The Burundi Portal

A view of Bujumbura, Burundi
A view of Bujumbura, Burundi
Flag of Burundi
Flag of Burundi
Coat of Arms of Burundi
Coat of Arms of Burundi
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Burundi (/bəˈrʊndi/ , /-ˈrʌn-/), officially the Republic of Burundi (Kirundi: Repubulika y’Uburundi,[1] [u.βu.ɾǔː.ndi]; Swahili: Jamuhuri ya Burundi; French: République du Burundi}}, [buʁundi] or [byʁyndi]), is a landlocked country in the Great Rift Valley where the African Great Lakes region and East Africa converge. It is bordered by Rwanda to the north, Tanzania to the east and southeast, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west; Lake Tanganyika lies along its southwestern border. The capital cities are Gitega and Bujumbura, which is also the largest city.[2]

One of the smallest countries in Africa, Burundi's land is used mostly for subsistence agriculture and grazing, which has led to deforestation, soil erosion and habitat loss.[3] As of 2005 the country was almost completely deforested, with less than 6% of its land covered by trees and over half of that being commercial plantations.[4] In addition to poverty, Burundi often suffers from corruption, weak infrastructure, poor access to health and education services, and hunger.[5] Burundi is densely populated and many young people emigrate in search of opportunities elsewhere. The World Happiness Report 2018 ranked the nation as the world's least happy with a rank of 156.[6] Burundi is a member of the African Union, Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa, United Nations and the Non-Aligned Movement.

Micombero as prime minister in 1966, at the coronation ceremony of King Ntare V

Michel Micombero (26 August 1940 – 16 July 1983) was a Burundian politician and army officer who ruled the country as de facto military dictator for the decade between 1966 and 1976. He was the last Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Burundi from July to November 1966, and the first President of the Republic from November 1966 until his overthrow in 1976.

Micombero was an ethnic Tutsi who began his career as an officer in the Burundian military at the time of Burundi's independence in 1962. He studied abroad and was given a ministerial portfolio on his return. He rose to prominence for his role in helping to crush an attempted coup d'état in October 1965 by ethnic Hutu soldiers against the Tutsi-dominated monarchy. In its aftermath, in 1966, Micombero himself instigated two further coups against the monarchy which he perceived as too moderate. The first coup in July installed a new king on the throne, propelling Micombero to the role of prime minister. The second coup in November abolished the monarchy itself, bringing Micombero to power as the first president of the new Republic of Burundi. (Full article...)
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More Did you know (auto generated)

  • ... that rural women in Burundi greet each other with an intricate musical ritual called akazehe?
  • ... that Burundian judge Domitille Barancira upheld Pierre Nkurunziza's death sentence, then later administered his presidential oath?

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  • ... that Michel Micombero came to power in 1966 after three coups d'état in just over a year?
  • ... that a rebel militia called the "Chicago Bulls" fought in the Burundian Civil War (1993–2005)?

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Traditional Burundian drummers perform at a public event in Burundi's capital, Bujumbura

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Sources

  1. ^ Decret N 100/183 Archived 1 May 2013 at the Wayback Machine. justice.gov.bi. 25 June 2012
  2. ^ "Loi n°1/04 du 04 février 2019 portant Fixation de la Capitale Politique et de la Capitale Economique du Burundi". Retrieved 24 February 2019.
  3. ^ Bermingham, Eldredge, Dick, Christopher W. and Moritz, Craig (2005). Tropical Rainforests: Past, Present, and Future. Chicago, Illinois: University of Chicago Press, p. 146. ISBN 0-226-04468-8
  4. ^ Butler, Rhett A. (2006). "Burundi". Mongabay. Archived from the original on 2006-05-05.
  5. ^ Welthungerhilfe, IFPRI, and Concern Worldwide: 2013 Global Hunger Index – The Challenge of Hunger: Building Resilience to Achieve Food and Nutrition Security Archived 6 November 2014 at the Wayback Machine. Bonn, Washington D. C., Dublin. October 2013.
  6. ^ Collinson, Patrick (14 March 2018). "Finland is the happiest country in the world, says UN report". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 14 March 2018. Retrieved 15 March 2018.
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