Cabassous is a genus of South and Central American armadillos.[1] The name is the Latinised form of the Kalini word for "armadillo".[2]

Cabassous chacoensis eating.jpg
Chacoan naked-tailed armadillo
Scientific classification e
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Cingulata
Family: Chlamyphoridae
Subfamily: Tolypeutinae
Genus: Cabassous
McMurtrie, 1831
Type species
Dasypus unicinctus

Cladogram of living Cabassous[3]


C. tatouay

C. chacoensis

C. centralis

C. unicinctus

The genus contains the following four species:[4]

Image Scientific name Common Name Distribution
C. centralis Northern naked-tailed armadillo from Chiapas in southern Mexico to western Colombia, northwestern Ecuador and northwestern Venezuela
Reserva Guaycolec Formosa.jpg C. chacoensis Chacoan naked-tailed armadillo the Gran Chaco region of western Paraguay and north-central Argentina
C. tatouay Greater naked-tailed armadillo southern Brazil, eastern Paraguay and Uruguay and extreme north-eastern Argentina
C. unicinctus Southern naked-tailed armadillo northern South America east of the Andes, as far south as northern Paraguay and southern Brazil.


  1. ^ Gardner, A.L. (2005). "Order Cingulata". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M (eds.). Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 97–98. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494.
  2. ^ Hayssen, V. (2014). "Cabassous unicinctus". Mammalian Species. 46 (907): 16–23. doi:10.1644/907.
  3. ^ Gibb, Gillian C.; Condamine, Fabien L.; Kuch, Melanie; Enk, Jacob; Moraes-Barros, Nadia; Superina, Mariella; Poinar, Hendrik N.; Delsuc, Frédéric (2015). "Shotgun Mitogenomics Provides a Reference PhyloGenetic Framework and Timescale for Living Xenarthrans". Molecular Biology and Evolution. 33 (3).
  4. ^ "Cabassous". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 17 March 2011.