Jamaicans are the citizens of Jamaica and their descendants in the Jamaican diaspora. The vast majority of Jamaicans are of African descent, with minorities of Europeans, East Indians, Chinese, Middle Eastern, and others of mixed ancestry. The bulk of the Jamaican diaspora resides in other Anglophone countries, namely Canada, the United States and the United Kingdom. Jamaican populations are also prominent in other Caribbean countries, territories and Commonwealth realms, where in the Cayman Islands, Jamaican born residents make up 24.8% of the population.[12] Outside of Anglophone countries, the largest Jamaican diaspora community lives in Costa Rica, where Jamaicans make up a significant percentage of the population.[7]

Jamaicans
Flag of Jamaica.svg
Total population
c. 4.4 million
2,683,707 (2011 census)[1]
Regions with significant populations
Jamaica   2,827,695[2][3]
United States1,100,000+[4]
United Kingdom800,000+[5]
Canada309,485[6]
Costa Rica64,000+[7]
Trinidad and Tobago15,000
Antigua and Barbuda12,000[8]
Cayman Islands11,703[9]
The Bahamas5,572[10]
Germany1,671[5]
Australia1,092[5]
Languages
English, Jamaican English, Jamaican Patois
Religion
Primarily Protestantism[11]

HistoryEdit

CensusEdit

According to the official Jamaica Population Census of 1970, ethnic origins categories in Jamaica include: Black (Mixed); Chinese; East Indian; White; and 'Other' (e.g.: Syrian or Lebanese).[1] Jamaicans of African descent made up 92% of the working population. Those of non-African descent or mixed race made up the remaining 8% of the population.[13]

Self-identified ethnic originEdit

Responses of the 2011 official census.[14]

Ethnic origin Population Males Females Percentage
Black 2,471,946 1,226,026 1,245,920 92.1
Chinese 5,228 2,880 2,348 0.2
Mixed 162,718 73,293 89,425 6.0
East Indian 20,066 10,491 9,575 0.7
White 4,365 2,192 2,173 0.2
Other 1,898 970 928 0.1
Not Reported 17,486 8,638 8,848 0.6
Total 2,683,707 1,324,490 1,359,217 100.0%
source[15]

ReligionEdit

Denomination 2011 census[16]
Number Percentage
Christian
    Anglicanism 74,891
    Baptists 180,640
    Brethren 23,647
    Baptists 20,872 -
    Brethren 9,758 1.0
     Church of God in Jamaica 129,544 -
     Church of God of Prophecy 121,400 -
    New Testament Church of God 192,086 -
     Other Church of God 246,838 -
    Jehovah's Witnesses 50,849 2.0
    Methodist 43,336 2.0
    Moravian 18,351
    Pentecostal 295,195
    Rastafari 29,026
    Revivalist 36,296
    Roman Catholic 57,946
    Seventh-day Adventist 322,228 -
    United Church 56,360
    Baháʼí 269
    Hinduism 1,836 -
     Islam 1,513 -
Judaism 506
Other Religion/Denomination 169,014 -
Totals, specified religions 100.00
No Religion/Denomination 572,008 -
Not reported 60,326 -
Totals, Jamaica 2,683,105 100.00

DiasporaEdit

Many Jamaicans now live overseas and outside Jamaica, while many have migrated to Anglophone countries, including over 400,000 Jamaicans in the United Kingdom, over 300,000 in Canada and 1,100,000 in the United States.[citation needed]

There are about 30,500 Jamaicans residing in other CARICOM member including the Bahamas (5,600),[citation needed] Cuba (5,000),[citation needed] Antigua & Barbuda (12,000),[8] Barbados and Trinidad & Tobago.[17] There are also communities of Jamaican descendants in Central America, particularly Costa Rica, Nicaragua, and Panama. Most of Costa Rica's Afro-Costa Rican and Mulatto population, which combined represents about 7% of the total population, is of Jamaican descent.[18][19]

Notable JamaicansEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b 2011 Census of Population & Housing, Population by sex and Ethnic Origin by Parish (Page: 72) - Jamaica
  2. ^ ""World Population Prospects 2022"". population.un.org. United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved July 17, 2022.
  3. ^ "World Population Prospects 2022: Demographic indicators by region, subregion and country, annually for 1950-2100" (XSLX). population.un.org ("Total Population, as of 1 July (thousands)"). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved July 17, 2022.
  4. ^ "2013 census". United States Census.
  5. ^ a b c "World Migration". iom.int. 15 January 2015.
  6. ^ "Census Profile, 2016 Census – Canada". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2020-04-24.
  7. ^ a b "The Story Behind Jamaicans in Costa Rica".
  8. ^ a b "PM Golding Calls on Jamaicans in Antigua & Barbuda to Co-Operate with Government & People There". Jamaica Information Service. Retrieved 2021-05-14.
  9. ^ "Cayman Islands Population -Labour Force Report". Economics Office.
  10. ^ "The Nassau Guardian Home - The Nassau Guardian". The Nassau Guardian.
  11. ^ "Jamaica - Religion", Encyclopædia Britannica online.
  12. ^ https://www.eso.ky/user_images/census_2021/Section_4.pdf[bare URL PDF]
  13. ^ Jamaica Population Census 1970.
  14. ^ "2011 Census of Population & Housing, Population by sex and Ethnic Origin by Parish (P. 72)". issuu.com. Retrieved April 12, 2020.
  15. ^ "2011 Census of Population & Housing, Population by sex and Ethnic Origin by Parish (P. 72)". issuu.com. Retrieved April 12, 2020.
  16. ^ "2011 Census of Population by Sex and Religious Affiliation/Denomination by Parish (P. 80)". issuu.com. Retrieved April 12, 2020.
  17. ^ "30,000 Jamaicans residing in other CARICOM member states". caricomnews.net. Archived from the original on 2017-06-20. Retrieved 2014-04-24.
  18. ^ Schulman, Bob. "'Little Jamaica' Rocks on the Caribbean Coast of Costa Rica". Huffington Post. Retrieved 22 January 2019.
  19. ^ Koch, Charles W. (1977). "Jamaican Blacks and Their Descendants in Costa Rica". Social and Economic Studies. Jamaica: Sir Arthur Lewis Institute of Social and Economic Studies, University of the West Indies. 26 (3): 339–361. JSTOR 27861669.