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For the northern neighborhood of the city of Miami Beach, see North Beach (Miami Beach).
For the separate city, see North Miami.

North Miami Beach (commonly referred to as NMB) is a city in Miami-Dade County, Florida, United States. Originally named Fulford-by-the-Sea in 1926 after Captain William H. Fulford of the United States Coast Guard, the city was renamed North Miami Beach in 1931. The population was 41,523 at the 2010 census.

City of North Miami Beach [1]
Official seal of City of North Miami Beach [1]
Seal
Nickname(s): 
NMB
Motto(s): 
"Where People Care"
Location in Miami-Dade County and the state of Florida
Location in Miami-Dade County and the state of Florida
U.S. Census Bureau map showing city limits
U.S. Census Bureau map showing city limits
Coordinates: 25°55′49″N 80°10′11″W / 25.93028°N 80.16972°W / 25.93028; -80.16972Coordinates: 25°55′49″N 80°10′11″W / 25.93028°N 80.16972°W / 25.93028; -80.16972
Country United States of America
State Florida
County Miami-Dade
IncorporatedJune 15, 1931
Government
 • TypeCouncil-Manager
 • MayorAnthony F. DeFillipo
 • Vice MayorMichael Joseph[2]
 • CommissionersPaule Villard, Phyllis S. Smith, Fortuna Smukler, McKenzie Fleurimond, and Barbara Kramer
 • City ManagerEsmond K. Scott
 • City ClerkPamela L. Latimore
Area
 • City5.37 sq mi (13.90 km2)
 • Land4.83 sq mi (12.50 km2)
 • Water0.54 sq mi (1.40 km2)  6.43%
Elevation
10 ft (3 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • City41,523
 • Estimate 
(2017)[4]
44,124
 • Density9,090.93/sq mi (3,510.18/km2)
 • Metro
5,422,200
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
Zip Codes
33160,33162,33169,
33179,33180,33181
Area code(s)305, 786
FIPS code12-49475[5]
GNIS feature ID0287838[6]
Websitehttp://www.citynmb.com

The hurricane of 1926 essentially ended the South Florida real estate boom, and in an effort to alleviate their losses and the damage to the city, local residents came together as the Town of Fulford. In 1927, the city was incorporated as the City of Fulford.[7]

Contents

GeographyEdit

 
Miami North Beach Waterway

North Miami Beach is located at 25°55′49″N 80°10′1″W / 25.93028°N 80.16694°W / 25.93028; -80.16694.[8] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.3 square miles (14 km2). 5.0 square miles (13 km2) of it is land and 0.3 square miles (0.78 km2) of it (6.43%) is water.

Although the North Miami Beach boundaries once stretched to the Atlantic Ocean, this city on the Intracoastal Waterway no longer has any beaches within its city limits, although they are a short distance away across the inlet.

Surrounding areasEdit

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
1940871
19502,129144.4%
196021,405905.4%
197030,54442.7%
198036,55319.7%
199035,359−3.3%
200040,78615.3%
201041,5231.8%
Est. 201744,124[4]6.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]

As of 2010, there were 16,402 households out of which 12.1% were vacant. As of 2000, 37.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them. 44.3% were married couples living together, 19.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.9% were non-families. 23.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.89 and the average family size was 3.44.

In 2000, the city population was spread out with 27.3% under the age of 18, 9.4% from 18 to 24, 30.9% from 25 to 44, 21.1% from 45 to 64, and 11.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.3 males.

In 2000, the median income for a household in the city was $31,377, and the median income for a family was $35,047. Males had a median income of $26,278 versus $22,110 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,699. About 18.4% of families and 20.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.1% of those under age 18 and 18.2% of those age 65 or over.

