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Tijuana Municipality is a municipality in the Mexican state of Baja California. Its municipal seat is located in the city of Tijuana. According to the 2010 census, the municipality had a population of 1,559,683 inhabitants, of whom 1,300,983, or 83.4%, lived in the city of Tijuana. The municipality maintained its position as 3rd most populated nationally as of 2015 census, only behind Ecatepec de Morelos and Iztapalapa (a Mexico City borough).[2] Juan Manuel Gastélum of the PAN is the current municipal president. The municipality comprises the largest part of the Tijuana metropolitan area.

Tijuana Municipality
Municipio de Tijuana
Municipality of Tijuana
Coat of arms of Tijuana Municipality
Coat of arms
The Homeland Starts Here
Location of Tijuana in Baja California.
Location of Tijuana in Baja California.
Coordinates: 32°32′N 117°3′W / 32.533°N 117.050°W / 32.533; -117.050Coordinates: 32°32′N 117°3′W / 32.533°N 117.050°W / 32.533; -117.050
CountryUnited Mexican States
StateBaja California
Municipal seatTijuana
Largest cityTijuana
Municipality establishedDecember 29, 1953[1]
 • BodyAyuntamiento
 • Municipal presidentJuan Manuel Gastélum (PAN)
 • Total879.2 km2 (339.5 sq mi)
 • Total1,641,570
 • Density1,900/km2 (4,800/sq mi)
 Data source: INEGI
Time zoneUTC−8 (Northwest (US Pacific))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−7 (Northwest)
INEGI code004
Website(in Spanish) Ayuntamiento de Tijuana
Source: Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México

Tijuana is bordered to the south by the municipalities of Rosarito Beach and Ensenada; to the east, by the municipality of Tecate; to the west, by the Pacific Ocean; and to the north, by the international border with the United States, specifically the County of San Diego, California. The area of the municipality of Tijuana is 879.2 km² (339.46 sq mi); the municipality includes part of the Coronado Islands, located off the coast of the municipality in the Pacific Ocean.

The city of Tijuana's precise location is 32°32′05″N 117°02′37″W / 32.53472°N 117.04361°W / 32.53472; -117.04361. It lies just south of San Diego, California. The adjacent city and former borough of Tijuana is Rosarito Beach.



The municipality of Tijuana is divided into eight administrative boroughs, or delegaciones. The Tijuana metropolitan area occupies all of borough seats. The boroughs are in turn divided into colonias or ejidos. These boroughs offer administrative services such as urban planning, civil registry, inspection, verification, public works and community development and are served by a delegado.

View of the U.S.-Mexico border fence from Playas de Tijuana, at the left. Before fortification


2000 1,210,820—    
2005 1,410,700+16.5%
2010 1,559,683+10.6%
2015 1,641,570+5.3%

As of 2010, the municipality had a total population of 1,559,683.,[9] which increased to third largest in the nation with 1,641,570 people as of 2015 census unadjusted preliminary counts.[10]

As of 2010, the city of Tijuana had a population of 1,300,983.[9] Other than the city of Tijuana, the municipality had 902 localities, the largest of which (with 2010 populations in parentheses) were: El Refugio (36,400), Pórticos de San Antonio (34,234), La Joya (26,860), Terrazas del Valle (20,421), Villa del Prado Secunda Sección (18,226), Las Delicias (15,486), Villa del Campo (13,906), Villa del Prado (12,303), El Niño (8,999), San Luis (8,571), Maclovio Rojas (7,279), Quinta del Cedro (5,704), Parajes del Valle (3,595), Lomas del Valle (3,352), Los Valles (3,135), classified as urban, and Ejido Javier Rojo Gómez (2,408), Hacienda los Venados (2,096), Buenos Aires (1,761), Cuesta Blanca (1,591), Ejido Ojo de Agua (1,241), San Antonio (1,241), La Esperanza (Granjas Familiares) (1,173), Colinas del Sol (1,145), and Lomas de Tlatelolco (1,086), classified as rural.[9]


  1. ^ (in Spanish) pp. 78–79, La Transformación de Baja California en Estado, 1931–1952 Archived 2011-09-29 at the Wayback Machine, Lawrence Douglas Taylor Hansen, Estudios Fronterizos, 1, #1 (Jan-June 2000), UABC, Mexicali, pp. 47–87.
  3. ^ Map website of the Tijuana City Government Archived 2016-07-03 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ "Doble responsabilidad desde el 1 de enero", Frontera, 2014-01-15
  5. ^ "Bourough of Playas de Tijuana". City of Tijuana. Archived from the original on July 22, 2011. Retrieved July 21, 2011.
  6. ^ "MEXICO: Mexico:Administrative Division". 2012-01-08. Retrieved June 1, 2012.
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-09-15. Retrieved 2014-09-15.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  8. ^ Note for 2010, much of the 5-year growth has occurred in the municipality of Tijuana (suburbs) rather than the city itself as the urban fringe expands as people escape into isolated suburban subdivisions due to drug violence.
  9. ^ a b c "Tijuana". Catálogo de Localidades. Secretaría de Desarrollo Social (SEDESOL). Retrieved 23 April 2014.
  10. ^

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