Francisco Olegario Segura (June 20, 1921 – November 18, 2017), better known as Pancho "Segoo" Segura, was a leading tennis player of the 1940s and 1950s, both as an amateur and as a professional. In 1950, 1951, and 1952, as a professional, he was the World No. 1 player in the USPLTA rankings. He was born in Guayaquil, Ecuador, but moved to the United States in the late 1930s and was a citizen of both countries. He is the only player to have won the Cleveland/Forest Hills US Pro and World Pro titles on three different surfaces (which he did consecutively from 1950–1952).
Pancho Segura in 1961
|Full name||Francisco Olegario Segura|
|Country (sports)|| Ecuador|
|Residence||La Costa, California|
|Born||June 20, 1921|
|Died||November 18, 2017 (aged 96)|
Carlsbad, California, United States
|Height||5 ft 6 in (1.68 m)|
|Turned pro||1947 (amateur tour from 1939)|
|Plays||Right-handed (two-handed forehand, one-handed backhand)|
|Int. Tennis HoF||1984 (member page)|
|Career record||1203–733 (62.1%) |
|Career titles||66 |
|Highest ranking||No. 1 (1950, PLTA)|
|Grand Slam Singles results|
|French Open||3R (1946)|
|US Open||SF (1942, 1943, 1944, 1945)|
|TOC||W (1957 Sydney)|
|US Pro||W (1950, 1951, 1952)|
|Wembley Pro||F (1951, 1957, 1959, 1960)|
|French Pro||W (1950)|
|Grand Slam Doubles results|
|French Open||F (1946)|
|US Open||F (1944)|
|Grand Slam Mixed Doubles results|
|US Open||F (1943, 1947)|
Segura's most potent shot was considered to be his double-handed forehand, which Wimbledon champions Jack Kramer and Lew Hoad named as the greatest single stroke they had ever faced. His less-potent backhand was single-handed.
Early life and careerEdit
Segura was born in Guayaquil, Ecuador, the first of seven children of Domingo Segura Paredes and Fransisca Cano. He almost died at his premature birth, then suffered from hernias and malaria. No more than 5'6" (1.68 m) tall, he had badly bowed legs from the rickets that he also had as a child. In spite of this, he had extremely fast footwork and a devastating two-handed forehand that his frequent adversary and tennis promoter Jack Kramer once called the greatest single shot ever produced in tennis.
By the time he was 17, Segura had won a number of titles in Latin America and was offered a tennis scholarship by Gardnar Mulloy, Tennis Coach, at the University of Miami. He won the National Collegiate Singles Championship for three straight years: in 1943, 1944, and 1945. He was also the No. 3 ranked American player during those years. He won the U.S. Indoors in 1946 and U.S. Clay Courts in 1944 but was never able to win the United States Championships at Forest Hills, NY although he reached the semifinals a number of times.
Kramer writes that he lost:
... without distinction (to Tom Brown and Jaroslav Drobný) the two times he played Wimbledon, and really, nobody took Segoo seriously. He didn't speak English well, he had a freak shot, and on the grass while scooting around in his long white pants with his bowlegs, he looked like a little butterball. A dirty butterball: his pants were always grass-stained.
Long before Open Tennis, Segura turned professional in 1947 and was an immediate crowd-pleaser with his winning smile, infectiously humorous manner, and unorthodox but deadly game. According to Bobby Riggs, Jack Harris (the promoter of the forthcoming Riggs-Kramer tour for 1948) attempted to sign Ted Schroeder to play the preliminary matches of the tour. Ultimately he failed and instead signed Segura to play the latest Australian amateur champion, Dinny Pails. Instead of a percentage of the gross receipts, as Riggs and Kramer were contracted for, Segura and Pails were each paid $300 a week. Segura lost the tour 44–26. Segura won the 1949-50 tour against Frank Parker 63–12 (they played the preliminary match each night before Kramer and Gonzales took to the court).