As of 2000, English was the first language for 38.50% of all residents, while Spanish accounted for 31.97%. French Creole was 19.32%, French made up 2.33%, Chinese (which included Cantonese) was totaled at 1.66%, Portuguese totaled 1.20%, Hebrew was at 0.87%, Russian at 0.65%, Yiddish spoken by 0.56%, and Italian was the mother tongue for 0.52% of the population.[10]

As of 2000, North Miami Beach had the fifth highest percentage of Haitian residents in the U.S., with 19.90% of the U.S. populace.[11] It had the 48th highest percentage of Colombian residents in the U.S., at 2.83% of the city's population,[12] and the 68th highest percentage of Cuban residents in the US, at 4.92% of the city's population.[13] It also had the 62nd highest percentage of Dominicans in the U.S., at 2.39%,[14] while it had the ninth highest percentage of Bahamians at 1.10% of all residents.[15] North Miami Beach's Jamaican community had the 28th highest percentage of residents, which was at 5.50% of all residents.[11] It is also home to the thirtieth highest percentage of Peruvian residents in the U.S., at 1.80% of the population.[16]

North Miami Beach has a large middle class Haitian-American and Jewish-American community who were born in the U.S. or abroad.

Despite making up only 3.4% of North Miami Beaches population. The cities main commercial artery along NE 167th street converging into North Miami Beach Boulevard and then becoming 163rd street. Has taken the unofficial name of "Chinatown" due to the large concentration of Asian ran and operated businesses in the area. The area is has been referred to unofficially as "Chinatown" since the early 1990's by both locals and North Miami Beach city officials. As of recent even Miami-Dade County officials have even begun to reference the area as Chinatown. Even local guides and Miami websites have called 163rd street Miami's unofficial Chinatown.

North Miami Beach demographics
2010 Census North Miami Beach Miami-Dade County Florida
Total population 41,523 2,496,435 18,801,310
Population, percent change, 2000 to 2010 +1.8%% +10.8% +17.6%
Population density 8,602.2/sq mi 1,315.5/sq mi 350.6/sq mi
White or Caucasian (including White Hispanic) 47.1% 73.8% 75.0%
(Non-Hispanic White or Caucasian) 18.4% 15.4% 57.9%
Black or African-American 41.4% 18.9% 16.0%
Hispanic or Latino (of any race) 36.6% 65.0% 22.5%
Asian 3.4% 1.5% 2.4%
Native American or Native Alaskan 0.2% 0.2% 0.4%
Pacific Islander or Native Hawaiian 0.1% 0.0% 0.1%
Two or more races (multiracial) 3.8% 2.4% 2.5%
Some other race 4.0% 3.2% 3.6%

AttractionsEdit

 
Map of NMB's neighborhoods
 
Fulford by the Sea Entrance

Attractions in the vicinity of North Miami Beach include a line of popular Atlantic ocean beaches, Ancient Spanish Monastery, Oleta River State Park, Greynolds Park, East Greynolds Park, Fulford-by-the-Sea Monument, and Aventura Mall.

North Miami Beach's has a historic 12th century Medieval Spanish monastery, the St. Bernard de Clairvaux Church. This stone building around a patio, the cloisters of the Monastery of St. Bernard de Clairvaux, was built in Sacramenia, Segovia, Spain in the 12th century. It was purchased by William Randolph Hearst in the 1920s, dismantled and shipped to the United States, and reassembled after Hearst's death in North Miami Beach in the 1950s. It is a tourism attraction and a popular spot for weddings.

Parks and recreationEdit

In 1966, a major accomplishment was the completion of the tennis complex and two community centers, Victory Park and Uleta Community Center.

In 1968, the Washington Park Community Center[17] was built, and the Allen Park Youth Center[18] was completed in 1973.

North Miami Beach expanded its parks in the 1980s as a result of the city commission making strides to benefit the community.

The city now has the Judge Arthur I. Snyder Tennis Center. It includes twelve clay hydrogrid tennis courts (six are lighted), six lighted lay-kold hard tennis courts, four racquetball courts, and two paddleball courts. The center also has a clubhouse and pro-shop, a picnic area, and lounge and shower facilities.[19]

Government and infrastructureEdit

North Miami Beach is governed by a commission-manager system[20] in the form of a Mayor, Commission, and a professional City Manager. In this type of a government, commission members are the leaders and policy makers in the community. This form of government was implemented in 1958, after a new charter was voted on.[7]

The mayor is elected citywide and serves up to two consecutive two-year terms.[21]

There is an elected mayor and six-member city commission, with the city manager, city clerk, and city attorney being appointed positions that are responsible for implementing the policies of the city commission.[21]

The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Miami field office was previously in North Miami Beach. It moved to Miramar on December 8, 2014.[22]

In 1993, in an effort to promote neighborhood stability throughout the city, North Miami Beach built a state-of-the-art police station and redeveloped infrastructure in the Government Center neighborhood.

