Doğu Perinçek (Turkish pronunciation: [doːu peɾinˈtʃek]) (born 17 June 1942) is a Turkish politician, doctor of law and former communist revolutionary who has been chairman of the left-wing nationalist Patriotic Party (Turkish: Vatan Partisi, VP) since 2015. He was also a member of the Talat Pasha Committee, an organization that denies the Armenian genocide.
|Born||17 June 1942|
|Political party||Patriotic Party|
|Children||4, including Mehmet|
|Parents||Sadık Perinçek (father)|
Background and personal lifeEdit
Doğu Perinçek was born in Gaziantep in 1942 to Sadık Perinçek of Apçağa, Kemaliye, and Lebibe Olcaytu of Balaban, Darende. Sadık Perinçek was the Deputy Chief Prosecutor of the Supreme Court and a parliamentary deputy of the Justice Party (AP), the predecessor of the True Path Party (DYP). Perinçek attended Ankara Sarar primary school, Atatürk Lycee, and Bahçelievler Deneme high school. He interrupted his university education to study German at the Goethe Institute in Germany, going on to finish Ankara University's Law faculty, and working as an assistant lecturer in public law. He then completed a doctorate at the Otto-Suhr-Institut in Germany.
Prior to his detention as part of the Ergenekon case, Perinçek resided in Gayrettepe, Istanbul with his wife Şule Perinçek. They have two daughters, Zeynep and Kiraz, and two sons, Can and Mehmet Bora, who is a historian.
Perinçek became involved in left-wing revolutionary politics in the 1960s. In 1968 he was elected president of the Idea Clubs Federation (Fikir Kulüpleri Federasyonu, FKF, later Dev-Genç), a group of left-wing youth, and adopted a pro-Chinese, pro-Mao Zedong stance. Perinçek was involved in the relaunch of the magazine Aydınlık in 1968, supporting the Luminosity movement. Due to political disagreements between Mahir Çayan's followers and Perinçek's faction, Aydınlık split into two journals (Perinçek's group published under the name Proleter Devrimci Aydınlık). In 1969 he founded the illegal Revolutionary Workers' and Peasants' Party of Turkey (TİİKP). He was arrested after the 1971 military coup and sentenced to 20 years in prison, but was released in July 1974. In 1978 the Workers' and Peasants' Party of Turkey (TİKP) was founded as a legal successor to the TİİKP.
Perinçek was arrested again after the 1980 military coup and sentenced to eight years in prison. He was released in March 1985. In 1987 he was involved with the launch of the weekly news magazine 2000'e Doğru. In 1991, while he was editor-in-chief of 2000'e Doğru, he went to Lebanon to meet with Abdullah Öcalan, the leader of the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK).
In 1990, Perinçek was arrested and put in Diyarbakır Prison for three months after the issue of the Law of Censorship and Exile. In the 1990s he was involved with the founding of the short-lived Socialist Party and then the Workers' Party. He was the Workers' Party's leader from its foundation in 1992 until it was rebranded in 2015 as the Patriotic Party, which he has led since.
In Turkey, on 21 March 2008, Perinçek was detained as part of an investigation into the alleged organization named Ergenekon. This followed the arrest and detention of 39 suspects in January 2008 during raids targeting Ergenekon. On 5 August 2013 Perinçek was sentenced to aggravated life imprisonment. He was released on 10 March 2014 together with many other prisoners. Perinçek has spent a total of 15 years of his life in prison at different times.
Since 2014, he has been an influential informal foreign policy adviser to the Turkish government. His influence on foreign policy has been significant. His foreign policy position seen as largely is anti-West and pro-China.
Armenian genocide denial caseEdit
In 2007, a ruling by a Swiss court made him the first person to receive a criminal conviction for denial of the Armenian genocide. He is a known denier of the Armenian genocide according to the Swiss-Armenian Association . The case was ultimately appealed to the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights, which in a 15 October 2015 judgment did not rule on the veracity of the Armenian genocide but ruled in favour of Perinçek on grounds of free speech.
Perinçek is notable as being the first person to be convicted by a court of law for denial of the Armenian genocide. On 9 March 2007, he was found guilty by a Swiss district court of conscious violation of Swiss laws against genocide denial with a racist motivation and was fined CHF 12,000. The case was a result of Perinçek's description of the Armenian genocide as "an international lie" at a demonstration in Lausanne on 25 July 2005; he later clarified to a Swiss court that there had been massacres, but reiterated his belief that these did not constitute genocide. The verdict was confirmed by the Vaud cantonal appeal court on 19 June, and by the Federal Supreme Court of Switzerland on 12 December 2007. Perinçek announced he will take recourse to the European Court of Human Rights. In December 2013 the European Court of Human Rights ruled that Switzerland violated the principle of freedom of expression. The court said that "Mr Perincek was making a speech of a historical, legal and political nature in a contradictory debate". After the ruling the government of Switzerland announced its decision to appeal the court’s ruling. On 3 June 2014 the European Court of Human Rights accepted the appeal to move on to the Grand Chamber to clarify the scope available to Swiss authorities in applying the Swiss Criminal Code to combat racism. A preliminary hearing on the appeal by Switzerland was held on 28 January 2015.