Although he was overshadowed as a player by Kramer and Pancho Gonzales in his professional career, Segura won many matches against the greatest players in the world and was particularly brilliant in the annual United States Pro Championship. He won the title three years in a row from 1950 through 1952, beating Gonzales twice. In the semi-final of the 1950 U.S. Pro Championship held in Cleveland on clay, Segura won a come-from-behind five set match over Kramer, and went on to beat Kovacs in the final.Segura was rated the number one professional for 1950 by the U.S. Professional Lawn Tennis Association as a result of this win. He would later lose in the Cleveland World Pro finals four times, losing to Gonzales three times and once to Butch Buchholz in 1962 when he was 41 years old.Segura would win the 1964 U.S. Pro title held separately from the touring pros by the USPLTA, which was primarily contested by non-contract pros. Segura's U.S. Pro wins in 1950 at Cleveland and 1951 Forest Hills had also been formally authorized by the USPLTA, but the 1952 Cleveland International was not authorized as an official U.S. Pro by the USPLTA.
In the 1950–1951 professional tour in which Segura played the headline match against Kramer he was beaten 64 matches to 28, a noticeably better performance, however, than Gonzales's record of 29 victories and 94 defeats against Kramer the year before. Segura's victory in the 1951 U.S. Pro Championship at Forest Hills over Gonzales in the final was sufficient to give him the number one ranking by the USPLTA for 1951. In the following tour, that of 1953, Segura was reduced to playing the preliminary match, where he beat the Australian Ken McGregor 72 matches to 24.
For the calendar year of 1952, when Kramer, Budge, and Gonzales all played sporadically, Segura was ranked as the world no. 1 player by the U.S. Professional Lawn Tennis Association for the third straight year, with Gonzales at no. 2.Segura won the International Professional Championships title at Cleveland in 1952.(Cleveland changed its name in 1951 to International Pro and later World Pro. There was no USPLTA authorized U.S. Pro title in 1952, 1953, or 1955-61.)
On August 1, 1953, Segura won the Slazenger Professional Championship at Scarborough, England on grass (an event dubbed by the media "the pro Wimbledon"). He won come-from-behind five set matches over McGregor in the semi-final and Sedgman in the final, the latter at 8-6 in the fifth set.
In 1954, the USPLTA authorized a U.S. Pro championship to be held at Los Angeles Tennis Club, the successor event to the 1951 U.S. Pro at Forest Hills. Segura was deemed to be defending champion from 1951, and the 1952 and 1953 Cleveland International championships were not regarded as the status of an official U.S. Pro. Segura was runner-up to Gonzales in the 1954 U.S. Pro final at L.A., losing a close five set final.
In 1955-56, Gonzales and Trabert played the feature match of the World Series tour. Segura beat Rex Hartwig 56-22 (Segura and Hartwig played the preliminary match each evening).
In February 1957, Segura won the inaugural Ampol Tournament of Champions at White City, Sydney. The TOC was the most prestigious series of pro tournaments in the late 1950's, and the Australian version was funded by Ampol, the Australian oil company. The prize money was 21,000 USD, surpassed in the Kramer pro era only by the 1958 Kooyong TOC (which was 28,000 USD. The 1959 Sydney TOC would be prize money of 14,000 USD.) Segura defeated Hartwig in five sets in the first round, came from behind to beat Gonzales at 13-11 in the fifth set in the semi-final, and won in three straight sets over Sedgman in the final. Segura regarded this as his greatest tournament win. Kramer designated the Sydney tournament as one of the four major professional tournaments, together with Kooyong, Forest Hills, and L.A. Masters.
In July, 1958, Segura won the L.A. Masters Pro Championship in Los Angeles, one of the top four pro tournaments. Segura defeated all six opponents in a round robin format, Gonzales, Hoad, Rosewall, Trabert, Sedgman, and Hartwig. Kramer designated the L.A. Masters as one of the four major professional tournaments, together with Forest Hills, Kooyong, and Sydney.
On October 25, 1959, Segura won the Ramat Gan tournament at Tel Aviv in Israel, beating Anderson, Cooper, and Rose.
On August 5, 1962, Segura won the Dutch Pro Championships at The Hague, Holland, on red clay, beating Ayala, Hoad, and Olmedo.
On August 15, 1962, Segura won the pro tournament at Cannes, France, beating Ayala, Olmedo, and Hoad in the best-of-five set final in three straight sets.Hoad was rated number one in 1962 by the press poll.
