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Pakistanis
پاكستانى قوم
Flag of Pakistan.svg
Total population
c. 221 million[1]
Regions with significant populations
 Pakistan not specific212,742,631
 Saudi Arabia2,600,000+ (2017 estimate)[2]
 United Kingdom1,174,983 (2011 Official UK Census)[3][a]
 United Arab Emirates1,200,000 (2014 estimate)[4]
 United States409,163 (2010 Official United States Census)[5]
 Canada215,560 (2016 Official Canada Census)[6]
 Kuwait150,000[7]
 Italy118,181 (2017 Official Italy estimate)[8]
 Qatar125,000 (2016 Official Qatar estimate)[9]
 Oman235,000 (2013 estimate)[10]
 Spain82,738 (2018 Official Spain estimate)[11]
 Greece80,000
 France104,000 (2017 estimate)[2]
 Malaysia59,281 (2017 Official Malaysia estimate)[12] [13]
 Afghanistan71,000 (2017 estimate)[2]
 China54,000[14]
 Germany73,000 (2017 Official Germany estimate)[15]
 Bahrain112,000 (2013 estimate)[16]
 Norway45,191 (2018 Official Norway estimate)[17]
 Australia61,913 (2016 Official Australia Census)[18]
 Libya30,000
 Belgium19,247+ (2012 official estimate)[19]
 Denmark25,244 (2018 official estimate)[20]
 Sweden21,816 (2017 official estimate)[21]
 Japan10,299[22]
Languages
Urdu, Punjabi, Sindhi, Pashto, Balochi, Saraiki, Kashmiri, Brahui, Balti and others
Religion
Islam 97% (majority Sunni, 5-20% Shia and <1% being Ahmadiyya) Other Religions: Christianity, Bahai Faith, Hinduism, Kalash Faith, Sikhism, Zoroastrianism

Contents

Population by countryEdit

 
A map showing the distribution and population of Pakistan diaspora by country.
Legend:

Population of Pakistanis abroad, by country, according to the 2013-14 Ministry of Overseas Pakistanis and Human Resource Development Yearbook 2013-14[23]

