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Garden Grove is a city in northern Orange County, California, United States, located 34 miles (55 km) south of the city of Los Angeles.[8] The population was 170,883 at the 2010 United States Census. State Route 22, also known as the Garden Grove Freeway, passes through the city in an east-west direction. The western portion of the city is known as West Garden Grove.

Garden Grove, California
City
City of Garden Grove[1]
The Crystal Cathedral in May 2007
The Crystal Cathedral in May 2007
Flag of Garden Grove, California
Flag
Official seal of Garden Grove, California
Seal
Official logo of Garden Grove, California
Logo
Motto: Absit Invidia (Latin)
Location of Garden Grove in Orange County, California.
Location of Garden Grove in Orange County, California.
Vicinity of Garden Grove
Vicinity of Garden Grove
Garden Grove is located in the US
Garden Grove
Garden Grove
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 33°46′44″N 117°57′37″W / 33.77889°N 117.96028°W / 33.77889; -117.96028Coordinates: 33°46′44″N 117°57′37″W / 33.77889°N 117.96028°W / 33.77889; -117.96028
Country  United States of America
State  California
County Orange
Founded 1874
Incorporated June 18, 1956[2]
Government
 • Type Council-manager
 • Mayor Steven R. Jones
 • City council
  • Phat Bui (Mayor Pro Tem)
  • Kris Beard
  • John R. O'Neill
  • Thu-Ha Nguyen
  • Stephanie Klopfenstein
  • Kim B. Nguyen
Area[3]
 • Total 17.98 sq mi (46.55 km2)
 • Land 17.96 sq mi (46.51 km2)
 • Water 0.02 sq mi (0.05 km2)  0.10%
Elevation[4] 89 ft (27 m)
Population (2010)[5]
 • Total 170,883
 • Estimate (2016)[6] 174,858
 • Rank 5th in Orange County
25th in California
 • Density 9,737.60/sq mi (3,759.66/km2)
Time zone Pacific (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP Codes[7] 92840–92846
Area codes 657/714
FIPS code 06-29000
GNIS feature IDs 1660662, 2410568
Website www.ci.garden-grove.ca.us

Contents

HistoryEdit

19th centuryEdit

Garden Grove was founded by Alonzo Cook in 1874. A school district and Methodist church were organized that year. It remained a small rural crossroads until the arrival of the railroad in 1905. The rail connection helped the town prosper with crops of orange, walnuts, chili peppers and later strawberries.

20th centuryEdit

In 1933, much of the town's central business district was destroyed by the Long Beach earthquake, and one person was killed at the high school. The post-World War II boom led to rapid development, and Garden Grove was incorporated as a city in 1956 with about 44,000 residents.

Strawberry FestivalEdit

An annual event held over Memorial Day weekend, the Garden Grove Strawberry Festival is one of the largest community festivals in the western United States, attracting an estimated 250,000 visitors.[9][10] It began in 1958 and celebrates the city's agricultural past, which includes cultivating crops such as chili peppers, oranges, walnuts and strawberries. Part of the festivities include the cutting of the world's largest strawberry shortcake, carnival rides and vendors and a celebrity-filled parade.[11] Numerous Garden Grove organizations, including the Miss Garden Grove Scholarship Program, are part of the Memorial Day weekend festivities every year. In commemoration of Garden Grove's 50th anniversary, the city painted some of its fire hydrants with a design that featured a strawberry, recognizing the festival as a big part of Garden Grove's history.[12][13]

GeographyEdit

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 46.5 km2 (18.0 sq mi) 0.10% of which is water. West Garden Grove is west of Beach Boulevard.

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
1960 84,238
1970 121,155 43.8%
1980 123,307 1.8%
1990 143,050 16.0%
2000 165,196 15.5%
2010 170,883 3.4%
Est. 2016 174,858 [6] 2.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[14]

2010Edit

The 2010 United States Census[15] reported that Garden Grove had a population of 170,883. The population density was 9,515.3 people per square mile (3,673.9/km²). The racial makeup of Garden Grove was 68,149 (39.9%) White, 2,155 (1.3%) Black, 983 (0.6%) Native American, 63,451 (37.1%) Asian, 1,110 (0.6%) Pacific Islander, 28,916 (16.9%) from other races, and 6,119 (3.6%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 63,079 persons (36.9%). Non-Hispanic whites were 22.6% of the population,[16] down from 90.6% in 1970.[17] Vietnamese Americans numbered 47,331 of the population. At 27.7% this was the highest concentration of any city in the U.S. except for neighboring Westminster.

