Mother! (stylized as mother!) is a 2017 American psychological horror film written and directed by Darren Aronofsky, and starring Jennifer Lawrence, Javier Bardem, Ed Harris, and Michelle Pfeiffer. The plot follows a young woman whose tranquil life with her husband at their country home is disrupted by the arrival of a mysterious couple.
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Darren Aronofsky|
|Written by||Darren Aronofsky|
|Edited by||Andrew Weisblum|
|Distributed by||Paramount Pictures|
|Box office||$44.5 million|
Mother! was selected to compete for the Golden Lion at the 74th Venice International Film Festival, and premiered there on September 5, 2017. It was released in the United States on September 15, 2017, by Paramount Pictures, and grossed $44 million worldwide against its $30 million budget. Although the film received generally positive reviews from critics, its biblical allegories and depiction of violence sparked controversy.
In the burnt-out remains of a large house, Him, an acclaimed poet struggling with writer's block, places a crystal object on a pedestal in his study. The ruined house morphs into a lovely home in an edenic landscape. In bed, Mother, the poet's wife and muse, awakens and wonders aloud where Him is. While renovating the house, she starts seeing things that unsettle her, including visualizing a beating heart within its walls.
One day, Man turns up at the house, asking for a room. Him readily agrees, and Mother reluctantly follows suit. During his stay, Man suffers coughing fits and Mother observes an open wound in his side. Soon Man's wife, Woman, also arrives to stay. Mother is increasingly frustrated with her guests, but Him begs her to let them stay, telling Mother they are fans of his work and Man is dying. However, when Man and Woman accidentally shatter the crystal object, which Him had forbidden them to touch, Mother kicks them out and Him boards up his study.
Before Man and Woman can leave, their two sons arrive and fight over their father's will. The Oldest Son, who will be left with nothing, severely wounds his Younger Brother and flees. Him, Man, and Woman take the injured son for help. Alone in the house, Mother follows a trail of blood to find a tank of heating oil hidden behind the basement walls.
Upon returning, Him informs Mother the son has died. Dozens of people arrive at the house to honor the dead son. They behave in rude and presumptuous ways that irritate Mother; she snaps when they break a sink, flooding the house. She orders everyone out and berates Him for allowing so many people inside while ignoring her needs. Their argument ends in passionate lovemaking.
The next morning, Mother announces she is pregnant. The news elates Him and inspires him to finish his work. Mother prepares for the arrival of their child and reads Him's beautiful new poem. Upon publication, it immediately sells out every copy. In celebration, Mother prepares a big dinner, but a group of fans arrives at the house before they can eat. She asks Him to send them away, but he insists he has to be polite and will return soon. Mother tries to lock the doors, but more fans arrive and enter the house to use the toilet. They start stealing things as souvenirs and damaging the house, but Him is oblivious due to the adulation he is receiving. Hundreds of people fill the house and an increasingly disoriented Mother watches it devolve into chaos. Military forces battle a cult of frenzied fans who tear rooms apart and engage in religious rituals. Amidst gunfire and explosions, the Herald, the poet's publicist, organizes mass executions.
Mother goes into labor and finds Him. He takes her to his study, which he reopens so she can give birth there. The havoc outside subsides. Him tells Mother his fans want to see their newborn son; she refuses and holds her son tightly. When she falls asleep, however, Him takes their child outside to the crowd, which passes the baby around wildly until his neck is inadvertently snapped. Mother wades into the crowd where she sees people eating her son's mutilated corpse. Furious, she calls them murderers and stabs them with a shard of glass. They turn on her, viciously beating and attempting to strangle her until Him intervenes. He implores Mother to forgive them, but she escapes, makes her way to the basement oil tank, and punctures it with a pipe wrench. Despite her husband's pleas, she sets the oil alight; it explodes, destroying the crowd, the house, and the surrounding environment.
