Luke 23 is the twenty-third chapter of the Gospel of Luke in the New Testament of the Christian Bible. The book containing this chapter is anonymous, but early Christian tradition uniformly affirmed that Luke composed this Gospel as well as the Acts of the Apostles. This chapter records the trial of Jesus Christ before Pontius Pilate, Jesus' meeting with Herod Antipas, and his crucifixion, death and burial.
The Greek text of Luke 23:47-24:1 on Codex Bezae (Cambridge University Library MS. Nn.2.41), written about AD 400.
|Book||Gospel of Luke|
|Christian Bible part||New Testament|
|Order in the Christian part||3|
Some early manuscripts containing this chapter are:
- Papyrus 75 (AD 175-225)
- Codex Vaticanus (325-350)
- Codex Sinaiticus (330-360)
- Codex Bezae (c. 400)
- Codex Washingtonianus (c. 400)
- Codex Alexandrinus (400-440)
- Codex Ephraemi Rescriptus (c. 450; extant verses 26-56)
Old Testament referencesEdit
- Luke 23:34: Psalm 22:18
- Luke 23:36: Psalm 69:21
- Luke 23:46: Psalm 31:5a
- Luke 23:49: Psalm 38:11a; Psalm 88:8
New Testament referencesEdit
- And the whole multitude of them arose, and led him unto Pilate.
Verse 3 in GreekEdit
- ὁ δὲ Πιλάτος ἐπηρώτησεν αὐτόν, λέγων, Σὺ εἶ ὁ βασιλεὺς τῶν Ἰουδαίων;
- ὁ δὲ ἀποκριθεὶς αὐτῷ ἔφη, Σὺ λέγεις.
- Ho de Pilatos epērōtēsen auton, legōn, "Su ei ho basileus tōn Ioudaiōn?":
- Ho de apokritheis autō ephē, "Su legeis."
Verse 3 in LatinEdit
- Pilatus autem interrogavit eum dicens tu es rex Iudaeorum
- at ille respondens ait tu dicis.
- Blessed are the barren, and the wombs that never bore and the breasts which never gave suck.
- And all his acquaintance, and the women that followed him from Galilee, stood afar off, beholding these things.
"The women" that followed Jesus from Galilee (also in Luke 53:55) were "Mary Magdalene, Joanna, Mary the mother of James, and the other women with them" according to Luke 24:10. Matthew 27:55 lists "Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James and Joseph, and the mother of the sons of Zebedee", whereas Mark 15:40 names "Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James the little and Joses, and Salome".
- And the women who had come with Him from Galilee followed after, and they observed the tomb and how His body was laid.
According to Luke 24:10, "the women" (also in Luke 53:49) were "Mary Magdalene, Joanna, Mary the mother of James, and the other women with them". Matthew 27:61 lists "Mary Magdalene, and the other Mary", whereas Mark 15:47 names "Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of Joses".
- Holman Illustrated Bible Handbook. Holman Bible Publishers, Nashville, Tennessee. 2012.
- Halley, Henry H. Halley's Bible Handbook: an Abbreviated Bible Commentary. 23rd edition. Zondervan Publishing House. 1962.
- Kirkpatrick 1901, p. 838.
- Kirkpatrick 1901, p. 839.
- Luke 23:1 KJV
- Luke 23:3 NRSV
- Luke 23:29 KJ21
- Hosea 9:14 ESV
- Luke 23:49 KJV
- Bauckham 2017, pp. 49, 131.
- Bauckham 2017, p. 49.
- Luke 23:55 NKJV
- Bauckham, Richard (2017). Jesus and the Eyewitnesses (2nd ed.). Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing. ISBN 9780802874313.
- Kirkpatrick, A. F. (1901). The Book of Psalms: with Introduction and Notes. The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges. Book IV and V: Psalms XC-CL. Cambridge: At the University Press. Retrieved February 28, 2019.