Nasir Hussain (16 November 1926 – 13 March 2002) was an Indian film producer, director and screenwriter. With a career spanning decades, Hussain has been credited as a major trendsetter in the history of Hindi cinema. For example, he directed Yaadon Ki Baraat (1973), which created the Bollywood masala film genre that defined Hindi cinema in the 1970s and 1980s, and he wrote and produced Qayamat Se Qayamat Tak (1988), which set the Bollywood musical romance template that defined Hindi cinema in the 1990s. Akshay Manwani wrote a book on Hussain's cinema titled Music, Masti, Modernity: The Cinema of Nasir Husain.
|Born||16 November 1926
Bhopal, Bhopal State, British India
|Died||13 March 2002
Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
|Occupation||Director, Producer, Screenwriter|
|Relatives||Tahir Hussain (brother)
Tariq Khan (nephew)
Aamir Khan (nephew)
Faisal Khan (nephew)
Imran Khan (grandson)
Hussain first worked with A.R. Kardar when he joined Filmistan as a writer in 1948. The famous films he wrote for Filmistan include Anarkali (1953), Munimji (1955), and Paying Guest (1957). Filmistan was the breakaway studio from Bombay Talkies; it used mid-budget formula productions and sold on star value and music. Sashadhar Mukherjee was a part of the breakaway team, and he gave Hussain Tumsa Nahin Dekha to direct. The film made a star of Shammi Kapoor.
Kapoor and Hussain made another hit, Dil Deke Dekho (1959), for Filmalaya, the breakaway group of Filmistan. The film introduced Asha Parekh, who would be the lead in all of Hussain's films until Caravan (1971). He was also in a long romantic relationship with her, but it ended because he was already a married man with two children, and Parekh didn't want to be labeled a homewrecker. Hussain's wife was Margaret Francina Lewis, an assistant choreographer he met at Filmistan. They married and then she changed her name to Ayesha Khan. She worked as an assistant choreographer on some of his productions. He outlived his wife.
Hussain then set up Nasir Hussain Films and turned producer-director. He made musical hits like Jab Pyar Kisi Se Hota Hai (1961), Phir Wohi Dil Laya Hoon (1963), Teesri Manzil (1966), Baharon Ke Sapne (1967), Pyar Ka Mausam (1969), Caravan (1971), Yaadon Ki Baraat (1973), Aangan (1973) and Hum Kisise Kum Naheen (1977).
Hussain wrote and produced the musical cult hit Teesri Manzil. Vijay Anand directed the film, which starred Hussain's regular actors Shammi Kapoor and Asha Parekh. Originally Dev Anand was signed for the film but due to differences with Hussain he opted out and Kapoor was cast. He also hired R.D. Burman for the first time to compose the songs ("O Haseena Zulfonwali", "O Mere Sona Re", "Deewaana Mujhsa Nahin", "Tumne Mujhe Dekha", "Aaja Aaja Main Hoon Pyaar Tera"). After the songs became evergreen hits, Burman would compose for all of Hussain's films for the next 19 years, ending with Zabardast (1985).
Hussain's Yaadon Ki Baraat was written by Salim-Javed, who had written Zanjeer the same year. Both films dealt with the hero wanting to avenge his father's death, and both featured Ajit as the villain. Yaadon Ki Baraat has been identified as the first masala film.
As Zamane Ko Dikhana Hai (1981), Manzil Manzil (1984) and Zabardast (1985) all flopped, Hussain's son Mansoor Khan took over the reins of Nasir Hussain Films, although Hussain continued to write scripts and dialogues for films like Qayamat Se Qayamat Tak (1988) and Jo Jeeta Wohi Sikander (1992). In Qayamat Se Qayamat Tak, he introduced his nephew Aamir Khan as a hero. Qayamat Se Qayamat Tak was a milestone in the history of Hindi cinema, setting the template for Bollywood musical romance films that defined Hindi cinema in the 1990s.
Hussain received a special Filmfare Award in 1996 for his contribution to Hindi cinema.
Hussain died in Mumbai on 13 March 2002 following a heart attack. After his death, Asha Parekh stated in an interview that she had not seen him the last year of his life, as he became reclusive because of his wife's death.
Hussain had several "favourites" with whom he worked repeatedly.
