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List of countries by number of military and paramilitary personnel

  (Redirected from List of countries by number of troops)
Countries by number of active soldiers (2009)

This is a list of countries by number of military and paramilitary personnel. It includes any government-sponsored soldiers used to further the domestic and foreign policies of their respective government. The term "country" is used in its most common use, in the sense of state which exercises sovereignty or has limited recognition.

Contents

Guide to the list

The list consists of columns which can be sorted by clicking on the appropriate title:

  • The names of the states, accompanied by their respective national flags.
  • The number of military personnel on active duty that are currently serving full-time in their military capacity.
  • The number of military personnel in the reserve forces that are not normally kept under arms, whose role is to be available to mobilize when necessary.
  • The number of personnel in paramilitary forces, armed units that are not considered part of a nation's formal military forces.
  • The total number of military and paramilitary personnel, and the ratio per thousand inhabitants.
  • As military forces around the world are constantly changing in size, no definitive list can ever be compiled.

Many of the 171 countries listed here, especially those with the highest number of total soldiers, such as the two Koreas and Vietnam, include a large number of paramilitaries, civilians and policemen in their reserve personnel. Some countries, such as Italy and Japan, have only volunteers in their armed forces; while others, such as Mauritius and Panama, have no national armies, but only a paramilitary force.

List

The following list is sourced from the 2017 edition of "The Military Balance" published annually by the International Institute for Strategic Studies.

