2023 Polish parliamentary election

Parliamentary elections will be held in Poland in autumn 2023 to elect members of the Sejm and Senate, although they can be held sooner if a snap election is called, which last occurred in 2007. The most recent election, in 2019, resulted in the re-election of a majority Law and Justice government, albeit without a majority in the Senate.

2023 Polish parliamentary election

← 2019 On or before 11 November 2023

All 460 seats to the Sejm
231 seats are needed for a majority in the Sejm
All 100 seats to the Senate of Poland
  Jarosław Kaczyński, wicepremier (cropped).png Donald Tusk. Tallinn Digital Summit.jpg Włodzimierz Czarzasty Sejm 2019.jpg
JKRUK 20190219 ROBERT BIEDROŃ KIELCE DSCN2269 (cropped).jpg
Leader Jarosław Kaczyński Donald Tusk Włodzimierz Czarzasty
Robert Biedroń
Party PiS PO NL
Alliance United Right Civic Coalition The Left
Last election 235 seats, 43.6% 134 seats, 27.4% 49 seats, 12.6%
Current seats 228 126 44
Seats needed Increase3 Increase105 Increase187

  Władysław Kosiniak-Kamysz Sejm 2016.JPG Artur Dziambor Sejm 2019.jpg Szymon.Hołownia.JPG
Leader Władysław Kosiniak-Kamysz Robert Winnicki
Artur Dziambor
Sławomir Mentzen [pl]
Grzegorz Braun
Szymon Hołownia
Party PSL Confederation Poland 2050
Alliance Polish Coalition
Last election 30 seats, 8.6% 11 seats, 6.8% new
Current seats 24 12 8[a]
Seats needed Increase207 Increase219 Increase223

  Magdalena Sroka Sejm 2019.jpg Paweł Kukiz Sejm 2016 01.JPG Wojciech Konieczny Kancelaria Senatu 2019.jpg
Leader Magdalena Sroka Paweł Kukiz Wojciech Konieczny
Party Agreement Kukiz'15 PPS
Last election 18 seats, 43.6% (Part of United Right) 6 seats, 8.6% (as Polish Coalition) 0 seat, 12.6% (as The Left)
Current seats 5 3 3
Seats needed Increase226 Increase227 Increase228

Incumbent Prime Minister

Mateusz Morawiecki
PiS



Electoral systemEdit

The process of election for the Sejm is through party-list proportional representation via the D'hondt method in multi-seat constituencies,[1] with a 5% threshold for single parties and 8% threshold for coalitions (with the requirements waived for national minorities).

The date of the election will be set by the President of Poland (consistent with constitutional requirements, whereby the election may be held 30 days before the fourth anniversary of the beginning the current convocation of Parliament, on a non-working day, including public holidays). Possible dates are October 15, October 22, October 29, November 1, November 5, November 11.

Should the opposition parties win government, they would require a three-fifths majority of MPs to overturn a presidential veto.[2]

Political partiesEdit

The table below lists party groups currently represented in the Sejm.

Name Ideology Political Position Leader(s) Parliamentary
leader(s)
2019 result Current number of seats in
Votes (%) Seats Sejm (list) Senate (list)
ZP United Right
Zjednoczona Prawica
National conservatism Right-wing Jarosław Kaczyński Ryszard Terlecki 43.6%
235 / 460
228 / 460
46 / 100
P Agreement[b]
Porozumienie
Conservatism Centre-right to right-wing Magdalena Sroka Michał Wypij
5 / 460
1 / 100
KO Civic Coalition
Koalicja Obywatelska
List
Liberalism Centre Donald Tusk Borys Budka 27.4%
134 / 460
126 / 460
41 / 100
L The Left
Lewica
List
Social democracy
Progressivism
Centre-left[4] to left-wing[5] Włodzimierz Czarzasty
Robert Biedroń
Krzysztof Gawkowski 12.6%
49 / 460
44 / 460
0 / 100
PPS Polish Socialist Party
Polska Partia Socjalistyczna
Democratic socialism
Social democracy
Left-wing Wojciech Konieczny Wojciech Konieczny
3 / 460
2 / 100
KP Polish Coalition
Koalicja Polska
Centrism
Christian democracy
Centre to centre-right Władysław Kosiniak-Kamysz Władysław Kosiniak-Kamysz 8.6%
30 / 460
24 / 460
4 / 100
K'15 Kukiz'15
Kukiz'15
Right-wing populism Centre-right to right-wing Paweł Kukiz Paweł Kukiz
4 / 460
0 / 100
KON Confederation Liberty and Independence
Konfederacja Wolność i Niepodległość
Libertarian Conservatism Polish Nationalism Right-wing to far-right Robert Winnicki
Sławomir Mentzen
Artur Dziambor
Grzegorz Braun
Krzysztof Bosak 6.8%
11 / 460
11 / 460
0 / 100
PL2050 Poland 2050
Polska 2050
Centrism
Environmentalism
Centre Szymon Hołownia Hanna Gill-Piątek N/A
0 / 460
8 / 460
1 / 100
MN German Minority Electoral Committee
Mniejszość Niemiecka
Minority interests Centre Ryszard Galla N/A 0.2%
1 / 460
1 / 460
0 / 100

Other parties seeking to take part:

Name Ideology Leader(s) Political Position
AU AGROunia[6] Agrarianism
Protectionism
Michał Kołodziejczak Syncretic
MD23 I've Had Enough 2023[7]
Mam Dość 2023
Social liberalism Marianna Schreiber Centre

Opinion pollsEdit

 

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Election Resources on the Internet: Elections to the Polish Sejm, Part I". electionresources.org. Retrieved 2014-08-03.
  2. ^ "Konwencja PO. Budka proponuje Koalicję 276. "Tyle głosów potrzebnych do przejęcia władzy"". gazetapl (in Polish). Retrieved 2021-07-06.
  3. ^ "Jarosław Gowin's leaves the United Right". fakty.tvn24.pl (in Polish). 11 August 2021.
  4. ^ "Polish voters give their verdict on four years of right-wing populists". Independent.co.uk. 12 October 2019. Archived from the original on 2019-10-12.
  5. ^ "Poland election: Ruling Law and Justice party win poll". BBC News. 14 October 2019.
  6. ^ Ryszard Łuczyn (4 December 2021). "PSL i AgroUnia. Kto może wygrać z PiS na wsi?". Polityka.pl (in Polish). Retrieved 6 February 2022.
  7. ^ Katarzyna Albrycht (5 April 2022). "Marianna Schreiber zakłada partię polityczną. "Co na to mąż?"". onet.pl (in Polish). Retrieved 20 April 2022.

NotesEdit

  1. ^ 1 MP elected on The Left list, former member of the Spring party and 3 MPs from KO.
  2. ^ Agreement used to be a part of the United Right with PiS until 11th of August 2021.[3]