Mother and Him survive; she is horrifically burned while Him is completely unscathed. He asks for her love and she agrees. He tears open her chest and removes her heart. As he crushes the heart with his hands, a new crystal object is revealed. He places it on its pedestal and, once again, the house is transformed from a burnt-out shell into a beautiful home. In bed, a new Mother appears and wakes up, wondering aloud where Him is.
In an interview, Lawrence said that the film is an allegory; she said that the film "depicts the rape and torment of Mother Earth ... I represent Mother Earth; Javier, whose character is a poet, represents a form of God, a creator; Michelle Pfeiffer is an Eve to Ed Harris's Adam, there's Cain and Abel and the setting sometimes resembles the Garden of Eden".
Aronofsky said that the exclamation mark in the title "reflects the spirit of the film" and corresponds to an "exclamation point" of the ending. The director discussed the film's unusual capitalisation in a Reddit interview, saying, "To find out why there's a lowercase 'm', read the credits and look for the letter that isn't capitalised. Ask yourself what's another name for this character?" The characters' names are all shown in lowercase, except for Him.
The lighter which appears throughout the film bears the Wendehorn, a symbol believed to represent "the cooperation between nature's eternal laws, working in effect and in accordance with each other." One of the film's unexplained elements is the yellow powder Lawrence's character drinks, which The Daily Beast suggests is a reference to Charlotte Perkins Gilman's short story "The Yellow Wallpaper".
After 2014's Noah, Aronofsky began working on a children's film. During that process, he came up with a new idea. He ended up writing the Mother! screenplay in five days, much faster than his usual pace. The film uses a dream-logic narrative, of which Aronofsky has noted, "if you try to unscrew it, it kind of falls apart," and that "it's a psychological freak-out. You shouldn't over-explain it."
Jennifer Lawrence was reportedly in talks to join the film by October 2015. By January 2016, Javier Bardem was also in talks to star, and by April Domhnall Gleeson, Michelle Pfeiffer, Ed Harris, and Brian Gleeson were added to the cast. In March 2016, it was announced Kristen Wiig had been cast in the film.
Shooting for the film began on June 13, 2016, and concluded on August 28, 2016.[failed verification] Prior to the start of principal photography, the cast rehearsed for three months in a warehouse, during which time Aronofsky was able to "get a sense of movement and camera movement, and learn from that." During this time, Lawrence was relatively laid-back, and Aronofsky has said that as a result he "didn't get to know the character until we started shooting, and she showed up."
Mother! is the first Aronofsky film without composer Clint Mansell's involvement. The film originally had a score composed by Jóhann Jóhannsson, but after seeing the 90-minute score synced up with a rough cut of the film, Aronofsky and Jóhannsson agreed not to use the original score. They experimented with using the score at only a few moments, or instead using a new minimal score focused on sound design that incorporated noises into the soundscape of the house. Ultimately, they went with the second choice, and Jóhannsson's work merged with the sound design of Craig Henighan. Composer Ólafur Arnalds recounted the following story about the decision:
... he had spent a year writing the score for Darren Aronofsky's Mother! and at some point realised that the film was better with no music at all. He proceeded to convince Darren to delete everything. It takes a real, selfless artist to do that. To realise the piece is better without you.
The most important part of creating art is the process, and Jóhann seemed to understand process. The score needed to be written first in order to realise that it was redundant. So in my view, Mother! still has a score by Jóhann. The score is just silence ... deafening, genius silence.
The film had its world premiere at the 74th Venice International Film Festival, where it was selected to compete for the Golden Lion. The film premiered in London on 6 September 2017. It also screened at the 2017 Toronto International Film Festival.
On August 7, 2017, the first official trailer for the film was released.
Mother! grossed $17.8 million in the United States and Canada and $26.7 million in other territories for a worldwide total of $44.5 million, against a production budget of $30 million.
In North America, the film was released alongside American Assassin and was projected to gross $12–14 million from 2,368 theaters in its opening weekend. It made $700,000 from Thursday night previews and $3.1 million on its first day. It went on to open to just $7.5 million, finishing third at the box office and marking the worst debut for Lawrence in a film where she had top billing. Deadline Hollywood attributed the film's underperformance to its controversial narrative, misleading advertisements, and "F" CinemaScore grade. Other publications wrote that the film's CinemaScore grade, which is extremely rare, is associated with "a movie that goes out of its way to artfully alienate or confuse audiences." In its second weekend, the film dropped 56.3% to $3.3 million, finishing sixth at the box office.