Flag Country Active military Reserve military Paramilitary Total Per 1000 capita
(total)
Per 1000 capita
(active)
  Afghanistan[1] 171,200 0 148,200 319,400 9.6 5.1
  Albania[2] 8,000 0 500 8,500 2.8 2.6
  Algeria[3] 130,000 150,000 187,200 467,200 11.6 3.2
  Angola[4] 107,000 0 10,000 117,000 5.8 5.3
  Antigua and Barbuda[5] 180 80 0 260 2.8 1.9
  Argentina[6] 74,200 0 31,250 105,450 2.4 1.7
  Armenia[7][Note 1][Note 2] 44,800 210,000 4,300 259,100 84.9 14.7
  Australia[8] 57,800 21,100 0 78,900 3.4 2.5
  Austria[9] 21,350 146,000 0 167,350 19.2 2.5
  Azerbaijan[10] 66,950 300,000 15,000 381,950 38.7 6.8
  Bahamas[11] 1,300 0 0 1,300 4 4
  Bahrain[12] 8,200 0 11,260 19,460 14.1 5.9
  Bangladesh[13] 157,050 0 63,900 220,950 1.4 1
  Barbados[14] 610 430 0 1,040 3.6 2.1
  Belarus[15] 48,000 289,500 110,000 447,500 46.8 5
  Belgium[16] 29,600 6,750 0 36,350 3.2 2.6
  Belize[17] 1,500 700 0 2,200 6.2 4.2
  Benin[18] 7,250 0 2,500 9,750 0.9 0.7
  Bolivia[19] 34,100 0 37,100 71,200 6.5 3.1
  Bosnia and Herzegovina[20] 10,500 0 0 10,500 2.7 2.7
  Botswana[21] 9,000 0 0 9,000 4.1 4.1
  Brazil[22] 334,500 1,340,000 395,000 2,069,500 10.1 1.6
  Brunei[23] 7,000 700 2,250 9,950 22.8 16
  Bulgaria[24] 31,300 3,000 16,000 50,300 7 4.4
  Burkina Faso[25] 11,200 0 250 11,450 0.6 0.6
  Burundi[26] 30,000 0 21,000 51,000 4.6 2.7
  Cambodia[27] 124,300 0 67,000 191,300 12 7.8
  Cameroon[28] 14,400 0 9,000 23,400 1 0.6
  Canada[29] 63,000 30,000 4,500 97,500 2.8 1.8
  Cape Verde[30] 1,200 0 0 1,200 2.2 2.2
  Central African Republic[31] 7,150 0 1,000 8,150 1.5 1.3
  Chad[32] 30,350 0 9,500 39,850 3.4 2.6
  Chile[33] 64,750 40,000 44,700 149,450 8.5 3.7
  China[34] 2,183,000 510,000 660,000 3,353,000 2.4 1.6
  Colombia[35] 293,200 34,950 187,900 516,050 10.9 6.2
  Costa Rica[36] 0 0 9,800 9,800 2 0
  Côte d'Ivoire[37] 25,400 0 0 25,400 1.1 1.1
  Croatia[38] 15,550 0 3,000 18,550 4.3 3.6
  Cuba[39][Note 3] 49,000 1,159,000 26,500 1,234,500 110.4 4.4
  Cyprus[40] 12,000 50,000 750 62,750 52 10
  Czech Republic[41] 21,950 0 3,100 25,050 2.3 2.1
  Democratic Republic of the Congo[42] 134,250 0 0 134,250 1.7 1.7
  Denmark[43] 16,600 45,700 0 62,300 11.1 3
  Djibouti[44] 10,450 0 2,500 12,950 15.3 12.3
  Dominican Republic[45] 56,050 0 15,000 71,050 6.7 5.3
  Ecuador[46] 40,250 118,000 500 158,750 9.9 2.5
  Egypt[47] 438,500 479,000 397,000 1,314,500 13.9 4.6
  El Salvador[48] 24,500 9,900 17,000 51,400 8.3 4
  Equatorial Guinea[49] 1,450 0 0 1,450 1.9 1.9
  Eritrea[50] 201,750 120,000 0 321,750 54.8 34.4
  Estonia[51] 6,400 12,000 15,800 34,200 27.2 5.1
  Ethiopia[52] 138,000 0 0 138,000 1.3 1.3
  Fiji[53] 3,500 6,000 0 9,500 10.4 3.8
  Finland[54][55] 22,200 900,000 2,700 924,900 168.2 4
  France[56] 202,950 68,100 103,400 374,450 5.6 3
  Gabon[57] 4,700 0 2,000 6,700 3.9 2.7
  Gambia[58] 800 0 0 800 0.4 0.4
  Georgia[59] 20,650 0 5,400 26,050 5.3 4.2
  Germany[60] 176,800 27,600 500 204,900 2.5 2.2
  Ghana[61] 15,500 0 0 15,500 0.6 0.6
  Greece[62] 142,950 220,500 4,000 367,450 34.1 13.3
  Guatemala[63] 18,050 63,850 25,000 106,900 7 1.2
  Guinea[64] 9,700 0 2,600 12,300 1 0.8
  Guinea-Bissau[65] 4,450 0 0 4,450 2.5 2.5
  Guyana[66] 3,400 670 0 4,070 5.5 4.6
  Haiti[67] 70 0 50 120 0 0
  Honduras[68] 10,700 60,000 8,000 78,700 8.8 1.2
  Hungary[69] 26,500 44,000 12,000 82,500 8.4 2.7
  Iceland[70] 0 0 250 250 0.7 0
  India[71] 1,395,100 2,142,800 1,403,700 4,941,600 3.9 1.1
  Indonesia[72] 395,500 400,000 280,000 1,075,500 4.2 1.5
  Iran[73][Note 4] 523,000 350,000 40,000 913,000 11 6.3
  Iraq[74] 64,000 0 145,000 209,000 5.5 1.7
  Ireland[75] 9,100 2,630 0 11,730 2.4 1.8
  Israel[76] 176,500 465,000 8,000 649,500 79.5 21.6
  Italy[77][Note 5] 174,500 18,300 182,350 375,150 6.1 2.8
  Jamaica[78] 3,450 980 0 4,430 1.5 1.2
  Japan[79] 247,150 56,000 12,650 315,800 2.5 2
  Jordan[80] 100,500 65,000 15,000 180,500 22.1 12.3
  Kazakhstan[81] 39,000 0 31,500 70,500 3.8 2.1
  Kenya[82] 24,100 0 5,000 29,100 0.6 0.5
  Kosovo[83] 2,500 800 0 3,300 1.8 1.3
  Kuwait[84] 15,500 23,700 7,100 46,300 16.3 5.5
  Kyrgyzstan[85] 10,900 0 9,500 20,400 3.6 1.9
  Laos[86] 29,100 0 100,000 129,100 18.4 4.1
  Latvia[87] 5,310 7,850 0 13,160 6.7 2.7
