List of mammal genera

There are currently 1,258 genera, 156 families, 27 orders, and around 5,937 recognized living species of mammal.[1] Mammalian taxonomy is in constant flux as many new species are described and recategorized within their respective genera and families. The taxonomy represented here is a compilation of the most logical and up-to-date information on mammalian taxonomy from many sources, the main ones being Handbook of the Mammals of the World series and Mammal Species of the World.

AfrosoricidaEdit

Tenrecs (Tenrecidae, included in the suborder Tenrecomorpha) and golden moles (Chrysochloridae, included in suborder Chrysochloridea) are part of the African radiation of mammals known as Afrotheria, and their distribution consists of Sub-Saharan Africa and Madagascar. There are 55 species in 21 genera; 34 species are tenrecs and otter shrews, and the other 21 species are golden moles. Tenrecs have a large diversity of species in Madagascar, with 31 species found there, while the 3 other species are found in the central and west African rain forest. The 20 species of golden mole are found mostly in the east and South African savanna and desert.

CarnivoraEdit

The order Carnivora is represented by 16 families of mostly carnivorous and omnivorous mammals found worldwide terrestrially and in marine waters of the poles and some areas of the tropics. Divided into two large suborders, Caniformia (Canidae, Ursidae, Ailuridae, Procyonidae, Mephitidae, Mustelidae, and the Pinnipeds, Otariidae, Phocidae, and Odobenidae) and Feliformia (Nandiniidae, Felidae, Prionodontidae, Viverridae, Hyaenidae, Herpestidae, and Eupleridae), the order contains about 289 recognized species, along with 4 recently extinct species, one of which is included in its own monotypic genus, Dusicyon. Tribe and subfamily taxonomy comes mostly from the first volume of the Handbook of the Mammals of the World on carnivores for the terrestrial species, and the 4th volume on marine mammals for the 3 marine families.

Suborder CaniformiaEdit

Suborder FeliformiaEdit

CetartiodactylaEdit

Cetartiodactyla is a large order of hoofed mammals, the even-toed ungulates, and aquatic mammals, cetaceans. Cetacea was found to be nested within "Artiodactlya" and has now been moved into that order, whose name is now Cetartiodactyla[2] Even-toed ungulates are found nearly world-wide, although no species are native to Australia or Antarctica. Broken into four suborders, Tylopoda (including Camelidae), Suina (including Suidae and Tayassuidae), Whippomorpha (including Hippopotamidae and the infraorderCetacea), and Ruminantia, which contains two infraorders, Tragulina (including Tragulidae) and Pecora (including Moschidae, Cervidae, Bovidae, Antilocapridae, and Giraffidae). The higher taxonomy used for the ungulates of this order is based primarily on the Handbook of the Mammals of the World, Volume 2 on hoofed mammals, including the subfamily and tribal affiliations in each family. The order includes about 242 recognized ungulate species, along with 6 recently extinct species. Groves and Grubbs Taxonomy of Ungulates[3] is used as a minor reference for the Bovids. Cetacea contains Balaenopteridae) and Odontoceti (including Physeteridae, Kogiidae, Ziphiidae, Platanistidae, Iniidae, Lipotidae, Pontoporiidae, Monodontidae, Delphinidae, and Phocoenidae), which include a total of 14 families, most of which have few representative species. The taxonomy here is exemplified by the 4th volume of the Handbook of the Mammals of the World on marine mammals.

Suborder RuminantiaEdit

Suborder SuinaEdit

Suborder TylopodaEdit

Suborder WhippomorphaEdit

ChiropteraEdit

The order Chiroptera comprises bats and is the second largest order of mammals, containing about 1,240 species of bats, which is around 20% of all mammal species.

Suborder YangochiropteraEdit

Suborder YinpterochiropteraEdit

CingulataEdit

DasyuromorphiaEdit

The order Dasyuromorphia (meaning "hairy tail") comprises most of the Australian carnivorous marsupials, including quolls, dunnarts, the numbat, the Tasmanian devil, and the thylacine. There are 73 living species in this order, 72 of which belong to the family Dasyuridae and the numbat, of the family Myrmecobiidae.

DermopteraEdit

Colugos are arboreal gliding mammals found in Southeast Asia. Just two extant species, the Sunda flying lemur and the Philippine flying lemur, make up the entire order Dermoptera.

DidelphimorphiaEdit

Order Didelphimorphia is composed of 1 family and 18 genera.

DiprotodontiaEdit

Suborder VombatiformesEdit

Suborder PhalangeriformesEdit

Suborder MacropodiformesEdit

EulipotyphlaEdit

HyracoideaEdit

LagomorphaEdit

MacroscelideaEdit

MicrobiotheriaEdit

MonotremataEdit

Suborder PlatypodaEdit

Suborder TachyglossaEdit

NotoryctemorphiaEdit

PaucituberculataEdit

PeramelemorphiaEdit

PerissodactylaEdit

Suborder HippomorphaEdit

Suborder CeratomorphaEdit

PholidotaEdit

PilosaEdit

Suborder VermilinguaEdit

Suborder FolivoraEdit

PrimatesEdit

Suborder HaplorhiniEdit

Suborder StrepsirrhiniEdit

ProboscideaEdit

RodentiaEdit

Suborder AnomaluromorphaEdit

Suborder CastorimorphaEdit

Suborder HystricomorphaEdit

Suborder MyomorphaEdit

Suborder SciuromorphaEdit

ScandentiaEdit

In the past, various authors proposed to place treeshrews in the ordinal rank Insectivora, or considered them close relatives of primates. Since 1972, the treeshrew families Tupaiidae and Ptilocercidae are grouped in the order Scandentia.

SireniaEdit

TubulidentataEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Tree of Life Web Project". Tolweb.org. Retrieved 2014-02-23.
  2. ^ Gatesy, John (2009). Hedges, S. Blair; Sudhir, Kumar (eds.). Whales and even-toed ungulates (Cetartiodactyla) in The Timetree of Life (PDF). Oxford Biology. pp. 511–515. Retrieved 22 April 2020.
  3. ^ Groves, Colin; Grubb, Peter (2011). Ungulate Taxonomy. Baltimore, Md.: Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN 978-1421400938.
  4. ^ "www.bucknell.edu/msw3". Bucknell.edu. Retrieved 2014-02-23.