Club América

(Redirected from Club America)

Club de Fútbol América S.A. de C.V., commonly known as Club América or simply América, is a professional football club based in Mexico City. Nicknamed Las Águilas (The Eagles), it competes in Liga MX, the top tier of Mexican football. The club was founded in 1916, and since 1959 has been owned by mass media company Televisa.[5] The team plays its home games at the Estadio Azteca, the largest stadium in Latin America and one of the largest in the world.[6][7][8]

Full nameClub de Fútbol América S.A. de C.V.
Nickname(s)Águilas (Eagles)[1]
Azulcremas (Bluecreams)[2]
Millonetas (Millionaires)[2]
Short nameAME[3]
Founded12 October 1916; 107 years ago (1916-10-12)
GroundEstadio Azteca
ChairmanEmilio Azcárraga Jean
ManagerAndré Jardine
LeagueLiga MX
Apertura 2023Regular phase: 1st
Final phase: Champions
WebsiteClub website
Current season

América is one of the founding members of the Primera División. The club has a long-standing rivalry with Guadalajara, as both are the most successful and most supported teams in the country and are the only two clubs to have never been relegated.[9] Matches between them are known as El Súper Clásico,[10] considered to be the biggest rivalry in Mexico, and one of the biggest in the world.[11][12][13] América also plays derbies against Cruz Azul and Club Universidad Nacional. Together the clubs make up the "Big Four" of Mexican football.

Club América have won more titles than any other team in Mexican football.[14] Domestically, the club has won a record fourteen league titles, as well as a record six Copa México titles, and six Campeón de Campeones cups. In international competitions, América has won ten FIFA recognized club trophies, the most for a club from CONCACAF, with a record seven CONCACAF Champions Cup/Champions League titles, one CONCACAF Giants Cup, and two Copa Interamericanas.[15][16][17] The club also holds numerous distinctions, including topping the all-time league table in victories, points, and goals scored,[18] the most appearances in the playoff stage,[19] most playoff finals appearances (19)[20] and most runner-up finishes, along with Cruz Azul (10, including 6 in playoff finals).[21] In 2021, América was named by the International Federation of Football History & Statistics as the best North American club of the first decade (2001–2011) of the 21st century.[22]

History edit

Founding edit

By 1916 football was already a popular sport in Mexico, particularly amongst college students in Mexico City. College students from Colegio Mascarones and Colegio Marista de la Perpetua formed two football teams with the names Récord and Colón. On 12 October 1916, the two squads decided to consolidate to make a more competitive squad. Many names were considered for this new squad, and team player Pedro "Cheto" Quintanilla suggested the name "América", since they had formed the team on Columbus Day (Día del descubrimiento de América). The players agreed and soon designed a crest which had the map of the Americas centered with a 'C' for "Club" on the left and an 'A' for "América" on the right. In deciding the team's colors, Rafael Garza Gutiérrez got a pair of his father's navy blue trousers and a yellow shirt and it was decided amongst the group that those would be the club's kit and colors.[23]

In 1916, Club América had to prove itself to the Mexican Football League, then known as the Primera Fuerza.[24] At the time, América was the only club in Mexico City with Mexican-born players. Necaxa, Atlante, Real Club España, Germania, and Asturias were already members of the Liga Mayor de la Ciudad. América's acceptance into the league rested on three games they had to win. América won two games, tied the third and were accepted.

In 1918, the team changed its name to Club Centro Unión, though it would revert to using the name América only two years later.[25]

The Club América team which won the 1924–25 Primera Fuerza, considered the club's first honour in its history. Modern tallies of official honours do not take into account América's four Primera Fuerza titles.[26]

América won their first Primera Fuerza title in the 1924–25 season, being crowned champions after defeating Asturias 1–0 in the deciding match.[27] América would win the Primera Fuerza three more times, all of them back-to-back.[28] In 1926, América became the first Mexican club to play outside of Mexico.[25] Aside from broadening their horizons, Club América, along with Atlante petitioned to reduce the number of foreign players in the league. Shortly after the Mexican Football Federation was formed in 1928, Rafael Garza Gutiérrez was designated as the head coach of the Mexico national team. Most of the national team that participated in the 1928 Summer Olympics and 1930 World Cup consisted of players from Club América.[29]

1940–1969 edit

Until 1942, Mexico had several leagues, although the league in Mexico City was considered the most developed. In 1942–43, the first National League was established and it was known as the Liga Mayor (Major League). Club América had declined from its then-prime of the 1920s and 1930s: aging players, diminishing financial resources, and resulting lack of interest made the team a bottom-feeder at the start of the beginning stage of the professional era7.

