The following events occurred in November 1948:
November 1, 1948 (Monday)Edit
November 2, 1948 (Tuesday)Edit
- The United States presidential election was held. Incumbent Democrat Harry S. Truman defeated Republican Thomas E. Dewey in one of the most surprising results in American history, as almost every pre-election forecast indicated that Truman would be defeated.
- The Liaoshen Campaign ended in Communist victory. All of Manchuria fell to the Communists.
- Kansas voted to repeal its sixty-eight year prohibition on the manufacture and sale of alcohol.
- A six-question referendum on councils and treasury was held in the United States Virgin Islands.
November 3, 1948 (Wednesday)Edit
- The Chicago Tribune published the erroneous front-page headline "Dewey Defeats Truman" based on early election returns. Two days later, President Truman made a public appearance in St. Louis where he posed for photographs while holding up a copy of the infamous issue, immortalizing the mistake.
- The UN General Assembly approved a resolution by unanimous vote urging the Big Five powers to settle their differences and establish lasting peace.
- The 2nd National Hockey League All-Star Game was played at Chicago Stadium. A team of NHL all-stars defeated the Toronto Maple Leafs 3-1.
- Born: Lulu, singer and songwriter, as Marie Lawrie in Lennoxtown, Scotland
- Died: Isabel Weld Perkins, 72, American heiress and author
November 4, 1948 (Thursday)Edit
- The United Nations passed Security Council Resolution 61, calling on Egypt and Israel to withdraw their troops to positions occupied in the Negev on October 14 before fighting broke out there.
- The drama film The Snake Pit starring Olivia de Havilland and Mark Stevens premiered in New York City.
- Born: Delia Casanova, actress, in Poza Rica, Mexico; Amadou Toumani Touré, President of Mali 2002–2012, in Mopti, French Sudan
- Died: Jake Powell, 40, American baseball player (suicide); Albert Stanley, 1st Baron Ashfield, 74, British-American businessman and Chairman of the Underground Electric Railways Company of London 1910–33
November 5, 1948 (Friday)Edit
- Italy and Greece signed a treaty of friendship, commerce and navigation.
- Leni Riefenstahl was cleared by a German denazification court, much to the displeasure of the German press which complained that the film director had gotten off lightly. The decision would be appealed and Riefenstahl would have to go through the process three more times until finally being cleared for good in 1952.
- Born: Bob Barr, politician, in Iowa City, Iowa; Charles Bradley, singer, in Gainesville, Florida; Dallas Holm, Christian musician, in St. Paul Park, Minnesota; William Daniel Phillips, physicist and Nobel Prize laureate, in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania
November 6, 1948 (Saturday)Edit
November 7, 1948 (Sunday)Edit
- The anthology drama series Westinghouse Studio One made the jump from radio to television, premiering on CBS. The show would be very successful, airing a total of 467 episodes over its decade-long run.
- The Young Lions by Irwin Shaw topped The New York Times Fiction Best Seller list.
- Born: Jim Houghton, actor and writer, in Los Angeles, California; Buck Martinez, baseball player, manager and sportscaster, in Redding, California
November 8, 1948 (Monday)Edit
- Nathuram Godse read a 30,000-word statement in Indian court confessing to the assassination of Mahatma Gandhi and explaining his motivation. Godse said that while he admired some of Gandhi's work, he considered him responsible for the creation of Pakistan and believed that the Gandhi policy of non-violence would make it easier for Pakistanis to occupy India.
November 9, 1948 (Tuesday)Edit
November 10, 1948 (Wednesday)Edit
- The Chinese Nationalist government imposed martial law on Nanjing and Shanghai to put down food rioting.
- The International Military Tribunal for the Far East declared Japan guilty of waging a war of aggression against the United States, the British Commonwealth, the Netherlands and France.
- Died: Julius Curtius, 71, German politician
November 11, 1948 (Thursday)Edit
- At the United Nations in Paris, Chinese delegate Tsiang Tingfu claimed that 50,000 Japanese prisoners of war had been armed by the Soviets and were being sent into battle on the side of the Communists in the Civil War. Soviet Deputy Foreign Minister Andrey Vyshinsky called the accusation "dirty slander".
- The epic historical film Joan of Arc starring Ingrid Bergman premiered in New York City.
