List of telecom companies in India

This article about wireless, mobile, DTH and internet service providers list and subscriber base in India. There are four wireless operators and 375 internet service providers end of 31 December 2020. [1]

Wireless operatorsEdit

As of 31 December 2020, there are 1153.77 million wireless subscribers including inactive users in India according to Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI).[1]

Mobile operatorsEdit

Market share of mobile telecom operators in India as of 31 December 2020 according to the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI).[1]

  Jio (35.43%)
  Airtel (29.36%)
  Vi (24.64%)
  BSNL (10.58%)
Operator Technology Subscribers[1] (millions) Active Users Ownership
1

Jio

408.77[1] 327.97

Jio Platforms

2

Airtel

338.71[1][4] 328.87[1][4]

Bharti Airtel Limited

3

Vi

284.26[1] 256.58[1]

[9]

Vodafone Idea Limited

4

BSNL Mobile

122.03[1] 62.00

Government of India

Defunct operatorsEdit

Operator Started Operations Ceased Operations Fate
Modi Telstra 1990 Merged into Axiata Spice Communications [11]
Hutch Essar 1999

Acquired BPL Mobile

2007 Bought by Vodafone Group
Axiata Spice Communications 1992 2008 Merged into Idea Cellular [12]
S Tel 2008 2012 Licence cancelled by the Supreme Court of India
Etisalat 2010 [13] 2012 Licence cancelled by the Supreme Court of India [14]
Loop Mobile 1995 2014 Ceased operations after expiration of licence [15]
Virgin Mobile India, T24 Mobile 2009 [16] 2015 Merged into Tata Docomo [17]
Videocon Telecom 2010 [18] 2016 Shut down following sale of spectrum to Bharti Airtel [19][20]
MTS India 2009 2017 Acquired by Reliance Communications [21]
Idea Cellular 2002 2018 Merged with Vodafone India to form Vi [22][23]
Vodafone India 2011 2018 Merged with Idea Cellular to form Vi [22][23]
Aircel 1999 2018 Bankrupt [24]
Telenor India 2009 2018 Acquired by Bharti Airtel [25]
Tata Docomo 2009 2019 Acquired by Bharti Airtel [26]
Reliance Communications 2002 2019 Bankrupt [27]
Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Limited 1986 2020 Subsidiary of BSNL until merger is complete [28][29]

Timeline of operatorsEdit

Virgin Mobile / T24
Tata DoCoMo acquired Virgin Mobile in 2015
Tata DoCoMo
Telenor India
Videocon Telecom
2016
2018
2019
Bharti Airtel
 
Hutch Essar
Vodafone India
Vodafone Idea ( Vi )
Idea Cellular
Idea Cellular acquired Spice Communications in 2008
Spice Communications
Modi Telestra was merged into Spice Telecom in 2000
Modi Telestra
 
Reliance Jio
 
1995
2001
2007
2013
2019
BPL / Loop Mobile
Aircel
Reliance Communications
RCom. acquired MTS India in 2017
MTS India
S Tel
Etisalat

Direct-to-home (DTH) operatorsEdit

As of 30 September 2020, there are 70.70  million active pay DTH subscribers in addition to free to air state owned Dth(dd free dish) in the country according to Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI).[30]

Market share of pay DTH operators in India as of September 2020 according to the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI).[31]

  Tata Sky (32.58%)
  Dish TV (27.00%)
  Airtel Digital TV (24.59%)
  Sun Direct (15.83%)
Rank Operator Subscribers
(Millions)
Ownership
1 DD Free Dish 30.03[32][33] Prasar Bharati
2 Tata Sky 23.03[30][34] Tata Sons (60%)
The Walt Disney Company (30%)
Temasek Holdings (10%)[35]
3

Dish TV
(Zing Digital)
(d2h)[36][37][38]

19.09[30][37] Zee Entertainment Enterprises (100%)
4 Airtel digital TV 17.39[30][39] Bharti Airtel Limited (100%)
5 Sun Direct 11.19[30] Sun Network (80%)
Astro Group (20%)
Notes
  • DD free dish is Free To air Service hence their subscriber data is not shown in TRAI performance report.[30]
  • On 22 March 2018, Dish TV merged with d2h, creating the largest DTH provider in India at that time.[36]