It was also during this time that the rivalry with Guadalajara was born; especially during the 1945–1946 season when Guadalajara beat América by 6–4 and 4–2 scorelines. The 1951–1952 season saw América finish in 11th place out of 12, with a 3-point-advantage over Veracruz, who were relegated. In 1954 América defeated rivals Guadalajara on penalties after a 0–0 draw in the Copa México final, thus winning their first league cup.[30]

In 1956, the club was sold to soft drink manufacturer Jarritos. The new owner was trying to build upon the club's National Cup titles in 1954 and 1955 against Guadalajara.[31] During the 1954–55 season América won their first Campeón de Campeones championship, defeating Zacatepec 3–2.[32] The owner failed to build upon previous success and on 22 July 1959, Emilio Azcárraga Milmo, owner of Telesistema Mexicano, bought América from Isaac Bessudo.[33] Following the acquisition, Azcárraga told his players, "I do not know much about football, but I do know a lot about business, and this, gentlemen, will be a business."[34]

The 1959–1960 season saw América reach second place in the league, behind Guadalajara. On 21 April 1964, at the Estadio Olímpico Universitario, the team, now coached by Alejandro Scopelli, defeated Monterrey 6–5 in the final match of the Copa México. During the match Alfonso Portugal scored five of América's six; José González scored the other goal to win the championship.[35]

On 7 May 1965, América regained the Mexican "Copa" championship after a 4–0 victory over Morelia at the Estadio Olímpico Universitario. The goals were scored by Javier Fragoso and Vavá, each scoring twice.[36]

1970s edit

After Mexico hosted the 1970 FIFA World Cup, the league tournament format was changed in response to the championship's disputed winners,[clarification needed] hence the Liguilla (play-offs) format was started. The first play-off final was in 1971 between Toluca and América, leaders of Groups 1 and 2, respectively. After a 0–0 draw in Toluca, América obtained their second league title after winning the second-leg 2–0 at the Estadio Azteca.[37] The following season saw América eliminated from the playoffs by Cruz Azul. América would defeat Cruz Azul in the 1973 Copa México final.[38] A few years followed in which América did not qualify for the playoffs. They finished in first place during the 1975–1976 season, and defeated Tecos UAG and Union de Curtidores in the quarter-finals and semi-finals to reach the final against Universidad de Guadalajara. América won the championship after beating UDG in the Jalisco Stadium 3–0 and 1–0 at the Estadio Azteca.[39] They also won the Campeón de Campeones title by beating Tigres UANL 2–0.[40]

In 1977, América participated in their first Copa Interamericana, playing against Argentine club Boca Juniors, winners of the 1977 Copa Libertadores. After losing the first-leg and winning the second, América would win the championship in a playoff match in 1978 by a score of 2–1 after extra-time, with a last second free-kick goal by midfielder Carlos Reinoso.[41] América became the first team from Mexico and from the CONCACAF region to win the competition. América also became the first confederation side to earn the "double" in a single year as it won the delayed 1977 CONCACAF Champions' Cup.[42]

1980s edit

The 1980s are generally considered América's "golden decade".[43] During this period, América won the league title five times, including three consecutive titles; the 1983–84 season, the 1984–85 season,[44] the Prode-85 tournament, the 1987–88 and 1988–89 seasons.[45] They also won the Mexican Super Cup twice, in 1987–88 and 1988–89,[46] as well as the 1987 CONCACAF Champions' Cup.

The 1983–1984 season saw América reach the top of the table and reach the finals, where they would face arch-rivals Guadalajara, who the previous season had eliminated América in the semi-finals. Following a 2–2 draw at the Estadio Jalisco, América defeated Guadalajara in the Azteca Stadium 3–1, and a 5–3 aggregate score.[47] To date, it is the only match between these two teams in the league finals, though they would face each other in other phases of the playoffs. The series has since been dubbed the "Final del Siglo" ("Final of the Century").[48][49] The following season América once again reached the finals, this time against city-rivals Pumas UNAM. After two draws in both the Azteca Stadium and the Mexico '68 Stadium, the last game was played in the Estadio Corregidora in Querétaro, where Daniel Brailovsky secured the championship for América by scoring two goals with the final score of 3–1.[50]

Due to Mexico hosting the 1986 World Cup and stadium and infrastructure preparations, the tournament was split in two short tournaments: Prode-85 and Mexico-86. América clinched the top of their group in the Prode-85 and defeated Universidad de Guadalajara and Atlante (which was rescheduled following the earthquake suffered in Mexico City)[51] to reach the final, where they faced Jaibos Tampico Madero. The game in Tampico was a 4–1 victory for Tampico, but at the Azteca Stadium, América beat Tampico Madero 4–0 to win the championship.[52]

