List of sovereign states and dependent territories by immigrant population

These are lists of countries by foreign-born population (immigrants) and lists of countries by number native-born persons living in a foreign country (emigrants).

According to the United Nations, in 2019, the United States, Germany, and Saudi Arabia had the largest number of immigrants of any country, while Tuvalu, Saint Helena, and Tokelau had the lowest. In terms of percentage of population, the Vatican City, the United Arab Emirates, and Qatar had the highest, while Cuba, Madagascar, and China had the lowest.

According to estimates from the same UN 2015 report, in 2013, India and Mexico had the highest numbers of native-born persons living in a foreign country, while Tokelau and San Marino had the lowest.

DefinitionEdit

The United Nations defines "foreign-born" as "born in a country other than that in which one resides" to estimate the international migrant stock, whenever this information is available. In countries lacking data on place of birth, the UN uses the country of citizenship instead.[1]

According to the UN: "Equating international migrants with foreign citizens when estimating the migrant stock has important shortcomings. In countries where citizenship is conferred on the basis of jus sanguinis, people who were born in the country of residence may be included in the number of international migrants even though they may have never lived abroad. Conversely, persons who were born abroad and who naturalized in their country of residence are excluded from the stock of international migrants when using citizenship as the criterion to define international migrants."[1]

UN 2019 report: immigrant populationEdit

Countries and regions by immigrant population[2]
Major area, region, country or area of destination International migrant stock at mid-year (All sexes) 2019 International migrant stock as a percentage of the total population (All sexes) 2019
WORLD 271,642,105 3.5
UN development groups .. ..
More developed regions 152,069,261 12.0
Less developed regions 119,572,844 1.9
Least developed countries 16,289,023 1.6
Less developed regions, excluding least developed countries 103,283,821 1.9
World Bank income groups .. ..
High-income countries 175,811,829 14.0
Middle-income countries 82,237,681 1.4
Upper-middle-income countries 54,279,436 2.1
Lower-middle-income countries 27,958,245 0.9
Low-income countries 13,072,099 1.7
No income group available 520,496 17.9
Geographic regions .. ..
Africa 26,529,334 2.0
Asia 83,559,197 1.8
Europe 82,304,539 11.0
Latin America and the Caribbean 11,673,288 1.8
Northern America 58,647,822 16.0
Oceania 8,927,925 21.2
Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) regions .. ..
SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA 23,573,485 2.2
Eastern Africa 7,908,176 1.8
  Burundi 321,018 2.8
  Comoros 12,504 1.5
  Djibouti 115,341 11.8
  Eritrea 16,101 0.5
  Ethiopia 1,253,083 1.1
  Kenya 1,044,854 2.0
  Madagascar 34,934 0.1
  Malawi 247,652 1.3
  Mauritius 28,849 2.3
  Mayotte 74,643 28.0
  Mozambique 334,665 1.1
  Réunion 129,153 14.5
  Rwanda 539,932 4.3
  Seychelles 12,926 13.2
  Somalia 52,131 0.3
  South Sudan 865,552 7.8
  Uganda 1,734,166 3.9