The Grand Chamber ruled in favour of Perinçek on 15 October 2015. In a statement issued by Armenia's counsel, Geoffrey Robertson and Amal Clooney said they were pleased the Court had endorsed their argument on behalf of Armenia. The judgment did not dispute the fact of the Armenian genocide and recognised Armenians' right under European law to have their dignity respected and protected, including the recognition of a communal identity forged through suffering following the annihilation of more than half their race by the Ottoman Turks.
The Grand Chamber also made clear that the court was not required to determine whether the massacres and mass deportations suffered by the Armenian people at the hands of the Ottoman Empire from 1915 onwards can be characterised as genocide within the meaning of that term under international law. It also added that it has no authority to make legally binding pronouncements, one way or the other, on this point. Furthermore, 7 judges, including then-President of the European Court of Human Rights Dean Spielmann stated in their dissenting opinion that it is self-evident that the massacres and deportations suffered by the Armenian people constituted genocide and that the Armenian genocide is a clearly established historical fact.
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- Türkiye İhtilalci İşçi Köylü Partisi Davası SAVUNMA (September 1974)
- Kıvılcımlı'nın Burjuva Devlet ve Ordu Teorisinin Eleştirisi (Aydınlık Publisher, 1975)
- Faşizm Halkın Mücadelesini Durduramaz- Sıkıyönetim Mahkemelerindeki Konuşma ve Dilekçeler (Aydınlık Publisher, 1975) Kıbrıs Meselesi (Aydınlık Publisher, 1976)
- Anayasa ve Partiler Rejimi Türkiye’de Siyasal Partilerin İç Düzeni ve Yasaklanması (Kaynak Publisher)
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- Sahte TKP'nin Revizyonist Programının Eleştirisi (Aydınlık Publisher, 1976)
- Doğru Eylem Nedir? (Aydınlık Publisher, 1978)
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- Atatürk'ün Bugünkü Önemi (October 1980)
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- Osmanlı'dan Bugüne Toplum ve Devlet (Kaynak Publisher, 1987)
- Stalin'den Gorbaçov'a (Kaynak Publisher, January 1990)
- Lenin, Stalin, Mao'nun Türkiye Yazıları (Kaynak Publisher, 1977)
- Abdullah Öcalan ile Görüşme (Kaynak Publisher, 1990)
- Parti ve Sanat (Kaynak Publisher, 1992)
- Türk Sorunu (Kaynak Publisher, 1993)
- Aydın ve Kültür (Kaynak Publisher, 1996)
- Çiller Özel Örgütü (Kaynak Publisher, 1996)
- Avrasya Seçeneği: Türkiye İçin Bağımsız Dış Politika (Kaynak Publisher, 1996)
- ÖDP'nin Kimliği (Kaynak Publisher, 1998)
- Bir Devlet Operasyonu (Kaynak Publisher, 1999)
- 28 Şubat ve Ordu (Kaynak Publisher, 2000)
- Eşcinsellik ve Yabancılaşma (Kaynak Publisher, 2000)
- Karen Fogg'un E-Postalları (Kaynak Publisher, 2002)
- Mafyokrasi (Kaynak Publisher, 2004)
- Memidik Kaptan'a Masallar (Kaynak Publisher, May 1998)
- Gladyo ve Ergenekon (Kaynak Publisher, 2008)
- Türk Ordusu'nda Strateji Sorunu Üç Genelkurmay Başkanı (Kaynak Publisher, 2008)
- Tayyip Erdoğan'ın Yüce Divan Dosyası (Kaynak Publisher)
- Ermeni Sorununda Strateji ve Siyaset (Kaynak Publisher)
- Türk Ordusu Kuşatmayı Nasıl Yaracak? (Kaynak Publisher)
- Ergenekon Savunması (Kaynak Publisher)
- Gladyo ve Ergenekon (Kaynak Publisher)
- Bilimsel Sosyalizm ve Bilim (Kaynak Publisher)
- Türkiye Solu ve PKK (Kaynak Publisher, 2013)
- Asya Çağı'nın Öncüleri (Kaynak Publisher, 2015)
- Birinci Dünya Savaşı ve Türk Devrimi (Kaynak Publisher, 2015)
- Kadın Kitabı (Kaynak Publisher, March 2016)
- Perinçek, Doğu. "Doğu Perinçek'in Özgeçmişi". Vatan Partisi.