Continent / country Article Overseas Pakistani population
Asia 4,027,883
  Saudi Arabia Pakistanis in Saudi Arabia 2,600,000 (2017 estimate)[2]
  United Arab Emirates Pakistanis in the United Arab Emirates 1,200,000 (2014 estimate)[4]
  Bangladesh Stranded Pakistanis in Bangladesh
Pakistanis in Bangladesh
500,645
  Oman Pakistanis in Oman 235,000 (2013 estimate)[24]
  Qatar Pakistanis in Qatar 125,000 (2016 official estimate)[25]
  Bahrain Pakistanis in Bahrain 112,000 (2013 estimate)[26]
  Kuwait Pakistanis in Kuwait 109,853 (2016 official estimate)[27]
  Malaysia Pakistanis in Malaysia 59,281 (2017 official estimate)[28] [29]
  Hong Kong Pakistanis in Hong Kong 18,094 (2016 Official HK Census)[30]
  Afghanistan Pakistanis in Afghanistan 71,000 (2017 estimate)[2]
  Thailand Pakistanis in Thailand 65,000 (2017 estimate)[2]
  Iran Pakistanis in Iran 7,065 (2017 estimate)[2]
  China Pakistanis in China 14,355 (2017 estimate)[2]
  Jordan Pakistanis in Jordan 12,000
  South Korea Pakistanis in South Korea 10,423[31]
  Japan Pakistanis in Japan 10,299[32]
  Iraq Pakistanis in Iraq 4,709 (2017 estimate)[2]
  Singapore Pakistanis in Singapore 4000
  Yemen Pakistanis in Yemen 3,024 (2017 estimate)[2]
  Philippines Pakistanis in Philippines 2973
  Kazakhstan Pakistanis in Kazakhstan 1500
  Kyrgyzstan Pakistanis in Kyrgyzstan 1300
  Israel Pakistanis in Israel 1000
  India Pakistanis in India 10,000 (2017 estimate)[2]
  Indonesia Pakistanis in Indonesia 550
  Mongolia Pakistanis in Mongolia 525[33]
  Lebanon Pakistanis in Lebanon 500
  Brunei Pakistanis in Brunei 150
  Azerbaijan Pakistanis in Azerbaijan 379
  Syria Pakistanis in Syria 350
  Turkmenistan Pakistanis in Turkmenistan, Beluch 243
  Sri Lanka Pakistanis in Sri Lanka 200
  Uzbekistan Pakistanis in Uzbekistan 141
  Tajikistan Pakistanis in Tajikistan 122
  Maldives Pakistanis in Maldives 92
    Nepal Pakistanis in Nepal 86
  Vietnam Pakistanis in Vietnam 63
  Myanmar Pakistanis in Burma 36
  Palestine Pakistanis in Palestine 26
  North Korea Pakistanis in North Korea 10
Europe 2,255,000[34]
  United Kingdom British Pakistanis,
Pakistanis in London
United Kingdom: 1,174,983 (2011)[3][a]
England: 1,112,282 (2011)[35]
Scotland: 49,381 (2011)[36]
Wales: 12,229 (2011)[37]
Northern Ireland: 1,091 (2011)[38]
  Italy Pakistanis in Italy 118,181 (2017 official estimate)[39]
  France Pakistanis in France 104,000 (2017 estimate)[2]
  Spain Pakistanis in Spain 82,738 (2018 official estimate)[11]
  Germany Pakistanis in Germany 73,000 (2017 official estimate)[15]
  Norway Pakistani Norwegians 45,191 (2018 official estimate)[17]
  Greece Pakistanis in Greece 34,177 (2011)[40]
  Denmark Pakistanis in Denmark 25,244 (2018 official estimate)[41]
  Netherlands Pakistanis in the Netherlands 22,897 (2018 official estimate)[42]
  Sweden Pakistani Swedish 21,816 (2017 official estimate)[43]
  Belgium Pakistanis in Belgium 19,247 (2012 official estimate)[44]
  Ireland Pakistanis in Ireland 12,891 (2016 Official Ireland Census)[45]
  Austria Pakistanis in Austria 6,241 (2018 official estimate)[46]
  Russia Pakistanis in Russia 3,560 (2017 estimate)[2]
   Switzerland Pakistanis in Switzerland 3,153 (2016 official estimate)[47]
  Cyprus Pakistanis in Cyprus 3000
  Portugal Pakistanis in Portugal 2474
  Ukraine Pakistanis in Ukraine 2000
  Finland Pakistanis in Finland 1700
  Romania Pakistanis in Romania 581
  Luxembourg Pakistanis in Luxembourg 500
  Czech Republic Pakistanis in Czech Republic 466
  Turkey Pakistanis in Turkey 557 (2017 estimate)[2]
  Poland Pakistanis in Poland 361
  Hungary Pakistanis in Hungary 154
  Estonia Pakistani Estonia 150
  Latvia Pakistani Latvia 150
  Lithuania Pakistani Lithuania 150
  Belarus Pakistani Belarus 150
  Albania Pakistanis in Albania 100
  Bulgaria Pakistanis in Bulgaria 100
  Slovakia Pakistanis in Slovakia 50
  Iceland Pakistanis in Iceland 65
  Slovenia Pakistanis in Slovenia 29
  Serbia Pakistanis in Serbia 15
  Moldova Pakistanis in Moldova 14
  Kosovo Pakistanis in Kosovo 14
  Republic of Macedonia Pakistanis in Macedonia 14
  Bosnia and Herzegovina Pakistanis in Bosnia and Herzegovina 12
  Croatia Pakistanis in Croatia 2
Americas 1,204,474
  United States Pakistani American 409,163 (2010)[5]
  Canada Pakistani Canadian 215,560 (2016)[6]
  Bermuda Pakistanis in Bermuda 50
  Cuba Pakistani Cuban 600 (2017 estimate)[2]
  Chile Pakistanis in Chile 760 (2017 estimate)[2]
  Peru Pakistanis in Peru 600
  Dominican Republic Pakistanis in Dominican Republic 300
  Brazil Pakistanis in Brazil 200
  Mexico Pakistanis in Mexico 200
  Argentina Pakistanis in Argentina 42
  Panama Pakistanis in Panama 10
  Bolivia Pakistanis in Bolivia 7
  Colombia Pakistanis in Colombia 7
  Paraguay Pakistanis in Paraguay 5
  Suriname Pakistanis in Suriname 5
Africa 123,081
  South Africa Pakistanis in South Africa 100,000
  Libya Pakistanis in Libya 12,008 (2017 estimate)[2]
  Mozambique Pakistanis in Mozambique 9000[48]
  Uganda Pakistanis in Uganda 3800
  Kenya Pakistanis in Kenya 3562
  Tanzania Pakistanis in Tanzania 3000
  Egypt Pakistanis in Egypt 2000
  Sudan Pakistanis in Sudan 1200
  Zimbabwe Pakistanis in Zimbabwe 449
  Malawi Pakistanis in Malawi 413
  Zambia Pakistanis in Zambia 350
  Ethiopia Pakistanis in Ethiopia 290
  Mauritius Pakistanis in Mauritius 289
  Djibouti Pakistanis in Djibouti 200
  Botswana Pakistanis in Botswana 160
  Ghana Pakistanis in Ghana 152
  Rwanda Pakistanis in Rwanda 120
  Congo Pakistanis in Malawi 115
  Nigeria Pakistanis in Nigeria 92
  Eritrea Pakistanis in Eritrea 80
  Morocco Pakistanis in Morocco 78
  Angola Pakistanis in Angola 73
  Sierra Leone Pakistanis in Sierra Leone 70
  Tunisia Pakistanis in Tunisia 65
  Algeria Pakistanis in Algeria 60
  Mauritania Pakistanis in Mauritania 25
  Senegal Pakistanis in Senegal 87
  Madagascar Pakistanis in Madagascar 66
  Gambia Pakistanis in Gambia 63
  Ivory Coast Pakistanis in Ivory Coast 22
  Niger Pakistanis in Niger 22
  Comoros Pakistanis in Comoros 15
  Seychelles Pakistanis in Seychelles 13
  Guinea Bissau Pakistanis in Guinea Bissau 5
Oceania 64,277
  Australia Pakistani Australian 61,913 (2016)[18]
  New Zealand Pakistani New Zealander 3,261 (2013 Official New Zealand Census)[49]
Total overseas Pakistani population 8,803,226