For the 1987–88 season, América met UNAM in the final, in a replay of the 1985 final. They defeated UNAM by an aggregate score of 4–2.[53] The following season, América once again reached the league final and faced Cruz Azul, which was the first time the two clubs met in the final since 1972. The first-leg finished in a 3–2 victory for América. A 2–2 draw in the second-leg meant América won the championship by a 5–4 aggregate score.[54]

1990s edit

During the 1990s, América only managed to win the CONCACAF Champions' Cup in 1990,[55] a Copa Interamericana in 1993,[56] and a second CONCACAF Champions' Cup in 1993.[57] During the 1990–1991 season, América dominated its group and reached the playoffs to eliminate Universidad de Guadalajara in the quarter-final round and Guadalajara in the semi-final round, only to reach the final and lose to UNAM.

In 1994, club president Emilio Diez Barroso announced the hiring of Dutch manager Leo Beenhakker. The club also announced the signing of two African players, Cameroon international François Omam-Biyik and Zambia national team captain Kalusha Bwalya. Other Mexican players such as Joaquín del Olmo, Raúl Gutiérrez, among others were signed as well. América finished the season with 51 points, and scoring 88 goals. With only a few matches remaining in the regular season, Beenhakker was abruptly fired as manager. It was rumored that conflict between the coach and Diez Barosso regarding Beenhacker's defending of playing Del Olmo was the reason for his sacking.[58] América reached the semi-finals, losing to Cruz Azul. This América team is considered one of the best in the club's history, despite not winning any silverware.[59]

In 1998 América, along with Guadalajara, became the first Mexican club to participate in the Copa Libertadores tournament. They were inserted in a group where both teams confronted clubs from Venezuela. América finished in second position of the qualifying stage and advanced to the group stages. América was put in Group 3 along with Guadalajara and Brazilian clubs Grêmio and Vasco da Gama. América qualified to the next round finishing in third place, being eliminated by Argentine club River Plate.[60]

2000s edit

América in the 2006 FIFA Club World Cup playing against Jeonbuk Hyundai Motors (South Korea)

In August 2001, América won the CONCACAF Giants Cup after defeating MLS club D.C. United 2–0.[61] The following year, América would reach the league final against Necaxa, winning by a 3–2 aggregate score. After losing in the first-leg 0–2, América won the second by the same scoreline, forcing extra-time to be played. A golden goal from a Hugo Norberto Castillo header in the 107th minute gave América the victory, and the club its first league championship in 13 years.[62]

The club once again reached the league final during the Clausura 2005 tournament, finishing third in the standings and defeating Santos Laguna and Cruz Azul in the quarterfinals and semi-finals to face Tecos UAG. After a 1–1 draw in the first-leg, América was victorious in the second, winning the match 6–3 at the Estadio Azteca – 7–4 on aggregate – to win the club's tenth league title.[63]

On 19 April 2006, América defeated fellow-Mexican side Toluca to win the CONCACAF Champions' Cup, thus qualifying for the FIFA Club World Cup that same year.[64] At the tournament, América won its first match against Jeonbuk Hyundai Motors of South Korea. América went on to lose the next match against Spanish side FC Barcelona. It ended its participation in the tournament, losing the match for third place to Al Ahly of Egypt.[65]

2007 edit

After the Club World Cup, América qualified for the playoffs of the Clausura 2007 defeating Atlas and Guadalajara in the quarter and semi-finals. They played the final against Pachuca, finishing runners-up.[66]

For the Apertura 2007, after starting off the season on a poor run, Luis Fernando Tena was sacked,[67] and was replaced by Daniel Brailovsky.[68] After finishing third in their group and sixth in the general standings, América played Morelia for the last spot in the playoffs, being beaten 3–0 in the first-leg, and winning 1–0 in the second-leg. With this, América was eliminated from the competition.[69]

América also participated in the Copa Sudamericana, reaching the finals to play against Arsenal de Sarandí of Argentina. They would lose the first-leg at the Estadio Azteca by a 2–3 score, and win 2–1 in Argentina. The aggregate result was 4–4, but due to the away goals rule, Arsenal won the championship.[70]

América finished 2007 ranked tenth in the IFFHS's Club World Rankings, becoming the first Mexican club to reach the top ten.[71][72][73]