The Census reported that 168,942 people (98.9% of the population) lived in households, 1,234 (0.7%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 707 (0.4%) were institutionalized.

There were 46,037 households, out of which 21,361 (46.4%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 26,659 (57.9%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 6,866 (14.9%) had a female householder with no husband present, 3,588 (7.8%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 2,025 (4.4%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 269 (0.6%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 6,491 households (14.1%) were made up of individuals and 2,842 (6.2%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.67. There were 37,113 families (80.6% of all households); the average family size was 3.94.

The population was spread out with 43,763 people (25.6%) under the age of 18, 17,383 people (10.2%) aged 18 to 24, 49,105 people (28.7%) aged 25 to 44, 42,106 people (24.6%) aged 45 to 64, and 18,526 people (10.8%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35.6 years. For every 100 females there were 99.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 7.7 males.

There were 47,755 housing units at an average density of 2,659.1 per square mile (1,026.7/km²), of which 26,240 (57.0%) were owner-occupied, and 19,797 (43.0%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.2%; the rental vacancy rate was 4.6%. 96,308 people (56.4% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 72,634 people (42.5%) lived in rental housing units.

According to the 2010 United States Census, Garden Grove had a median household income of $59,988, with 15.5% of the population living below the federal poverty line.[18]

GovernmentEdit

Local governmentEdit

Garden Grove uses a council-manager form of government. In July 2015 the city was sued by a resident who claimed that the longstanding at-large elections had affected the Latino vote and was in violation of the California Voting Rights Act. On January 26, 2016, the city council voted to settle the lawsuit, and therefore adopted that council members would be voted by district (six districts total) and no longer at-large; the mayor, however, will continue to be elected at-large.[19] The city council consists of mayor Steven R. Jones, mayor pro tem Phat Bui, Kris Beard, John R. O'Neill, Thu-Ha Nguyen, Stephanie Klopfenstein and Kim B. Nguyen.[20] According to the city's most recent Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the city's various funds had $206.0 million in Revenues, $193.0 million in expenditures, $1,098.9 million in total assets, $251.5 million in total liabilities, and $196.3 million in cash and investments.[21]

The following list of city officials is current as of December 2016.[22]

City Department Director
City Manager Scott Stiles
Deputy City Manager Maria Stipe
Community and Economic Development Lisa Kim
Community Services Kim Huy
Finance Kingsley C. Okereke
Fire Chief Tom Schultz
Human Resources Laura J. Stover
Information Technology Charles Kalil
Police Chief Todd Elgin
Public Works Bill Murray

PoliticsEdit

Of the 63,190 registered voters in Garden Grove; 35.1% are Republicans and 36.8% are Democrats. The remaining 24.2% either declined to state political affiliation or are registered with one of the many smaller political parties.

Emergency servicesEdit

Fire protection in Garden Grove is provided by the Garden Grove Fire Department with ambulance transport by Care Ambulance Service. The Garden Grove Police Department provides law enforcement with mutual aid assistance offered at times by the Anaheim Police Department's helicopter, and the Orange County Sheriff's Department Air Unit.

State and federal representationEdit

In the California State Senate, Garden Grove is in the 34th Senate District, represented by Republican Janet Nguyen.[23]

In the California State Assembly, Garden Grove is split between the 65th Assembly District, represented by Democrat Sharon Quirk-Silva, the 69th Assembly District, represented by Democrat Tom Daly, and the 72nd Assembly District, represented by Republican Travis Allen.[24]

In the United States House of Representatives, Garden Grove is split between California's 46th, 47th, and 48th congressional districts,[25] which are represented by Lou Correa (DSanta Ana), Alan Lowenthal (DLong Beach), and Dana Rohrabacher (RCosta Mesa), respectively.