Aronofsky responded to the film's CinemaScore rating by saying that it was meant to be difficult viewing for audiences: "How if you walk out of this movie are you not going to give it an 'F'? ... We wanted to make a punk movie and come at you. And the reason I wanted to come is because I was very sad and I had a lot of anguish and I wanted to express it."
Mother! received generally positive reviews from critics, who praised Aronofsky's direction and the performances, particularly of Lawrence and Pfeiffer. The film received both boos and a standing ovation during its premiere at the Venice Film Festival. On review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes, the film holds an approval rating of 69%, based on 348 reviews, and an average rating of 6.81/10. The website's critical consensus reads, "There's no denying that Mother! is the thought-provoking product of a singularly ambitious artistic vision, though it may be too unwieldy for mainstream tastes." On Metacritic, the film has a weighted average score of 75 out of 100, based on reviews from 51 critics, indicating "generally favorable reviews". Audiences polled by CinemaScore gave the film an average grade of "F" on an A+ to F scale, making it one of fewer than twenty films to receive the score, while PostTrak reported filmgoers gave a 51% overall positive and a 33% "definite recommend".
Owen Gleiberman of Variety, in his positive review of the film, wrote: "By all means, go to 'Mother!' and enjoy its roller-coaster-of-weird exhibitionism. But be afraid, very afraid, only if you're hoping to see a movie that's as honestly disquieting as it is showy." Gleiberman labelled Mother! as "a piece of ersatz humanity". Peter Travers of Rolling Stone awarded the film 3.5 out of 4 stars, describing the film and Aronofsky's direction as an "artist's cry from his own corrupt heart" and "a work of a visionary". He also praised the film's allegorical narrative and the performances of Lawrence, Bardem, and Pfeiffer, and said, positively, that the cinematography "always seems on the verge of exploding". Writing for the Chicago Tribune, Michael Phillips said "Darren Aronofsky delivers a damning critique of the artist/muse arrangement, even as he admits to its old-fashioned patriarchal simplicity." He also referred to the film and its script as "grandiose and narcissistic and, in quick strokes, pretty vicious," while drawing a similarity to Aronofsky's film, Black Swan.
Writing for The Guardian, Peter Bradshaw gave the film 5 stars, saying, "Darren Aronofsky's toweringly outrageous film leaves no gob unsmacked. It is an event-movie detonation, a phantasmagorical horror and black-comic nightmare that jams the narcosis needle right into your abdomen." Ignatiy Vishnevetsky of The A.V. Club gave the film a B+, writing, "the filmmaking ranks as some of Aronofsky's most skillful". Ben Croll of IndieWire gave the film an A−, noting "Awash in both religious and contemporary political imagery, Darren Aronofsky's allusive film opens itself to a number of allegorical readings, but it also works as a straight-ahead head rush." In an essay for The Hollywood Reporter, Martin Scorsese said, "It was so tactile, so beautifully staged and acted—the subjective camera and the POV reverse angles, always in motion ... the sound design, which comes at the viewer from around corners and leads you deeper and deeper into the nightmare ... the unfolding of the story, which very gradually becomes more and more upsetting as the film goes forward. The horror, the dark comedy, the biblical elements, the cautionary fable—they're all there, but they're elements in the total experience, which engulfs the characters and the viewers along with them. Only a true, passionate filmmaker could have made this picture, which I'm still experiencing weeks after I saw it."
