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Thomas's yellow bat (Rhogeessa io) is a species of bat from the family Vespertilionidae.

Thomas's yellow bat
Rhogeessa io.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Chiroptera
Family: Vespertilionidae
Genus: Rhogeessa
Species:
R. io
Binomial name
Rhogeessa io
Thomas, 1903
Distribution of Rhogeessa io.png
Synonyms[2]

R. bombyx (Thomas, 1913)
R. riparia (Goodwin, 1958)
R. velilla (Thomas, 1903)

TaxonomyEdit

Thomas's yellow bat was given its binomial nomenclature by Oldfield Thomas in 1903 as Rhogeessa io.[1] Synonyms for the species include Rhogeessa bombyx (Thomas, 1913), Rhogeessa riparia (Goodwin, 1958), and Rhogeessa velilla (Thomas, 1903).[2] The Thomas's yellow bat was formerly included as a subspecies of the Black-winged little yellow bat, but was considered distinct in 1996.[2]

The species needs taxonomic review for a number of reasons.[1] One of these reasons includes the possibility that subspecies of the Thomas's yellow bat may be their own species.[1]

Range and conservationEdit

Thomas's yellow bat is native to Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Nicaragua, Panama, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, and Venezuela.[1] It is listed as "Least Concern" by the IUCN Red List due to its wide distribution, presumed large population, occurrence in a number of protected areas, having some degree of tolerance to habitat modification, and unlikeliness of population decline at the rate to qualify for a more threatened listing.[1]

Behavior and ecologyEdit

Thomas's yellow bat inhabits many habitats, such as both evergreen and deciduous forest, thorn shrub, open areas, and villages, though it appears to favor slightly disturbed deciduous forests.[1] Like other species in its genus, the Thomas's yellow bat can take refuge in buildings and hollow trees, although its roosts are unknown.[1]

The species is crepuscular, with peaks of activity within an hour of both dusk and of dawn, flying low to the ground along wide trails or roads.[1] The Thomas's yellow bat is an insectivore, feeding on small, flying insects and with established hunting routes among individuals.[1]

The maximum energy of echolocation calls in the Thomas's yellow bat is 50 to 60 kHz.[1]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Soriano, P. & Tavares, V. (2008). "Rhogeessa io". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 22 March 2013.
  2. ^ a b c Simmons, N.B. (2005). "Order Chiroptera". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M (eds.). Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 463. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494.