Tolypeutinae is a subfamily of armadillos in the family Chlamyphoridae, consisting of the giant, three-banded and naked-tailed armadillos.[2][3][4]

Temporal range: Late Oligocene to present
Giant armadillo.jpg
Captive giant armadillo in Colombia
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Cingulata
Family: Chlamyphoridae
Subfamily: Tolypeutinae


It contains the following genera:[5]


Tolypeutinae is the sister group of Chlamyphorinae, the fairy armadillos, as shown below.




Euphractus sexcinctus

Chaetophractus villosus

Zaedyus pichiy

Chaetophractus nationi

C. vellerosus

Glyptodontinae (Doedicurus)


Chlamyphorus truncatus

Calyptophractus retusus


Priodontes maximus


T. tricinctus

T. matacus


C. tatouay

C. chacoensis

C. centralis

C. unicinctus


  1. ^ Gardner, A. (2005). Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. (eds.). Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 94–95. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494.
  2. ^ Moller-Krull, M.; Delsuc, F.; Churakov, G.; Marker, C.; Superina, M.; Brosius, J.; Douzery, E. J. P.; Schmitz, J. (November 2007). "Retroposed Elements and Their Flanking Regions Resolve the Evolutionary History of Xenarthran Mammals (Armadillos, Anteaters, and Sloths)". Mol. Biol. Evol. 24 (11): 2573–2582. doi:10.1093/molbev/msm201. PMID 17884827.
  3. ^ a b Gibb, G. C.; Condamine, F. L.; Kuch, M.; Enk, J.; Moraes-Barros, N.; Superina, M.; Poinar, H. N.; Delsuc, F. (2015-11-09). "Shotgun Mitogenomics Provides a Reference Phylogenetic Framework and Timescale for Living Xenarthrans". Molecular Biology and Evolution. 33 (3): 621–642. doi:10.1093/molbev/msv250. PMC 4760074. PMID 26556496.
  4. ^ a b Delsuc, F.; Gibb, G. C.; Kuch, M.; Billet, G.; Hautier, L.; Southon, J.; Rouillard, J.-M.; Fernicola, J. C.; Vizcaíno, S. F.; MacPhee, R. D. E.; Poinar, H. N. (2016-02-22). "The phylogenetic affinities of the extinct glyptodonts". Current Biology. 26 (4): R155–R156. doi:10.1016/j.cub.2016.01.039. PMID 26906483.
  5. ^ "Tolypeutinae". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 18 March 2011.
  6. ^ Guillaume Billet; Lionel Hautier; Christian de Muizon & Xavier Valentin (2011). "Oldest cingulate skulls provide congruence between morphological and molecular scenarios of armadillo evolution". Proceedings of the Royal Society. 278 (1719): 2791–2797. doi:10.1098/rspb.2010.2443. PMC 3145180. PMID 21288952.
  7. ^ Upham, Nathan S.; Esselstyn, Jacob A.; Jetz, Walter (2019). "Inferring the mammal tree: Species-level sets of phylogenies for questions in ecology, evolution and conservation". PLoS Biol. 17 (12). doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.3000494.