Rex Reed gave the film zero stars in The New York Observer, and wrote that despite some good cinematography, "Nothing about Mother! makes one lick of sense as Darren Aronofsky's corny vision of madness turns more hilarious than scary. With so much crap around to clog the drain, I hesitate to label it the 'Worst movie of the year' when 'Worst movie of the century' fits it even better." Reed further dismissed other critics' positive reviews of the film as "equally pretentious" and "even nuttier than the film itself. ... they all insist Mother! is a metaphor for something, although they are not quite sure what it is." Similarly, The New Republic's Josephine Livingstone states that the film has "no human center to hold it down." Anthony Lane in his New Yorker review wrote, "My patience was tested beyond repair, I am afraid, by the nimbus of nonsense." In his The Wall Street Journal review, John Anderson said, "it achieves a level of excess that makes the whole enterprise increasingly cartoonish, rather than just awful." Chicago Sun-Times' Richard Roeper rated the film 2 out of 4 stars, writing that while he appreciated Lawrence's performance, he questioned whether Aronofsky was mocking certain biblical passages featured in the film or presenting a commentary on an artistic process. Writing for The Washington Post, Anne Hornaday gave the film 2 stars, saying, "Even Lawrence's magnetic powers can't keep Mother! from going off the rails, which at first occurs cumulatively, then in a mad rush during the film's outlandish climax."
Stephen Whitty of the Newark Star Ledger wrote, "one part early Roman Polanski, one part pseudo Harold Pinter, and two parts apology-from-a-driven-artist. And none of it adds up. The feeble idea behind Mother! isn't strong enough to bear the weight of all the overwrought style he hangs on it. Unlike the mansion it's set in, it's a small, hammered-together thing, and it can't bear all this meaning and metaphor." Chris Nashawaty of Entertainment Weekly said "Darren Aronofsky's Mother! is Rosemary's Baby amped up into a fugue state of self-indulgent solipsism. He's an artist. And he really wants you to know that he's been thinking a lot about what that means. Unfortunately, his gaze is so deep into his own navel that it's just exasperating." David Edelstein of New York magazine shrugged off the film and any talk of its craft, writing, "Most of the dialogue and effects are clunky, repetitive, second rate."
|Award||Date of Ceremony||Category||Recipient(s)||Result||Ref.|
|Alliance of Women Film Journalists||January 8, 2018||Most Egregious Age Difference Between The Lead and The Love Interest Award||Jennifer Lawrence & Javier Bardem||Nominated|||
|Actress Most in Need Of A New Agent||Jennifer Lawrence||Nominated|
|AWFJ Hall of Shame Award||Darren Aronofsky||Nominated|
|Awards Circuit Community Awards||February 7, 2018||Best Production Design||Philip Messina, Larry Dias & Martine Kazemirchuk||Nominated|||
|Camerimage||November 18, 2017||Golden Frog||Matthew Libatique||Nominated|||
|Chicago Independent Film Critics Circle Awards||December 30, 2017||Best Production Design||Philip Messina||Nominated|||
|Dorian Awards||February 24, 2018||Supporting Film Performance of the Year – Actress||Michelle Pfeiffer||Nominated|||
|Campy Flick of the Year||Mother!||Won|
|Empire Awards||March 18, 2018||Best Horror||Mother!||Nominated|||
|Fright Meter Awards||January 31, 2018||Best Horror Movie||Mother!||Nominated|||
|Best Director||Darren Aronofsky||Nominated|
|Best Actress in a Leading Role||Jennifer Lawrence||Nominated|
|Best Supporting Actress||Michelle Pfeiffer||Nominated|
|Best Screenplay||Darren Aronofsky||Nominated|
|Best Editing||Andrew Weisblum||Won|
|Best Cinematography||Matthew Libatique||Nominated|
