Pakistanis (Urdu: پاكِستانى قوم; Pakistani Qaum) are the people who are citizens of the modern Islamic Republic of Pakistan. Pakistan is a multi-ethnic and multilingual state: the majority of its people speak languages of the Indo-Aryan and Iranian language groups. As per the 2017 Census, the estimated population of Pakistan was over 212+ million making it the world's fifth most-populous country. In terms of overseas Pakistanis, there are an estimated 2.4 million Pakistanis living in Europe.
|Flag of Pakistan.svg|
|c. 221 million|
|Regions with significant populations|
|Saudi Arabia||2,600,000+ (2017 estimate)|
|United Kingdom||1,174,983 (2011 Official UK Census)[a]|
|United Arab Emirates||1,200,000 (2014 estimate)|
|United States||700,000 (2010 APF Research)|
|Oman||235,000 (2013 estimate)|
|Canada||215,560 (2016 Official Canada Census)|
|Qatar||125,000 (2016 Official Qatar estimate)|
|Italy||118,181 (2017 Official Italy estimate)|
|Bahrain||112,000 (2013 estimate)|
|France||104,000 (2017 estimate)|
|Spain||82,738 (2018 Official Spain estimate)|
|Germany||73,000 (2017 Official Germany estimate)|
|Afghanistan||71,000 (2017 estimate)|
|Australia||61,913 (2016 Official Australia Census)|
|Malaysia||59,281 (2017 Official Malaysia estimate) |
|Urdu, Punjabi, Sindhi, Pashto, Balochi, Saraiki, Kashmiri, Brahui, Balti and others|
|Islam 97% (majority Sunni, 5-20% Shia and <1% being Ahmadiyya) Other Religions: Christianity, Bahai Faith, Hinduism, Kalash Faith, Sikhism, Zoroastrianism|
Specific-linguistic groups: Punjabi, Sindhi, Saraiki, Pashtun, Balochi, and Kashmiri, with substantial numbers of Brahui, Hindko, Pahari, Shin, Burusho, Wakhi, Balti, Chitrali and other minority ethnic groups in the remote north of the country.
Pakistan has a rich culture, with all of the provinces maintaining differing social mores. However, Islam has significantly shaped the values and traditions of many Pakistanis. Pakistani culture falls in the category of high context, and Pakistani wear the Shalwar Qamiz that is the culture of Pakistan.
Pakistan's main language is Urdu. Urdu was chosen as a token of unity and as a lingua franca so as not to give any native Pakistani language preference over the other. It is mostly learned as a second language, with nearly 93% of Pakistan's population having a mother tongue other than Urdu. Urdu is spoken as a first, second or at times third tongue by almost all Pakistani people. Numerous regional and provincial languages are spoken as first languages by the ethno-linguistic groups making up the country, with Punjabi having a plurality of native speakers with 45% of the total population. English is spoken at an official level. Languages with more than a million speakers each include Pashto, Sindhi, Saraiki, Balochi, Brahui and Hindko. There are about 60 additional languages spoken in the country.
The largest religion practiced in Pakistan is Islam. Other religious groups are Zoroastrianism, Hinduism, the Kalash faith, and Christianity. 95% of people in Pakistan are Muslims (majority Sunni), 2% are Hindus, 2% are Christians and less than 1% of the population are Zoroastrian, Kalash, Bahai and Sikh. Irreligion and atheism <2% and 1% of people are Ahmadiyyah.[clarification needed]
There are large populations of Pakistani ancestry around the world due to emigration.[according to whom?] The population of Pakistanis abroad is exceeds seven million and can be found in the Middle East, North America, Europe, Asia and Australia. In 2018, Reuters reported that in Germany, thousands of Pakistani asylum seekers were among those whom the country was attempting but unable to repatriate due to insufficient identity papers.
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