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The position of Vice-President of the Republic of Burundi was created in June 1998, when a transitional constitution went into effect. It replaced the post of Prime Minister.

Vice-President of the
Republic of Burundi
Coat of arms of Burundi.svg
Gaston Sindimwo
(First Vice-President)
Joseph Butore
(Second Vice-President)

since 20 August 2015
Term length5 years
Inaugural holderFrédéric Bamvuginyumvira
(First Vice-President)
Mathias Sinamenye
(Second Vice-President)
Formation11 June 1998


History of the officeEdit

Interim Period (1998–2001)Edit

Pierre Buyoya, a former President (1987–1993) who seized power in a 1996 military coup, was sworn in as President of the Republic on 11 June 1998. He appointed Frédéric Bamvuginyumvira, a Hutu member of the Front for Democracy in Burundi (FRODEBU), as 1st vice-president. Mathias Sinamenye, a Tutsi member of Buyoya's Union for National Progress (UPRONA) party, was appointed 2nd vice-president.

According to the transitional constitution, the vice-presidency consisted of two posts: The 1st vice-president (Responsible for political and administrative affairs) and the 2nd vice-president (Responsible for economic and social affairs).

Transitional Period (2001–2005)Edit

A new transitional power-sharing government took office on 1 November 2001. Interim president Pierre Buyoya became transitional president for a period of 18 months. At the end of his term in 2003, Hutu Vice-President Domitien Ndayizeye took office and appointed a Tutsi (Alphonse-Marie Kadege) as vice-president. In November 2004, Kadege was sacked as vice-president and replaced by Frédéric Ngenzebuhoro. Although Ndayizeye's term was due to end in late 2004 following elections, the transitional period was extended and planned elections were delayed. Elections were held in mid-2005 and the transitional period is due to end on 26 August 2005, when the newly elected president takes office.

Vice-Presidency 2005–2018Edit

Burundi's new constitution, approved in a 28 February 2005 constitutional referendum, calls for a two-member vice-presidency (similar to that of the interim period). The 1st vice-president will be responsible for political and administrative affairs, while the 2nd vice-president will handle social and economic affairs. One vice-president will be an ethnic Hutu and the other a Tutsi. Nominees must be approved by both chambers of parliament in order to take office.

On 29 August 2005, President Pierre Nkurunziza nominated Martin Nduwimana and Alice Nzomukunda for the posts of 1st and 2nd vice-president. Both received approval from parliament and were immediately sworn in. Nzomukunda resigned on 5 September 2006.[1] She was replaced by Marina Barampama two days later.

In February 2007, Barampama was replaced by Gabriel Ntisezerana. In November 2007, Nduwimana was replaced by Yves Sahinguvu.

In August 2010, Sahinguvu was replaced by Therence Sinunguruza and Ntisezerana was replaced by Gervais Rufyikiri.

Vice-Presidency since 2018Edit

New constitutional amendments were approved in a referendum in May 2018. The post of second vice-president will be abolished. The remaining vice-president, who will have limited powers, will be selected from a political party and ethnic group that differs from those of the President.[2]



Portrait Tenure Ethnic affiliation Political affiliation President(s)
Took office Left office
Frédéric Bamvuginyumvira
First Vice-President
  11 June 1998 1 November 2001 Hutu FRODEBU Buyoya
Mathias Sinamenye
Second Vice-President
  Tutsi UPRONA Buyoya
Domitien Ndayizeye
  1 November 2001 30 April 2003 Hutu FRODEBU Buyoya
Alphonse-Marie Kadege
  30 April 2003 11 November 2004 Tutsi UPRONA Ndayizeye
Frédéric Ngenzebuhoro
  11 November 2004 29 August 2005 Tutsi UPRONA Ndayizeye
Martin Nduwimana
First Vice-President
  29 August 2005 7 November 2007 Tutsi UPRONA Nkurunziza
Alice Nzomukunda
Second Vice-President
  5 September 2006 Hutu CNDD–FDD Nkurunziza
Marina Barampama
Second Vice-President
  7 September 2006 8 February 2007 Hutu CNDD–FDD Nkurunziza
Gabriel Ntisezerana[3]
Second Vice-President
  12 February 2007 28 August 2010 Hutu CNDD–FDD Nkurunziza
Yves Sahinguvu
First Vice-President
  8 November 2007 August 2010 Tutsi UPRONA Nkurunziza
Therence Sinunguruza
First Vice-President
  28 August 2010 October 2013 Tutsi UPRONA Nkurunziza
Bernard Busokoza
First Vice-President[4]
  October 2013 1 February 2014 Tutsi UPRONA Nkurunziza
Prosper Bazombanza
First Vice-President[5]
  14 February 2014 20 August 2015 Tutsi UPRONA Nkurunziza
Gervais Rufyikiri
Second Vice-President
  28 August 2010 20 August 2015 Hutu CNDD–FDD Nkurunziza
Gaston Sindimwo
First Vice-President
  20 August 2015 Incumbent Tutsi UPRONA Nkurunziza
Joseph Butore
Second Vice-President
  Hutu CNDD–FDD Nkurunziza

See alsoEdit


External linksEdit