2008 edit

América started off 2008 winning the InterLiga tournament, defeating Cruz Azul 5–3 on penalties in the final following a 3–3 draw after 120 minutes, thus assuring qualification to the Copa Libertadores tournament that same year.[74]

The Clausura tournament saw América end in next-to-last place in the general standings. This had not been seen since the mid-1950s. In the first five months of 2008, América was showered with twelve defeats, two draws and three victories, which resulted in the third-straight tournament without qualifying for the playoffs. The manager at the time was Rubén Omar Romano, who was one of the least successful coaches in the club's history.[75] Coincidentally, after being replaced by Juan Antonio Luna,[76] América got their third victory of the Clausura against Monterrey. Despite their poor domestic form, América fared well in the Copa Libertadores, defeating Brazilian side Flamengo 3–0 in the round-of-16 at the Estádio do Maracanã, overturning a 2–4 first-leg deficit, and advancing to the quarter-finals.[77] They defeated Santos FC to reach the semifinal stage of the tournament, being eliminated by eventual champions LDU Quito after drawing 1–1 on aggregate.

2010s edit

For the Apertura 2010, América brought back former manager Manuel Lapuente, who led the club to the league title in 2002.[78] The return of striker Vicente Matías Vuoso and the signing of Uruguayan Vicente Sánchez gave América one of the most dangerous front lines in all of the league.[79][80] They finished the tournament in first place of Group 2, fourth in the general standings, with 27 points. With this, they would advance to the playoffs, and automatically qualify for the first time since 2008 for the 2011 Copa Libertadores. They would be eliminated in the semi-finals by Santos Laguna by a 4–5 aggragate score.[81]

América had a bad start to the Clausura 2011 tournament; a 0–2–1 record in the first three games the tournament led to the sacking of Lapuente.[82] Carlos Reinoso was named his successor,[83] who had already managed the club two times before. His first game was against Atlas, which América won 2–0.[84] América ended the Clausura with an 8–1–5 record, and would be eliminated in the quarter-finals by Morelia.[85] On 18 September 2011, Reinoso was sacked as manager,[86] with Alfredo Tena taking over as interim-manager. América would finish the Apertura in 17th place, the second worse finish in the club's history. On 8 November, Michel Bauer stepped down as president.[87] That same day, former América player Ricardo Peláez was presented as Sporting President, while Yon De Luisa would be named Operations President.[88] Miguel Herrera was presented as the club's new manager, the fourth in a year.[89] In his first year at the helm, Herrera brought the team to the semi-finals on two consecutive occasions.

On 26 May 2013, América won their eleventh league title by defeating Cruz Azul in the Clausura final 4–2 on penalties after a dramatic comeback from a 0–1 first-leg loss to win 2–1 in the second-leg, and tie 2–2 on aggregate, with goalkeeper Moisés Muñoz scoring the second goal in injury-time.[90][91][92][93][94] With this, América tied Guadalajara for most league titles.[95] For the Apertura 2013, América finished the regular phase of the tournament at the top of the standings with 37 points and would again appear in the league final, though failing to achieve a repeat, being defeated by León by an aggregate score of 1–5.[96] On 17 December 2013, Antonio Mohamed was announced as América's new manager for the Clausura 2014 tournament, replacing Miguel Herrera after two years in charge.[97] América would finish fifth in the standings, and was eliminated in the quarter-finals by Santos Laguna due to the away-goals rule after drawing 6–6 on aggregate.[98]

América finished the Apertura 2014 tournament at the top of the general standings with 31 points, and defeated UNAM and Monterrey in the quarter-finals and semi-finals, respectively.[99] Prior to the league final, the club was marred in media speculation regarding the future of Antonio Mohamed (he ultimately admitted he would leave the club after the final) and the separation of Paul Aguilar from the team prior to the first-leg of the semi-finals.[100] On 14 December, América won a record-twelfth league title after defeating Tigres UANL 3–1 on aggregate in the final, coming back from a 0–1 first-leg loss to win 3–0 in the second-leg at the Estadio Azteca.[101][102][103][104] Three days after winning the final, América announced Gustavo Matosas as Mohamed's successor, signing a two-year contract.[105]

In April 2015, the club won its sixth CONCACAF Champions League title after defeating Montreal Impact in the finals by a 5–3 aggregate score.[106] Despite inconsistent displays throughout the Clausura tournament, América managed to finish second in the standings, though was eliminated by Pachuca in the quarter-finals.[107] Three days later, with various media reports suggesting Gustavo Matosas would be sacked due to differences with the board regarding transfer strategy,[108] it was confirmed in a press conference which was attended by both Matosas and club president Ricardo Pelaéz that he would indeed leave after only six months in charge.[109] On 26 May, Ignacio Ambríz was presented as the new manager, signing a two-year contract.[110] América lost its FIFA Club World Cup quarter-final match to Chinese team Guangzhou Evergrande, and defeated African club TP Mazembe to claim fifth place in the competition.[111]

