2018 Turkish general election

General elections were held throughout Turkey on 24 June 2018. Originally due on 3 November 2019, President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan announced on 18 April 2018 that the vote was being brought forward. Presidential elections were held to elect the President of Turkey using a two-round system. Parliamentary elections took place to elect 600 Members of Parliament to the Grand National Assembly of Turkey.

Turkey This article is part of a series on the
Turkish general election, 2018
Sunday, 24 June 2018

Opinion polling · Electoral system
Turnout: 86.23% (Increase1.05%)

AKP Recep Tayyip Erdoğan 52.59
CHP Muharrem İnce 30.64
HDP Selahattin Demirtaş 8.40
İYİ Meral Akşener 7.29
SP Temel Karamollaoğlu 0.89
VP Doğu Perinçek 0.20
Turkish presidential election 2018.png
Results by province
     Erdoğan (63)        İnce (8)        Demirtaş (10)
All 600 seats in the Grand National Assembly
Outgoing members · Members elected
Parliament of Turkey 2018.svg
People's 26,904,024 53.66 344
Nation 17,019,808 33.95 189
HDP 5,867,302 11.70 67
Others 346,041 0.69 0
50,137,175 100.00 600
Turkish election Parliament, 2018 map.png
Winners by electoral district (top) and provincial district (bottom):
  AKP     CHP     HDP     MHP
Nov 2015 election 2023


2017 constitutional referendumEdit

The ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP) and Erdoğan had long supported a policy of turning Turkey into an executive presidency, replacing the existing parliamentary system of government.[1] With the support of the Nationalist Movement Party (MHP), the government was able to enact a referendum in Parliament, with the vote being set for 16 April 2017.[2]

The proposed constitutional changes would see parliamentary and presidential elections taking place on the same day every five years, with the initial vote being set for 3 November 2019. The number of seats in the Grand National Assembly was to be increased from 550 to 600, although the legislative powers of Parliament would be greatly reduced. Crucially, the office of the President of Turkey would be given powers to rule by decree, becoming both the country's head of state and head of government.[3] Supporters of the changes claimed that the new system would make the system of government more efficient, while critics claimed that it would place too much power in the hands of the president and effectively render parliament powerless.[4][5]

The constitutional changes were approved by a 51-49% margin, according to official results. However, a last-minute change in the election rules by the Supreme Electoral Council (YSK) during the vote allowed unverified ballots to be accommodated into the count, which the opposition alleges added 1.5 million extra ballot papers.[6] The political opposition decried the move to be illegal and were backed by several overseas observer organisations, which claimed that the vote did not meet international standards.[7] However, subsequent legal challenges were all unsuccessful. Thus, the government began enacting 'compliance laws' to prepare for the new executive presidential system of government, which would be fully implemented following the general election scheduled for 3 November 2019.[8]

Early electionEdit

Despite over two years to go before the next presidential and parliamentary elections, many observers alleged that the government was preparing for an early vote soon after the 2017 referendum.[9][10] This was, observers claimed, to speed up the implementation of the executive presidential system and also to prevent the popularity of new opposition movements from reducing support for the government.[11] In October 2017, opposition leader Kemal Kılıçdaroğlu called for early elections, although there was no official response to this.[12] Meral Akşener, the leader of the newly formed İyi Party, alleged that the government were planning an early vote for Sunday 15 July 2018, the second anniversary of the failed 2016 coup d'état attempt.[13] The party held its first ordinary congress on 10 December 2017 and first extraordinary congress on 1 April 2018 in order to be eligible to contest a possible snap election. Despite months of speculation, the government repeatedly claimed that it was in favour of holding elections when they were due, denying that an early vote would take place.[14]

On 17 April 2018, Devlet Bahçeli, the leader of the Nationalist Movement Party, called for early elections for the 26th of August.[15] Bahçeli had previously announced that they would support a re-election bid of the incumbent president, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan.[16] The Justice and Development Party (AKP), led by Erdoğan, had recently announced an electoral alliance with the MHP called the People's Alliance.[17] Following his call for early elections, Bahçeli met Erdoğan a day later on 18 April. Erdoğan subsequently announced that his party agreed with Bahçeli that an early election was needed to solve the ongoing 'political and economic uncertainty'. He therefore announced that early elections would take place on 24 June 2018.[18]

Presidential electionEdit


Official list of presidential candidates in order of appearance on the ballot paper[19]
1 2 3 4 5 6
Muharrem İnce Meral Akşener Recep Tayyip Erdoğan (incumbent) Selahattin Demirtaş Temel Karamollaoğlu Doğu Perinçek
(Nation Alliance)
(Nation Alliance)
(People's Alliance)
(No alliance)
(Nation Alliance)
(No alliance)
View campaign View campaign View campaign View campaign View campaign View campaign


e • d  Summary of the 24 June 2018 presidential election in Turkey
Candidate Party Votes
# % ±
Recep Tayyip Erdoğan Justice and Development Party (AKP) 26,330,823 52.59 +0.80
Muharrem İnce Republican People's Party (CHP) 15,340,321 30.64 New
Selahattin Demirtaş Peoples' Democratic Party (HDP) 4,205,794 8.40 −1.36
Meral Akşener İyi Party (İYİ) 3,649,030 7.29 New
Temel Karamollaoğlu Felicity Party (SP) 443,704 0.89 New
Doğu Perinçek Patriotic Party (VP) 98,955 0.20 New
Invalid/blank votes 1,129,275
Total 51,188,524 100.00
Registered voters/turnout 59,354,840 86.24 +12.11
Source: Hürriyet

