List of largest church buildings

Churches can be measured and compared in several different ways. These include area, volume, length, width, height, or capacity. Several churches individually claim to be "the largest church", which may be due to any one of these criteria.

St. Peter's Basilica in Vatican City, the largest church in the world.[1]

Criteria for inclusionEdit

  • The reason the edifice was built was for Christian religious services (see Church (building) for more detail)
    • Entries are included even if they currently do not function as a church. For example, the Hagia Sophia is included; it was originally built as a church but currently operates as a mosque.[a]
    • Buildings that have become churches, but which were not built for that purpose, are not included; for example, the Lakewood Church building, which was originally built to be the Compaq Center.
  • The building must still be standing.
  • The building have a known floor area of more than 2,000 square metres (22,000 sq ft).
    • Internal floor area is measured to the internal face of the external walls.
    • External floor area is measured to the external face of the external walls.
    • A reliable source is present that states the building's area.
  • Not a Shrine, Tabernacle, Temple, or any other structures that function separately from a church.
Name Area (m2) Gross volume (m³) Capacity Built City Country Denomination Notes
Interior Exterior
St. Peter's Basilica 15,160[2] 21,095[2] 5,000,000[3] 60,000 standing, or 20,000 seated[4][5] 1506–1626 Vatican City    Vatican City Catholic (Latin) Largest church in the world [1]
Cathedral Basilica of Our Lady Aparecida 12,000[6][7][8] 18,331[9] 1,200,000[10] 30,000[11] 1955–1980 Aparecida   Brazil Catholic (Latin) Largest cathedral in the world.[12]
Seville Cathedral 11,520+[citation needed] 23,500[13] 500,000+ 1401–1528 Seville   Spain Catholic (Latin) Largest cathedral in Europe and the largest Gothic religious building in the world. It was a mosque before being rebuilt as a Catholic cathedral.[14][15]
Mosque-Cathedral of Córdoba 13,900 785–1607 Córdoba   Spain Catholic (Latin)
Milan Cathedral 11,700[16][17] 440,000[18] 40,000 1386–1965 Milan   Italy Catholic (Latin)
Cathedral of St. John the Divine 11,241[19] 480,000[20] 8,600 1892–present New York City   United States Anglican (Episcopal Church in the U.S.) Unfinished.
Basilica of Our Lady of Licheń 10,090[citation needed] 300,000[21] 1994–2004 Licheń Stary   Poland Catholic (Latin) 9,240 m2[21] or 10,090 m2
Liverpool Cathedral 9,687[22] 450,000 + 3,500 1904–1978 Liverpool   United Kingdom Anglican (Church of England)
Basilica of the Holy Trinity 8,700[23] 130,000 9,000 2004–2007 Fátima   Portugal Catholic (Latin) Area given as 12,000m²[10]
Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls 8,515[citation needed] 4th–5th century; rebuilt 1825–1929 Rome   Italy Catholic (Latin)
Basilica-Cathedral of Our Lady of the Pillar 8,318[24] 1681–1872 Zaragoza   Spain Catholic (Latin)
Florence Cathedral 8,300[citation needed] 1296–1436 Florence   Italy Catholic (Latin)
Basilica of Our Lady of Guadalupe 8,167[citation needed] 10,000 1974–1976 Mexico City   Mexico Catholic (Latin) Circular base of 102 m in diameter[25]
Cathedral of Our Lady 8,000[26] 1352–1521 Antwerp   Belgium Catholic (Latin)
Rio de Janeiro Cathedral 8,000[27] 20,000[27] 1964–1976 Rio de Janeiro   Brazil Catholic (Latin)
Basilica of the Sacred Heart 8,000[citation needed] 1905–1970 Koekelberg (Brussels)   Belgium Catholic (Latin)
