection of Qayamat Se Qayamat Tak is equivalent to more than ₹1.4 billion ($18 million) in 2017.[a]

The film was also released in China, in 1991. It was Aamir Khan's first film released in China, two decades before he became a household name there in the 2010s after 3 Idiots.[29]

AccoladesEdit

RemakesEdit

The film was remade in Telugu as Akkada Ammayi Ikkada Abbayi, which marked the debut for Telugu super star Pawan Kalyan. It was also remade in Bangladesh as Keyamat Theke Keyamat in 1993, marking it as the debut film for Bangladeshi superstar Salman Shah and Moushumi.

LegacyEdit

Qayamat Se Qayamat Tak proved to be a major commercial success, catapulting both Khan and Chawla to stardom.[32] It received seven Filmfare Awards including a Best Male Debut trophy for Khan and Best Female Debut award for Juhi Chawla. [33] The film has since attained cult status.[34] Bollywood Hungama credits it as a "path-breaking and trend setting film" for Indian cinema.[35]

Gautam Chintamani's book Qayamat Se Qayamat Tak: The Film That Revived Hindi Cinema (2016) credits the film with revitalizing Hindi cinema.[8] In the late 1980s, Hindi cinema was experiencing a decline in box office turnout, due to increasing violence, decline in musical melodic quality, and rise in video piracy, leading to middle-class family audiences abandoning theaters. Qayamat Se Qayamat Tak's blend of youthfulness, wholesome entertainment, emotional quotients and strong melodies is credited with luring family audiences back to the big screen.[35][8] The film is credited with having "reinvented the romantic musical genre" in Bollywood.[6] Chintamani credits it as one of the most important films of the last three decades. It was a milestone in the history of Hindi cinema, setting the template for Bollywood musical romance films that defined Hindi cinema in the 1990s.[7]

NotesEdit

  1. ^ 1993 inflation rate was 18 times: Darr's domestic nett of ₹10.73 crore in 1993 is equivalent to ₹191.44 crore in 2017.[28]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Qayamat Se Qayamat Tak release date". NDTV. 28 April 2013. Retrieved 28 April 2013.
  2. ^ a b "Fifty shades of K". The Times of India. 22 February 2015.
  3. ^ "Domestic Box Office". 2013. Retrieved 4 November 2014.
  4. ^ a b Panjwani, Narendra (2006). Emotion pictures: cinematic journeys into the Indian self. Rainbow Publishers. p. 112. ISBN 9788186962725.
  5. ^ a b c Tejaswini Ganti (2004). Bollywood: A Guidebook to Popular Hindi Cinema. Psychology Press. pp. 122–123. ISBN 978-0-415-28854-5.
  6. ^ a b Viswamohan, Aysha Iqbal; John, Vimal Mohan (2017). Behind the Scenes: Contemporary Bollywood Directors and Their Cinema. SAGE Publications. p. 30. ISBN 9789386062406.
  7. ^ a b Ray, Kunal (18 December 2016). "Romancing the 1980s". The Hindu.
  8. ^ a b c Chintamani, Gautam (2016). Qayamat Se Qayamat Tak: The Film That Revived Hindi Cinema. HarperCollins. ISBN 9789352640980.
  9. ^ "India Today". India Today. Living Media. 18: 52. 1993. Anand-Milind did six films before hitting the jackpot with Qayamat se Qayamat Tak in 1988.
  10. ^ a b Booth, Gregory D. (2008). Behind the Curtain: Making Music in Mumbai's Film Studios. Oxford University Press. p. 80. ISBN 9780199716654.
  11. ^ Kanwar, Rachna (3 October 2005). "25 Must See Bollywood Movies". Indiatimes movies. Archived from the original on 15 October 2007. Retrieved 8 November 2010.
  12. ^ a b c "The man who made Aamir Khan a star". www.rediff.com.
  13. ^ Srinivasan, Pankaja (5 May 2013). "Silver lining..." – via www.thehindu.com.
  14. ^ Manwani, Akshay (6 November 2016). "The Majrooh Sultanpuri of writers" – via www.thehindu.com.
  15. ^ "The marketing genius – Aamir Khan". Filmfare. 14 March 2016.
  16. ^ "QSQT Music Review". Retrieved 17 October 2011.
  17. ^ "Hindi films: There's now big bucks in audio rights". India Today. 31 December 1992. Retrieved 21 May 2013.
  18. ^ "Papa Kehte Hain Bada Naam Karega [Full HD Song] | Qayamat Se Qayamat Tak | Aamir Khan". YouTube. T-Series. 26 May 2012. Retrieved 9 December 2018.
  19. ^ "Udit Narayan feat. Mahendra Kapoor - Papa Kehte Hain translation in English". musiXmatch. Retrieved 9 December 2018.
  20. ^ a b "Music Hits 1980-1989". Box Office India. 5 February 2010. Archived from the original on 5 February 2010.
  21. ^ "Top 25 films between the years 1985-1994". Filmfare. 18 February 2018.
  22. ^ "India Today". India Today. Thomson Living Media India Limited. 17: 112. 1992. Husain's Qayamat Se Qayamat Tak was a runaway success though he sold the film's music to Gulshan Kumar's Super Cassette Industries for a measly Rs 4 lakh.
  23. ^ a b "Official exchange rate (LCU per US$, period average)". World Bank. 1988. Retrieved 9 December 2018.
  24. ^ Srinivasan, Pankaja (26 August 2016). "Thank you for the music" – via www.thehindu.com.
  25. ^ "Re-creating a cult number". 31 July 2015 – via www.thehindu.com.
  26. ^ Jain, Madhu (15 May 1990). "Hindi cinema makes an emphatic return to romance". India Today. Archived from the original on 6 February 2019. Retrieved 6 February 2019.
  27. ^ "Box Office 1988". Box Office India. 31 January 2009. Archived from the original on 31 January 2009.
  28. ^ "Darr". Box Office India. Retrieved 18 October 2017.
  29. ^ "印度片現在這麼火也不是沒有原因的". Xuehua. 7 April 2018. Retrieved 6 March 2019.
  30. ^ "Filmfare Nominees and Winners" (PDF). Filmfare. pp. 91–93. Retrieved 29 June 2015.
  31. ^ "36th National Film Awards (PDF)" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. Retrieved 14 February 2016.
  32. ^ Derek Bose (1 January 2006). Everybody Wants a Hit: 10 Mantras of Success in Bollywood Cinema. Jaico Publishing House. p. 29. ISBN 978-81-7992-558-4.
  33. ^ Verma, Sukanya (29 April 2013). "Celebrating 25 years of Qayamat Se Qayamat Tak". Rediff.com. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  34. ^ Chatterjee, Rituparna (5 August 2011). "Holi to Munna Bhai: Aamir Khan, Bollywood's evolving genius". CNN-IBN. Retrieved 20 February 2014.
  35. ^ a b Vijaykar, Rajeev (18 June 2012). "Qayamat Se Qayamat Tak: Turning-point". Bollywood Hungama. Archived from the original on 20 June 2012. Retrieved 26 January 2014.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)

External linksEdit