Parliamentary electionEdit

Parties contesting the electionEdit

Ballot # Coalition Party Ideology Leader
1 People's Alliance AK Parti Justice and Development Party
Adalet ve Kalkınma Partisi
National conservatism
Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
2 MHP Nationalist Movement Party
Milliyetçi Hareket Partisi
Turkish ultranationalism
Devlet Bahçeli
3 None HÜDAPAR Free Cause Party
Hür Dava Partisi
Pan-Islamism Mehmet Yavuz
4 VP Patriotic Party
Vatan Partisi
Scientific socialism
Doğu Perinçek
5 HDP Peoples' Democratic Party
Halkların Demokratik Partisi
Democratic socialism
Kurdish minority rights
Pervin Buldan
Sezai Temelli
6 Nation Alliance CHP Republican People's Party
Cumhuriyet Halk Partisi
Social democracy
Kemal Kılıçdaroğlu
7 SP Felicity Party
Saadet Partisi
Millî Görüş Temel Karamollaoğlu
8 İYİ Parti İyi Party
İyi Parti
Liberal conservatism
Meral Akşener


e • d  Summary of the 24 June 2018 parliamentary election in Turkey
Alliance Party Votes Seats
# % ± # ± %
People's Alliance
Cumhur İttifakı
Justice and Development Party*
Adalet ve Kalkınma Partisi
21,335,579 42.56 -6.94 295 -22 49.17
Nationalist Movement Party
Milliyetçi Hareket Partisi
5,564,517 11.10 -0.80 49 +9 8.17
People's Alliance total 26,900,096 53.66 -7.74 344 -13 57.33
Nation Alliance
Millet İttifakı
Republican People's Party*
Cumhuriyet Halk Partisi
11,348,899 22.64 -2.68 146 +12 24.33
Good Party*
İYİ Parti
4,990,710 9.96 New 43 New 7.17
Felicity Party*
Saadet Partisi
673,731 1.34 +0.66 0 ±0 0.00
Nation Alliance total 17,013,340 33.94 +7.94 189 +55 31.50
Peoples' Democratic Party
Halkların Demokratik Partisi
5,866,309 11.70 +0.94 67 +8 11.17
Free Cause Party
Hür Dava Partisi
157,612 0.31 +0.31 0 ±0 0.00
Patriotic Party
Vatan Partisi
117,779 0.23 -0.02 0 ±0 0.00
75,283 0.15 -1.44 0 ±0 0.00
Invalid/blank votes 1,053,310
Total 51,183,729 100.00 600 +50 100.00
Registered voters/turnout 59,354,840 86.23 +1.05
Source: Anadolu Ajansı[dead link]
*Notes: Two members of the Felicity Party were elected on the Republican People's Party list, one member of the Democrat Party was elected on the İyi Party list, and one member of the Great Union Party was elected on the Justice and Development Party list.
295 49 146 43 67


The election process was overshadowed many multiple allegations of violations of its integrity. Prominent among them was the allegation of widespread ballot stuffing for the benefit of AKP and MHP parties in Turkey's east, in particular in Şanlıurfa province.[20]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "AKP'den başkanlık açıklaması: Nisan ayında referanduma". www.birgun.net.
  2. ^ "YSK Başkanı açıkladı: Referandum 16 Nisanda".
  4. ^ "Büyük ve güçlü Türkiye'ye "evet'".
  5. ^ "CHP 10 MADDEDE ANLATTI: NEDEN HAYIR?". Archived from the original on 2017-03-12. Retrieved 2018-04-19.
  6. ^ Sanchez, Raf; Yüksekkaş, Burhan (16 April 2017). "Erdogan claims victory in Turkish referendum but result swiftly challenged by opposition" – via www.telegraph.co.uk.
  7. ^ "AKPM referandum raporunu açıkladı 'YSK kararı yasaya aykırı'".
  8. ^ "Uyum Yasaları Neler Getiriyor?".
  9. ^ "Ankara'da erken seçim iddiaları..."
  10. ^ Sayın, Ayşe (19 April 2018). "2018'de Türkiye: Erken seçim mi, seçime hazırlık yılı mı?" – via BBC.com.
  11. ^ Mynet. "Kulislerde dolaşan erken seçim ve Afrin iddiası Ankara'yı hareketlendirdi".
  12. ^ "Kılıçdaroğlu erken seçim dedi".
  13. ^ "Meral Akşener'den Erken Seçim Tarihi: 15 Temmuz 2018".
  14. ^ "Hükümetten en net erken seçim yalanlaması: Erdoğan 'Yok' diyor, o kadar - Diken". 6 March 2018.
  15. ^ "Devlet Bahçeli neden 26 Ağustos tarihini seçti?". Retrieved 24 June 2018.
  16. ^ "Bahçeli: Erdoğan'ı destekliyoruz". Retrieved 24 June 2018.
  17. ^ Gazetesi, Aydınlık. "Devlet Bahçeli: Cumhur ittifakı 2019'da tarih yazacak - Aydınlık".
  18. ^ "Erdoğan açıkladı... Erken seçim tarihi belli oldu".
  19. ^ "Pusuladaki sıralama belli oldu: İnce ilk sırada". Cumhuriyet. 2018-05-14. Archived from the original on 2018-05-14. Retrieved 2018-05-14.
  20. ^ "The element of surprise in Turkey's election results". Ahval. 1 August 2018.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Turkish general election, 2018 at Wikimedia Commons