  United Republic of Tanzania 509,166 0.9
  Zambia 170,249 1.0
  Zimbabwe 411,257 2.8
Middle Africa 3,785,279 2.2
  Angola 669,479 2.1
  Cameroon 505,692 2.0
  Central African Republic 90,649 1.9
  Chad 512,230 3.2
  Congo 402,142 7.5
  Democratic Republic of the Congo 963,833 1.1
  Equatorial Guinea 227,617 16.8
  Gabon 411,463 18.9
  Sao Tome and Principe 2,174 1.0
Southern Africa 4,481,651 6.7
  Botswana 110,596 4.8
  Eswatini 32,310 2.8
  Lesotho 6,928 0.3
  Namibia 107,561 4.3
  South Africa 4,224,256 7.2
Western Africa 7,398,379 1.9
  Benin 390,112 3.3
  Burkina Faso 718,338 3.5
  Cabo Verde 15,664 2.8
  Côte d'Ivoire 2,549,141 9.9
  Gambia 215,406 9.2
  Ghana 466,780 1.5
  Guinea 120,642 0.9
  Guinea-Bissau 26,916 1.4
  Liberia 94,448 1.9
  Mali 468,230 2.4
  Mauritania 172,987 3.8
  Niger 294,161 1.3
  Nigeria 1,256,408 0.6
  Saint Helena 433 7.1
  Senegal 275,239 1.7
  Sierra Leone 54,332 0.7
  Togo 279,142 3.5
NORTHERN AFRICA AND WESTERN ASIA 48,591,390 9.4
Northern Africa 2,955,849 1.2
  Algeria 249,075 0.6
  Egypt 504,053 0.5
  Libya 818,216 12.1
  Morocco 98,574 0.3
  Sudan 1,223,092 2.9
  Tunisia 57,455 0.5
  Western Sahara 5,384 0.9
Western Asia 45,635,541 16.6
  Armenia 190,159 6.4
  Azerbaijan 253,887 2.5
  Bahrain 741,161 45.2
  Cyprus 191,922 16.0
  Georgia 79,035 2.0
  Iraq 368,062 0.9
  Israel 1,956,346 23.0
  Jordan 3,346,703 33.1
  Kuwait 3,034,845 72.1
  Lebanon 1,863,873 27.2
  Oman 2,286,226 46.0
  Qatar 2,229,688 78.7
  Saudi Arabia 13,122,338 38.3
  Syrian Arab Republic 867,848 5.1
  Turkey 5,876,829 7.0
  United Arab Emirates 8,587,256 87.9
  Yemen 385,628 1.3
CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN ASIA 19,627,025 1.0
Central Asia 5,543,398 7.6
  Kazakhstan 3,705,556 20.0
  Kyrgyzstan 200,260 3.1
  Tajikistan 274,071 2.9
  Turkmenistan 195,127 3.3
  Uzbekistan 1,168,384 3.5
Southern Asia 14,083,627 0.7
  Afghanistan 149,762 0.4
  Bangladesh 2,185,613 1.3
  Bhutan 53,254 7.0
  India 5,154,737 0.4
  Iran (Islamic Republic of) 2,682,214 3.2
  Maldives 69,249 13.0
    Nepal 490,802 1.7
  Pakistan 3,257,978 1.5
  Sri Lanka 40,018 0.2
EASTERN AND SOUTH-EASTERN ASIA 18,296,631 0.8
Eastern Asia 8,105,764 0.5
  China 1,030,871 0.1
  China, Hong Kong SAR 2,942,254 39.6
  China, Macao SAR 399,572 62.4
  North Korea 49,393 0.2
  Japan 2,498,891 2.0
  Mongolia 21,128 0.7
  South Korea 1,163,655 2.3
South-Eastern Asia 10,190,867 1.5
  Brunei Darussalam 110,641 25.5
  Cambodia 78,649 0.5
  Indonesia 353,135 0.1
  Lao People's Democratic Republic 48,275 0.7
  Malaysia 3,430,380 10.7
  Myanmar 75,998 0.1
  Philippines 218,530 0.2
  Singapore 2,155,653 37.1
  Thailand 3,635,085 5.2
  Timor-Leste 8,417 0.7
  Vietnam 76,104 0.1
LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN 11,673,288 1.8
  Caribbean 1,524,793 3.5
  Anguilla 5,679 38.2
  Antigua and Barbuda 29,207 30.1
  Aruba 36,532 34.4
  Bahamas 62,962 16.2
  Barbados 34,807 12.1
  British Virgin Islands 20,778 69.2
  Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba 15,484 59.6
  Cayman Islands 28,985 44.6
  Cuba 4,886 0.0
  Curaçao 40,883 25.0
  Dominica 8,264 11.5
  Dominican Republic 567,648 5.3
  Grenada 7,124 6.4
  Guadeloupe 100,030 22.3
  Haiti 18,756 0.2
  Jamaica 23,468 0.8