In April 2016, América successfully defended the CONCACAF Champions League title after defeating Tigres UANL 4–1 on aggregate in the finals, and winning a record seventh continental title.[112] América culminated the year with a fourth place finish at the Club World Cup[113] and finishing runners-up in the Apertura championship match against Tigres UANL.[114]

América won its record thirteenth league title following a 2–0 aggregate victory over Cruz Azul in the 2018 Apertura final.[115] In April 2019, América defeated Ascenso MX side FC Juárez in the final of the Clausura edition of the Copa MX, winning a record sixth title.[116] In winning the cup, América became the outright record holders of the Liga MX, Copa MX, and CONCACAF Champions League.[117] The team followed this up by winning the 2019 Campeón de Campeones against Tigres UANL and reaching the 2019 Apertura finals, losing 4–2 on penalties to Monterrey.[118]

2020s edit

América began the new decade by finishing third in the Apertura general standings before being eliminated by Guadalajara in the quarter-finals. They finished the following Clausura in second place, only to be eliminated once again in the quarter-final stage, this time against Pachuca. América led the table during the 2021 Apertura and faced elimination in the same phase again, losing 3–1 on aggregate to UNAM. From the 2022 Clausura onwards, América managed to qualify consecutively to the semi-finals, only to face eliminations against Pachuca, Toluca (2022 Apertura), and Guadalajara (2023 Clausura), respectively.[119]

América ended the regular phase of the 2023 Apertura first in the standings, and was both the highest scoring team and the side with the least amount of goals conceded.[120] They defeated León and Atlético San Luis in the quarter-finals and semi-finals, respectively, en route to the finals, beating Tigres UANL 4–1 on aggregate to win a record-extending 14th league title and end the club's five-year league drought.[121]

Crest and colors edit

Crest edit

When Club América was founded in 1916, the crest consisted of the letter 'C', standing for "Club", overlapped by an 'A', which stood for "América".[122] After a brief period in which the team's name was changed to Club Unión, it was reverted to Club América in the mid-1920s, and the crest was modified, with a map of the Americas behind the 'CA', and encased in a football, all in the team's colors – which were cream and blue.[123][124] Since then, the design of the crest has seen minimal change; at the beginning of the 21st century, the vertical line at the crest's center was removed. During the early 1980s, the crest was surrounded by an image of an eagle (due to the club's nickname), and was even enclosed in a triangle.[123] The most recent modification of the crest was in 2010, with the yellow and blue more vibrant and a darker outline and border.[125]

Colors edit

Club founder Rafael Garza Gutiérrez chose what would be América's first uniform. He took some of his father's navy blue trousers and a yellow-cream shirt and it was decided amongst the other players that those would be the club's colors.[23] The club's kit design would go largely unchanged, and it would not be until the 1980s that the team colors changed, with the cream color replaced with a more vibrant yellow and blue, along with the introduction of the inverted triangle design on the shirt in 1982. A third, alternate white and blue shirt was introduced towards the end of the decade, but it was not worn frequently.[126]

During the Apertura 2011 tournament – what was the club's 95th anniversary – a commemorative jersey was unveiled paying homage to the original uniform, as well as an altered crest. The uniform was used during the Súper Clásico match against Guadalajara.[127]

In May 2016, as part of the club's centenary, a dark red away kit was revealed honouring Italian club Torino, who functioned as the club's first opponent at the Estadio Azteca in the 1966 inaugural match.[128][129]

Kit suppliers and shirt sponsors edit

Period Kit supplier Main shirt sponsor(s)
1984–1988   Adidas None
1988–1990   Bancomer
1990–1993   Coca-Cola
1993–1994   Umbro
1994–2000   Adidas
2000–2005   Nike
2005–2015   Bimbo
2015–2017   Huawei
2017–2018   Huawei
  The Home Depot
2018–2023   AT&T
  The Home Depot
2023–   Caliente

