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List of largest Eastern Orthodox church buildings

This is a list of the largest Eastern Orthodox church buildings in the world, based on area and capacity. Any Eastern Orthodox church building that has a capacity of 3,000 people, can be added to this page. Sorting is done by volume (priority) and area. The church building are listed in alphabetical order according to country. The churches are from various jurisdictions of the Eastern Orthodox Church.

ListEdit

Name Images Capacity
(worshippers)
Area [a]
(interior - m²)
Volume
(m³)
City Jurisdiction Country Year Built
People's Salvation Cathedral 7,000 [b][1] 6,100 m² [2][3] 323,000 m³ [4][5] Bucharest Patriarchate of Romania   Romania 2010–present
Saint Isaac's Cathedral [c] 12,000 [7] 7,000 m² [8][9] 260,000 m³ Saint Petersburg State Russian Museum   Russia 1858, Museum 1931
Cathedral of Christ the Saviour 10,000 [10] 4,700 m² [d] 194,900 m³ [11] Moscow Moscow Patriarchate   Russia Demolished 1931, Rebuilt 2000
Church of Saint Sava 7,000 [e][12][13] 5,094 m² [f][13] 170,000 m³ [13] Belgrade Serbian Patriarchate   Serbia 1989–present
Kazan Cathedral 6,000[citation needed] 4,000 m²[citation needed] Saint Petersburg Moscow Patriarchate   Russia 1811
Trinity Izmailovsky Cathedral 3,000
[14]
3,500 m²
[14]
Saint Petersburg Moscow Patriarchate   Russia 1835
Tsminda Sameba Cathedral 10,000[citation needed] 3,000 m²[citation needed] 137,000 m³[citation needed] Tbilisi Patriarchate of Georgia   Georgia 2004
Novocherkassk Ascension Cathedral 5,000[citation needed] 2,900 m²[citation needed] 135,000 m³
[15]
Novocherkassk Moscow Patriarchate   Russia 1904
Alexander Nevsky Cathedral 5,000
[16]
3,170 m²
[17]
86,000 m³
[18]
Sofia Patriarchate of Bulgaria   Bulgaria 1912
Transfiguration Cathedral 9,000
[19]
3,100 m²[citation needed] Odessa Moscow Patriarchate   Ukraine 1837, rebuilt 2003
Smolny Cathedral 6,000
[20]
3,000 m²[citation needed] Saint Petersburg Moscow Patriarchate   Russia 1764
Kronstadt Naval Cathedral 5,000[citation needed] 3,000 m²[citation needed] Kronstadt Moscow Patriarchate   Russia 1913
Church of Saint Panteleimon 5,000[citation needed] 2,400 m²[citation needed] Athens Greek Orthodox Church   Greece 1930
Holy Trinity Cathedral 5,000[citation needed] 2,100 m²[citation needed] Baia Mare Patriarchate of Romania   Romania 1990-present
Annunciation Cathedral 5,000
[21]
2,000 m²[citation needed] Kharkiv Moscow Patriarchate   Ukraine 1901
Saint Andrew of Patras 7,000
[22]
1,900 m²
[22]
Patras Greek Orthodox Church   Greece 1908–1974[23]
Ascension of the Lord Cathedral 5,000[citation needed] 1,706 m²
[24]
Bacău Patriarchate of Romania   Romania 2017
Resurrection Cathedral 5,000[citation needed] 1,660 m²[citation needed] Tirana Albanian Orthodox Church   Albania 2014
Timișoara Orthodox Cathedral 5,000
[25]
1,542 m²[26] 50,000 m³
[26]
Timișoara Patriarchate of Romania   Romania 1940
Alexander Nevsky Cathedral 4,000[citation needed] 1,450 m²[citation needed] Tallinn Moscow Patriarchate   Estonia 1900
Agios Minas Cathedral 3,000[citation needed] 1,350 m²
[27]
Heraklion Greek Orthodox Church   Greece 1895
Saint Mark's Church 3,000[citation needed] 1,150 m²[citation needed] Belgrade Serbian Patriarchate  Serbia 1940
Saints Boris and Gleb Cathedral 3,000[citation needed] 1,100 m²[citation needed] Daugavpils Moscow Patriarchate   Latvia 1905
Poti Cathedral 3,000[citation needed] 1,000 m²[citation needed] Poti Patriarchate of Georgia  Georgia 1906
Uspenski Cathedral 1,000 m²[citation needed] Helsinki Finnish Orthodox Church   Finland 1868
St. Michael's Cathedral 12,000[citation needed] Cherkasy Ukrainian Orthodox Church   Ukraine 2000
Church of the Holy Sepulchre 10,000[28] Jerusalem Patriarchate of Jerusalem   /  Israel/Palestine 326
Transfiguration Cathedral of Ugresha Monastery 7,000[citation needed] Dzerzhinsky, Moscow Oblast Moscow Patriarchate  Russia 1521
Church of the Nativity of Christ 5,000[29] Kyshtym Moscow Patriarchate   Russia 1857
St. Nicholas Naval Cathedral 5,000[citation needed] Saint Petersburg Moscow Patriarchate   Russia 1753
Sophia Cathedral 5,000[citation needed] Saint Petersburg Moscow Patriarchate  Russia 1788
Uzhhorod Orthodox Cathedral 5,000[citation needed] Uzhhorod Ukrainian Orthodox Church   Ukraine 1990
Iași Metropolitan Cathedral 3,000
[30]
Iași Patriarchate of Romania   Romania 1887

