2000 Polish presidential election

The 2000 Polish presidential election took place in Poland on 8 October 2000. Incumbent President Aleksander Kwaśniewski was easily re-elected in the first round after winning more than 50% of the votes.

2000 Polish presidential election

← 1995 8 October 2000 2005 →
Turnout61.08%
  Aleksander Kwaśniewski 2003.jpg Andrzej Olechowski candidate 2010.jpg
Nominee Aleksander Kwaśniewski Andrzej Olechowski
Party Independent [nb 1] Independent [nb 2]
Popular vote 9,485,224 3,044,141
Percentage 53.9% 17.3%

  Marian Krzaklewski 2007.jpg Kalinowski, Jaroslaw-2504.jpg
Nominee Marian Krzaklewski Jarosław Kalinowski
Party AWS PSL
Popular vote 2,739,621 1,047,949
Percentage 15.6% 6.0%

Wybory prezydenckie 2000.png
Results by powiat

President before election

Aleksander Kwaśniewski
Independent

President

Aleksander Kwaśniewski
Independent

BackgroundEdit

President Kwaśniewski was seen as very likely to win re-election in the run up to the presidential election[1] with polls showing that his popularity was high as 70% support.[2] His main challenger was expected to be Marian Krzaklewski from the Solidarity Electoral Action, which had formed the government since winning the last parliamentary elections in 1997.[3] The other main candidate was a former Foreign Minister and more liberal conservative Andrzej Olechowski,[3] who won support from voters who were discontented with both of the other main candidates and in particular younger voters, businessmen and intellectuals.[4]

Candidates seen as having less of a chance included Andrzej Lepper, a populist farmers leader who opposed entry into the European Union and former president Lech Wałęsa.[3] Wałęsa was rejected as the candidate for the Solidarity party he had won the presidency for, and thus ran separately in the election.[5]

In order to be elected in the first round a candidate had to gain over 50% of the vote. If no candidate reached this level, then a second round would have been held between the top two candidates. As the campaign continued, the biggest question in the election was whether or not incumbent President Kwaśniewski would win the 50% required to avoid a second round.[6]

In the August before the election Kwaśniewski and another former president and candidate Lech Wałęsa were investigated by a court on allegations that they had been informers for the Communist secret police.[2] If they had been found guilty they could have been banned from seeking election to political office for 10 years.[3] However they both claimed that the evidence had been manipulated by political opponents and were cleared by the court.[7]

Solidarity candidate Krzaklewski attacked Kwaśniewski for his past as a Communist party activist.[8] However opinion polls in August showed this had little effect with Kwaśniewski well ahead with over 60% support, while Krzaklewski was second and Olechowski third, but both a long way behind.[3] President Kwaśniewski's campaign focused on reconciling all of Poland with slogans including "Poland, our common home".[9] Most voters felt he had done well as President and he was seen as having done a good job in guiding Poland to membership of NATO.[10] Krzaklewski's popularity was not high due to the infighting in the government led by his Solidarity party since they had won the 1997 parliamentary election.[11] Meanwhile, Lech Wałęsa trailed badly in the polls with only about 2% support, which Wałęsa saw as being due to voters seeing him as being responsible for the pain involved in the transition from communism.[5]

In the election 3 candidates ran on platforms against the European Union.[12] During the campaign one of them, Andrzej Lepper, was arrested for illegally blocking a customs post, however he claimed that this was an attempt to sabotage his campaign.[13]

As the election neared Kwaśniewski dropped in the polls and it became uncertain whether he would win the 50% required to avoid a second round. This followed a television advertisement from Solidarity candidate Krzaklewski in which Kwaśniewski was accused of having mocked Pope John Paul II.[14] The video showed Kwaśniewski apparently urging his security advisor to kiss the ground is a parody of the Pope, although Kwaśniewski claimed this was inaccurate.[6] At least one poll showed Kwaśniewski's support having dropped by 10% in one week following this, however it was the other main candidate, Andrzej Olechowski, who benefited as Krzaklewski was seen as being tarnished for having run a negative campaign.[11]

CandidatesEdit

There was no second round since Aleksander Kwaśniewski got over 50% in the first round.