- Born: Robert John "Mutt" Lange, record producer and songwriter, in Mufulira, Northern Rhodesia; Dušan Prelević, singer, journalist and writer, in Belgrade, Yugoslavia (d. 2007); Vincent Schiavelli, actor and food writer, in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2005)
- Died: Fred Niblo, 74, American actor and filmmaker
November 12, 1948 (Friday)Edit
- Hideki Tojo and his twenty-four co-defendants were convicted of war crimes by the International Military Tribunal for the Far East. Tojo and six others were sentenced to death by hanging while sixteen others got life in prison.
- Born: Richard Roberts, evangelist and son of Oral Roberts, in Tulsa, Oklahoma; Hassan Rouhani, 7th President of Iran, in Sorkheh, Iran
November 13, 1948 (Saturday)Edit
- Riots broke out in several Paris suburbs in connection with a one-day Communist-ordered general strike. 30 policemen and many rioters were injured while a number of union leaders were arrested for trying to prevent non-strikers from working.
- Born: Humayun Ahmed, writer, dramatist, screenwriter and filmmaker, in Mohanganj, East Bengal (d. 2012); Robert Ginty, actor, producer and director, in Brooklyn, New York; Lockwood Smith, politician, in Paparoa, New Zealand
November 14, 1948 (Sunday)Edit
- Buckingham Palace released an official proclamation at 10:10 p.m. that read in full: "Her Royal Highness the Princess Elizabeth Duchess of Edinburgh was safely delivered of a Prince at 9:14 o'clock this evening. Her Royal Highness and the infant Prince are both well." Crowds that had gathered outside the palace all weekend long waiting for the news rejoiced into the early morning, while celebrations were more subdued elsewhere because of the late hour.
- Actress Claire Trevor married her third husband, producer Milton H. Bren.
- Born: Charles, Prince of Wales, at Buckingham Palace, London, England; Michael Dobbs, politician and novelist, in Cheshunt, England
November 15, 1948 (Monday)Edit
- The Battle of Jiulianshan began in the Chinese Civil War.
- The Lynskey tribunal opened in London, investigating allegations of bribery and corruption within the British government.
- Louis St. Laurent became 12th Prime Minister of Canada.
- Born: James Kemsley, cartoonist, in Sydney, Australia (d. 2007)
November 16, 1948 (Tuesday)Edit
- The University of Los Andes was founded in Colombia.
- The heavy cruiser USS Des Moines entered commission.
- Born: Bonnie Greer, playwright, novelist, critic and broadcaster, in Chicago, Illinois; Mate Parlov, boxer, in Split, Yugoslavia (d. 2008)
- Died: Frederick Gardner Cottrell, 71, American physical chemist, inventor and philanthropist
November 17, 1948 (Wednesday)Edit
- By a vote of 373-211, the British House of Commons approved the Labour government's bill to nationalize the iron and steel industry.
- Russian authorities tightened control over East Berlin by announcing distribution of new identity cards for residents starting December 1.
- King Farouk of Egypt divorced his wife Farida for failing to bear a son.
- Born: Howard Dean, politician, in East Hampton, New York
November 18, 1948 (Thursday)Edit
November 19, 1948 (Friday)Edit
- In Paris, 47 countries signed a protocol establishing international control over the manufacture and distribution of all potentially addictive drugs.
- The 1949 Sun Bowl controversy began when the Lafeyette Leopards college football team was invited to play in the Sun Bowl under the condition that African-American player David Showell not play. The Lafayette College faculty would turn down the invitation.
November 20, 1948 (Saturday)Edit
- British philosopher Bertrand Russell told a London conference of schoolchildren and teachers that the West must either fight Russia before it developed an atomic bomb or "lie down and let them govern us."
- New Zealand doctor Geoffrey Orbell rediscovered the South Island takahē, widely thought to have been extinct, near Lake Te Anau.
- Born: John R. Bolton, diplomat and attorney, in Baltimore, Maryland; Barbara Hendricks, singer, in Stephens, Arkansas; Richard Masur, actor, in New York City; Harlee McBride, actress, in Los Angeles, California; Gunnar Nilsson, racing driver, in Helsingborg, Sweden (d. 1978)
November 21, 1948 (Sunday)Edit
- Madame Chiang Kai-shek made a radio broadcast from Nanjing to the United States urging "immediate and definite" aid to China, saying that if communism were to prevail there that "you, my friends, will ultimately also be suffering. For with China's strategic position, resources and manpower in Communist hands, you yourself will be greatly weakened. If China falls, all of Asia goes."
