Roosmalen's dwarf porcupine

Roosmalen's dwarf porcupine, Coendou roosmalenorum, is a porcupine species from the New World porcupine family likely endemic to northern Brazil. Only three specimens were known at the time, and only one had a collection locality.[2][3] It is named for Marc van Roosmalen and his son Tomas, whose collections from the middle Madeira included the first known specimens.[3] It was soon assigned to the genus Sphiggurus,[2] although this genus was not recognized by the authors.[3] Genetic studies in 2013 have since showed Sphiggurus to be polyphyletic (this taxon was omitted from the study).[4] Nonetheless it is commonly classified as Sphiggurus roosmalenorum.[5][6] Coendou roosmalenorum may be misspelled due to a conflicting basionym combination.[7]

Roosmalen's dwarf porcupine
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Rodentia
Family: Erethizontidae
Genus: Coendou
C. roosmalenorum
Binomial name
Coendou roosmalenorum
Voss & da Silva, 2001
  • Sphiggurus roosmalenorus (Voss & da Silva, 2001)


  1. ^ Roach, N.; Naylor, L. (2016). "Coendou roosmalenorum". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2016: e.T136518A22214051. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-2.RLTS.T136518A22214051.en. Retrieved 19 November 2021.
  2. ^ a b Woods, C.A.; Kilpatrick, C.W. (2005). "Infraorder Hystricognathi". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M (eds.). Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 1538–1600. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494.
  3. ^ a b c Voss, Robert S.; da Silva, Maria N. F. (31 October 2001). "Revisionary Notes on Neotropical Porcupines (Rodentia: Erethizontidae). 2. A Review of the Coendou vestitus Group with Descriptions of Two New Species from Amazonia" (PDF). American Museum Novitates (3351): 24–32. Retrieved 19 April 2021.
  4. ^ Voss, R. S.; Hubbard, C.; Jansa, S. A. (February 2013). "Phylogenetic Relationships of New World Porcupines (Rodentia, Erethizontidae): Implications for Taxonomy, Morphological Evolution, and Biogeography" (PDF). American Museum Novitates (3769): 1–36. doi:10.1206/3769.2. S2CID 55426177.
  5. ^ "ITIS - Report: Sphiggurus roosmalenorum".
  6. ^ "Sphiggurus roosmalenorum (Voss & da Silva, 2001)".
  7. ^ "Coendou roosmalenorum Voss & da Silva, 2001".