|Golden Raspberry Awards||March 3, 2018||Worst Director||Darren Aronofsky||Nominated|||
|Worst Actress||Jennifer Lawrence||Nominated|
|Worst Supporting Actor||Javier Bardem (also for Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Men Tell No Tales)||Nominated|
|Golden Schmoes Awards||March 4, 2018||Most Underrated Movie of the Year||Mother!||Nominated|||
|Trippiest Movie of the Year||Won|
|Best Horror Movie of the Year||Nominated|
|Houston Film Critics Society Awards||January 6, 2018||Best Poster Design||Mother!||Nominated|||
|IndieWire Critics Poll||December 19, 2017||Best Supporting Actress||Michelle Pfeiffer||5th place[a]|||
|International Online Cinema Awards||March 2, 2018||Best Production Design||Mother!||Nominated|||
|Best Sound Editing||Nominated|
|Best Sound Mixing||Won|
|Las Vegas Film Critics Society Sierra Awards||December 18, 2017||Best Horror/Sci-Fi Film||Mother!||Nominated|||
|New Mexico Film Critics Association||December 10, 2017||Best Actress||Jennifer Lawrence||Won|||
|North Texas Film Critics Association||December 18, 2017||Best Actress||Jennifer Lawrence||Nominated|||
|Online Film Critics Society Awards||December 28, 2017||Best Picture||Mother!||Nominated|||
|Online Film & Television Association||February 18, 2018||Best Movie Poster||Mother!||Runner-up|||
|Phoenix Critics Circle||December 11, 2017||Best Mystery or Thriller Film||Mother!||Nominated|||
|Saturn Awards||June 27, 2018||Best Horror Film||Mother!||Nominated|||
|Venice Film Festival||September 9, 2017||Golden Lion||Mother!||Nominated|||
|Visual Effects Society Awards||February 13, 2017||Outstanding Supporting Visual Effects in a Photoreal Feature||Dan Schrecker, Colleen Bachman, Ben Snow, Wayne Billheimer and Peter Chesney||Nominated|||
- Begotten, an experimental 1990 black-and-white horror film based on the same Biblical themes
- "MOTHER! (18)". British Board of Film Classification. Retrieved September 12, 2017.
- "Mother! (2017)". Box Office Mojo. IMDb. Retrieved November 14, 2017.
- Lesnick, Silas (February 6, 2017). "Darren Aronofsky's Latest Set For Fall Release". ComingSoon.net. CraveOnline Media. Retrieved February 7, 2017.
- Tartaglione, Nancy (July 27, 2017). "Venice Film Festival Sets Lido Launch For Aronofsky, Clooney, Del Toro, Payne & More As Awards Buzz Begins – Full List". Deadline Hollywood. Penske Business Media. Retrieved July 27, 2017.
- Smith, Kyle (September 14, 2017). "Jennifer Lawrence's Grotesque Spoof of the Nativity". National Review. Retrieved May 7, 2018.
- White, Adam (September 16, 2017). "Mother! explained: what does it all mean, and what on earth is that yellow potion?". The Telegraph. London, England: Telegraph Media Group. Retrieved September 17, 2017.
- Riseman, Abraham (August 22, 2017). "Darren Aronofsky Doesn't Want You to Know Anything About Mother!". Vulture. New York Media. Retrieved September 7, 2017.
- Brooks, Xan (September 7, 2017). "Darren Aronofsky on Mother! - 'Jennifer Lawrence was hyperventilating because of the emotion'". The Guardian. Guardian News and Media. Retrieved September 7, 2017.
- Kroll, Justin (October 13, 2015). "Jennifer Lawrence in Talks to Star in Darren Aronofsky's Next Film (EXCLUSIVE)". Variety. Penske Business Media. Retrieved October 14, 2015.
- Kroll, Justin (January 11, 2016). "Darren Aronofsky's Film Starring Jennifer Lawrence Lands at Paramount (EXCLUSIVE)". Variety. Penske Business Media. Retrieved July 1, 2016.
- McNary, Dave (April 15, 2016). "Domhnall Gleeson, Michelle Pfeiffer Join Jennifer Lawrence in Darren Aronofsky Drama". Variety. Penske Business Media. Retrieved July 12, 2016.
- Busch, Anita (March 23, 2017). "Kristen Wiig In Negotiations To Star In 'Where'd You Go Bernadette?'". Deadline Hollywood. Penske Business Media. Retrieved March 26, 2017.
- "What's Shooting". ACTRA Montreal. Retrieved September 3, 2017.