- The first was mentor Sashadhar Mukherjee, for whose Filmistan Studio Hussain wrote and directed his earlier films.
- Sashadhar's brother Subodh Mukherjee directed two films that Hussain wrote for Filmistan, Munimji and Paying Guest. Both films had Dev Anand as the hero and S.D. Burman as the music composer. Hussain cast Dev Anand in his own first production, Jab Pyar Kisi Se Hota Hai.
- Pran was also a constant villain in Ziddi, Love in Tokyo, Paying Guest and Phir Wohi Dil Laya Hoon.
- Hussain also produced a film and cast his mentor Sashadhar's son Joy Mukherjee in Phir Wohi Dil Laya Hoon.
- Hussain used Majrooh Sultanpuri in 10 of his productions, apart from working with him in Paying Guest.
- Hussain directed Shammi Kapoor in his early hits and created Shammi's image with films like Tumsa Nahin Dekha and Dil Deke Dekho as well as his later production Teesri Manzil.
- Actor Rajindernath was a fixture in almost all of his early productions. He was in Dil Deke Dekho (1959), Jab Pyar Kisise Hota Hai (1961), Phir Wohi Dil Laya Hoon (1963), Baharon Ke Sapne (1967), Pyar Ka Mausam (1969), Zabardast (1985) and Zamaane Ko Dikhana Hai (1981).
- One of his longest associations was with leading lady Asha Parekh, from Dil Deke Dekho, through Jab Pyar Kisise Hota Hai, Phir Wohi Dil Laya Hoon, Teesri Manzil, Baharon Ke Sapne, Pyar Ka Mausam until Caravan. After a gap of 13 years, she did a cameo in his film Manzil Manzil (1984).
- He worked with R.D. Burman in 9 films from Teesri Manzil, through Baharon Ke Sapne, Pyar Ka Mausam, Caravan, Yaadon Ki Baraat, Hum Kisise Kum Naheen, Zamane Ko Dikhana Hai, Manzil Manzil and Zabardast.
- Hussain also collaborated with writer Sachin Bhowmick, comic Wasti, and editors Babu Lavande and Gurudutt Shirali in many of his films.
- Hussain's wife was assistant choreographer Ayesha Khan and she worked on several of his films: Baharon Ke Sapne, Hum Kisise Kum Naheen
Awards and nominationsEdit
- As director
|Tumsa Nahin Dekha||1957|
|Dil Deke Dekho||1959|
|Jab Pyar Kisi Se Hota Hai||1961|
|Phir Wohi Dil Laya Hoon||1963|
|Baharon Ke Sapne||1967|
|Pyar Ka Mausam||1969|
|Yaadon Ki Baaraat||1973|
|Hum Kisise Kum Naheen||1977|
|Zamane Ko Dikhana Hai||1981|
- Manwani, Akshay. Music, Masti, Modernity: The Cinema of Nasir Husain. HarperCollins Publishers India. (2016)
- Sanjit Narwekar (1994). Directory of Indian film-makers and films. Flicks Books. p. 21. Retrieved 14 December 2012.
- Ashish Rajadhyaksha; Paul Willemen (26 June 1999). Encyclopaedia of Indian cinema. British Film Institute. p. 107. Retrieved 14 December 2012.
- "Adieu:Nasir Husain – HUM KISISE KUM NAHEEN (1977)". Screen.
- "How film-maker Nasir Husain started the trend for Bollywood masala films". Hindustan Times. 30 March 2017.
- Ray, Kunal (18 December 2016). "Romancing the 1980s". The Hindu.
- Chintamani, Gautam (2016). Qayamat Se Qayamat Tak: The Film That Revived Hindi Cinema. HarperCollins. ISBN 9789352640980.
- Manwani, Akshay. Music, Masti, Modernity: The Cinema of Nasir Hussain. HarperCollins Publishers India. (2016)
- Interview by Shammi Kapoor to CNN IBN telecast after his death, on 15 August 2011.
- Kaushik Bhaumik, An Insightful Reading of Our Many Indian Identities, The Wire, 12/03/2016
- Chaudhuri, Diptakirti (2015-10-01). Written by Salim-Javed: The Story of Hindi Cinema’s Greatest Screenwriters. Penguin UK. p. 58. ISBN 9789352140084.
- indiavarta.com – Startrek