  Martinique 61,647 16.4
  Montserrat 1,375 27.6
  Puerto Rico 266,828 9.1
  Saint Kitts and Nevis 7,587 14.4
  Saint Lucia 8,383 4.6
  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 4,692 4.2
  Sint Maarten (Dutch part) 28,260 66.7
  Trinidad and Tobago 59,249 4.2
  Turks and Caicos Islands 24,534 64.2
  United States Virgin Islands 56,745 54.3
Central America 1,927,688 1.1
  Belize 59,998 15.4
  Costa Rica 417,768 8.3
  El Salvador 42,617 0.7
  Guatemala 80,421 0.5
  Honduras 38,933 0.4
  Mexico 1,060,707 0.8
  Nicaragua 42,172 0.6
  Panama 185,072 4.4
South America 8,820,807 2.9
  Argentina 2,212,879 4.9
  Bolivia (Plurinational State of) 156,114 1.4
  Brazil 1,899,757 0.9
  Chile 1,462,103 7.0
  Colombia 1,142,319 2.3
  Ecuador 981,507 2.2
  Falkland Islands 1,902 56.3
  French Guiana 117,372 40.4
  Guyana 15,699 2.0
  Paraguay 160,519 2.3
  Peru 782,169 2.4
  Suriname 46,157 7.9
  Uruguay 81,482 2.4
  Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) 1,375,690 4.8
OCEANIA 8,927,925 21.2
Australia / New Zealand 8,618,009 28.7
  Australia 7,549,270 30.0
  New Zealand 1,401,866 27.4
Melanesia 123,564 1.1
  Fiji 14,038 1.6
  New Caledonia 72,537 25.7
  Papua New Guinea 31,212 0.4
  Solomon Islands 2,532 0.4
  Vanuatu 3,245 1.1
  Micronesia 117,978 21.7
  Guam 79,846 47.7
  Kiribati 3,022 2.6
  Marshall Islands 3,296 5.6
  Micronesia 2,819 2.5
  Nauru 2,114 19.7
  Northern Mariana Islands 21,815 38.1
  Palau 5,066 28.1
Polynesia 68,374 10.1
  American Samoa 23,539 42.6
  Cook Islands 3,491 19.9
  French Polynesia 31,205 11.2
  Niue 588 36.4
  Samoa 4,035 2.0
  Tokelau 504 37.6
  Tonga 3,752 3.6
  Tuvalu 238 2.0
  Wallis and Futuna 1,022 8.9
EUROPE AND NORTHERN AMERICA 140,952,361 12.7
EUROPE 82,304,539 11.0
Eastern Europe 20,278,745 6.9
  Belarus 1,069,395 11.3
  Bulgaria 168,516 2.4
  Czech Republic 512,705 4.8
  Hungary 512,043 5.3
  Poland 655,985 1.7
  Republic of Moldova 104,713 2.6
  Romania 462,552 2.4
  Russian Federation 11,640,559 8.0
  Slovakia 187,984 3.4
  Ukraine 4,964,293 11.3
Northern Europe 15,094,924 14.3
Channel Islands 83,833 48.7
  Denmark 722,878 12.5
  Estonia 190,242 14.4
  Faroe Islands 6,454 13.3
  Finland 383,116 6.9
  Iceland 52,404 15.5
  Ireland 833,564 17.1
  Isle of Man 42,864 50.7
  Latvia 237,266 12.4
  Lithuania 117,218 4.2
  Norway 867,765 16.1
  Sweden 2,005,210 20.0
  United Kingdom 9,552,110 14.1
Southern Europe 16,503,552 10.8
  Albania 49,160 1.7
  Andorra 45,102 58.5
  Bosnia and Herzegovina 35,735 1.1
  Croatia 518,083 12.5
  Gibraltar 11,172 33.2
  Greece 1,211,382 11.6
   Holy See 799 100.0
  Italy 6,273,722 10.4
  Malta 84,949 19.3
  Montenegro 70,967 11.3
  North Macedonia 131,175 6.3
  Portugal 888,162 8.7
  San Marino 5,507 16.3
  Serbia 820,312 9.4
  Slovenia 253,122 12.2
  Spain 7,231,195 15.2
Western Europe 30,427,318 15.6
  Austria 1,779,857 19.9
  Belgium 1,981,919 17.2
  France 9,589,322 14.1
  Germany 13,132,146 15.7
  Liechtenstein 25,467 67.0
  Luxembourg 291,723 47.4
  Monaco 26,511 68.0
  Netherlands 2,282,791 13.4
  Switzerland 2,572,029 29.9
NORTHERN AMERICA 58,647,822 16.0
  Bermuda 19,336 30.9
  Canada 7,960,657 21.3
  Greenland 5,690 10.0
  Saint Pierre and Miquelon 990 17.0
  United States of America 50,661,149 15.4