Pakistanis (Urdu: پاكِستانى قوم‎; Pakistani Qaum) are the people who are citizens of the modern Islamic Republic of Pakistan. Pakistan is a multi-ethnic and multilingual state: the majority of its people belong linguistically to the Indo-Aryan and Iranian groups while the remaining minority mainly belongs to a small amount of other language groups and families. As per the 2017 Census, the estimated population of Pakistan was over 207 million making it the world's fifth most-populous country.[50] In terms of overseas Pakistanis, there are an estimated 2.4 million Pakistanis living in Europe.[51]

Ethnic sub-groupsEdit

Pakistan has one of the world's fastest growing populations. Located in South Asia, its people belong to various ethnic groups.

Specific-linguistic groups: Punjabi, Sindhi, Saraiki, Pashtun, Balochi, and Kashmiri, with substantial numbers of Brahui, Hindko, Pahari, Shin, Burusho, Wakhi, Balti, Chitrali and other minority ethnic groups in the remote north of the country.

Main Groups of Pakistan: the Punjabi people, the Pashtun people, the Sindhi people, the Balochi people, the Urdu speaking people and the Kashmiri people.

CultureEdit

Pakistan has a rich culture, with all of the provinces maintaining differing social mores. However, Islam is the driving force behind the unity of varying ethnic groups from different parts of the country, and has significantly shaped the values and traditions of Pakistanis. Pakistani culture falls in the category of high context, and Pakistani wear the Shalwar Qamiz that is the culture of Pakistan.

LanguagesEdit

Pakistan's main language is Urdu. Urdu was chosen as a token of unity and as a lingua franca so as not to give any native Pakistani language preference over the other. It is mostly learned as a second language, with nearly 93% of Pakistan's population having a mother tongue other than Urdu. Urdu is spoken as a first, second or at times third tongue by almost all Pakistani people. Numerous regional and provincial languages are spoken as first languages by the ethno-linguistic groups making up the country, with Punjabi having a plurality of native speakers with 45% of the total population. English is spoken at an official level.

Languages spoken in Pakistan: Most languages spoken are Punjabi, Pashto and Urdu. Followed by Balochi, Kashmiri, Saraiki and Sindhi.

ReligionEdit

The largest religion practiced in Pakistan is Islam. Islam is main religion of Pakistan. Other religious groups are Zoroastrianism, Hinduism, the Kalash faith, and Christianity. 95% people are Muslims (majority Sunni), 2% people are Hindus, 2% people are Christians and less than 1% of people are Zoroastrian, Kalash, Bahai and Sikh. Irreligion and atheism <2% and 1% of people are Ahmadiyyah.