Nicknames edit

Throughout Club América's history, it has been given a number of nicknames. During the club's early years it was given the nickname Estudiantes (Students),[130] because it had been established as a result of a merger of students from the colleges of Mascarones and La Perpetua.[131] They were also given the nicknames Cremas (Creams) and Azul-cremas (Blue-creams) in reference to the kit colors. During the 1960s, following businessman Emilio Azcárraga Milmo's purchase of Club América, it was given its infamous Millonetas (Millionaires) nickname. In an effort to change the fortunes of the club which for years had been struggling financially and was suffering a five-year trophy-less drought, Azcárraga Milmo prioritized high-profile signings of foreign players and executives, notably hiring Guillermo Cañedo de la Bárcena, the successful president of Zacatepec.[132] The Águilas (Eagles) nickname was the result of a rebranding and media campaign undertaken by Televisa in 1981. Along with a new kit and color scheme, the Águilas nickname was introduced at a press conference held by the club at the Estadio Azteca.[133]

Grounds edit

A panorama of the Estadio Azteca during a league match against Tecos

América plays its home games at the Estadio Azteca in Mexico City. The stadium was designed by Mexican architect Pedro Ramírez Vázquez, and was inaugurated on 29 May 1966 with a match between América and Torino, which was tied 2–2. The first goal was scored was by Brazilian Arlindo Dos Santos and the second by José Alves.[134] Gustavo Díaz Ordaz, President of Mexico, made the initial kick and Sir Stanley Rous, FIFA President, was the witness.

The club has shared the stadium as a home ground with the Mexico national football team since its inauguration. Other club sides have also used the stadium as their home at different times, namely Necaxa (1966–70 and 1982–2003), Atlante (1966–82, 1996–2001 and 2004–2007), Universidad Nacional (1967–1969), Atlético Español (1970–1982) and Cruz Azul (1971–1996 and 2018-2023).

As well as acting as a home ground the stadium has also hosted the 1968 Summer Olympics, 1970 FIFA World Cup, 1975 Pan American Games, 1983 FIFA World Youth Championship, 1986 FIFA World Cup, 1999 FIFA Confederations Cup, 2011 FIFA U-17 World Cup Final, Copa Interamericana, Copa Libertadores de América, music concerts, political events and the visit of Pope John Paul II in 1999.[135]

Rivalries edit

El Super Clásico edit

Clásico Capitalino edit

The rivalry between Club América and Club Universidad Nacional is known as the "Clásico Capitalino",[136] due to the fact that both teams are based in Mexico City—the country's capital. The first match between the two clubs took place on 1 July 1962, where América hosted UNAM, who had recently been promoted from the second division. In Mexico the match is often perceived as the representation of a struggle between two antagonistic powers and institutions: Club América is regarded as the club representing the establishment and the wealthy. The fact that the club is owned by the mass media company Televisa has further intensified this image. Club Universidad, representing the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, identifies itself as the club of the intellectuals and middle-class.[137] The rivalry is particularly fierce from UNAM's side: according to surveys the majority of their supporters consider América as their main rival. However, America's fans see it as an important match but deem the match against Chivas as more important.[138]

Clásico Joven edit

Club América's other capital-based rival is Cruz Azul, with matches between the two known as the "Clásico Joven" ("Juvenile Classic" in Spanish).[136] In a similar perspective between América and UNAM's rivalry, the rivalry between América and Cruz Azul is also seen as based on social class differences: América representing the wealthy and powerful while Cruz Azul is said to represent the working class,[139] hence fans of Cruz Azul and the team itself being dubiously referred to by the nickname of "Los Albañiles" (bricklayers in Spanish), a reference to Cruz Azul's eponymous parent company, which is one of Mexico's major companies specializing in concrete and construction.

Support edit

América supporters at Estadio Azteca in 2019

Club América has consistently ranked, along with rivals Guadalajara, as Mexico's most popular team. In December 2013 the newspaper Reforma had América as the country's most popular club with 25 percent in a nationwide survey, and the most popular in Mexico City.[140][141] In a February 2015 poll conducted by the firm Consulta Mitofsky, América was named the most popular club with 31.1 percent of the population being supporters,[142] more than rivals Guadalajara (17.9) and Cruz Azul (12.7) combined.[143] In 2016 and 2017 America was the country's most supported team, and in 2018 fell to second behind Guadalajara. In 2019 América regained the top spot with 32 percent, doubling the amount of Guadalajara supporters for the first time.[144][145] It is the club with the most social media interactions in Mexico and among the most in all of Latin America.[146]

América is also amongst the most popular teams in the United States. According to a 2020 survey by Gilt Edge Soccer Marketing, América is the ninth most popular team in the U.S., the only non-European in the top ten, and the only one from Latin America.[147] A 2014 study conducted by EuroAmericas Sports Marketing ranked América as the most popular Mexican club in Asia, and the third most popular from the Americas after Corinthians of Brazil and Boca Juniors of Argentina.[148]