  Lebanon[88] 60,000 0 20,000 80,000 12.8 9.6
  Lesotho[89] 2,000 0 0 2,000 1 1
  Liberia[90] 2,050 0 0 2,050 0.5 0.5
  Libya[91][Note 6] 0 0 0 0 0 0
  Lithuania[92] 17,030 6,700 11,300 35,030 12.3 6
  Luxembourg[93] 900 0 600 1,500 2.6 1.5
  Madagascar[94] 13,500 0 8,100 21,600 0.9 0.6
  Malawi[95] 5,300 0 1,500 6,800 0.4 0.3
  Malaysia[96][Note 7] 109,000 51,600 269,300 429,900 13.9 3.5
  Mali[97] 8,000 0 7,800 15,800 0.9 0.5
  Malta[98] 1,950 180 0 2,130 5.1 4.7
  Mauritania[99] 15,850 0 5,000 20,850 5.7 4.3
  Mauritius[100] 0 0 2,550 2,550 1.9 0
  Mexico[101] 277,150 81,500 58,900 417,550 3.4 2.3
  Moldova[102] 5,150 58,000 2,400 65,550 18.7 1.5
  Mongolia[103] 9,700 137,000 7,500 154,200 50.9 3.2
  Montenegro[104] 1,950 0 10,100 12,050 18.7 3
  Morocco[105] 195,800 150,000 50,000 395,800 11.8 5.8
  Mozambique[106] 11,200 0 0 11,200 0.4 0.4
  Myanmar[107] 406,000 0 107,250 513,250 9 7.1
  Namibia[108] 9,900 0 6,000 15,900 6.8 4.2
  Nepal[109] 96,600 0 62,000 158,600 5.5 3.3
  Netherlands[110] 35,410 4,500 6,060 45,970 2.7 2.1
  New Zealand[111] 8,950 2,200 0 11,150 2.5 2
  Nicaragua[112] 12,000 0 0 12,000 2 2
  Niger[113] 5,300 0 5,400 10,700 0.6 0.3
  Nigeria[114] 118,000 0 82,000 200,000 1.1 0.6
  North Korea[115][Note 8] 1,190,000 6,300,000 189,000 7,679,000 305.7 47.4
  Norway[116] 24,950 45,590 0 70,540 13.4 4.7
  Oman[117] 42,600 0 4,400 47,000 14 12.7
  Pakistan[118] 653,800 0 282,000 935,800 4.6 3.2
  Palestine[119][Note 9] 0 0
  Panama[120] 0 0 22,050 22,050 6 0
  Papua New Guinea[121] 1,900 0 0 1,900 0.3 0.3
  Paraguay[122] 10,650 164,500 14,800 189,950 27.7 1.6
  Peru[123] 81,000 188,000 77,000 346,000 11.3 2.6
  Philippines[124] 125,000 131,000 90,500 346,500 3.4 1.2
  Poland[125] 99,300 0 73,400 172,700 4.5 2.6
  Portugal[126] 29,600 211,950 44,000 285,550 26.4 2.7
  Qatar[127] 11,800 0 0 11,800 5.2 5.2
  Republic of Macedonia[128] 8,000 4,850 0 12,850 6.1 3.8
  Republic of the Congo[129] 10,000 0 2,000 12,000 2.5 2.1
  Romania[130] 70,500 50,000 79,900 200,400 9.3 3.3
  Russia[131][Note 10] 831,000 2,000,000 659,000 3,490,000 24.5 5.8
  Rwanda[132] 33,000 0 2,000 35,000 2.7 2.5
  Saudi Arabia[133] 227,000 0 24,500 251,500 8.9 8.1
  Senegal[134] 13,600 0 5,000 18,600 1.3 0.9
  Serbia[135] 28,150 50,150 0 78,300 11 3.9
  Seychelles[136] 420 0 0 420 4.5 4.5
  Sierra Leone[137] 8,500 0 0 8,500 1.4 1.4
  Singapore[138] 72,500 312,500 119,100 504,100 87.2 12.5
  Slovakia[139] 15,850 0 0 15,850 2.9 2.9
  Slovenia[140] 7,250 1,760 5,950 14,960 7.6 3.7
  Somalia[141] 19,800 0 0 19,800 1.8 1.8
  South Africa[142] 67,100 15,050 0 82,150 1.5 1.2
  South Korea[143] 630,000 7,500,000 4,500 8,134,500 159.7 12.4
  Spain[144] 123,200 8,200 76,750 208,150 4.3 2.5
  Sri Lanka[145] 243,000 35,900 62,200 341,100 15.3 10.9
  South Sudan[146] 185,000 0 0 185,000 14.8 14.8
  Sudan[147] 244,300 85,000 20,000 349,300 9.5 6.7
  Suriname[148] 1,840 0 100 1,940 3.3 3.1
  Sweden[149] 29,750 0 21,950 51,700 5.2 3
  Switzerland[150] 20,950 144,270 74,000 239,220 29.2 2.6
  Syria[151] 127,500 0 150,000 277,500 16.1 7.4
  Taiwan[152] 215,000 1,657,000 17,000 1,889,000 80.5 9.2
  Tajikistan[153] 8,800 0 7,500 16,300 2 1.1
  Tanzania[154] 27,000 80,000 1,400 108,400 2.1 0.5
  Thailand[155] 360,850 245,000 93,700 699,550 10.3 5.3
  Timor Leste[156] 1,330 0 0 1,330 1.1 1.1
  Togo[157] 8,550 0 750 9,300 1.2 1.1
  Trinidad and Tobago[158] 4,050 0 0 4,050 3.3 3.3
  Tunisia[159] 35,800 0 12,000 47,800 4.3 3.2
  Turkey[160] 355,200 378,700 156,800 890,700 11.1 4.4
  Turkmenistan[161] 36,500 0 0 36,500 6.9 6.9
  Uganda[162] 45,000 10,000 1,400 56,400 1.5 1.2
  Ukraine[163] 204,000 900,000 88,000 1,192,000 27 4.6
  United Arab Emirates[164] 63,000 0 0 63,000 10.6 10.6
  United Kingdom[165] 152,350 81,350 0 233,700 3.6 2.4
  United States[166] 1,347,300 865,050 14,850 2,227,200 6.9 4.2
  Uruguay[167] 24,650 0 800 25,450 7.6 7.4
  Uzbekistan[168] 48,000 0 20,000 68,000 2.3 1.6
  Venezuela[169] 115,000 8,000 0 123,000 4 3.7
  Vietnam[170] 482,000 5,000,000 40,000 5,522,000 58 5.1
  Yemen[171] 20,000 0 0 20,000 0.7 0.7
  Zambia[172] 15,100 3,000 1,400 19,500 1.3 1
  Zimbabwe[173] 29,000 0 21,800 50,800 3.5 2