The bond program Proud Neighborhoods took place in September 2000 and had 67 different projects. This allowed for the improvement of streets, sidewalks, lighting and landscaping in every neighborhood of the city. It took five years but it brought substantial improvements.

EducationEdit

Primary and secondary schoolsEdit

Dade County Public Schools serves North Miami Beach.

Public elementary schools

  • Fulford Elementary School
  • Greynolds Park Elementary School
  • Madie Ives Elementary School
  • Oak Grove Elementary School
  • Ojus Elementary School
  • Sabal Palm Elementary

Public middle schools

Public high schools

Prior to the opening of North Miami Beach High and Krop, students from North Miami Beach were assigned to Miami Beach High School and Miami Norland High School.[23]

Colleges and universitiesEdit

Public librariesEdit

North Miami Beach Public Library is the city's library.[24] In 1994 it was doubled in size.

The North Miami Beach Library started as a branch in the Miami-Dade Public Library System (then known as the City of Miami Library system) in 1959. In 1961, the City of North Miami Beach Library ended its attachment with the Miami-Dade Public Library System to become an independent library. In 1964 residents of the City of North Miami Beach voted to build a permanent location for the library, which was built in 1965.

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Article I. Incorporation and Boundaries". Cith of North Miami Beach. Retrieved 9 December 2012.
  2. ^ ""Power Grab Fail - NEW NMB CITY COMMISSION SHUTS DOWN THE NEW MAYOR". Biscayne Times, written by Mark Sell (BT contributor) in January 2019. Retrieved March 3, 2019.
  3. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 7, 2017.
  4. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved March 3, 2019.
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  6. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  7. ^ a b "Our History – City of North Miami Beach, Florida". www.citynmb.com. Retrieved 2016-04-18.
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  9. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  10. ^ "MLA Data Center Results of North Miami Beach, FL". Modern Language Association. Retrieved 2007-10-28.
  11. ^ a b "Ancestry Map of Haitian Communities". Epodunk.com. Retrieved 2007-10-28.
  12. ^ "Ancestry Map of Colombian Communities". Epodunk.com. Retrieved 2007-10-28.
  13. ^ "Ancestry Map of Cuban Communities". Epodunk.com. Retrieved 2007-10-28.
  14. ^ "Ancestry Map of Dominican Communities". Epodunk.com. Retrieved 2007-10-28.
  15. ^ "Ancestry Map of Bahamian Communities". Epodunk.com. Retrieved 2007-10-28.
  16. ^ "Ancestry Map of Peruvian Communities". Epodunk.com. Retrieved 2007-10-28.
  17. ^ Washington Park Community Center
  18. ^ Allen Park Youth Center
  19. ^ "Judge Arthur I. Snyder Tennis Center." City of North Miami Beach. Retrieved on March 12, 2010.
  20. ^ "GOVERNMENT | North Miami Beach, FL". www.citynmb.com. Retrieved 2019-03-09.
  21. ^ a b "City of North Miami – Government". www.northmiamifl.gov. Retrieved 2016-04-18.
  22. ^ "FBI Miami Division Moves to New Location." Federal Bureau of Investigation. December 8, 2014. Retrieved on June 9, 2015.
  23. ^ Bramson, Seth. From Farms and Fields to the Future: The Incredible History of North Miami Beach. Arcadia Publishing, June 1, 2012. ISBN 1614236410, 9781614236412. Google Books PT 125. "[...] and then on to North Miami Beach Senior High,[...] or Dr. Michael Krop Senior High,[...] to complete their secondary educations. (Prior to the opening of NMB and Krop, North Miami Beach's high school-age students went to North Miami or Norland High Schools.)"
  24. ^ "North Miami Beach Public Library." City of North Miami Beach. Retrieved on March 12, 2010.

External linksEdit