- Cabin, Chris (October 11, 2016). "Darren Aronofsky Teases Details of His New, Enigmatic Drama; Won't Be Collaborating with Clint Mansell". Collider. ComplexMedia. Retrieved October 28, 2016.
- Noone, Greg (September 18, 2017). "Inside the Dreamy Nightmare of Mother!'s Music-Free Soundscape". Vanity Fair. Condé Nast. Retrieved May 7, 2018.
- Arnalds, Ólafur (February 11, 2018). "My favorite Jóhann story is when he had spent a year writing the score for Darren Aronofsky's "Mother" and at some point realised that the ..." Instagram. Retrieved May 7, 2018.
- Pearis, Bill (September 14, 2017). "Patti Smith played the 'Mother!' premiere @ Radio City, plays SummerStage tonight (win tix!)". BrooklynVegan. Townsquare Music. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
- Donnelly, Matt (February 6, 2017). "Paramount Pulls Brad Pitt's 'World War Z 2,' 'Friday the 13th' Reboot From Schedule". TheWrap. Retrieved September 2, 2017.
- D'Alessandro, Anthony (July 21, 2017). "'Suburbicon', 'Mother!' Move Up; 'Cloverfield' Stomps To February – Paramount Release Date Changes". Deadline Hollywood. Penske Business Media. Retrieved July 21, 2017.
- Alvarez, Joe (September 6, 2017). "Jennifer Lawrence at the London Premiere of Mother!". Ikon London Magazine. Retrieved September 7, 2017.
- Fleming Jr, Mike (July 25, 2017). "Toronto Film Festival 2017 Unveils Strong Slate". Deadline Hollywood. Penske Business Media. Retrieved July 25, 2017.
- Kelley, Seth (July 31, 2017). "Watch Jennifer Lawrence in Ominous First Teaser for Darren Aronofsky's 'Mother!'". Variety. Penske Business Media. Retrieved August 8, 2017.
- Foutch, Haleigh (August 7, 2017). "Full 'Mother!' Trailer Reveals Darren Aronofsky's Horror Film Starring Jennifer Lawrence". Collider. Complex Media. Retrieved August 10, 2017.
- "Mother! (2017)". DVDs Release Dates. Retrieved November 14, 2017.
- "MOTHER – 4K Ultra HD, Blu-ray and DVD Release Date". SmartCine. November 8, 2017. Retrieved November 14, 2017.
- Fuster, Jeremy (September 12, 2017). "Can 'Mother!' or 'American Assassin' Poke a Hole in 'It' Box Office Balloon?". TheWrap. Retrieved May 7, 2018.
- D'Alessandro, Anthony (September 18, 2017). "'It' Becomes Biggest-Ever September Release With $218.8M As 'Mother!' Gets F Report Card & Dismal $7.5M – Monday Final". Deadline Hollywood. Penske Business Media. Retrieved September 18, 2017.
- McClintock, Pamela (September 16, 2017). "Darren Aronofksy's 'Mother!' Banished to Infamous F CinemaScore Club". The Hollywood Reporter. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved September 17, 2017.
- Hughes, William (September 16, 2017). "Mother! earns a rare, semi-coveted F from CinemaScore". The A.V. Club. The Onion. Retrieved September 17, 2017.
- D'Alessandro, Anthony (September 24, 2017). "'Kingsman: The Golden Circle' Ropes $38M+; 'Ninjago' Dulls Sword To $21M; 'Friend Request' A Loner With $1.8M". Deadline Hollywood. Penske Business Media. Retrieved September 24, 2017.
- Shanley, Patrick (September 21, 2017). "Darren Aronofsky Responds to 'Mother!'s' "F" CinemaScore". The Hollywood Reporter. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved October 5, 2017.
- Wilkinson, Alissa (September 15, 2017). "Darren Aronofsky's Mother! is an explosive retelling of creation in fire and blood". Vox. Vox Media. Retrieved May 7, 2018.