UN 2019 report: emigrant populationEdit

Countries and regions of origin by emigrant population in 2019[3]
Country or region of origin Emigrants (2019) Article
World 271,642,105
Other South 7,950,425
Other North 3,407,920
  Afghanistan 5,120,756 Afghan diaspora
  Albania 1,207,032 Albanian diaspora
  Algeria 1,944,784
  American Samoa 1,817
  Andorra 9,114
  Angola 661,590
  Anguilla 2,707
  Antigua and Barbuda 55,089
  Argentina 1,013,414
  Armenia 964,848 Armenian diaspora
  Aruba 19,640
  Australia 577,255 Australian diaspora
  Austria 575,950 Austrians Abroad
  Azerbaijan 1,155,852 Azerbaijani diaspora
  Bahamas 46,467
  Bahrain 60,153
  Bangladesh 7,835,152 Bangladeshi diaspora
  Barbados 112,925
  Belarus 1,480,794 Belarusian diaspora
  Belgium 581,740
  Belize 68,144
  Benin 666,357
  Bermuda 18,049
  Bhutan 49,216
  Bolivia (Plurinational State of) 878,211
  Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba 12,764
  Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,653,056 Bosnian diaspora
  Botswana 86,501
  Brazil 1,745,339 Brazilian diaspora
  British Virgin Islands 5,417
  Brunei Darussalam 46,977
  Bulgaria 1,541,860 Bulgarian diaspora
  Burkina Faso 1,581,083
  Burundi 623,999
  Cabo Verde 186,372
  Cambodia 1,097,884
  Cameroon 383,029
  Canada 1,323,087 Canadian diaspora
  Cayman Islands 1,973
  Central African Republic 767,884
  Chad 206,400
  Channel Islands 22,545
  Chile 650,151
  China 10,732,281 Chinese diaspora
  China, Hong Kong SAR 1,110,358 Emigration from Hong Kong
  China, Macao SAR 161,930
  Colombia 2,869,032 Colombian diaspora
  Comoros 120,297
  Congo 239,397
  Cook Islands 22,488
  Costa Rica 150,400
  Côte d'Ivoire 1,114,003
  Croatia 990,012 Croatian diaspora
  Cuba 1,654,684 Cuban diaspora
  Curaçao 123,132
  Cyprus 214,648 Greek Cypriot diaspora
  Czech Republic 911,388 Czech diaspora
  Dem. People's Republic of Korea 113,118 Korean diaspora
  Democratic Republic of the Congo 1,684,615
  Denmark 255,616
  Djibouti 18,668
  Dominica 78,634
  Dominican Republic 1,558,668
  Ecuador 2,183,685 Emigration from Ecuador
  Egypt 3,547,626 Egyptian diaspora
  El Salvador 1,600,739
  Equatorial Guinea 125,670
  Eritrea 751,481
  Estonia 208,257
  Eswatini 108,188
  Ethiopia 871,747
  Falkland Islands (Malvinas) 1,623
  Faroe Islands 13,838
  Fiji 222,633
  Finland 290,006 Finnish diaspora
  France 2,296,534 French diaspora
  French Guiana 4,555
  French Polynesia 1,982
  Gabon 46,684
  Gambia 118,483
  Georgia 852,816 Georgian diaspora
  Germany 4,014,203 German diaspora
  Ghana 970,625
  Gibraltar 14,320
  Greece 1,039,257 Greek diaspora
  Greenland 18,684
  Grenada 75,784
  Guadeloupe 11,856
  Guam 2,197
  Guatemala 1,205,644
  Guinea 530,963
  Guinea-Bissau 103,587
  Guyana 520,196
  Haiti 1,585,681
   Holy See 217
  Honduras 800,707
  Hungary 632,126 Hungarian diaspora
  Iceland 42,186 Icelandic diaspora
  India 17,510,931 Indian diaspora
  Indonesia 4,532,992 Indonesian diaspora
  Iran (Islamic Republic of) 4,037,258[4] Iranian diaspora
  Iraq 2,033,522 Iraqi diaspora
  Ireland 816,797 Irish diaspora
  Isle of Man 12,809
  Israel 369,935 Yerida
  Italy 3,077,777 Italian diaspora
  Jamaica 1,111,021 Jamaican diaspora
  Japan 838,852 Japanese diaspora
  Jordan 784,377
  Kazakhstan 4,005,587
  Kenya 525,437
  Kiribati 4,370
  Kuwait 205,382
  Kyrgyzstan 754,969
  Lao People's Democratic Republic 1,347,034 Laotian diaspora
  Latvia 332,220 Latvian diaspora
