The name Jiutepec comes from the Nahuatl name Xiutepetl, which means "the precious stones hill". The city has a zocalo (plaza) with a clock tower. The zocalo is surrounded by trees and, in front of it, is the old church. traditional parties are held. People sell traditional bread, beer, dance the Chinelo Dance, there is music, fire works and food like esquites and tamales.
The city serves as the municipal seat for the surrounding municipality of the same name. Over recent decades Jiutepec has merged into neighbouring Cuernavaca so that on its northeasterly edges it forms one geographically contiguous urban area with the latter. The Cuernavaca metropolitan area not only includes these two municipalities, but also Temixco, Emiliano Zapata, Xochitepec, and Tepoztlán municipalities, for a total population of 787,556.
According to the 2005 census,[dead link] the city of Jiutepec had a population of 153,704 while the municipality reported 181,317 inhabitants. The city and the municipality rank second in population in the state, behind the city and municipality of Cuernavaca. The municipality has an area of 70.45 km2 (27.20 sq mi); its largest community (besides Jiutepec) is the town of Progreso.
The cement industry is an important part of the local economy of Jiutepec and its neighbouring municipalities and visitors and residents that live very close to the mine often complain of the high level of dust particles in the atmosphere.