- Page-Kirby, Kristen (September 15, 2017). "Jennifer Lawrence finally gets to show off her 'Mother!' of a talent". The Washington Post. The Washington Post Company. Retrieved May 7, 2018.
- Bastién, Angelica Jade (September 18, 2017). "Michelle Pfeiffer is the MVP of Mother!". Vulture. New York Media. Retrieved May 7, 2018.
- Ulivi, Stefania (September 5, 2017). "Mostra di Venezia 2017: Diluvio di fischi su «Mother!», il film più atteso con Lawrence e Bardem è un flop". Corriere della Sera (in Italian). RCS MediaGroup. Retrieved May 7, 2018.
- "mother! (2017)". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Retrieved May 22, 2019.
- "Mother! Reviews". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Retrieved September 18, 2017.
- Gleiberman, Owen (September 5, 2017). "Film Review: 'Mother!'". Variety. Penske Business Media. Retrieved September 17, 2017.
- Travers, Peter (September 13, 2017). "'Mother!' Review: Darren Aronofsky's Virtuosic Thriller Will Make Your Head Explode". Rolling Stone. Retrieved September 17, 2017.
- Phillips, Michael (September 13, 2017). "'Mother!' review: Trouble in paradise, starring Jennifer Lawrence". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved September 17, 2017.
- Bradshaw, Peter (September 5, 2017). "Mother! review – no gob left unsmacked in Jennifer Lawrence's anxiety dream of horror and dismay". The Guardian. Guardian News and Media. Retrieved October 2, 2017.
- Vishnevetsky, Ignatiy (September 13, 2017). "God Is a Gaslighting Husband in Darren Aronofsky's Brilliantly Deranged Mother!". The A.V. Club. The Onion. Retrieved May 7, 2018.
- Croll, Ben (September 5, 2017). "'Mother!' Review: Darren Aronofsky's Audacious and Rich Cinematic Allegory Is His Most Daring Film Yet". IndieWire. Penske Business Media. Retrieved September 15, 2017.
- Scorsese, Martin (October 10, 2017). "Martin Scorsese on Rotten Tomatoes, Box Office Obsession and Why 'Mother!' Was Misjudged". The Hollywood Reporter. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved October 28, 2017.
- Reed, Rex (September 15, 2017). "'Mother!' Is the Worst Movie of the Year, Maybe Century". New York Observer. New York City: Observer Media. Retrieved October 19, 2017.
- Livingstone, Josephine (September 20, 2017). "Aronofsky's Mother! is a Mess of Biblical Proportions". The New Republic. Retrieved May 7, 2018.
- Lane, Anthony (September 25, 2017). ""Mother!" and "Battle of the Sexes"". The New Yorker. NYP Holdings. Retrieved May 7, 2018.
- Anderson, John (September 14, 2017). "'Mother!' Review: Giving Birth to Madness". The Wall Street Journal. Dow Jones & Company. Retrieved May 7, 2018.
- Roeper, Richard (September 13, 2017). "O 'mother!,' what art thou? Odd Jennifer Lawrence film pounds senses". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved September 16, 2017.
- Hornaday, Anne (September 14, 2017). "Jennifer Lawrence radiates serenity and grit in the enigmatic 'Mother!'". The Washington Post. The Washington Post Company. Retrieved May 7, 2018.
- Whitty, Stephen (September 16, 2017). "'Mother!' review: Jennifer Lawrence is baby-crazy". Newark Star Ledger. NJ.com. Retrieved May 7, 2018.
- Nashawaty, Chris (September 15, 2017). "Jennifer Lawrence gets put through the torture-porn wringer in mother!: EW review". Entertainment Weekly. Meredith Corporation. Retrieved May 7, 2018.
- Edelstein, David (September 15, 2017). "Mother! Is a Second-Rate, Self-Aggrandizing Tour De Force". New York. New York Media. Retrieved May 7, 2018.
- Cavanaugh, Patrick (January 22, 2018). "Razzies Face Backlash Over Nominating Jennifer Lawrence". Comicbook.com. Retrieved January 25, 2018.
