List of mammals of Brazil

Brazil has the largest mammal diversity in the world, with more than 600 described species and more likely to be discovered. According to the International Union for Conservation of Nature, 66 of these species are endangered, and 40% of the threatened taxa belong to the primate group.

658 species are listed.[1]

The following tags are used to highlight each species' conservation status as assessed by the International Union for Conservation of Nature:

EX Extinct No reasonable doubt that the last individual has died.
EW Extinct in the wild Known only to survive in captivity or as a naturalized populations well outside its previous range.
CR Critically endangered The species is in imminent risk of extinction in the wild.
EN Endangered The species is facing an extremely high risk of extinction in the wild.
VU Vulnerable The species is facing a high risk of extinction in the wild.
NT Near threatened The species does not meet any of the criteria that would categorise it as risking extinction but it is likely to do so in the future.
LC Least concern There are no current identifiable risks to the species.
DD Data deficient There is inadequate information to make an assessment of the risks to this species.

Some species were assessed using an earlier set of criteria. Species assessed using this system have the following instead of near threatened and least concern categories:

LR/cd Lower risk/conservation dependent Species which were the focus of conservation programmes and may have moved into a higher risk category if that programme was discontinued.
LR/nt Lower risk/near threatened Species which are close to being classified as vulnerable but are not the subject of conservation programmes.
LR/lc Lower risk/least concern Species for which there are no identifiable risks.

Infraclass: MetatheriaEdit

Order: DidelphimorphiaEdit

Infraclass: EutheriaEdit

Order: PilosaEdit

Order: CingulataEdit

Order: ChiropteraEdit

Order: PrimatesEdit

Order: CarnivoraEdit

Canidae - dogs, foxes, wolvesEdit

Felidae - catsEdit

Mustelidae - otters, weasels and alliesEdit

Mephitidae - skunksEdit

Otariidae - eared sealsEdit

Phocidae - earless sealsEdit

Procyonidae - raccoons, coatis, olingos and alliesEdit


Balaenidae - right whalesEdit

Balaenopteridae - rorqualsEdit

Delphinidae - dolphinsEdit

Phocoenidae - porpoisesEdit


Iniidae - South American river dolphinsEdit

Pontoporiidae - La Plata dolphinEdit

Ziphiidae - beaked whalesEdit


West Indian manatees in Peixe-boi Project, Paraíba

Trichechidae - manateesEdit


Tapiridae - tapirsEdit


Suidae - pigsEdit

Tayassuidae - peccariesEdit

Cervidae - deerEdit


Sciuridae - squirrelsEdit


Muridae - Old World rats and alliesEdit

Cricetidae - New World rats and alliesEdit

Erethizontidae - New World porcupinesEdit


Caviidae - guinea pigs and caviesEdit


Dasyproctidae - agoutis and acouchisEdit


Ctenomyidae - tuco-tucosEdit

Echimyidae - spiny rats and alliesEdit


Leporidae - rabbits and haresEdit

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ NatureServe
  2. ^ Lucherini, M.; Eizirik, E.; de Oliveira, T.; Pereira, J.; Williams, R.S.R. (2016). "Leopardus colocolo". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2016: e.T15309A97204446.
  3. ^ Pereira, J.; Lucherini, M. & Trigo, T. (2015). "Leopardus geoffroyi". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2015: e.T15310A50657011.
  4. ^ Paviolo, A.; Crawshaw, P.; Caso, A.; de Oliveira, T.; Lopez-Gonzalez, C.A.; Kelly, M.; De Angelo, C. & Payan, E. (2015). "Leopardus pardalis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2015: e.T11509A97212355.
  5. ^ Payan, E. & de Oliveira, T. (2016). "Leopardus tigrinus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2016: e.T54012637A50653881.
  6. ^ de Oliveira, T.; Paviolo, A.; Schipper, J.; Bianchi, R.; Payan, E. & Carvajal, S.V. (2015). "Leopardus wiedii". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2015: e.T11511A50654216.
  7. ^ Caso, A.; de Oliveira, T. & Carvajal, S.V. (2015). "Herpailurus yagouaroundi". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2015: e.T9948A50653167.
  8. ^ Nielsen, C.; Thompson, D.; Kelly, M. & Lopez-Gonzalez, C. A. (2015). "Puma concolor". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2015: e.T18868A97216466.
  9. ^ Quigley, H.; Foster, R.; Petracca, L.; Payan, E.; Salom, R. & Harmsen, B. (2017). "Panthera onca". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2017: e.T15953A123791436.
  10. ^ Cypriano-Souza, Ana Lúcia; De Meirelles, Ana Carolina Oliveira; Carvalho, Vitor Luz; Bonatto, Sandro Luis (2017). "Rare or cryptic? The first report of an Omura's whale (Balaenoptera omurai) in the South Atlantic Ocean". Marine Mammal Science. 33: 80–95. doi:10.1111/mms.12348.
  • Costa, L.P. et al. 2005. Mammal Conservation in Brazil. Conservation Biology 19 (3), pp. 672–679.
  • Moratelli, R., Dias, D. 2015. A new species of nectar-feeding bat, genus Lonchophylla, from the Caatinga of Brazil (Chiroptera, Phyllostomidae). ZooKeys 514, pp. 73–91.
  • Nogueira, M.R. et al. 2014. Checklist of Brazilian bats, with comments on original records. Check List 10 (4), pp. 808–821.
  • Rocha, P.A. et al. 2015. First record of Salvin's big-eyed bat Chiroderma salvini Dobson, 1878 for Brazil. Mammalia (in press).