Not included in the list are the militaries of Abkhazia, Andorra, Bhutan, Northern Cyprus, Maldives, Monaco, Nagorno-Karabakh, San Marino, Saint Kitts and Nevis, São Tomé and Príncipe, Somaliland, Swaziland, Tonga and Vanuatu.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ The reserve military of Armenia consists mostly of ex-conscripts who have seen service within the last 15 years.
  2. ^ Does not include Army forces of Nagorno Karabakh, which has an Armenian backed army.
  3. ^ The reserve paramilitary of Cuba consists of the Youth Labour Army, Civil Defence and Territorial Troops Militia and count 1,120,000 units. Ready reserves serve 45 days per year.
  4. ^ The paramilitary forces of Iran largely consists of the Basij, a paramilitary militia with claimed membership of 12.6 million (including women and children), which after mobilization can reach about 1,000,000 people able to fight.
  5. ^ The paramilitary forces of Italy consists of the Carabinieri and the Guardia di Finanza.
  6. ^ No data due to the ongoing civil war.
  7. ^ The paramilitary forces of Malaysia includes 244,700 personnel from the People's Volunteer Corps.
  8. ^ The Worker-Peasant Red Guards count 5,700,000 units and are used as a reserve paramilitary.
  9. ^ Precise personnel-strength figures for the various Palestinian groups are not known.
  10. ^ The potential reserve personnel of Russia may be as high as 20 million, depending on how the figures are counted. However, an est. 2 million have seen military service within the last 5 years.

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Bibliography

Further reading