- Rife, Katie (January 22, 2018). "The Razzies waste everyone's time by nominating Mother! and not The Snowman". The A.V. Club. The Onion. Retrieved January 25, 2018.
- "Worst actor? Fans rage over Jennifer Lawrence Razzie award nomination". The New Zealand Herald. January 23, 2018. Retrieved January 25, 2018.
- Khal (January 22, 2018). "'Mother' Fans Are Pissed About Jennifer Lawrence's Razzies Nomination". Complex. Retrieved January 25, 2018.
- "2017 AWFJ EDA Award Nominees". Alliance of Women Film Journalists. Retrieved April 1, 2018.
- Davis, Clayton (January 24, 2018). "WATCH: Awards Circuit Announces 2017 ACCA Nominees". Awards Circuit. Retrieved April 1, 2018.
- "CAMERIMAGE 2017 MAIN COMPETITION LINE-UP!". Camerimage International Film Festival. Retrieved May 8, 2018.
- "2017 Nominees - Chicago Independent Film Critics Circle". Chicagoindiecritics.org. December 24, 2017. Retrieved May 30, 2018.
- Foutch, Haleigh (January 10, 2018). "'Call Me by Your Name', 'The Shape of Water' Lead Dorian Award Nominations". Collider. Complex Media. Retrieved May 8, 2018.
- Travis, Ben (January 19, 2019). "Star Wars The Last Jedi and Thor Ragnarok Lead Empire Awards 2018 Nominations". The Washington Post. The Washington Post Company. Retrieved January 19, 2018.
- Escamilla, Troy (January 31, 2018). "2017 Fright Meter Award Nominations Announced". Fright Meter Awards Official Blog. Retrieved May 8, 2018.
- RT Staff (January 21, 2018). "38th Razzie Award Nominations Announced". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Retrieved January 21, 2018.
- "Golden Schmoes Winners And Nominees (2017)". JoBlo.com. Joblo Media. Archived from the original on March 3, 2018. Retrieved April 1, 2018.
- Friar, Joe (January 7, 2018). "Houston Film Critics Society names 'Lady Bird' best picture of 2017". The Victoria Advocate. Retrieved June 16, 2018.
- Kohn, Eric (December 19, 2017). "2017 Critics Poll: The Best Films and Performances According to Over 200 Critics". IndieWire. Penske Business Media. Retrieved May 8, 2018.
- Anderson, Erik (February 4, 2018). "'Call Me By Your Name' Leads International Online Cinema Awards (INOCA) Nominations". Awards Watch. Retrieved April 1, 2018.
- "Las Vegas Film Critics Society Awards". Las Vegas Film Critics Society. Retrieved May 8, 2018.
- "2017 Awards". Awards Circuit. AwardsCircuit.com. Retrieved February 23, 2019.
- North, Caroline. "North Texas Film Critics Association Gives The Post Ensemble Award Named for Gary Murray". Dallas Observer. Retrieved May 8, 2018.
- Neglia, Matt (December 17, 2017). "The 2017 Online Film Critics Society (OFCS) Nominations". NextBestPicture. Retrieved December 18, 2017.
- "22nd Annual Film Awards (2017) - Online Film & Television Association". Online Film & Television Association. Retrieved May 8, 2018.
- "2017 Awards". Phoenix Critics Circle. Phoenix Film Foundation. Retrieved May 8, 2018.
- McNary, Dave (March 15, 2018). "'Black Panther,' 'Walking Dead' Rule Saturn Awards Nominations". Variety. Penske Business Media. Retrieved March 16, 2018.
- "COLLATERAL AWARDS OF THE 74TH VENICE FILM FESTIVAL". La Biennale di Venezia. December 3, 2017. Retrieved December 3, 2017.
- Pedersen, Erik (January 16, 2018). "VES Awards Nominations: 'Blade Runner 2049' & Latest 'Apes' Lead Film; 'Thrones' Rules All With 11 Noms". Deadline Hollywood. Penske Business Media. Retrieved May 8, 2018.