DiasporaEdit

There are large populations of Pakistani ancestry around the world, due to emigration. The population of Pakistanis abroad is considered to exceed seven million and can be found in the Middle East, North America, Europe, Asia and Australia. In Germany, there are large amounts of Pakistani "asylum seekers", who have migrated for economic reasons. In these cases the persons concerned are sent back to Pakistan. [52]

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b This census figure may not include recent immigrants or people of partial Pakistani ancestry.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "U.S. and World Population Clock". United States Census Bureau.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q "Economic Survey 2014–15: Ishaq Dar touts economic growth amidst missed targets". The Express Tribune. 4 June 2015.
  3. ^ a b "2011 Census: Ethnic group, local authorities in the United Kingdom". Office for National Statistics. 11 October 2013. Retrieved 28 February 2015.
  4. ^ a b "UAE's population - by nationality". 11 July 2015. Archived from the original on 11 July 2015. Retrieved 28 March 2018.
  5. ^ a b Bureau, U.S. Census. "American FactFinder - Results". factfinder.census.gov.
  6. ^ a b Canada, Government of Canada, Statistics. "Immigration and Ethnocultural Diversity Highlight Tables - Ethnic Origin, both sexes, age (total), Canada, 2016 Census – 25% Sample data". www12.statcan.gc.ca.
  7. ^ Al-Qarari, Hussein (2009-03-29). "Pakistanis celebrate National Day in Kuwait". Kuwait Times. Archived from the original on 2011-06-17. Retrieved 2012-04-14.
  8. ^ https://www.istat.it/it/files//2017/10/Infographic-Non-EU-citizens-in-Italy.-Years-2016-2017.pdf
  9. ^ (2017)"Population of Qatar by nationality - 2017 report". priyadsouza.com. Retrieved 2017-02-08.
  10. ^ http://ophrd.gov.pk/frmDetails.aspx
  11. ^ a b "TablaPx". Ine.es. Retrieved 11 December 2017.
  12. ^ http://www.atimes.com/article/govt-keen-to-cut-malaysias-dependence-on-foreign-labor/
  13. ^ https://www.malaymail.com/s/1430323/home-ministry-says-there-are-1.7-million-legal-foreign-workers-in-malaysia
  14. ^ 출입국·외국인정책본부. "통계연보(글내용) < 통계자료실 < 출입국·외국인정책본부". Immigration.go.kr. Retrieved 11 December 2017.
  15. ^ a b "Ausländeranteil in Deutschland bis 2016 - Statistik". Statista. Retrieved 28 March 2018.
  16. ^ http://ophrd.gov.pk/frmDetails.aspx
  17. ^ a b "2018-03-05". ssb.no. Retrieved 28 March 2018.
  18. ^ a b "2016 Census of Population and Housing: General Community Profile: Catalogue No. 2001.0" (ZIP). censusdata.abs.gov.au. 2017. Retrieved 27 September 2017.
  19. ^ "Vreemde afkomst 01/01/2012". www.npdata.be. Retrieved 28 March 2018.
  20. ^ "Map Analyser". www.statbank.dk. Retrieved 28 March 2018.
  21. ^ "Befolkningsstatistik". Statistiska Centralbyrån. Retrieved 28 March 2018.
  22. ^ "統計表一覧 政府統計の総合窓口 GL08020103". Retrieved 18 March 2015.
  23. ^ Year Book, 2013–14, Islamabad: Ministry of Labour, Manpower, and Overseas Pakistanis, retrieved 2017-03-04
  24. ^ http://ophrd.gov.pk/frmDetails.aspx
  25. ^ "Population of Qatar by nationality - 2017 report". priyadsouza.com. Retrieved 2017-02-08.
  26. ^ http://ophrd.gov.pk/frmDetails.aspx
  27. ^ https://gulfnews.com/world/gulf/kuwait/7-nationalities-make-up-90-of-foreigners-in-kuwait-1.1907439
  28. ^ http://www.atimes.com/article/govt-keen-to-cut-malaysias-dependence-on-foreign-labor/
  29. ^ https://www.malaymail.com/s/1430323/home-ministry-says-there-are-1.7-million-legal-foreign-workers-in-malaysia
  30. ^ https://www.bycensus2016.gov.hk/en/bc-mt.html
  31. ^ 출입국·외국인정책본부. "통계연보(글내용) < 통계자료실 < 출입국·외국인정책본부". Retrieved 18 March 2015.
  32. ^ "統計表一覧 政府統計の総合窓口 GL08020103". Retrieved 18 March 2015.
  33. ^ "Censuses". Retrieved 25 November 2017.
  34. ^ "The Pakistani Diaspora in Europe and Its Impact on Democracy Building in Pakistan" Archived 22 December 2010 at WebCite Paper at Idea
  35. ^ "Check Browser Settings". Retrieved 18 March 2015.
  36. ^ "Pakistanis in Scotland". Archived from the original on 21 October 2008. Retrieved 25 November 2017.
  37. ^ "Pakistanis in Wales". Archived from the original on 22 October 2008. Retrieved 25 November 2017.
  38. ^ "Home". Archived from the original on 25 September 2006. Retrieved 25 November 2017.
  39. ^ https://www.istat.it/it/files//2017/10/Infographic-Non-EU-citizens-in-Italy.-Years-2016-2017.pdf
  40. ^ "Wayback Machine" (PDF). 25 December 2013. Archived from the original on 25 December 2013.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  41. ^ "Map Analyser". www.statbank.dk. Retrieved 28 March 2018.
  42. ^ "CBS StatLine - Bevolking; generatie, geslacht, leeftijd en migratieachtergrond, 1 januari". statline.cbs.nl. Retrieved 28 March 2018.
  43. ^ "Befolkningsstatistik". Statistiska Centralbyrån. Retrieved 28 March 2018.
  44. ^ "Vreemde afkomst 01/01/2012". www.npdata.be. Retrieved 28 March 2018.
  45. ^ https://www.cso.ie/en/media/csoie/newsevents/documents/census2016summaryresultspart1/Census2016SummaryPart1.pdf
  46. ^ http://www.statistik.at/web_de/statistiken/menschen_und_gesellschaft/bevoelkerung/bevoelkerungsstruktur/bevoelkerung_nach_staatsangehoerigkeit_geburtsland/index.html
  47. ^ https://www.swissinfo.ch/eng/society/migration-series-part-1-_who-are-the-25-foreign-population-in-switzerland/42412156
  48. ^ "Pakistanis who have never seen Pakistan". 10 January 2014. Retrieved 25 November 2017.
  49. ^ "2013 Census ethnic group profiles".
  50. ^ Dawn.com (2017-08-28). "Census results show 59.7pc growth in Karachi's population, 116pc in Lahore's since 1998". DAWN.COM. Retrieved 2017-09-01.
  51. ^ https://tribune.com.pk/story/1391730/overseas-workforce-2-43-million-pakistanis-working-europe/
  52. ^ https://www.geo.tv/latest/188134-pakistanis-among-top-failed-asylum-seekers-in-germany. Missing or empty |title= (help)