First Round

WithdrawnEdit

ResultsEdit

Incumbent President Kwaśniewski won the election in the first round receiving almost 54% of the vote.[4] Independent Andrzej Olechowski came second beating Solidarity candidate Krzaklewski into third place.[4] Meanwhile, former President Lech Wałęsa only won 1% of the vote[15] and following the election stood down as leader of his small Christian Democratic party.[4][16]

Candidate Party Votes %
Aleksander Kwaśniewski Independent (SLD) 9,485,224 53.90
Andrzej Olechowski Independent (SKL) 3,044,141 17.30
Marian Krzaklewski Solidarity Electoral Action 2,739,621 15.57
Jarosław Kalinowski Polish People's Party 1,047,949 5.95
Andrzej Lepper Self-Defense of the Republic of Poland 537,570 3.05
Janusz Korwin-Mikke Real Politics Union 252,499 1.43
Lech Wałęsa Christian Democracy of the 3rd Republic of Poland 178,590 1.01
Jan Łopuszański Polish Agreement 139,682 0.79
Dariusz Grabowski Coalition for Poland 89,002 0.51
Piotr Ikonowicz Polish Socialist Party 38,672 0.22
Tadeusz Wilecki National Party 28,805 0.16
Bogdan Pawłowski Independent 17,164 0.10
Invalid/blank votes 190,312
Total 17,789,231 100
Registered voters/turnout 29,122,304 61.08
Sources: Wybory Prezydenta Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej 2000: Wyniki Oficjalne[17]

NotesEdit

  1. ^ The President of Poland traditionally resigns from party membership after taking office. Although Kwaśniewski was officially an independent, his campaign was endorsed and funded by the Democratic Left Alliance.
  2. ^ Olechowski was registered as an independent but ran as the candidate of the Conservative People's Party.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Europe: Can Poland's government survive?". The Economist. 2000-06-17. p. 50.
  2. ^ a b Reed, John (2000-08-04). "Ghosts from Poland's communist past come to haunt presidential hopefuls: Lech Walesa and Aleksander Kwasniewski will have their denials of co-operating with secret police tested". Financial Times. p. 9.
  3. ^ a b c d e Boyes, Roger (2000-08-08). "Secret police files to decide Walesa's fate". The Times. p. 13.
  4. ^ a b c d "Europe: The changing Poles". The Economist. 2000-10-14. p. 59.
  5. ^ a b Connolly, Kate (2007-10-07). "Past is not enough for modern Poland: Lech Walesa won the fight against communism in the 80s, but is failing to win over voters in 2000". The Guardian. p. 18.
  6. ^ a b "Polish president poised for first-round win". Financial Times. 2000-10-07. p. 3.
  7. ^ Connolly, Kate (2000-08-12). "Walesa cleared of cold war spy claims". The Guardian. p. 2.
  8. ^ "Polish polls". Financial Times. 2000-07-04. p. 20.
  9. ^ "Polish president secures re-election with strong first-round win". Financial Times. 2000-10-09. p. 3.
  10. ^ Connolly, Kate (2000-10-09). "Polish president heads to victory". The Guardian. p. 16.
  11. ^ a b Blazyca, George (2000-10-07). "Videotape blurs the picture for Polish president". The Scotsman. p. 11.
  12. ^ Fletcher, Martin (2000-10-05). "Frustrated Poles lose faith in EU as wait drags on". The Times. p. 18.
  13. ^ "Polish election contender arrested". Financial Times. 2000-08-25. p. 6.
  14. ^ "Polish president suffers in poll". The Irish Times. 2000-10-05. p. 10.
  15. ^ "Polish leader wins second term". The Times. 2000-10-09. Retrieved 2009-05-19.
  16. ^ "Humiliated Wałęsa steps down as party chairman". Evening Standard. 2000-10-16. p. 4.
  17. ^ "Wybory Prezydenta Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej 2000: Wyniki Oficjalne" (in Polish). Retrieved 28 February 2016.