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Ernesto Ruffo Appel (born June 25, 1952 in San Diego, California, U.S.) is an American-born Mexican politician famous for being the first elected state governor not affiliated to the Partido Revolucionario Institucional (PRI) since that party’s inception in 1929.

Ernesto Ruffo Appel
Ernesto Ruffo.jpg
10th Governor of Baja California
In office
November 1, 1989 – October 31, 1995
Preceded byOscar Baylón Chacón
Succeeded byHector Terán Terán
Personal details
Born (1952-06-25) June 25, 1952 (age 67)
San Diego, California
Political partyNational Action Party (PAN)
Spouse(s)Alma Corella Gilsamaniego

His parents and grandparents are Mexican-born. Ruffo attended elementary school in the coastal town of Ensenada in the state of Baja California. He attended college at the Monterrey campus of the ITESM graduating with a bachelor's degree in business. He became a member of the National Action Party (PAN) in 1982 and was elected municipal president of the municipality of Ensenada (the biggest municipality in Mexico with 51,952 km²) in 1986. In 1989 he was elected governor of the state of Baja California in major upset. In the year 2000, he supported the candidacy of Vicente Fox, former President of Mexico, he was the Coordinator of Migration Affairs for the Northern Border until 2006 (when president Fox's government ended). He is currently a Senate supply in the LX legislature.

He has been accused of using his previous political positions to promote businesses in which he has personal investments.[1]

Preceded by
Oscar Baylón Chacón
Governor of Baja California
Succeeded by
Héctor Terán Terán
Preceded by
David Ojeda
Municipal president of Ensenada
Succeeded by
Enrique Chapela (interim)


  1. ^ Zeta, #1690, Los negocios de Rufo (sic).

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