Conversely, América is the most hated team in Mexico, ranking first in that metric in every annual survey.[144] Ever since the club was bought by media mogul Emilio Azcárraga Milmo from Issac Bessudo in 1959, the club has had the unique distinction of being both one of the most popular clubs and the most hated.[149] An emphasis on heavy spending on Mexican and foreign players and managers in subsequent seasons, as well as success in domestic and international competitions, created an increasing sense of enmity from rival fans. The fact that Azcárraga Milmo was also the owner of telecommunications company Telesistema Mexicano furthered the notion that América was the club of the "establishment" and the "wealthy", while others were considered teams representing the "working class".[139] Being reputed as the most hated club in the country has been embraced by the club and its fans, with the phrase "Ódiame Más" ("Hate me more" in English) being known as one of the team's unofficial slogans.[150]

Sponsorship edit

Additional club sponsors and partners:[151][152]

Personnel edit

Management edit

Since 2011, Emilio Azcárraga Jean serves as the chairman of Grupo Televisa's Committee of Football.
Position Staff
Chairman Emilio Azcárraga Jean
Honorary counsel Bernardo Gómez Martínez
Sporting president Santiago Baños
Operations president Héctor González Iñárritu
Committee of football president Joaquín Balcarcel
Coordinator of strategic planning Miguel Ángel Garza
Academy director Raúl Herrera
Academy operations coordinator Carlos Valenzuela
Director of communications and marketing Diego Solano Urrusquieta
Director of public relations Karina Mora

Source: Club América

Coaching staff edit

Position Staff
Manager   André Jardine
Assistant managers   Paulo Victor Gomes
  Raúl Lara
Goalkeeper coach   Luis Gurrola
Fitness coaches   Kako Perez
  Francisco Martínez
Physiotherapists   Fernando Gilardi
  Octavio Luna
  Francisco Faustino
Team doctors   Alfonso Díaz
  José Guadalupe Vázquez
  Christian Motta

Source: Club América Archived 20 April 2013 at the Wayback Machine

Players edit

First-team squad edit

As of 20 March 2024[157][158]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
1 GK   MEX Luis Malagón
2 DF   MEX Luis Fuentes
3 DF   MEX Israel Reyes
4 DF   URU Sebastián Cáceres
5 DF   MEX Kevin Álvarez
6 MF   MEX Jonathan dos Santos (vice-captain)
7 MF   URU Brian Rodríguez
8 MF   ESP Álvaro Fidalgo
10 MF   CHI Diego Valdés
14 DF   MEX Néstor Araujo
16 MF   MEX Santiago Naveda
17 MF   USA Alejandro Zendejas
18 DF   MEX Cristian Calderón
No. Pos. Nation Player
19 FW   MEX Illian Hernández (on loan from Pachuca)
20 MF   PAR Richard Sánchez
21 FW   MEX Henry Martín (captain)
23 DF   MEX Emilio Lara
24 MF   NED Javairô Dilrosun
26 DF   MEX Salvador Reyes
27 GK   MEX Óscar Jiménez (3rd captain)
28 MF   MEX Mauro Lainez
29 DF   MEX Ramón Juárez
30 FW   MEX Román Martínez
31 DF   CHI Igor Lichnovsky (on loan from UANL)
33 FW   MEX Julián Quiñones

Out on loan edit

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
DF   ESP Jorge Meré (at Cádiz)
DF   USA Ralph Orquin (at Juárez)
No. Pos. Nation Player
MF   MEX Alan Medina (at Mazatlán)
FW   MEX Esteban Lozano (at Sporting Gijón)

Reserve teams edit

América Coyoacán
Reserve team that plays in the Liga TDP, the fourth level of the Mexican league system.

Notable players edit

Historic players edit

As part of Club América's centenary celebrations in 2016, a public vote was taken via the club's website in which the following players were chosen as 'Historic Players'. Players whose names appear italicized played for the club at the time the votes were taken.