See alsoEdit

FootnotesEdit

  1. ^ There are some disputes. Among the reasons: lack of data, or subjective reasons to increase the surface. The exterior podium elements or the courtyard, are not relevant to the area of the cathedral building.
  2. ^ The cathedral is projected for 10,000 people in the main cathedral building and underground galleries. A total of 7,000 peoples/worshipers can attend at the holy liturgy in the same time, with 1,000 - choirs (three places), clergy, three levels of balconies right-left, and 6,000 pilgrims. In the underground galleries can be accommodate 3,000 peoples.
  3. ^ Currently functions as a museum[6]
  4. ^ The official site does not provide concrete details of the interior area. But with Google Maps, Yandex.ru and Google Earth Pro 3D credible digital maps, can approximate realistically. The Nave (large central quadrate) has 3,300 m2 and the four Narthexes have 1,400 m2.
  5. ^ The official site specifies that, on the nave floor can be accommodated 7,000 worshipers. More precisely 6,300 worshipers on the nave floor and 700 choirs (balconies). In the temple galleries (underground), can be accommodated 3,000 worshipers. Also the official site specifies that, in total 10,000 worshipers, can accommodated on the nave floor and in the underground galleries. The nave floor criterion is considered standard without annexes. Also valued at 10,000 can be disputed including the annexes, to increase the value.
  6. ^ The official site specifies that, the Nave & Altar area is 3,650 m2 and the three Narthex area is 1,444 m2. The total internal area of the temple (cathedral) is 5,094 m2 (without stairs). On the official site, the area of the temple is specified separately, not as a total. This is why confusion arises.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Iftimiu, Aurelian (2018-06-29). "Mosaic icons began to be applied on the National Cathedral's iconostasis". Basilica.ro.
  2. ^ "Catedrala Neamului". Patriarhia Română.ro.
  3. ^ "The biggest orthodox church in the world". Business-review.eu.
  4. ^ "Catedrala Mântuirii Neamului". Adevarul.ro. 2018-11-25.
  5. ^ Şantierul Catedralei Mântuirii Neamului (2010-2013) [The Shrine of the People's Salvation Cathedral (2010-2013)] (DVD) (in Romanian). Patriarchate of Romania.
  6. ^ "РПЦ осталась без Исаакиевского собора". www.lenta.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 2019-01-10.
  7. ^ "Исаакиевский собор". Artnight.ru.
  8. ^ "Исаакиевский собор". Tonkosti.ru.
  9. ^ "Исаакиевский собор - сердце Петербурга". Austrianyard.com.
  10. ^ "Храм Христа Спасителя". Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  11. ^ "Основные размеры Храма Христа Спасителя".
  12. ^ "Организација унутрашњег простора Храма и његове функције" [Organization of the inner space of the Temple and its functions]. - Hram Svetog Save.
  13. ^ a b c "Храм у простору и бројевима" [Temple in space and numbers]. - Hram Svetog Save.
  14. ^ a b "Собор Святой Живоначальной Троицы". Izmsobor.ru.
  15. ^ "Патриарший Вознесенский войсковой всеказачий собор - Достопримечательности - Официальный сайт города Новочеркасска". Retrieved 5 March 2018.
  16. ^ http://insidesofia.com/sofia-sights---alexander-nevski-cathedral-boyana-church-bulgarian-national-library-and-tsars-palace/p-96/
  17. ^ 15 Century Bulgaria Foundation (15 века БЪЛГАРИЯ) website, article with title Patriarchal cathedral stauropigial memorial church St. Alexander Nevsky (pdf in English)
  18. ^ "София 1968 г. - ОБИКОЛКА НА ГРАДА". www.omda.bg. Retrieved 5 March 2018.
  19. ^ "ОДЕСА: СОБОР,ЩО ПРЕОБРАЖАЄ". Risu.Orh.ua.
  20. ^ Смольный монастырь, собор
  21. ^ Благовіщенський собор у Харкові
  22. ^ a b Dr.Ing.Ch.Apostolopoulos, University of Patras, "Historical data from construction - damages in the structure of the new church of Saint Andrew in Patras"
  23. ^ "Πάτρα - Ι.Ν. Αγίου Ανδρέα: Ο μεγαλύτερος των Βαλκανίων..." Retrieved 5 March 2018.
  24. ^ "Megaconstrucţii: Catedrala „Înălţarea Domnului" din Bacău". www.deferlari.ro. Retrieved 5 March 2018.
  25. ^ WR. "Metropolitan Cathedral, Timișoara·". www.welcometoromania.ro. Retrieved 5 March 2018.
  26. ^ a b "Catedrala din Timişoara, stil şi eleganţă". Retrieved 5 March 2018.
  27. ^ Chiotaki Aspasia, Bachelor Thesis with title Religious Tourism in Heraklion, Technological Educational Institute of Crete, 2009
  28. ^ "Israel News - The Jerusalem post". www.jpost.com. Retrieved 5 March 2018.
  29. ^ "Kyshtym, Chelyabinsk region - Parks and Landscapes". www.parksandlandscapes.org. Retrieved 5 March 2018.
  30. ^ "Iași Metropolitan Ensemble – The Metropolitan Cathedral". iasi.travel. Retrieved 10 July 2019.