Metropolitan areas of Mexico
- a group of two or more municipalities in which a city with a population of at least 50,000 is located in an urban area that extends over the limit of the municipality that originally contained the core city incorporating, physically or under its area of direct influence other adjacent predominantly urban municipalities, all of which either have a high degree of social and economic integration or are relevant for urban politics and administration
- a single municipality in which a city of a population of at least one million is located and fully contained (that is, it does not transcend the limits of a single municipality)
- a city with a population of at least 250,000 that forms a conurbation with other cities in the United States.
Northwestern and southeastern states are divided into a small number of large municipalities, but central states are divided into a large number of smaller municipalities. As such, metropolitan areas in the northwestern states usually do not extend over more than one municipality, and figures usually report population for the entire municipality. However, metropolitan areas in the central states extend over many municipalities.
A few metropolitan areas extend beyond the limits of one state: Greater Mexico City (Federal District, Mexico and Hidalgo), Puebla-Tlaxcala (Puebla and Tlaxcala but excluding the city of Tlaxcala), Comarca Lagunera (Coahuila and Durango), and Tampico (Tamaulipas and Veracruz).
List of metropolitan areas in Mexico by populationEdit
There are 60 metropolitans areas, as defined by the following government bodies:
- The National Institute of Statistics and Geography (INEGI).
- The Secretariat of Social Development (SEDESOL).
- The National Population Council (CONAPO).
|Rank||Metropolitan area||Federative Entity||2015 Pop.||2010 Pop.||Change|
|1||Greater Mexico City||Mexico City, Mexico, Hidalgo||21,339,781||20,501,764||+4.09%|
|3||Greater Monterrey||Nuevo León||4,475,949||4,106,054||+9.01%|
|4||Greater Puebla||Puebla, Tlaxcala||2,941,988||2,728,790||+7.81%|
|6||Greater Tijuana||Baja California||1,840,710||1,751,302||+5.11%|
|9||Greater Torreón||Coahuila, Durango||1,283,835||1,215,817||+5.59%|
|10||Greater Querétaro||Querétaro, Guanajuato||1,255,185||1,097,025||+14.42%|
|11||Greater San Luis Potosí||San Luis Potosí||1,133,571||1,040,822||+8.91%|
|14||Greater Mexicali||Baja California||988,417||936,145||+5.58%|
|18||Greater Tampico||Tamaulipas, Veracruz||916,854||859,419||+6.68%|
|23||Reynosa–Greater Río Bravo||Tamaulipas||773,089||727,150||+6.32%|
|24||Greater Cancún||Quintana Roo||763,121||677,379||+12.66%|
|31||Greater Poza Rica||Veracruz||538,206||513,518||+4.81%|
|37||Greater Puerto Vallarta||Jalisco, Nayarit||425,890||379,886||+12.11%|
|38||Greater Nuevo Laredo||Tamaulipas||399,431||384,033||+4.01%|
|41||Colima–Villa de Álvarez||Colima||359,392||334,240||+7.53%|
|48||La Piedad–Pénjamo||Michoacán, Guanajuato||254,272||249,512||+1.91%|
|51||Greater San Francisco del Rincón||Guanajuato||199,308||182,365||+9.29%|
|52||Greater Piedras Negras||Coahuila||194,293||180,734||+7.50%|
|57||Greater Rioverde||San Luis Potosí||139,576||135,452||+3.04%|
The United States shares a 2,000 mi (3,000 km) border with Mexico. It is the most frequently crossed international border in the world, with about 250 million legal crossings every year. The distribution of the population in Mexico, especially, in urban areas, has been changed significantly by the economic interaction between settlements in its north and the United States. The increasing population concentration in the north of Mexico is strongly associated with the development of the maquila industries there and the eventual economic effects of North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).