Player records edit

Top scorers edit

All-time records edit

All current players are in bold

Managers edit

Notable managers edit

The following managers have won at least one trophy while in charge of América:

Manager Period Trophies
  Rafael Garza Gutiérrez 1917–1919
2 Primera Fuerza
  Percy Clifford 1926–1929 2 Primera Fuerza
  Octavio Vial 1949–50
2 Copa México
1 Campeón de Campeones
  Alejandro Scopelli 1964–1965 2 Copa México
  Roberto Scarone 1965–1966 1 Primera División
  José Antonio Roca 1970–1975
1 Primera División
1 Copa México
  Raúl Cárdenas 1975–1978 1 Primera División
1 Campeón de Campeones
1 CONCACAF Champions' Cup
1 Copa Interamericana
  Carlos Reinoso 1981–1984
1 Primera División
  Miguel Ángel López 1984–1987
2 Primera División
1 CONCACAF Champions' Cup
  Vicente Cayetano Rodríguez 1987 1 CONCACAF Champions' Cup
  Jorge Vieira 1987–1990 2 Primera División
2 Campéon de Campeónes
  Carlos Miloc 1991 1 CONCACAF Champions' Cup
1 Copa Interamericana
  Alfio Basile 2000–2001 1 CONCACAF Giants Cup
  Manuel Lapuente 2001–2003
1 Primera División
1 CONCACAF Champions' Cup
  Mario Carrillo 2004–2005 1 Primera División
1 Campeón de Campeones
  Miguel Herrera 2012–2013
2 Liga MX
1 Copa MX
1 Campeón de Campeones
  Antonio Mohamed 2014 1 Liga MX
  Gustavo Matosas 2015 1 CONCACAF Champions League
  Ignacio Ambríz 2015–2016 1 CONCACAF Champions League
  André Jardine 2023–present 1 Liga MX

Presidents edit

Since the club was established in 1916, América has had 27 club presidents, with the first being Florencio Domínguez, who served from 1916 to 1920. Guillermo Cañedo de la Bácerna is the club's longest-serving president who served from 1961 to 1981. Filiberto Zapata had the shortest term in the club's history – serving less than year – in 1940. The current sporting president is Santiago Baños.[166]

In 1951, actor and comedian Cantinflas was named Honorary President of the club.[167]

Name Tenure
  Florencio Domínguez 1916–20
  Guillermo Gómez 1920–30
  Juan de Dios Bojórquez 1930–32
  Eric Herrera 1933
  Louis Martinez 1933–34
  Ernesto Sota 1934–37
  Germán Núñez 1937–38
  Salvador González 1938–39
  Francisco Bautista 1939–40
  Filiberto Zapata 1940
  César Martíno 1940–45
  Francisco Bautista 1945–48
  Antonio Hidalgo 1948–49
  Miguel Ramírez 1950–54
  Julián Rodríguez 1954–56
  Pedro Valdez 1956–59
  Darío Pastrana 1959–61
  Guillermo Cañedo de la Bárcena 1961–81
  Emilio Díez Barroso 1981–96
  Pablo Cañedo 1996–97
  Alejandro Orvañános 1997–98
  Raúl Quintana 1998-99
  Javier Pérez Teuffer 1999–2004
  Guillermo Cañedo White 2004–08
  Michel Bauer 2008–11
  Ricardo Peláez 2011–17
  Santiago Baños 2017–Present

Honours edit

Club América is the most decorated side in Mexican football.[168] The club has won 14 league titles,[169] 6 Copa México championships, and 6 Campeón de Campeones cups. They hold the record for most league and cup titles,[117] and their Campeón de Campeones wins are second only to rival Guadalajara's 7 titles.[170] In international competitions América has won 10 titles, the most for a club from the CONCACAF region.[17] The club has won 8 continental championships, including a record 7 CONCACAF Champions Cup/Champions League titles[171] and 1 CONCACAF Giants Cup.[172] In intercontinental competitions, América has won 2 Copa Interamericanas, a record amongst CONCACAF clubs.[172] Alongside Egyptian club Al Ahly, América holds the distinction of being the outright record winner of its national league, cup competition, and confederation.[173]

Club América honours
Type Competition Titles Seasons
Domestic Primera División / Liga MX 14 1965–66, 1970–71, 1975–76, 1983–84, 1984–85, Prode '85, 1987–88, 1988–89, Verano 2002, Clausura 2005, Clausura 2013, Apertura 2014, Apertura 2018, Apertura 2023
Copa México / Copa MX 6 1953–54, 1954–55, 1963–64, 1964–65, 1973–74, Clausura 2019
Campeón de Campeones 6 1955, 1976, 1988, 1989, 2005, 2019
Continental CONCACAF Champions Cup / Champions League 7 1977, 1987, 1990, 1992, 2006, 2014–15, 2015–16
CONCACAF Giants Cup 1 2001
Intercontinental Copa Interamericana 2 1977, 1990
  •   record

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Further reading edit

  • "Anexos: Jugadores con más partidos jugados". Águilas del América: cronología de un equipo campeón. AM Editores S.A. de C.V. 2003. p. 183. ISBN 968-5336-35-0.

External links edit