Segura, Kramer writes, "was the one pro who brought people back. The fans would come out to see the new challenger face the old champion, but they would leave talking about the bandy-legged little suonuvabitch who gave them such pleasure playing the first match and the doubles. The next time the tour came to town the fans would come back to see Segoo." For this, according to Kramer, Segura made more than $50,000 in each of six or seven years during the 1950s, a time in which "there were very few baseball, football or basketball players making $50,000".
In his 1979 autobiography Kramer included Segura in his list of the 21 greatest players of all time.
Kramer went on to say, "... and while his amateur record is of no consequence, he beat everyone in the pros but Gonzales and me. We beat him with good second serves". A year earlier, another World No. 1 player, Ellsworth Vines, the man that Kramer called the greatest player of all time at the height of his game, had published a lesser-known book called Tennis: Myth and Method, co-written with Gene Vier. Vines devotes the first part of the book to individual chapters about the ten greatest tennis players from Don Budge through the date of the book's publication. He considered Segura to be the fifth best of these ten great players, behind, in order, Budge, Kramer, Gonzales, and Rod Laver. Segura, however, ranked above Bobby Riggs, Ken Rosewall, Lew Hoad, Frank Sedgman, and Tony Trabert.
Vines also gives an expert's analysis of Segura's unusual playing style:
Two-handed forehand is most outstanding stroke in game's history; unbeatable unless opponent could avoid it. Improved as a professional by taking advantage of volleying ability he rarely used as an amateur. Backhand also better later in career. Returns serve brilliantly, particularly off right side where quicksilver moves give him unusual positioning talent. Serve only average for his class of player but well placed, as is overhead. Very deft volleyer, particularly off forehand. Lob and dropshot unsurpassed. Superb passing shots, change of pace, and absolute consistency make him greatest "little man" to ever play the game.
Segura, says Kramer, probably played "more matches against top players than anyone in history. Besides my couple hundred, he must have played Gonzales a hundred and fifty, and Budge, Sedgman, Riggs, Hoad and Rosewall all around fifty apiece. I beat him about 80 percent of the time, and Gonzales also held an edge over him. Pails beat him 41–31 on the Kramer-Riggs tour, but that was when Segoo was still learning how to play fast surfaces. With everybody else, he had the edge: Sedgman, Rosewall, Hoad, Trabert, McGregor".
According to Kramer,
Possibly Budge's backhand was the best pure stroke in tennis. I accept that judgment. Now put a gun to my head, and I'd have to say that the Segura's forehand was better, because he could disguise it so well, and hit so many more angles.
Kramer goes on to say, however, that with Segura:
he never learned to exploit his great forehand weapon because he used it too often. He didn't know how to pace himself and pick his spots. Perhaps he was too quick for his own good; he was so fast he could run around anything and get to his forehand. He probably hit his forehand four times as much as his backhand. Segoo ran too far and wasted his energy in the process.
At a professional event in 1951 the forehand drives of a number of players were electronically measured. Pancho Gonzales hit the fastest, 112.88 mph, followed by Jack Kramer at 107.8 and Welby Van Horn at 104. Since it was generally assumed at the time that Segura had the hardest forehand among his contemporaries, it is possible that he was not present at that event.
In 1962, on the recommendation of good friend Mike Franks, Segura became the teaching professional at the Beverly Hills Tennis Club, replacing Carl Earn. Most of Pancho's students were movie stars such as Dinah Shore, Doris Day, Julie Andrews, Richard Conte, Shelley Winters, Charlton Heston, Barbra Streisand, Dina Merrill, Kirk Douglas, Robert Evans, Lauren Bacall, Gene Hackman, Carl Reiner, Barbara Marx, George C. Scott, Janet Leigh, and Ava Gardner, as well as Dean Paul Martin.
Segura also found time to coach Jimmy Connors, Tracy Austin, Charlie Pasarell, and Stan Smith, four great tennis champions, as well as his son Spencer Segura, who played at UCLA, and is a lawyer/investor. In 1971, he left Beverly Hills to become the head teaching professional at the La Costa Resort in Carlsbad, California, where he eventually retired. He is widely credited with having mentored and structured the playing game of Jimmy Connors, starting at age 16, in 1968, when his mother, Gloria, brought him to Pancho in California for lessons. Dr. Abraham Verghese describes taking a tennis lesson from Segura during this period in his book The Tennis Partner.
Before the famous "Battle of the Sexes" tennis match between Billie Jean King and Bobby Riggs in 1973, Segura openly supported Riggs. When King won the match, Segura declared disgustedly that Riggs was only the third-best senior player, behind himself and Gardnar Mulloy. He challenged King to another match, which King refused.
Segura died on November 18, 2017, at the age of 96 at his home in Carlsbad, California, from complications related to Parkinson's disease. A Memorial Service for the celebration of his life was held at the Beverly Hills Tennis Club on December 17, 2017 with 200 in attendance. Spencer Segura was Master of the ceremony with 10 featured speakers including Burt Bacharach, Jimmy Connors, Mike Franks, Cliff Richey, Charlie Pasarell, Tracy Austin, and David Kramer.
Major career finalsEdit
Doubles (2 runner-ups)Edit
|Runner-up||1944||U.S. Championships||Grass||Bill Talbert|| Don McNeill
|5–7, 4–6, 6–3, 1–6|
|Runner-up||1946||French Championships||Clay||Enrique Morea|| Marcel Bernard
|5–7, 3–6, 6–0, 6–1, 8–10|
Mixed doubles (2 runner-ups)Edit
|Runner-up||1943||U.S. Championships||Grass||Pauline Betz|| Margaret Osborne
|Runner-up||1947||U.S. Championships||Grass||Gussie Moran|| Louise Brough
Singles (3 titles, 8 runner-ups)Edit
|Winner||1950||US Pro||Clay (i)||Frank Kovacs||6–1, 1–6, 8–6, 4–4 ret.|
|Runner-up||1951||Wembley Pro||Indoor||Pancho Gonzales||2–6, 2–6, 6–2, 4–6|
|Winner||1951||US Pro||Grass||Pancho Gonzales||6–3, 6–4, 6–2|
|Winner||1952||US Pro||Indoor||Pancho Gonzales||3–6, 6–4, 3–6, 6–4, 6–0|
|Runner-up||1955||US Pro||Indoor||Pancho Gonzales||19–21, 21–19, 19–21, 22–20, 19–21|
|Runner-up||1956||US Pro||Indoor||Pancho Gonzales||19–21, 21–19, 19–21, 20–22|
|Runner-up||1957||Wembley Pro||Indoor||Ken Rosewall||6–1, 3–6, 4–6, 6–3, 4–6|
|Runner-up||1957||US Pro||Indoor||Pancho Gonzales||3–6, 6–3, 5–7, 1–6|
|Runner-up||1959||Wembley Pro||Indoor||Mal Anderson||6–4, 4–6, 6–3, 3–6, 6–8|
|Runner-up||1960||Wembley Pro||Indoor||Ken Rosewall||7–5, 6–8, 1–6, 3–6|
|Runner-up||1962||US Pro||Indoor||Butch Buchholz||4–6, 3–6, 4–6|
Segura joined the professional tennis circuit in 1948 and as a consequence was banned from competing in the amateur Grand Slams until the start of the Open Era at the 1968 French Open.
|Grand Slam tournaments||0 / 12||27–12||69.2|
|Australian||not held||A||A||not eligible||A||A||0 / 0||0–0||–|
|French||not held||4R||A||not eligible||A||A||A||0 / 1||2–1||66.7|
|Wimbledon||not held||3R||1R||not eligible||A||A||A||0 / 2||2–2||50.0|
|U.S.||3R||SF||SF||SF||SF||QF||QF||not eligible||3R||A||2R||0 / 9||23–9||71.9|
|Pro Slam tournaments||3 / 35||57–32||64.0|
|U.S. Pro||A||A||A||NH||A||A||A||QF||A||W||W||W||A||SF||F||F||F||SF||SF||SF||A||F||QF||QF||QF||1R||QF||3 / 17||26–14||65.0|
|French Pro||not held||A||NH||QF||QF||QF||SF||QF||A||A||QF||A||A||0 / 6||7–6||53.8|
|Wembley Pro||not held||SF||A||F||SF||SF||NH||NH||SF||F||QF||F||F||SF||SF||A||A||QF||A||A||0 / 12||24–12||66.7|
|Win–Loss||1–1||4–1||3–1||3–1||3–1||7–3||4–2||2–1||2–1||4–0||7–1||6–1||2–1||1–1||2–1||4–2||4–2||2–3||5–3||4–3||4–2||4–3||0–1||1–1||3–3||0–1||0–1||1–1||0–0||1–1||3 / 47||84–44||65.6|
The results of the Pro Tours are not listed here.
- "Pancho Segura: Career match record". thetennisbase.com. Tennis Base. Retrieved November 3, 2017.
- Evans, Richard (November 23, 2017). "Pancho Segura obituary". the Guardian.
- Caroline Seebohm (2009) Little Pancho: The Life of Tennis Legend Pancho Segura. University of Nebraska Press. ISBN 978-0803220416. pp. 2–3
- "Muere Pancho Segura, leyenda del Tenis". El Universo. November 19, 2017.
- "Pancho Segura, 1950s tennis star, dies at 96". ESPN. November 19, 2017.
- "Jack Kramer Obituary". The Guardian. September 13, 2009. Retrieved November 19, 2017.
- Goldstein, Richard (November 19, 2017). "Pancho Segura, Tennis Great of the '40s and '50s, Dies at 96". The New York Times. Retrieved November 19, 2017.
- "Pancho Segura (96 ans) est mort". LeQuipe. November 19, 2017.
- "Tennis great Pancho Segura dies at 96; coached Jimmy Connors". ABC News. November 19, 2017.
- Bobby Riggs (1949) Tennis Is My Racket, New York, p. 16.
- McCauley, p.196
- "Tennis great Pancho Segura dies at 96; coached Jimmy Connors". Tampa Bay Times. November 19, 2017.
- McCauley, p. 57
- Joe McCauley (2003) The History of Professional Tennis. p. 57.
- McCauley, p. 199
- L.A. Times, May 1, 1954
- McCauley, p.206
- World Tennis, November, 1958
- McCauley, p.209
- World Tennis, November, 1958
- McCauley, p.215
- McCauley, p.224
- McCauley, p.224
- Writing in 1979, Kramer considered the best ever to have been either Don Budge (for consistent play) or Ellsworth Vines (at the height of his game). The next four best were, chronologically, Bill Tilden, Fred Perry, Bobby Riggs, and Pancho Gonzales. After these six came the "second echelon" of Rod Laver, Lew Hoad, Ken Rosewall, Gottfried von Cramm, Ted Schroeder, Jack Crawford, Pancho Segura, Frank Sedgman, Tony Trabert, John Newcombe, Arthur Ashe, Stan Smith, Björn Borg, and Jimmy Connors. He felt unable to rank Henri Cochet and René Lacoste accurately but felt they were among the very best.
- Tennis: Myth and Method, by Ellsworth Vines and Gene Vier, Viking Press, New York, pages 65–66
- "Tennis great Pancho Segura dies at 96; coached Jimmy Connors". New York Daily News. November 19, 2017.
- Berard, Jeanette M.; England, Klaudia. Television Series and Scripts 1946-1992. McFarland & Company. p. 150.
- "Overview: Pancho Segura". ATP World Tour. November 19, 2017.
- "Hall of Fame: Pancho Segura". Tennis Fame. November 19, 2017.
- "Talk Tennis: Pancho Segura". TTTenis. November 19, 2017.
- "Pancho Segura". ITF Tennis. November 19, 2017.
- The Game, My 40 Years in Tennis (1979), Jack Kramer with Frank Deford (ISBN 0-399-12336-9)
- Tennis: Myth and Method, (1978) by Ellsworth Vines and Gene Vier, Viking Press, New York
- Man with a Racket by Pancho Gonzales, (1959) as told to Cy Rice
- Mental Tennis, (1994), by Vic Braden
- Jimmy Connors, King of the Courts, (1978) by Francene Sabin
- Jimmy Connors Saved My Life, (2004) by Joel Drucker
- As it Was, (2009) by Gardnar Mulloy