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The Polish People's Party (Polish: Polskie Stronnictwo Ludowe), abbreviated to PSL (traditionally translated as Polish Peasants' Party), often shortened to ludowcy ('the populars') is an agrarian[15][16][17] Christian-democratic[17][18] political party in Poland. It has 14 members of the Sejm and four Members of the European Parliament. It was the junior partner in a coalition with Civic Platform. It is a member of the European People's Party and the European People's Party group in the European Parliament.

Polish People's Party

Polskie Stronnictwo Ludowe
LeaderWładysław Kosiniak-Kamysz
Founded1895 (current name adopted in 1903) 1990 (current party)
Preceded byUnited People's Party
Headquartersul. Kopernika 36/40, 00-924 Warsaw
Membership (2015)140,000[1]
IdeologyCurrent: Agrarianism[2]
Christian democracy[2][3]
Peasant movement[4]
Conservatism[3]
Centrism[5]
Pro-Europeanism[6]
Environmentalism[7]
Historical (1990s):
Agrarian socialism
Social democracy[8][9][10]
Political positionCentre[11] to centre-right[12][13]
National affiliationPolish Coalition
European affiliationEuropean People's Party
European Parliament groupEuropean People's Party
Colours     Green
Sejm
15 / 460
[14]
Senate
1 / 100
European Parliament
4 / 51
Regional assemblies
70 / 552
Website
www.psl.pl

The party was formed in 1990 as a left-wing party. The PSL formed a coalition with the Democratic Left Alliance (SLD) after winning 132 seats in the Sejm at the 1993 election, with PSL leader Waldemar Pawlak as Prime Minister until 1995. The party fell to 27 at the next election, and moved towards the centre at the end of the 1990s. In 2001, the party re-entered a coalition with the SLD, but withdrew in 2003. After the 2007 election, the PSL entered a coalition with the centrist liberal Civic Platform (PO).

The party's name traces its tradition to an agrarian party in Austro-Hungarian-controlled Galician Poland, which sent MPs to the parliament in Vienna. Until the 2014 local election, the PSL formed self-government coalition in fifteen to sixteen regional assemblies.

Contents

HistoryEdit

Before 1945Edit

The party was formed in 1895 in the Polish town of Rzeszow under the name Stronnictwo Ludowe (People's Party). The party changed its name in 1903 to what it's known as now. The party was led by Wincenty Witos and was quite successful, seating representatives in the Galician parliament before the turn of the 19th century. In the Second Polish Republic there were few parties named PSL (Polish People's Party "Wyzwolenie", Polish People's Party "Piast", Polish People's Party "Left" and others) until they were removed by the Sanacja regime (see also People's Party).

During this time there were two parties using the term "Polish People's Party": Polish People's Party "Piast" and Polish People's Party "Wyzwolenie" (which were merged into People's Party with Stronnictwo Chłopskie). During World War II, PSL took part in forming the Polish government in exile.

Under the communist regimeEdit

 
Support for the PSL by region

After the war, Stanisław Mikołajczyk, a PSL leader who had been Prime Minister of the Polish government in exile, returned to communist-dominated Poland, where he joined the provisional government and rebuilt PSL. The party hoped to win the Yalta Conference-mandated elections and help establish a parliamentary system in Poland. The communists formed a rival peasant party allied with them. The 1947 parliamentary election was heavily rigged, with the communist-controlled bloc claiming to have won 80 percent of the vote. Many neutral observers believe the PSL would have won the election had it been conducted fairly.

Mikołajczyk was soon compelled to flee Poland for his life. The communists then forced the remains of Mikołajczyk's PSL to unite with the pro-communist People's Party to form the United People's Party. The ZSL was a governing partner in the ruling coalition.[19]

After the fall of the regimeEdit

 
Seat of the Polish People's Party on Kopernika Street

Around the time of the fall of communism several PSLs were recreated, including: Porozumienie Ludowe, Polskie Stronnictwo Ludowe - Odrodzenie, and Polskie Stronnictwo Ludowe (Wilanów faction). In 1989 most merged into one party and took part in forming the first postwar noncommunist government in Poland with the Solidarity grouping, and in 1990 changed its name to PSL.