- "Doğu Perinçek".
- "Perinçek v. Switzerland: Between Freedom of Speech and Collective Dignity". Verfassungsblog. 5 November 2015. Retrieved 14 December 2020.
- Ertür, Başak (2019). "Law of Denial" (PDF). Law and Critique. 30 (1): 1–20. doi:10.1007/s10978-019-09237-8. S2CID 151204194. Lay summary.
The fact that Perinçek’s case went all the way to the ECtHR Grand Chamber was a significant political victory for the so-called Talât Pasha Committee: this successful legal provocation entailed the ECtHR’s spectacular instrumentalisation in denialism in the centenary of the Armenian genocide. The high profile of the case allowed Perinçek and his allies to claim in their media campaign that this would be the case that decides whether or not there was a genocide. The campaign was effective: the ECtHR Grand Chamber hearing was widely covered in the Turkish media as the trial that would put an end to the so-called ‘hundred year-old genocide lie’... Perinçek and his party celebrated the judgment claiming in bold PR campaigns, ‘We put an end to the genocide lie’.
- "Biography". Archived from the original on April 24, 2011. Retrieved 2008-09-22.CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link), personal site (in Turkish)
- "PERİNÇEK SOYADININ HİKAYESİ" (in Turkish). 2005-10-07. Archived from the original on 2011-07-21. Retrieved 2008-09-21.
- "DOĞU PERİNÇEK'İN DÖRT KOLDAN SOYAĞACI" (in Turkish). Archived from the original on 2011-07-21. Retrieved 2008-09-21.
- Ayik, Zeki (1996-11-26). "Perincek: 'I am the architect of the struggle against the Mafia-Gladio dictatorship'". Turkish Daily News.[dead link] Alt URL See "Who is Perincek?"
- Arman, Ayşe (2001-06-10). "En yakışıklı bilimsel sosyalist". Hürriyet (in Turkish). Retrieved 2008-08-07.
- "Perinçek: Hz. Muhammed büyük devrim lideri". NTV-MSNBC (in Turkish). 2007-07-17. Retrieved 2008-08-07.
- Onuş, Sinan (2018-05-28). "Doğu Perinçek: Türkiye siyasetinin kendine has ismi". BBC News Türkçe (in Turkish). Retrieved 2021-10-11.
- Ulus, Özgür Mutlu (2010-12-08). The Army and the Radical Left in Turkey: Military Coups, Socialist Revolution and Kemalism. London: I.B.Tauris. pp. 112. ISBN 9781848854840.
- Ulus, Özgür Mutlu (2010-12-08). The Army and the Radical Left in Turkey: Military Coups, Socialist Revolution and Kemalism. London: I.B.Tauris. p. 117. ISBN 9781848854840.
- Today's Zaman, 5 August 2013, Long sentences for Ergenekon suspects, life for ex-army chief Archived August 6, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
- BBC Türkçe, Ergenekon davası: Doğu Perinçek de tahliye edildi, 10. März 2014.
- "How an ultra-secularist gained clout in Turkey's Islamist government". Al-Monitor. 30 January 2020.
- Ayasun, Abdullah. "Uyghurs Wary of Turkey's Pending Extradition Deal With China". thediplomat.com. The Diplomat. Retrieved 7 January 2021.
- "The Swiss Federal Court condemns a denier of the Armenian Genocide" (PDF) (Press release). Swiss-Armenian Association. December 19, 2007.
- "Swiss wrongly convicted genocide denier: court". The Local. 15 October 2015.
- "Turkish politician fined over genocide denial". Swissinfo with agencies. 2007-03-09.
- Decision no. 6B_398/2007 Archived 2012-07-11 at archive.today (in French)
- "Genozid an Armeniern anerkannt," AP and SDA via Tages-Anzeiger, 19 December 2007 (in German)
- "Denying Armenian 'genocide' is no crime: European court". Reuters. 2013-12-17. Retrieved 2019-11-11.
- European Rights Court Agrees to Hear Swiss Appeal on Perincek Ruling. Asbarez. 3 June 2014. Retrieved 3 June 2014
- Völkermord-Urteil wird überprüft. (German) Neue Zürcher Zeitung. 3 June 2014. Retrieved 3 June 2014
- swissinfo.ch, Celia Luterbacher and Urs Geiser. "European Court confirms Perinçek's right to freedom of speech". SWI swissinfo.ch. Retrieved 2019-11-11.
- "Robertson, Clooney Issue Statement on ECHR Ruling". asbarez.com/.
- ECHR Grand Chamber Judgment, 2015