Wireline operatorsEdit

Fixedline operatorsEdit

As of 31 December 2020, there are 20.07 million wireline subscribers in India according to Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI).[1]

Market share of FixedLine telecom operators in India as of 31 December 2020 according to the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI).[1]

  BSNL (50.51%)
  Airtel (22.77%)
  Jio (13.74%)
  Tata Teleservices (8.26%)
  Vi (2.60%)
  Quadrant (1.01%)
Operator Subscribers (millions) Ownership
1 BSNL[40]   10.13 Government of India
2 Airtel   4.57 Bharti Airtel
3 Jio   2.75 Jio Platforms
4 Tata Teleservices   1.66 Tata Group
5 Vi   0.52 Vodafone Idea Limited
6 Reliance Communications   0.22 Reliance ADAG
7 Quadrant   0.20 Quadrant Infotech India Pvt. Ltd

Multiple-system operators (MSOs)Edit

As of 1 January 2016, there are 415 MSOs (some also have an ISP license).[41]

  • A.Ptv Network
  • Advanced Multisystem Broadband Communication Pvt. Ltd
  • Alliance Broadband Services Pvt. Ltd.
  • RCCNetwork Cable & Broadband services
  • Arasu Cable
  • Arkays Digital Media Cable
  • Asianet Satellite Communications Limited
  • Atria Convergence Technologies
  • Barasat Cable TV Network Pvt. Ltd
  • CableComm Services Pvt. Ltd
  • ChandparaCable TV Network Ltd
  • Channel 3
  • Darshan Pooja Cable TV Network
  • DEN Networks
  • Dew Shree Network
  • Digi Maharaja Cable Network
  • DIGICON
  • DL GTPL Cabnet Pvt. Ltd
  • Dolly Cable Network
  • DWL - Digital Space Link
  • Fastway Transmissions Pvt. Ltd.[42]
  • Gujarat Telelink P Limited (GTPL)
  • Hathway
  • Home Cable Network Pvt Limited
  • ICE TV Pvt
  • IndusInd Media & Communication Ltd (IMCL)
  • JAK Communications
  • JPR Channel
  • Kailash Cable Network P Ltd
  • Kal Cables Pvt. Ltd
  • Kerala Communicators Cable Ltd
  • Kolkata Cable & Broadband Pariseva Ltd
  • Link Entertainment (Howrah Cable)
  • Live Satellite
  • Mahalakshmi Digital Cable (MLC Communications)
  • Manthan Digital/Manthan Broadband Services Pvt Ltd
  • Marine BizTV
  • Mohit Cable Vision
  • NXT Digital (Hinduja-HITS network)
  • Ortel Communications
  • Prem Channels Pvt Ltd
  • Ravi Cable Network
  • Ramtek City Cable Network
  • Rupnarayan Cable & Broadband Services Pvt Ltd
  • Reliance Digicom (ex Digicable)
  • RVR Infra
  • VBNL{VISION BHARAT BROADCAST DIGITAL CABLE TV BROADBAND NETWORK PRIVATE LIMITED}
  • Sanjay Cable Network Pvt Ltd
  • Satellite Vision Cable TV & Broadband Services
  • Satellite Vision Pvt Limited
  • SCV
  • Seven Star Dot Com Pvt Ltd
  • Silver Line Broadband Services P Ltd
  • Siti Cable (Siti Network Limited)
  • Siti Vision Digital Media
  • Spectra Net Ltd
  • Star Broadband Services (India) P Ltd
  • STV Network
  • TACTV
  • UCN Cable Network Pvt. Ltd
  • Universal Communication System
  • You Telecom
  • Viom Networks

Internet service providers (ISPs)Edit

There were 375 internet service providers (ISPs) offering broadband and narrow band internet services; top 5 services constituted 98.84% market share of the total 747.41 million Broadband and narrow band subscribers according to Trai.[1]

Market share of broadband services in India as of 31 December 2020 according to the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI).[43]