- Born: Michel Suleiman, President of Lebanon 2008–2014, in Amsheet, Lebanon
- Died: Béla Miklós, 58, Hungarian military officer and acting Prime Minister of Hungary 1944–45
November 22, 1948 (Monday)Edit
November 23, 1948 (Tuesday)Edit
- Israeli forces launched Operation Lot with the objective of creating a land corridor to the isolated Dead Sea enclave.
- King George VI missed his first public engagement when he canceled a visit to the Royal Naval College in Greenwich due to a blood clot in his right leg. Prime Minister Clement Attlee announced in the House of Commons that the King's royal tour of Australia and New Zealand would be postponed.
- The United States Army Corps of Engineers announced the completion of a 430-mile highway from Athens to Thessaloniki.
- Born: Ron Bouchard, racing driver, in Fitchburg, Massachusetts (d. 2015); Dominique-France Loeb-Picard, wife of King Fuad II of Egypt, in Paris, France; Gabriele Seyfert, figure skater, in Chemnitz, Germany
- Died: Hack Wilson, 48, American baseball player
November 24, 1948 (Wednesday)Edit
- 1948 Venezuelan coup d'état: Venezuelan President Rómulo Gallegos was overthrown and replaced by military officer Carlos Delgado Chalbaud.
- The neorealist drama film Bicycle Thieves (Ladri di biciclette) directed by Vittorio De Sica and starring Lamberto Maggiorani premiered in Italy.
- Born: Joe Howard, actor, in Yonkers, New York
- Died: Anna Jarvis, 84, American founder of Mother's Day in the United States
November 25, 1948 (Thursday)Edit
- Operation Lot concluded with its main objectives accomplished, strengthening Israel's hold on the Negev desert.
- The Longshore strike on the west coast of the United States ended after almost three months when workers accepted a 15-cent hourly pay raise.
- Lou Boudreau of the Cleveland Indians was named Major League baseball's Most Valuable Player for the American League.
- KING-TV, the first television station in the Pacific Northwest, began broadcasting from Seattle.
November 26, 1948 (Friday)Edit
November 27, 1948 (Saturday)Edit
- The French General Confederation of Labour called off its eight-week coal mining strike, although 90 percent of the miners had already gone to back to work anyway.
- 102,500 packed Philadelphia Municipal Stadium to see the Army–Navy Game end in a 21-21 tie.
- The Calgary Stampeders defeated the Ottawa Rough Riders 12-7 to win the 36th Grey Cup of Canadian football. It was the first Grey Cup title for the city of Calgary and the first time that a CFL team completed an undefeated season.
November 28, 1948 (Sunday)Edit
- A warrant for the arrest of former Japanese Prime Minister Hitoshi Ashida was submitted to the lower house of the National Diet in connection with the corruption scandal that brought down his government.
- Born: Agnieszka Holland, director and screenwriter, in Warsaw, Poland
- Died: D. D. Sheehan, 75, Irish politician
November 29, 1948 (Monday)Edit
- Israel formally applied for membership in the United Nations.
- The Pingjin Campaign began in the Chinese Civil War.
- The ABC television network aired the Metropolitan Opera's opening night production of Verdi's Otello. Almost two million viewers tuned in to watch.
- Born: Yōichi Masuzoe, politician, in Kitakyushu, Japan
November 30, 1948 (Tuesday)Edit
- "Kansas Votes Prohibition Repeal After 68 Years of Dry Experience". The New York Times: 1. November 5, 1948.
- Rosenthal, A. M. (November 4, 1948). "Nations Are United In Assembly Vote For Peace Pacts". The New York Times: 1.
- Brewer, Sam Pope (November 5, 1948). "U. N. Orders a Withdrawal In Negeb, Shelves Sanctions". The New York Times: 1.
- "The Snake Pit". American Film Institute. Retrieved May 20, 2018.
