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The municipality (Spanish: municipio) of Ensenada, with a land area of 52,482.40 km2 (20,263.57 sq mi), is the largest municipality in Mexico by area. The municipality takes up 72.6% of the state of Baja California but is home to only 14.7% of the population. It shares borders with Baja California's four other municipalities to the north and northeast as well as with Mulegé Municipality in Baja California Sur to the south. Its municipal seat (Spanish: cabecera municipal) is Ensenada (31°51′28″N 116°36′21″W / 31.85778°N 116.60583°W / 31.85778; -116.60583), which lies near the northwest corner of the municipality.

Ensenada Municipality

Municipio de Ensenada
Municipality of Ensenada
The Pacific coast of Ensenada Municipality
The Pacific coast of Ensenada Municipality
Coat of arms of Ensenada Municipality
Coat of arms
Location of Ensenada in Baja California
Location of Ensenada in Baja California
Coordinates: 30°00′N 115°30′W / 30°N 115.5°W / 30; -115.5Coordinates: 30°00′N 115°30′W / 30°N 115.5°W / 30; -115.5
Country Mexico
State Baja California
Municipal seatEnsenada
Largest cityEnsenada
Municipality establishedDecember 29, 1953[1]
 • Municipal presidentGilberto Antonio Hirata Chico (PRI)
 • Total52,482.4 km2 (20,263.6 sq mi)
 • Total466,814
 • Density8.9/km2 (23/sq mi)
 Data source: INEGI 2010 Census
Time zoneUTC−8 (Northwest (US Pacific))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−7 (Northwest)
INEGI code001
Website‹See Tfd›(in Spanish) Ayuntamiento de Ensenada
Source: Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México

Ensenada's current (as of 2009) municipal president (Spanish: presidente municipal) is Enrique Pelayo Torres. A major port is planned to be built in Punta Colonet, a largely uninhabited area 80 km (50 mi) south of the city of Ensenada. Located offshore, Guadalupe Island is part of the municipality, making Ensenada the westernmost municipality in Mexico.

In 2015 the municipality had a population of 486,639, up from 466,814 in 2010 and 413,481 in 2005.



Camp on the beach NW of Punta Colonet
Administrative divisions of Ensenada Municipality, covering more territory than some Mexican states, with a section scheduled to be spun off in 2016 as San Quintín Municipality, nevertheless, entrenched poverty, insecurity and human rights violations have raised questions and may delay administrative change.

Territorially massive Ensenada municipality is administratively subdivided into 23 boroughs (Spanish: delegaciones), of which Ensenada form the city of Ensenada, the municipal seat:

  1. La Mision - Borough seat: La Misión
  2. El Porvenir
  3. Francisco Zarco (Guadalupe)
  4. Real del Castillo
  5. El Sauzal
  6. Ensenada
  7. San Antonio de las Minas
  8. Maneadero
  9. Santo Tomás
  10. Erendira - Borough seat: Eréndira
  11. San Vicente
  12. Valle de la Trinidad
  13. Punta Colonet - Borough seat: Punta Colonet
  14. Camalu - Borough seat: Camalú
  15. Vicente Guerrero
  16. San Quintin - Borough seat: San Quintín
  17. El Rosario - Borough seat: El Rosario
  18. Puertecitos - Borough seat: Puertecitos
  19. El Marmol
  20. Punta Prieta - Borough seat: Punta Prieta
  21. Bahía de los Ángeles
  22. Calmallí (Villa Jesús María)
  23. Isla de Cedros


As of 2010, the municipality had a total population of 466,814.[2]

As of 2010, the city of Ensenada had a population of 279,765.[2] Other than the city of Ensenada, the municipality had 3,245 localities, the largest of which (with 2010 populations in parentheses) were:

Classified as urban:[2]

Classified as rural:[2]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ ‹See Tfd›(in Spanish) pp. 78–79, La Transformación de Baja California en Estado, 1931–1952 Archived 2011-09-29 at the Wayback Machine, Lawrence Douglas Taylor Hansen, Estudios Fronterizos, 1, #1 (January–June 2000), UABC, Mexicali, pp. 47–87.
  2. ^ a b c d "Ensenada". Catálogo de Localidades. Secretaría de Desarrollo Social (SEDESOL). Retrieved 23 April 2014.


External linksEdit