Metropolitan areas at the border with the US form transnational conurbations with deep economic and demographic interaction. For example, the San Diego – Tijuana metropolitan area consists of San Diego County in the US and the municipalities of Tijuana, Playas de Rosarito, and Tecate in Mexico. The total population of the region has been estimated to be just over 5 million in 2009, making it by far the largest binational metropolitan area shared between the US and Mexico. The National Population Council (CONAPO) recognizes the existence of such metropolitan areas and defines them as the municipalities with a city of at least 200,000 inhabitants and sharing processes of conurbation with cities of the US:
|Rank||Metropolitan Area||Mexican State||American State||Population|
|1||Tijuana - San Diego||Baja California||California||5,009,170|
|2||El Paso - Juarez||Chihuahua||Texas||2,345,182|
|3||Reynosa - McAllen||Tamaulipas||Texas||1,500,000|
|4||Matamoros - Brownsville||Tamaulipas||Texas||1,136,995|
|5||Mexicali - Calexico||Baja California||California||956,223|
|6||Nuevo Laredo - Laredo||Tamaulipas||Texas||747,494|
|7||Nogales - Nogales||Sonora||Arizona||234,809[nb 1]|
|8||Piedras Negras - Eagle Pass||Coahuila||Texas||230,205[nb 2]|
|9||San Luis Río Colorado - San Luis||Sonora||Arizona||188,152[nb 3]|
|10||Ciudad Acuña - Del Río||Coahuila||Texas||183,750[nb 4]|
Mexico City megalopolisEdit
A megalopolis is defined as a long chain of continuous metropolitan areas, or territories that are relatively integrated amongst each other, a clear example being the Northeast Megalopolis in the United States. In 1996, the Programa General de Desarollo Urbano del Distrito Federal first proposed this concept to refer to the Mexico City megalopolis, or "megalopolis of central Mexico", which was later expanded by PROAIRE, a metropolitan commission on the environment.
A megalopolis is known in Spanish as a corona regional de ciudades ("regional ring of cities"). The megalopolis of central Mexico was defined to be integrated by the metropolitan areas of Mexico City, Puebla, Cuernavaca, Toluca and Pachuca, which may also conform complex subregional rings themselves (Greater Puebla has a regional ring with Atlixco, San Martín Texmelucan, Tlaxcala, and Apizaco).
The megalopolis has 173 municipalities (91 in the State of Mexico, 29 in the State of Puebla, 37 in the State of Tlaxcala, 16 in the State of Morelos, and 16 in the State of Hidalgo) as well as the 16 boroughs of the Federal District, with a total population of almost 27 million people.
- Sum of legal residents of Nogales, Sonora (213,976) and Nogales, Arizona (20,833).
- Sum of legal residents of Eagle Pass Metropolitan Area's population (48,401) and Piedras Negras, Coahuila (154,360).
- Sum of legal residents of San Luis Río Colorado, Sonora (164,342) and San Luis, Arizona (23,810).
- Sum of legal residents of Ciudad Acuña, Coahuila (135,605) and Del Rio, Texas (46,682).
- s/espanol/metodologias/otras/zonas_met.pdf "CONAPO Áreas Metropolitanas" (PDF). www.inegi.gob.mx.
- "Mexico: Metropolitan Areas"
- David M. Bridgeland, Ron Zahavi. Business Modeling: A Practical Guide to Realizing Business Value. Morgan Kaufmann, 2008. p. 134. ISBN 0-12-374151-3.
- "Borders and Law Enforcement". U.S. Embassy Mexico. Archived from the original on 3 September 2009. Retrieved 8 December 2009.
- Michael Pacione. Urban geography: a global perspective. Routledge, 2005. p. 105. ISBN 0-415-34305-4.
- "Metropolitan areas in the Americas". World Gazetteer. Archived from the original on 2007-10-01. Retrieved 8 December 2009.
- Área metropolitana del Valle de México PROAIRE
- National Population Council (CONAPO) — official website. (in Spanish)
- National Institute of Statistics and Geography (INEGI) — official website. (in Spanish)