Nation Alliance (Turkey)

The Nation Alliance[4] (Turkish: Millet İttifakı), or simply Nation (Turkish: Millet), is an electoral alliance in Turkey, formed to contest the country's 2018 general election. The alliance was officially launched on 1 May 2018, and consists of four opposition parties, namely the Republican People's Party (CHP), the İyi Party (İYİ), the Felicity Party (SP), and the Democratic Party (DP).[5] The constituent parties of the Nation Alliance are set to contest the parliamentary election under a common banner, while each individual party is expected to nominate its own candidate for the presidential election.

Nation Alliance

Millet İttifakı
LeaderKemal Kılıçdaroğlu (CHP)
Meral Akşener (İYİ)
Founded1 May 2018 (launched)
3 May 2018 (agreement signed)
5 July 2018 (dissolved)
25 January 2019 (re-established)[1]
IdeologyParliamentary democracy[2]
Anti-Erdoğanism[3]
Liberal democracy
Kemalism
Pro-Europeanism
Secularism
Laicism
Civic nationalism
Factions:
Social democracy
Liberal conservatism
National conservatism
Political positionBig tent
Factions:
Centre-left to centre-right
Grand National Assembly
181 / 600
Metropolitan municipalities
11 / 30
District municipalities
277 / 1,351
Provincial councillors
164 / 1,251
Municipal Assemblies
4,736 / 20,498

Formed against the backdrop of the 2017 constitutional referendum and subsequent constitutional amendments, the Nation Alliance brings together groups that campaigned for a "no" vote against the transition to a presidential system, and that are in opposition to the government of President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan.[6] As such, the Nation Alliance is seen as rivalling the pro-government People's Alliance,[7] which was established on 20 February 2018.

On 4 July, having won 189 seats in total, the İYİ Party General Secretary Aytun Çıray announced that the Nation Alliance had been dissolved, citing the lack of a need for a post-election alliance.[8] In response, the CHP's spokesperson Bülent Tezcan said that the election alliance was no longer technically necessary, but the union of alliance parties under a joint set of fundamental values (such as separation of powers and the rule of law) would continue.[9]

HistoryEdit

FormationEdit

A constitutional referendum was held in April 2017 on transforming the political system of Turkey from a parliamentary to a presidential one. The referendum was sponsored by the ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP) and the smaller oppositional Nationalist Movement Party (MHP). The referendum ultimately passed, effectively triggering the country's systemic transition. Meanwhile, the main opposition Republican People's Party, along with MHP dissidents like Meral Akşener, voiced strong opposition to the constitutional amendments. When the AKP and MHP later legalized the formation of pre-election alliances in order to contest the 2018 general election together, speculation arose over the possibility of opposition groups also establishing an alliance. After several rounds of talks, the CHP announced on 1 May 2018 the formation of its alliance with Akşener's new İyi Party, as well as with the extraparliamentary Felicity and Democratic parties.

CompositionEdit

Founding membersEdit

Name Ideology Position Leader MPs
CHP Republican People's Party
Cumhuriyet Halk Partisi
Kemalism Centre-left Kemal Kılıçdaroğlu
144 / 600
İYİ Good Party
İyi Parti
Liberal conservatism Centre to centre-right[10] Meral Akşener
42 / 600
SP Felicity Party
Saadet Partisi
Millî Görüş Far-right Temel Karamollaoğlu
2 / 600
DP Democratic Party
Demokrat Parti
Liberal conservatism Centre-right Gültekin Uysal
1 / 600