  Jio (54.97%)
  Airtel (23.95%)
  Vi (16.16%)
  BSNL (3.52%)
  Atria Convergence (0.24%)
  Others (1.16%)
Operator Subscribers (millions) Ownership
1 Jio 410.84 Jio Platforms
2 Airtel 179.00 Bharti Airtel
3 Vi 120.77 Vodafone Idea Limited
4 BSNL 26.32 Government of India
5 Atria Convergence 1.78 Atria Convergence

The following table shows the top 7 ISPs in India by total subscriber base as of 31 March 2020. Broadband is defined as "an always-on Internet connection with download speed of 512 kbit/s or above." The number of internet users are 743.19 million, out of which 55.75 million are narrow band subscribers and 687.44 million are broadband subscribers.[30]

Rank Provider Subscribers (Narrowband) (millions) Subscribers (Broadband) (millions) Subscribers (Total) (millions) Ownership
1 Reliance Jio 0 388.39 388.39 Jio Platforms
2 Airtel 27.11 148.57 175.68 Bharti Airtel Limited
3 Vi [Note2 1][44] 22.03 [Note2 1] 118.23 [Note2 1] 140.26 [Note2 1] Vodafone Idea Limited
4 BSNL [Note1 1][40] 6.57 [Note2 2][40] 25.36 [Note2 2][40] 31.93 [Note2 2][40] Government of India
5 ACT Fibernet 0 1.61 1.61 TA Associates
6 Hathway 0 0.97 0.97 Reliance Industries Limited
7 GTPL Broadband Pvt. Ltd. 0 0.36 0.36 Reliance Industries Limited

Other notable ISPsEdit

Provider Ownership
APSFL Government of Andhra Pradesh
Asianet Broadband Rajan Raheja Group
DEN Networks Reliance Industries
Kerala Vision KCCL
RailTel Corporation of India Government of India
Sify Sify Group
Spectranet Shyam Telecom Limited
Tata Communications Tata Group (45%)
Government of India (35%)
Tata Sky Tata Sons (60%)
Walt Disney Company (30%)
Temasek Holdings (10%)
Tikona Infinet Limited Goldman Sachs (40.1%)

For enterprise/wholesale onlyEdit

Provider Ownership
CtrlS Datacenters Ltd CtrlS Labs Limited
ERNET Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology
GAILTEL Government of India
National Knowledge Network
(for educational institutions only)
Government of India
PowerGrid Government of India
Tulip Telecom Tulip Enterprises
Notes
  1. On 28 February 2018 Aircel filed for bankruptcy with NCLT and a substantial number of customers have migrated to other service providers due to closing down of most of the consumer services.[45][46]
  2. The services of Telenor India have been merged with Airtel on 14 May 2018.[47]
  3. On 31 August 2018, Vodafone India has been merged with Idea Cellular to form Vi.
  4. The consumer mobile businesses of Tata Docomo, Tata Teleservices (TTSL) and Tata Teleservices Maharashtra Limited (TTML) have been merged into Bharti Airtel from 1 July 2019.

Telecom R&D firmsEdit

Name Headquarters
MYMO Wireless Bangalore
Sasken Technologies Bangalore
Tejas Networks Bangalore
Sterlite Technologies Pune

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ BSNL and MTNL merger approved by Government of India.
  1. ^ a b c d After adding subscribers of You Broadband Because it is subsidiary of Vi.
  2. ^ a b c After adding subscribers of MTNL to BSNL, because MTNL will merge with BSNL.

ReferencesEdit

[48]

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  3. ^ www.airtel.in. "Airtel VoWiFi is Live". www.airtel.in. Retrieved 13 February 2020.
  4. ^ a b https://trai.gov.in/sites/default/files/PR_No.84of2020.pdf}
  5. ^ "Vi (Vodafone Idea) covers All 22 telecom circles with its world class 4G LTE services". www.myvi.in. Archived from the original on 22 December 2020. Retrieved 21 December 2020.
  6. ^ Vodafone Idea Limited. "Vi VoLte". www.myvi.in. Retrieved 27 December 2010.
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  9. ^ "Q1-Report-FY 2020-21 By Vodafone Idea Limited" (PDF). 6 August 2020.[permanent dead link]
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Hutch BPL Mobile formalise merger

External linksEdit