It remained on the left of Polish politics in the 1990s, entering into coalitions with the postcommunist Democratic Left Alliance. However, in the 2001 parliamentary elections PSL received 9% of votes and formed a coalition with the Democratic Left Alliance, an alliance which later broke down. Since then PSL has moved towards more centrist and conservative policies.

After 2004Edit

The party ran in the 2004 European Parliament election as part of the European People's Party (EPP) and received 6% of the vote, giving it 4 of 54 Polish seats in the European Parliament. In the 2005 general election the party received 7% of votes, giving it 25 seats in the Sejm and 2 in the Senate. In the 2007 parliamentary elections the party placed fourth, with 8.93% of the vote and 31 out of 460 seats, and entered into a governing coalition with the victor, the centre-right conservative Civic Platform (Platforma Obywatelska).

Current situationEdit

In European parliament elections PSL received 7.01% of votes in 2009.

In 2011 national parliamentary election Polish People's Party received 8.36% votes which gave them 28 seats in the Sejm and 2 mandates in the Senate.[20]

At the 2015 parliamentary election, the PSL dropped to 5.13 percent of the vote, just barely over the 5 percent threshold. With 16 seats, it is the smallest of the five factions in the Sejm.[21]

IdeologyEdit

The party's platform is strongly based on agrarianism. The party advocates economic protectionism by the state (especially in agriculture), and "slower privatization" (although it is not against privatization). On social and ethical issues, PSL opposes abortion, same-sex marriage/civil unions, soft drug decriminalization, euthanasia and death penalty. It also supports mandatory public (state) education and publicly funded health care.

Election resultsEdit

SupportEdit

Party traditionally representing farmers, peasants and rural voters generally. Voters are generally more social conservative than voters of Civic Platform. Regionally, it has more support in western parts of country. The party has less support in larger cities and mining areas of the Silesian Voivodeship.

SejmEdit

Election year # of
votes
% of
vote
# of
overall seats won
+/– Govt?
1989[22] 16.5 (#3)
76 / 460
  41 Coalition
1991 972,952 8.7 (#5)
48 / 460
  28 Government Support
1993 2,124,367 15.4 (#2)
132 / 460
  84 Coalition
1997 956,184 7.3 (#4)
27 / 460
  105 Opposition
2001 1,168,659 9.0 (#5)
42 / 460
  15 Coalition
2005 821,656 7.0 (#6)
25 / 460
  17 Opposition
2007 1,437,638 8.9 (#4)
31 / 460
  6 Coalition
2011 1,201,628 8.4 (#4)
28 / 460
  3 Coalition
2015 779,875 5.1 (#6)
16 / 460
  12 Opposition

SenateEdit

Election year # of
overall seats won
+/–
1991
7 / 100
  4
1993
36 / 100
  29
1997
3 / 100
  33
2001
4 / 100
  1
2005
2 / 100
  2
2007
0 / 100
  2
2011
2 / 100
  2
2015
1 / 100
  1

PresidentialEdit

Election year Candidate 1st round 2nd round
# of overall votes % of overall vote # of overall votes % of overall vote
1990 Roman Bartoszcze 1,176,175 7.2 (#5)
1995 Waldemar Pawlak 770,419 4.3 (#5)
2000 Jarosław Kalinowski 1,047,949 6.0 (#4)
2005 Jarosław Kalinowski 269,316 1.8 (#5)
2010 Waldemar Pawlak 294,273 1.8 (#5)
2015 Adam Jarubas 238,761 1.6 (#6)

Regional assembliesEdit

Election year % of
vote
# of
overall seats won
+/–
1998 12.0 (#3)
89 / 855
As part of the Social Alliance.
2002 10.8 (#5)
58 / 561
  31
2006 13.2 (#4)
83 / 561
  25
2010 16.3 (#3)
93 / 561
  10
2014 23.9 (#3)
157 / 555
  64
2018 12.1 (#3)
70 / 552
  87

European ParliamentEdit

Election year # of
votes
% of
vote
# of
overall seats won
+/–
2004 386,340 6.3 (#7)
4 / 54
2009 516,146 7.0 (#4)
3 / 50
  1
2014 480,846 6.8 (#5)
4 / 51
  1

LeadershipEdit

Chairman:

Voivodeship MarshalsEdit

Name Image Voivodeship Date Vocation
Adam Struzik   Masovian Voivodeship 10 December 2001
Gustaw Marek Brzezin   Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship 12 December 2014

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Skomra, Sławomir. "Jak wstąpić do PiS? Coraz więcej chętnych by stać się członkiem partii rządzącej". Kurier Lubelski. Archived from the original on 30 January 2016. Retrieved 30 June 2016.
  2. ^ a b Nordsieck, Wolfram (2015). "Poland". Parties and Elections in Europe. Retrieved 4 July 2018.
  3. ^ a b "Kosiniak-Kamysz: W wyborach do sejmików województw i rad powiatów PSL pójdzie raczej samodzielnie". wpolityce.pl. Archived from the original on 4 January 2018.
  4. ^ "PSl. Nasza Historia". psl.pl (in Polish). Retrieved 8 May 2019.
  5. ^ "Kosiniak-Kamysz: PSL to jedyna partia w centrum". tvn24.pl (in Polish). Retrieved 8 May 2019.
  6. ^ "PSL wchodzi do Koalicji Europejskiej. Kosiniak-Kamysz: To nie jest "antyzwiązek"". gazeta.pl (in Polish). Retrieved 23 February 2019.
  7. ^ "PSL - ekologia". psl.pl (in Polish). Retrieved 8 May 2019.
  8. ^ "Mapa partii politycznych" [Map of political parties]. jadamski.eu (in Polish). Retrieved 28 May 2019.
  9. ^ "Koalicja SLD-PSL". rmf.pl (in Polish). Retrieved 28 May 2019.
  10. ^ "PSl - liderzy, sondaże". wiadomosci.wp.pl (in Polish). Retrieved 28 May 2019.
  11. ^ "FACTBOX: Profiles of Poland's main political parties". Reuters. 7 September 2007. Retrieved 6 June 2019.
  12. ^ Nardelli, Alberto (22 October 2015). "Polish elections 2015: a guide to the parties, polls and electoral system". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 5 March 2016.
  13. ^ Fitzmaurice, J. (28 September 1998). "Politics and Government in the Visegrad Countries: Poland, Hungary, the Czech Republic and Slovakia". Springer. Archived from the original on 10 October 2017 – via Google Books.
  14. ^ "Kluby i koła". sejm.gov.pl.
  15. ^ Alfio Cerami (2006). Social Policy in Central and Eastern Europe: The Emergence of a New European Welfare Regime. LIT Verlag Münster. p. 18. ISBN 978-3-8258-9699-7.
  16. ^ Jennifer Lees-Marshment (2009). Political Marketing: Principles and Applications. Routledge. p. 104. ISBN 978-1-134-08411-1.
  17. ^ a b Igor Guardiancich (21 August 2012). Pension Reforms in Central, Eastern and Southeastern Europe: From Post-Socialist Transition to the Global Financial Crisis. Routledge. p. 145. ISBN 978-1-136-22595-6.
  18. ^ José Magone (26 August 2010). Contemporary European Politics: A Comparative Introduction. Routledge. p. 457. ISBN 978-0-203-84639-1. Retrieved 19 July 2013.
  19. ^ David Ost, Solidarity and the Politics of Anti-Politics, pp. 34-36, 1990 Philadelphia, Temple University Press, ISBN 0-87722-655-5
  20. ^ "Elections 2011 - Election results". National Electoral Commission. Archived from the original on 14 December 2011. Retrieved 20 November 2011.
  21. ^ Hubert Tworzecki; Radosław Markowski (3 November 2015). "Did Poland just vote in an authoritarian government?". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on 5 December 2016.
  22. ^ as United People's Party

External linksEdit