Basilica of Our Lady of Peace 7,989 30,000[28] 18,000[29] 1985–1989 Yamoussoukro   Ivory Coast Catholic (Latin) The basilica proper is 7,989 m2.[30] Exterior area includes rectory and villa.
Hagia Sophia 7,960[citation needed] 255,800[31] 532–537 Istanbul   Turkey Eastern Orthodox (Greek) Byzantine church constructed in 537; converted to a mosque.
San Petronio Basilica 7,920[citation needed] 258,000 28,000 1390–1479 Bologna   Italy Catholic (Latin)
Cologne Cathedral 7,914[citation needed] 407,000[32] 1248–1880 Cologne   Germany Catholic (Latin)
St Paul's Cathedral 7,875[33] 1677–1708 London   United Kingdom Anglican (Church of England)
Washington National Cathedral 7,712[34] 1907–1990 Washington, DC   United States Anglican (Episcopal Church in the U.S.)
Amiens Cathedral 7,700[35] 7,700 200,000 (interior only) 1220–1270 Amiens   France Catholic (Latin) Gross volume slightly below 400,000[citation needed]
Abbey of Santa Giustina 7,700[citation needed] 1501–1606[36] Padua   Italy Catholic (Latin)
Cathedral of the Nativity 7,500[37] 135,000[38] 8,200 2017–2019 Cairo   Egypt Oriental Orthodox (Coptic) Largest Oriental Orthodox church in the world
Yoido Full Gospel 7,450 (estimated) 44,000+ 12,000 1973 Seoul   South Korea Protestant (Pentecostal) Largest Pentecostal church
St. Vitus Cathedral 7,440[citation needed] 1344–1929 Prague   Czech Republic Catholic (Latin)
Basilica Natn. Shrine of the Immaculate Conception 7,097[39] 10,234 10,000 1920–2017 Washington, DC   United States Catholic (Latin) Interior area only for the upper church / upper floor.[39]
Cathedral of La Plata 6,968[citation needed] 1884–1932 La Plata   Argentina Catholic (Latin) Largest church in Argentina[citation needed]
Saint Joseph's Oratory 6,825[citation needed] 1904–1967 Montreal   Canada Catholic (Latin) The largest church in Canada
Shrine of St. Paulina 6,740[40] 9,000[40] 6,000[41] 2003–2006 Nova Trento   Brazil Catholic (Latin)
Mexico City Metropolitan Cathedral 6,732[citation needed] 1573–1813 Mexico City   Mexico Catholic (Latin)
Chartres Cathedral 6,700[citation needed] 10,875[citation needed] 1145–1220 Chartres   France Catholic (Latin)
Berlin Cathedral or Berliner Dom 6,270 [42] 2,000+ 1451–1905 Berlin   Germany Protestant (Lutheran) 116 meters high & 73 meters wide; city landmark.
Cathedral of Saint Paul (Minnesota) 6,200 (estimated)[43] 1906–1915 St Paul, Minnesota   United States Catholic (Latin)
Cathedral of Our Lady of the Angels 6,038[citation needed] 1998–2002 Los Angeles   United States Catholic (Latin)
De Hoeksteen 6,020[44] 43,300 2,531 2007–2008 Barneveld   Netherlands Protestant (Calvinist)
People's Salvation Cathedral 6,000[45][46] 323,000[47][48][49] 7,000 2010–present Bucharest   Romania Eastern Orthodox (Romanian) Tallest and largest (by volume) Orthodox church building in the world.[50][51]
Padre Pio Pilgrimage Church 6,000[citation needed] 6,500 1991–2004 San Giovanni Rotondo   Italy Catholic (Latin) Vaulted church holding 6,500 seats[citation needed]
Ulm Minster 5,950[citation needed] 190,000 2,000 1377–1890 Ulm   Germany Protestant (Lutheran) Tallest church in the world[52]
York Minster 5,927[53] 1230–1472 York   United Kingdom Anglican (Church of England) Largest Gothic cathedral in Northern Europe.
Bourges Cathedral 5,900[citation needed] 1195–1230 Bourges   France Catholic (Latin)
Reims Cathedral 5,800[citation needed] 6,650 1211–1275 Reims   France Catholic (Latin) The longest church in France at 149.17m[citation needed]