EconomyEdit

According to the City's 2015 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[26] the top employers in the city are:

# Employer # of employees
1 Air Industries Corp. 681
2 American Apparel Knit & Dye 535
3 Prime Healthcare Services 516
4 Walmart 412
5 Saint-Gobain Performance Plastics 363
6 Office Max Inc. 360
7 Hyatt Regency Orange County 350
8 GKN Aerospace Transparency Systems, Inc. 335
9 Kaiser Foundation Health 317
10 NBTY Acquisition, LLC 298

EducationEdit

The Garden Grove Unified School District serves most of the city, as well as the Westminster School District and the Orange Unified School District, which serves portions in Garden Grove.

Arts and cultureEdit

Garden Grove is home to two stage theaters, the Gem Theater and the Festival Amphitheater. The Festival Amphitheater hosts Shakespeare Orange County, which presents an annual Shakespeare Festival each summer. Both venues are owned by the City of Garden Grove, but operated by outside entities. The Gem Theater is currently operated by Damien Lorton and Nicole Cassesso of 'One More Productions'. The Festival Amphitheater is managed by Thomas Bradac, the producing artistic director of Shakespeare Orange County.

The Garden Grove Playhouse used to be an active theatre, now closed down. It was operated by a non-profit group of the same name.

The song "Garden Grove" by Sublime details taking a trip to Garden Grove.

Notable peopleEdit

EntertainmentEdit

SportsEdit

PoliticsEdit

  • Jim Silva, former California Assemblyman, former Member of the Orange County Board of Supervisors, former Mayor of Seal Beach
  • Bill Thomas, retired U.S. Congressman and former Chairman of the House Ways and Means Committee (and alumnus of Garden Grove High School)
  • Robert K. Dornan, former U.S. Congressman
  • Janet Nguyen, Orange County supervisor
  • Curt Pringle, former State Assemblyman, Speaker of the California State Assembly and former mayor of Anaheim

OthersEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "City of Garden Grove". City of Garden Grove. Retrieved November 20, 2014. 
  2. ^ "California Cities by Incorporation Date". California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Archived from the original (Word) on November 3, 2014. Retrieved August 25, 2014. 
  3. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 19, 2017. 
  4. ^ "Garden Grove". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved October 19, 2014. 
  5. ^ "Garden Grove (city) QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 19, 2015. 
  6. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  7. ^ "ZIP Code(tm) Lookup". United States Postal Service. Retrieved December 6, 2014. 
  8. ^ http://www.ci.garden-grove.ca.us/welcome
  9. ^ Bharath, Deepa (May 27, 2010). "Strawberry Festival kicks off today". The Orange County Register. Retrieved June 1, 2010. 
  10. ^ "About us". Garden Grove Strawberry Festival website. Retrieved June 1, 2010. 
  11. ^ Garden Grove Strawberry Festival- EVENTS Archived August 23, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 2011-04-20
  12. ^ "Turning Golden". Retrieved September 30, 2013. 
  13. ^ "Showing off fire hydrants painted to note the city's 50th anniversary". Retrieved September 30, 2013. 
  14. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  15. ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Garden Grove city". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014. 
  16. ^ "Garden Grove (city), California". State & County QuickFacts. U.S. Census Bureau. 
  17. ^ "Race and Hispanic Origin for Selected Cities and Other Places: Earliest Census to 1990". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on August 6, 2012. 
  18. ^ http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/06/0629000.html.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  19. ^ Vo, Thy (January 27, 2016). "Garden Grove Mayor Will Continue to be Elected on At-Large Basis". The Voice of OC. Retrieved December 13, 2016. 
  20. ^ "City of Garden Grove Mayor and Council Members". City of Garden Grove. Retrieved December 15, 2016. 
  21. ^ City of Garden Grove CAFR
  22. ^ "Garden Grove Department Directors". City of Garden Grove. Retrieved December 13, 2016. 
  23. ^ "Statewide Database". UC Regents. Retrieved November 24, 2014. 
  24. ^ "Communities of Interest - City". California Citizens Redistricting Commission. Retrieved September 27, 2014. 
  25. ^ "Communities of Interest - City". California Citizens Redistricting Commission. Retrieved September 27, 2014. 
  26. ^ City of Garden Grove CAFR
  27. ^ "The Kids Aren't Alright by The Offspring". Retrieved August 31, 2010. 
  28. ^ "Retail religion". The Economist. April 9, 2015. Retrieved April 13, 2015. 

External linksEdit