Supporting partiesEdit

Name Ideology Position Leader MPs
DSP Democratic Left Party
Demokratik Sol Parti
Social democracy Centre-left Önder Aksakal
0 / 600
DYP True Path Party
Doğru Yol Partisi
Liberal conservatism Centre-right Çetin Özaçıkgöz
0 / 600
YP Homeland Party
Yurt Partisi
National conservatism Right-wing Sadettin Tantan
0 / 600
TİYAP
Unemployed and Workers' Party of Turkey
Türkiye İşsizler ve Emekçiler Partisi
Social democracy Centre-left Rıfat Derya Sercan
0 / 600
KP
Women's Party
Kadın Partisi
Feminism Left-wing Benal Yazgan
0 / 600
EYP
Unhindered Life Party
Engelsiz Yaşam Partisi
Disability rights Hayri İdin
0 / 600
BTP
Great Turkey Party
Büyük Türkiye Partisi
Democratic socialism Left-wing Ali Çetin
0 / 600
MMP
National Struggle Party
Milli Mücadele Partisi
Turkish nationalism Right-wing Ahmet Kaya
0 / 600
MHHP
Defense of Rights Movement Party
Müdafaa-i Hukuk Hareketi Partisi
Kemalism Kadir Kartal
0 / 600
TBP
Unity Party of Turkey
Türkiye Birlik Partisi
Kemalism Hüseyin Ekici
0 / 600
TBP
Turkish Union Party
Türk Birliği Partisi
Turkish nationalism Hurşit Yiğit
0 / 600
GAP
Young Anatolia Party
Genç Anadolu Partisi
National conservatism Right-wing Ali Alemdaroğlu
0 / 600

On 18 May, Democratic Left Party (DSP) announced that they will support Nation Alliance.[11]

İnce will be supported by the YP,[12] the TİYAP, the KP, the EYP, the BTP, the MMP, the MHHP, the Unity Party of Turkey, the United Turkey Party and the GAP[13] and Akşener will supported by the DSP and the DYP (Muğla branch)[14] for the presidential election.

Current membersEdit

Name Ideology Position Leader MPs
CHP Republican People's Party
Cumhuriyet Halk Partisi
Social democracy, Kemalism Centre-left Kemal Kılıçdaroğlu
142 / 600
İYİ Good Party
İyi Parti
Liberal conservatism, Kemalism Centre to centre-right[10] Meral Akşener
39 / 600

Election resultsEdit

General electionsEdit

Grand National Assembly of Turkey
Election Leaders Votes Seats Government
# % Rank # ±
2018 Meral Akşener
Kemal Kılıçdaroğlu
Temel Karamollaoğlu
Gültekin Uysal
16,347,669 33.95 2nd 47   AKP

Local electionsEdit

Election date Party leaders Mayoral election votes Percentage of votes Number of municipalities Number of councillors
2019 Meral Akşener
Kemal Kılıçdaroğlu
17,443,229 37,57% 265 5,705 (27,50%)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ [1] CHP ve İYİ Parti'den ittifak açıklaması
  2. ^ "Akşener'den 'Millet İttifakı' liderlerine toplantı çağrısı; "24 Haziran öncesi bir yol haritası açıklamak millete güven verecek"".  [tr]. 31 March 2018. Retrieved 1 April 2019.
  3. ^ "PressTV-4 Turkish opposition parties form coalition". Retrieved 16 May 2018.
  4. ^ "Turkish four-party alliance to sign agreement". Ahval News. Retrieved 2 May 2018.
  5. ^ "4 parti birleşti! Millet İttifakı geliyor". Haberiniz. Retrieved 2 May 2018.
  6. ^ "Turkish opposition joins forces for parliament vote". Al-Monitor. Retrieved 3 May 2018.
  7. ^ "Opposition parties agree to unite against People's Alliance in upcoming Turkish elections". Daily Sabah. Retrieved 3 May 2018.
  8. ^ "İYİ Parti sözcüsü açıkladı... Millet İttifakı sona erdi". www.hurriyet.com.tr.
  9. ^ "CHP Parti Sözcüsü Bülent Tezcan: Gündemimizde kurultay yok". BirGün Gazetesi. 4 July 2018.
  10. ^ a b Istanbul, Hannah Lucinda Smith (2017-10-25). "Nationalist forms new party to challenge Erdogan". The Times. ISSN 0140-0460. Retrieved 2018-05-06.
  11. ^ [2] DSP'den Millet İttifakı'na destek
  12. ^ "Sadettin Tantan kimi destekliyor". odatv.com.
  13. ^ Mynet. "9 siyasi partiden Muharrem İnce'ye destek". Retrieved 24 June 2018.
  14. ^ "DYP'den İYİ Partiye destek kararı". www.hamlegazetesi.com.tr.