São Paulo Cathedral 5,700[54] 8,000[55] 1913–1954 São Paulo   Brazil Catholic (Latin)
Esztergom Basilica 5,660[citation needed] 1822–1869 Esztergom   Hungary Catholic (Latin)
Diocesan Sanctuary of Our Lady of Guadalupe 5,414.58[citation needed] 1898–2008 Zamora, Michoacán   Mexico Catholic (Latin) Co-cathedral church of the diocese of Zamora.
Sagrada Familia 5,400[citation needed] 9,000 1882–present Barcelona   Spain Catholic (Latin) Unfinished; expected complete sometime after 2026.[56]
Strasbourg Cathedral 5,300[citation needed] 6,044 1015–1439 Strasbourg   France Catholic (Latin) World's tallest building from 1647 to 1874[citation needed]
Primate Cathedral of Bogotá 5,300[citation needed] 1807–1823 Bogotá   Colombia Catholic (Latin)
Palma Cathedral 5,200[citation needed] 160,000 (interior) 1220–1346 Palma, Majorca   Spain Catholic (Latin)
New Cathedral, Linz 5,170[citation needed] 20,000[57] 1862–1924 Linz   Austria Catholic (Latin)
Speyer Cathedral 5,038 1030–1103 Speyer   Germany Catholic (Latin) Added to the UNESCO World Heritage List
Provo ward conference center 5,038[58] 2012 Provo, Utah   United States The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints [59]
Westminster Cathedral 5,017[citation needed] 3,000 1895–1910 London   United Kingdom Catholic (Latin) Largest Roman Catholic Church in the UK.
Medak Cathedral 5,000[60] 1914–1926 Medak   India Anglican (Church of South India)
Lincoln Cathedral 5,000 (estimated)[61] 1185–1311 Lincoln, England   United Kingdom Anglican (Church of England)
St. Mary's Church 5,000[citation needed] 155,000[62] 1343–1502 Gdańsk   Poland Catholic (Latin)
Holy Trinity Cathedral 5,000[citation needed] 137,000[citation needed] 1995–2004 Tbilisi   Georgia Eastern Orthodox (Georgian)
Winchester Cathedral 4,968[63] 1079–1525 Winchester   United Kingdom Anglican (Church of England) The longest Gothic cathedral in Europe[64]
Notre Dame de Paris 4,800[citation needed] 5,500 9,000 1163–1345; 2019–present (reconstruction) Paris   France Catholic (Latin) Roof and main spire destroyed by fire on 15 April 2019
Almudena Cathedral 4,800[citation needed] 1883–1993 Madrid   Spain Catholic (Latin) It has a north-south orientation instead of east-west.
Dresden Cathedral 4,800[citation needed] 1739–1755 Dresden   Germany Catholic (Latin) Largest church in all of Saxony[citation needed]
Basilica of St. Thérèse, Lisieux 4,500[citation needed] 1929–1954 Lisieux   France Catholic (Latin)
Basilica de San Martin de Tours (Taal) 4,320[65] 1856–1878 Taal, Batangas   Philippines Catholic (Latin) Largest Catholic church in Asia
Ely Cathedral, Cambridgeshire 4,273[66] 1083–1375 Ely   United Kingdom Anglican (Church of England)
Frauenkirche 4,188[citation needed] 185,000–190,000[67] 1468–1525 Munich   Germany Catholic (Latin)
Cathedral Basilica of the Sacred Heart 4,181[68] 2,000[68] 1898–1954 Newark, New Jersey   United States Catholic (Latin)
Se Cathedral 4,180 1619–1640 Goa, India   India Catholic (Latin)
St. Stephen's Basilica 4,147 1851–1906 Budapest   Hungary Catholic (Latin)
Cathedral Basilica of Saint Louis (St. Louis) 4,130[citation needed] 1907–1914 St. Louis   United States Catholic (Latin) Mosaics 7,700 square meters[citation needed]
Saint Isaac's Cathedral 4,000 +[69] 7,000 260,000 1818–1858 Saint Petersburg   Russia Eastern Orthodox (Russian) Built as a cathedral, now a museum
Cathedral of Christ the Saviour 3,980[70] 6,829.3[70] 101,992[70] 9,500[70] 1839–1883 Moscow   Russia Eastern Orthodox (Russian) Rebuilt from 1995–2000
Saint Gregory the Illuminator Cathedral, Yerevan 3,822[citation needed] 1997–2001 Yerevan   Armenia Oriental Orthodox (Armenian)
Holy Name of Jesus Cathedral 3,820[citation needed] 2015–2018 Raleigh   United States Catholic (Latin)
Catedral Evangelica de Chile or Jotabeche Cathedral 3,714.91 [71][72] 7,000[73][74] 1967–1974 Santiago de Chile   Chile Protestant (Pentecostal) Largest capacity in Chile; national historic monument since 2013.[75][71][76][77][78]
Church of Saint Sava 3,650[79] 4,830[80] 170,000[81] 1935–1989 Belgrade   Serbia Eastern Orthodox (Serbian) Largest church in the Balkans[citation needed]
Blessed Stanley Rother Shrine 3,512[82] 1,859 2021–2022 Oklahoma City   United States Catholic (Latin)
Uppsala Cathedral 3,439[83] 4,077[83] 50,000 excluding towers[83] 2,200[83] 1273-1435 Uppsala   Sweden Church of Sweden Largest Cathedral in northern Europe. Height 118,7m, Length 118,95 m.[84]
Yeonmudae Catholic Church 3,360[citation needed] 2008–2009 Korea Army Training Center   South Korea Catholic (Latin) The largest church in East Asia[citation needed]
Grace Cathedral 3,357[85] 1910–1964 San Francisco   United States Anglican (Episcopal Church in the U.S.)
Basilica of Saints Peter and Paul (Lewiston, Maine) 3,264 2,200 1906–1936 Lewiston, Maine   United States Catholic (Latin) Largest church in the State of Maine, still serves mass in French.
Alexander Nevsky Cathedral 3,170[86] 86,000[87] 1882–1912 Sofia   Bulgaria Eastern Orthodox (Bulgaria)
Christ Cathedral 3,030[88] 1977–1980 Garden Grove, California   United States Catholic (Latin) Formerly known as the Crystal Cathedral. Consecrated as the Christ Cathedral[89]
Westminster Abbey 2,972[90] 2,200[91] 960–c. 18 cent. London   United Kingdom Anglican (Church of England)
Sümi Baptist Church, Zünheboto 2,885 8,500 2007–2017 Zunheboto, Nagaland   India Protestant (Baptist)
St Andrew's Cathedral, Patras 2,600[92] 1908–1974 Patras   Greece Eastern Orthodox (Greek) 1,900 m2 on the ground floor and additionally 700 m2 on the first level (used as a gynaeconitis)
St. Patrick's Cathedral (Manhattan) 2,500[93][94] 2,400[95] 1858–1878 Manhattan, New York   United States Catholic (Latin)
Beomeo Cathedral 2,463[citation needed] 2013–2016 Daegu   South Korea Catholic (Latin)
Helsinki Cathedral 2,400 1,300 1869–1887 Helsinki   Finland Protestant (Lutheran)
Cathedral Basilica of St. Francis of Assisi (Santa Fe) 2,322[citation needed] 1869–1887 Santa Fe, New Mexico   United States Catholic (Latin)
Our Lady of Dolours Syro-Malabar Catholic Basilica 2,300[citation needed] 1929–2005 Thrissur   India Catholic (Syro-Malabar) It has the third tallest tower in Asia[citation needed]
St. John's Church, Seongnam 2,260[citation needed] 1994–2002 Seongnam   South Korea Catholic (Latin) Until 2009, largest church in East Asia[citation needed]
Basilica of St. John the Baptist 2,135[citation needed] 64,040[96] 1839–1855 St. John's   Canada Catholic (Latin)
St. Joseph Cathedral 2,125 1941 San Diego   United States Catholic (Latin)

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ The Hagia Sophia was constructed in 360 and operated as a church until 1453 when it was converted into a mosque. In 1935 the Hagia Sophia was reconstituted as a museum open to the public. After this decision was annulled in 2020, the status of the Hagia Sophia reverted to that of a mosque.

ReferencesEdit

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