  Lebanon 844,158 Lebanese diaspora
  Lesotho 341,580
  Liberia 219,338
  Libya 180,586
  Liechtenstein 3,713
  Lithuania 610,223
  Luxembourg 75,470
  Madagascar 184,762
  Malawi 324,541
  Malaysia 1,689,222 Malaysian diaspora
  Maldives 3,053 Maldivian diaspora
  Mali 1,264,700
  Malta 111,137 Emigration from Malta
  Marshall Islands 8,205
  Martinique 13,919
  Mauritania 128,506
  Mauritius 188,344
  Mayotte 6,617
  Mexico 11,796,178 Emigration from Mexico
  Micronesia (Fed. States of) 21,819
  Monaco 31,452
  Mongolia 73,488 Mongolian diaspora
  Montenegro 153,009
  Montserrat 22,838
  Morocco 3,136,069 Moroccan diaspora
  Mozambique 1,013,416
  Myanmar 3,699,472 Burmese diaspora
  Namibia 195,515
  Nauru 2,421
    Nepal 2,285,364 Non Resident Nepali
  Netherlands 980,753 Dutch diaspora
  New Caledonia 5,098
  New Zealand 777,303
  Nicaragua 682,865
  Niger 401,653
  Nigeria 1,438,331
  Niue 5,593
  North Macedonia 658,264 Macedonian diaspora
  Northern Mariana Islands 2,764
  Norway 202,336 Norwegian diaspora
  Oman 24,939
  Pakistan 6,303,286 Pakistani diaspora
  Palau 2,650
  Panama 161,107
  Papua New Guinea 219,126
  Paraguay 871,638
  Peru 1,512,920
  Philippines 5,377,337 Overseas Filipinos
  Poland 4,446,985 Polish diaspora
  Portugal 2,631,559
  Puerto Rico 2,007,347
  Qatar 171,632
  South Korea 2,176,580 Korean diaspora
  Republic of Moldova 1,013,417 Moldovan diaspora
  Réunion 133,769
  Romania 3,572,794 Romanian diaspora
  Russian Federation 10,491,715 Russian diaspora
  Rwanda 588,544
  Saint Helena 6,596
  Saint Kitts and Nevis 124,941
  Saint Lucia 63,605
  Saint Pierre and Miquelon 2,356
  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 60,655
  Samoa 124,403
  San Marino 2,425
  Sao Tome and Principe 37,013
  Saudi Arabia 296,254
  Senegal 642,654
  Serbia 950,485 Serbian diaspora
  Seychelles 36,788
  Sierra Leone 187,102
  Singapore 340,751 Overseas Singaporean
  Sint Maarten (Dutch part) 29,209
  Slovakia 345,683 Slovak diaspora
  Slovenia 147,593 Slovene diaspora
  Solomon Islands 4,234
  Somalia 2,054,377 Somali diaspora
  South Africa 824,601 South African diaspora
  South Sudan 2,608,218 South Sudanese diaspora
  Spain 1,444,942 Spanish diaspora
  Sri Lanka 1,775,768 Sri Lankan diaspora
  State of Palestine 3,890,650 Palestinian diaspora
  Sudan 2,040,613
  Suriname 423,517
  Sweden 353,825 Swedish diaspora
  Switzerland 679,796 Swiss abroad
  Syrian Arab Republic 8,225,499 Syrian diaspora
  Tajikistan 597,959
  Thailand 1,020,119
  Timor-Leste 39,202
  Togo 543,277
  Tokelau 2,242
  Tonga 74,433
  Trinidad and Tobago 334,304
  Tunisia 813,213
  Turkey 3,493,071 Turkish diaspora
  Turkmenistan 260,832
  Turks and Caicos Islands 31,033
  Tuvalu 3,276
  Uganda 734,951
  Ukraine 5,901,067 Ukrainian diaspora
  United Arab Emirates 154,404 Emirati diaspora
  United Kingdom 4,274,998 British diaspora
  United Republic of Tanzania 323,173
  United States of America 3,167,072 American diaspora
  United States Virgin Islands 25,863
  Uruguay 633,439 Emigration from Uruguay
  Uzbekistan 1,979,523
  Vanuatu 7,346
  Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) 2,519,780 Venezuelan diaspora
  Vietnam 2,683,954 Overseas Vietnamese
  Wallis and Futuna Islands 11,820
  Western Sahara 195,572
  Yemen 1,267,610 Yemeni diaspora
  Zambia 493,087
  Zimbabwe 933,654 Zimbabwean diaspora

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit