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The United People's Party (Polish: Zjednoczone Stronnictwo Ludowe, ZSL) was an agrarian political party in the People's Republic of Poland. It was formed on 27 November 1949 from the merger of the communist Stronnictwo Ludowe party with remnants of the independent People's Party of Stanisław Mikołajczyk (which changed its name to Polish People's Party).

United People's Party

Zjednoczone Stronnictwo Ludowe
First leaderJózef Niećko
Last leaderDominik Ludwiczak
Founded27 November 1949
Dissolved27–29 November 1989
Merger ofPolish People's Party
Polish People's Party "Nowe Wyzwolenie"
Succeeded byPolish People's Party
HeadquartersGrzybowska 4,
00-131 Warsaw
Membership (1989)300,000
IdeologyAgrarianism
Agrarian socialism
Socialism
Political positionLeft-wing
ColorsGreen

ZSL became – as intended from its beginning – a satellite party of the Polish United Workers' Party (PZPR), representing the PZPR in the rural areas. After 1982 it was a member of the Patriotic Movement for National Rebirth.

In 1989 after victory of the Solidarity trade union in the 1989 Polish legislative elections together with the PZPR's other satellite party, the Alliance of Democrats, ZSL decided to support Solidarity. At a ZSL congress (27–29 November 1989) ZSL became the Polskie Stronnictwo Ludowe - Odrodzenie ("Polish People's Party - Rebirth"). PSL-Odrodzenie merged with Polish People's Party "Wilanowskie", forming today's Polish People's Party.

ChairmenEdit

Electoral historyEdit

Sejm electionsEdit

Sejm
Election Party leader Votes % Seats +/–
1952 Józef Niećko as part of FJN - PZPR
90 / 425
  90
1957 Stefan Ignar as part of FJN - PZPR
118 / 459
  28
1961 Stefan Ignar as part of FJN - PZPR
117 / 460
  1
1965 Czesław Wycech as part of FJN - PZPR
117 / 460
 
1969 Czesław Wycech as part of FJN - PZPR
177 / 460
 
1972 Stanisław Gucwa as part of FJN - PZPR
117 / 460
 
1976 Stanisław Gucwa as part of FJN - PZPR
113 / 460
  4
1980 Stanisław Gucwa as part of FJN - PZPR
113 / 460
 
1985 Roman Malinowski as part of FJN - PZPR
106 / 460
  7
1989 Roman Malinowski as part of FJN - PZPR
76 / 460
  41