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Edgar Livingston Kennedy (April 26, 1890 – November 9, 1948) was an American comedic character actor who appeared in at least 500 films during the silent and sound eras.[1][2] Professionally, he was known as "Slow Burn", owing to his ability to portray on screen characters whose anger slowly rises in frustrating situations.[3][4] Kennedy in many of his roles used exasperated facial expressions, performed very deliberately, to convey his rising anger or "burn", often rubbing his hand over his bald head and across his face in an effort to control his temper. One memorable example of his slow-burn comedy technique can be seen in the 1933 Marx Brothers' film Duck Soup in which he plays a sidewalk lemonade vendor who is harassed and increasingly provoked by Harpo and Chico.[5]

Edgar Kennedy
Edgar Kennedy.jpg
Kennedy in A Star Is Born, 1937
Born(1890-04-26)April 26, 1890
DiedNovember 9, 1948(1948-11-09) (aged 58)
OccupationActor
Years active1911–1948
Spouse(s)Patricia Violet Allwyn (m. 1924; his death)
Kennedy and Patsy Kelly, In Old California, 1942

Contents

Early yearsEdit

Kennedy was born on April 26, 1890, in Monterey County, California, to Canadians Neil Kennedy and Annie Quinn. He attended San Rafael High School before taking up boxing.[1][6] He was a light-heavyweight and once went 14 rounds with Jack Dempsey. After boxing, he worked as a singer in vaudeville, musical comedy and light opera.[1]

Film careerEdit

Making his debut in 1911,[1][2]Kennedy performed with some of the biggest film comedians in the United States, including Roscoe Arbuckle, Charlie Chaplin, Laurel and Hardy, the Marx Brothers, Charley Chase, and the Our Gang series. He was also one of the original Keystone Kops.[3][7]

Kennedy's burly frame originally suited him for villainous or threatening roles in silent pictures. By the 1920s Kennedy was working for producer Hal Roach, who kept the actor busy playing supporting roles in short comedies. Kennedy starred in one short, A Pair of Tights (1928), in which he plays a tightwad determined to spend as little as possible on a date. His antics with comedian Stuart Erwin are reminiscent of Roach's Laurel and Hardy comedies, produced concurrently. Roach also used Kennedy as a director on half a dozen two-reeler comedies.

In 1930, Edgar Kennedy was featured by RKO-Pathe in a pair of short-subject comedies, Next Door Neighbors and Help Wanted, Female. Kennedy's characterization of a short-tempered householder was so effective that RKO built a series around it. The "Average Man" comedies starred Kennedy as a blustery, stubborn guy determined to accomplish a household project or get ahead professionally, despite the meddling of his featherbrained wife (usually Florence Lake), her freeloading brother (originally William Eugene, then Jack Rice) and his dubious mother-in-law (Dot Farley). Kennedy pioneered the kind of domestic situation comedy that later became familiar on television. Each installment would end with Edgar embarrassed, humbled or defeated, looking at the camera and doing his patented slow burn. The Edgar Kennedy Series, with its theme song "Chopsticks", became a standard part of the movie-going experience: Kennedy made six "Average Man" shorts a year for 17 years. In 1938, Kennedy worked as a straight man for British comedian Will Hay in Hey! Hey! USA.

Kennedy became so identified with frustration that practically every studio hired him to play hotheads. He often played dumb cops, detectives, and even a prison warden; sometimes he was a grouchy moving man, truck driver, or blue-collar workman. His character usually lost his temper at least once. In Diplomaniacs, Kennedy presides over an international tribunal, where Wheeler & Woolsey want to do something about world peace. "Well, ya can't do anything about it here", yells Kennedy, "this is a peace conference!" Kennedy, established as the poster boy for frustration, even starred in an instructional film titled The Other Fellow, in which loudmouthed roadhog Edgar always vents his anger on other drivers (each one played by Kennedy as well), little realizing that, to them, he is "the other fellow."[8]

Perhaps his most unusual roles were as a puppeteer in the detective mystery The Falcon Strikes Back and as a philosophical bartender inspired to create exotic cocktails in Harold Lloyd's last film, The Sin of Harold Diddlebock (1947). He also played comical detectives opposite two titans of acting: John Barrymore in Twentieth Century (1934) and Rex Harrison in Unfaithfully Yours (1948). In the latter film he tells Harrison's character, a symphony conductor, "Nobody handles Handel like you handle Handel."

DeathEdit

Selected filmographyEdit

As actor:

As director:

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d "Edgar Kennedy, Film Actor, Dies". St. Petersburg Times. November 10, 1948. Retrieved February 16, 2012.
  2. ^ a b c "Actor Edgar Kennedy Dies of Throat Cancer". The Pittsburg Press. November 10, 1948. Retrieved February 14, 2012.
  3. ^ a b "Death of Kennedy Recalls Actor's 1945 Visit Here". The Evening Independent. November 10, 1948. Retrieved February 14, 2012.
  4. ^ Heffernan, Harold (October 3, 1939). "Edgar Kennedy Charges Film Heroes Steal His Stuff". The Calgary Herald. Retrieved February 16, 2012.
  5. ^ "Duck Soup...Peanuts”, scene from Duck Soup showing Kennedy's sidewalk encounter with Harpo and Chico Marx and his "slow burn" reactions to their antics. Excerpt published by Niteesh Wadhwa July 23, 2015 on YouTube, San Bruno, California. Retrieved July 22, 2019.
  6. ^ Swenson, Bette (May 24, 1945). "Movie Funny Man Declares He's Really Serious Fellow". St. Petersburg Times. Retrieved February 14, 2012.
  7. ^ Lahue, Kalton (1971); Mack Sennett's Keystone: The man, the myth and the comedies; New York: Barnes; ISBN 978-0-498-07461-5; p. 194
  8. ^ Edgar Kennedy in "The Other Fellow," on YouTube
  9. ^ "Edgar Kennedy Dies". Herald-Journal. November 10, 1948. Retrieved February 14, 2012.
  10. ^ "Good Housewrecking" (1933), Edgar Kennedy on YouTube
  11. ^ "Will Power" (1936), Edgar Kennedy (short) on YouTube
  12. ^ "Private Snuffy Smith" (1942), Edgar Kennedy, Bud Duncan on YouTube
  13. ^ A full digital copy of Kennedy's 1943 short film Hold Your Temper, co-starring Irene Ryan (later "Granny" on the television sitcom The Beverly Hillbillies), is available for viewing on YouTube. Retrieved June 18, 2017.
  14. ^ "Radio Rampage" (1944), Edgar Kennedy (short) on YouTube

External linksEdit