Martyazo

Possible rendition of the green-red-green flag of Martyazo[1]

The Republic of Martyazo (French: République de Martyazo) was a secessionist state proclaimed by Hutu rebels in Burundi in early May 1972 at Vyanda during the Burundian genocide,[2] in a bid to create a political base.[3] The state was located inside the mountainous Vugizo commune, between Makamba and Nyanza Lac. A few days after the republic was declared, forces of the Tutsi-dominated government of Michel Micombero occupied the region, ending the rebellion and the existence of Martyazo. The number of people to have perished in the rebellion is believed to have ranged between 800 and 1200.[2]

Academics have dubbed the state "mysterious"[4] and "ephemeral"[1] because of a lack of reliable information on it. Owing to its life span of little more than a week, no formal government structures were ever established in Martyazo.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Jean-Pierre Chrétien & Jean-François Dupaquier, Burundi 1972, au bord des génocides, pp. 89-90
  2. ^ a b "The Burundi Killings of 1972 | Sciences Po Mass Violence and Resistance - Research Network". www.sciencespo.fr. Retrieved 2019-01-10.
  3. ^ Cathie Carmichael, Richard C. Maguire, ed. (2015). The Routledge History of Genocide. Routledge.
  4. ^ Rene Lemarchand, The Dynamics of Violence in Central Africa, p. 136

Further readingEdit

  • Jean-Pierre Chrétien & Jean-François Dupaquier, Burundi 1972, au bord des génocides, pp. 89–90.