- "Italy, Greece Sign Treaty of Friendship". The New York Times: 4. November 6, 1948.
- Trimborn, Jürgen (2012). Leni Riefenstahl: A Life [eBook Edition]. Farrar, Straus and Giroux. ISBN 9781466821644.
- Newcomb, Horace, ed. (2004). Encyclopedia of Television. Fitzroy Dearborn. p. 2217. ISBN 9781579583941.
- Trumbull, Robert (November 9, 1948). "Assassin Declares Esteem For Gandhi". The New York Times: 2.
- "Nanking, Shanghai Get Martial Law; Suchow Is Flanked". The New York Times: 1. November 11, 1948.
- "Japan Held Guilty of Aggressive War". The New York Times: 2. November 10, 1948.
- Rosenthal, A. M. (November 12, 1948). "China In U. N. Says Reds Use Japanese". The New York Times: 13.
- "Tojo Condemned By Court To Hang; 24 Others Guilty". The New York Times: 1. November 12, 1948.
- Warren, Lansing (November 14, 1948). "50 Hurt in Paris Strike Clashes; General Tie-Up's Success Limited". The New York Times: 1.
- Matthews, Herbert L. (November 15, 1948). "Elizabeth Has Son, 2d In Royal Line; Both 'Doing Well'". The New York Times: 1, 3.
- Mick, Hayley (June 18, 2013). "Five things to expect when Britain's littlest heir is born". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved May 20, 2018.
- "London Cheers Royal Baby; Page Carries the Tidings". The New York Times: 1, 3. November 15, 1948.
- Donnelley, Paul (2000). Fade to Black: A Book of Movie Obituaries. New York: Omnibus Press. p. 697. ISBN 0-7119-9512-5.
- Matthews, Herbert L. (November 16, 1948). "Bribery Tribunal Opens in London". The New York Times: 15.
- Egan, Charles E. (November 18, 1948). "British Steel Bill Passes Key Stage". The New York Times: 10.
- Middleton, Drew (November 18, 1948). "Germans Will Get New Soviet Cards". The New York Times: 3.
- "2 Moslem Rulers Divorce Wives Who Bore No Sons". The New York Times: 1. November 18, 1948.
- Warden, Philip (November 19, 1948). "U.S. To Rush Rice To China". Chicago Daily Tribune. Chicago: 1.
- "Narcotics Protocol Signed By 47 Nations". The New York Times: 4. November 20, 1948.
- "Fight Russia Before She Has The A-Bomb- Bertrand Russell". Chicago Daily Tribune. Chicago: 1. November 21, 1948.
- "MMe. Chiang Cites U. S. Stake in Clash". The New York Times: 5. November 22, 1948.
- Welles, Benjamin (November 24, 1948). "Whole Empire Voices Sympathy For King George in His Ailment". The New York Times: 6.
- "Athens-Salonika Highway Is Ready for Operation". The New York Times: 5. November 24, 1948.
- "New Era Foreseen". The New York Times: 1. November 26, 1948.
- McGowen, Roscoe (November 24, 1948). "Boudreau of Indians Named Most Valuable American League Player". The New York Times: 38.
- Smith, Hugh (November 27, 1948). "Dail Approves Eire Republic Bill; Anniversary Promulgation Is Aim". The New York Times: 8.
- "CBS Gets Benny; NBC Assails Deal". The New York Times: 19. November 27, 1948.
- Warren, Lansing (November 28, 1948). "Communists Call Off French Strike, Order Miners to Return Tomorrow". The New York Times: 1.
- Danzig, Allison (November 28, 1948). "102,500 See Draw". The New York Times: S1.
- Parrott, Lindesay (November 29, 1948). "Tokyo Diet To Vote on Ashida Arrest". The New York Times: 17.
- Hamilton, Thomas J. (November 30, 1948). "Israel Files U. N. Application; Support by U. S. Is Foreseen". The New York Times: 1.
- Wierzbicki, James (2016). Music in the Age of Anxiety: American Music in the Fifties. University of Illinois Press. p. 122. ISBN 9780252098277.
- "Negro League Dissolved". The New York Times: 40. December 1, 1948.
- "Doak Walker of S.M.U. to Get Heisman Trophy". Decatur Herald. Decatur, Illinois: 16. December 1, 1948.