Further readingEdit

  • Abbasi, Nadia Mushtaq. "The Pakistani diaspora in Europe and its impact on democracy building in Pakistan." International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (2010).
  • Awan, Shehzadi Zamurrad. "Relevance of Education for Women's Empowerment in Punjab, Pakistan." Journal of International Women's Studies 18.1 (2016): 208+ online
  • Bolognani, Marta, and Stephen Lyon, eds. Pakistan and its diaspora: multidisciplinary approaches (Springer, 2011).
  • Eglar, Zekiya. A Punjabi Village in Pakistan: Perspectives on Community, Land, and Economy (Oxford UP, 2010).
  • Kalra, Virinder S., ed. Pakistani Diasporas: Culture, conflict, and change (Oxford UP, 2009).
  • Lukacs, John, ed. The people of South Asia: the biological anthropology of India, Pakistan, and Nepal (Springer, 2013).
  • Marsden, Magnus. "Muslim village intellectuals: the life of the mind in northern Pakistan." Anthropology today 21.1 (2005): 10-15.
  • Mughal, M. A. Z. "An anthropological perspective on the mosque in Pakistan." Asian Anthropology 14.2 (2015): 166-181.
  • Rauf, Abdur. "Rural women and the family: A study of a Punjabi village in Pakistan." Journal of Comparative Family Studies (1987): 403-415.