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List of diplomatic missions of the European Union

  European Union
  Countries with EU delegations

The member states of the European Union are aligned in their foreign policy on many issues. The EU is the world's largest economic union, customs union and donor of humanitarian and development assistance and thus has an extensive network of delegations around the world mainly operating in the framework of External Relations, for which the European Commission is the main decision body. The EU also represents shared political and security viewpoints held by its member states, as articulated in the Common Foreign and Security Policy.

The EU's predecessor, the European Coal and Steel Community, opened its first mission in London in 1955, three years after non-EU countries began to accredit their missions in Brussels to the Community. The US had been a fervent supporter of the ECSC's efforts from the beginning, and Secretary of State Dean Acheson sent Jean Monnet a dispatch in the name of President Truman confirming full US diplomatic recognition of the ECSC. A US ambassador to the ECSC was accredited soon thereafter, and he headed the second overseas mission to establish diplomatic relations with the Community institutions.[1]

The number of delegates began to rise in the 1960s following the merging of the executive institutions of the three European Communities into a single Commission. Until recently some states had reservations accepting that EU delegations held the full status of a diplomatic mission. Article 20 of the Maastricht Treaty requires the Delegations and the Member States’ diplomatic missions to "co-operate in ensuring that the common positions and joint actions adopted by the Council are complied with and implemented".

Management of the EU External Relations is conducted by the European External Action Service which reports to the High Representative for Foreign Affairs. Delegates are generally sent only to capital cities and cities hosting multilateral bodies.

The EU missions work separately from the work of the missions of its member states, however in some circumstances it may share resources and facilities. In Abuja, the EU mission shares its premises with a number of member states.[2] The European Commission also maintains representation in each of the member states.[3] For details on diplomatic representation, see Foreign relations of the European Union#Diplomatic representation.

EuropeEdit

AfricaEdit

AsiaEdit

 
Europe House in Dili, East Timor

North AmericaEdit

 
European Commission's Eastern Caribbean branch office in Barbados
 
European Union Delegation in Washington, D.C.

OceaniaEdit

 
The Delegation of the European Union to Australia

South AmericaEdit

Multilateral organisationsEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd As part of the process of establishment of the European External Action Service envisioned in the recently ratified Treaty of Lisbon, on 1 January 2010 all former European Commission delegations were renamed into European Union delegations and till the end of the month 54 of the missions were transformed into embassy-type missions that employ greater powers than the regular delegations. These upgraded delegations have taken on the role previously carried out by the national embassies of the member state holding the rotating Presidency of the Council of the European Union.[4]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Taking Europe to the world: 50 years of the European Commission's External Service[permanent dead link]
  2. ^ Unified External Service of the European Commission Unified External Service of the European Commission
  3. ^ Representations of the European Commission
  4. ^ EU commission 'embassies' granted new powers, EUobserver
  5. ^ http://esb.is/about_us/about_us.htm
  6. ^ "EU office in northern K. Mitrovica" Archived 29 March 2010 at the Wayback Machine b92.net 26 March 2010 Link retrieved 26 March 2010
  7. ^ The mission in Jakarta is the EU Delegation to Indonesia, Brunei Darussalam and ASEAN
  8. ^ https://www.kuna.net.kw/ArticleDetails.aspx?id=2736965&language=en
  9. ^ Delegation to the Kyrgyz Republic
  10. ^ Delgva.ec.europa.eu
  11. ^ "PR German-Czech EU Presentation Credentials" (PDF). Asean.org.
  12. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 27 December 2009. Retrieved 23 January 2010.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  13. ^ Delvie.ec.europa.eu

External linksEdit