Open main menu

List of countries by number of military and paramilitary personnel

  (Redirected from List of countries by number of troops)

Countries by number of active soldiers (2009)

This is a list of countries by number of military and paramilitary personnel. It includes any government-sponsored soldiers used to further the domestic and foreign policies of their respective government. The term "country" is used in its most common use, in the sense of state which exercises sovereignty or has limited recognition.

Contents

Guide to the list

The list consists of columns that can be sorted by clicking on the appropriate title:

  • The names of the states, accompanied by their respective national flags.
  • The number of military personnel on active duty that are currently serving full-time in their military capacity.
  • The number of military personnel in the reserve forces that are not normally kept under arms, whose role is to be available to mobilize when necessary.
  • The number of personnel in paramilitary forces: armed units that are not considered part of a nation's formal military forces.
  • The total number of active, reserve, and paramilitary personnel.
  • The ratio per thousand inhabitants of total military (active, reserve, and paramilitary).
  • The ratio per thousand inhabitants of active military only.

As military forces around the world are constantly changing in size, no definitive list can ever be compiled.

Many of the 171 countries listed here, especially those with the highest number of total soldiers such as the two Koreas and Vietnam, include a large number of paramilitaries, civilians and policemen in their reserve personnel. Some countries, such as Italy and Japan, have only volunteers in their armed forces. Other countries, such as Mauritius and Panama, have no national armies, but only a paramilitary force.

List

The following list is sourced from the 2018 edition of "The Military Balance" published annually by the International Institute for Strategic Studies.

Flag Country Active military Reserve military Paramilitary Total Per 1000 capita
(total)
Per 1000 capita
(active)
  Afghanistan[1] 174,300 0 148,700 323,000 9.5 5.1
  Albania[2] 8,000 0 500 8,500 2.8 2.6
  Algeria[3] 130,000 150,000 187,200 467,200 11.4 3.2
  Angola[4] 107,000 0 10,000 117,000 4 3.7
  Antigua and Barbuda[5] 180 80 0 260 2.7 1.9
  Argentina[6] 74,200 0 31,250 105,450 2.4 1.7
  Armenia[7][Note 1][Note 2] 44,800 210,000 4,300 259,100 85.1 14.7
  Australia[8] 57,800 21,100 0 78,900 3.4 2.5
  Austria[9] 22,400 152,200 0 174,600 19.9 2.6
  Azerbaijan[10] 66,950 300,000 15,000 381,950 38.3 6.7
  Bahamas[11] 1,300 0 0 1,300 3.9 3.9
  Bahrain[12] 8,200 0 11,260 19,460 13.8 5.8
  Bangladesh[13] 157,050 0 63,900 220,950 1.4 1
  Barbados[14] 610 430 0 1,040 3.6 2.1
  Belarus[15] 45,350 289,500 110,000 444,850 46.6 4.7
  Belgium[16] 28,800 5,000 0 33,800 2.9 2.5
  Belize[17] 1,500 700 150 2,350 6.5 4.2
  Benin[18] 7,250 0 2,500 9,750 0.9 0.7
  Bolivia[19] 34,100 0 37,100 71,200 6.4 3.1
  Bosnia and Herzegovina[20] 10,500 0 0 10,500 2.7 2.7
  Botswana[21] 9,000 0 0 9,000 4.1 4.1
  Brazil[22] 334,500 1,340,000 395,000 2,069,500 10 1.6
  Brunei[23] 7,200 700 4,900 12,800 28.9 16.2
  Bulgaria[24] 31,300 3,000 0 34,300 4.8 4.4
  Burkina Faso[25] 11,200 0 250 11,450 0.6 0.6
  Burundi[26] 30,050 0 21,000 51,050 4.5 2.6
  Cambodia[27] 124,300 0 67,000 191,300 11.8 7.7
  Cameroon[28] 14,400 0 9,000 23,400 0.9 0.6
  Canada[29] 63,000 30,000 4,500 97,500 2.7 1.8
  Cape Verde[30] 1,200 0 0 1,200 2.1 2.1
  Central African Republic[31] 7,150 0 1,000 8,150 1.4 1.3
  Chad[32] 30,350 0 9,500 39,850 3.3 2.5
  Chile[33] 77,200 40,000 44,700 161,900 9.1 4.3
  China[34] 2,035,000 510,000 660,000 3,205,000 2.3 1.5
  Colombia[35] 293,200 34,950 187,900 516,050 10.8 6.1
  Costa Rica[36] 0 0 9,800 9,800 2 0
  Côte d'Ivoire[37] 25,400 0 0 25,400 1.1 1.1
  Croatia[38] 15,650 0 3,000 18,650 4.3 3.6
  Cuba[39][Note 3] 49,000 1,159,000 26,500 1,234,500 110.7 4.4
  Cyprus[40] 15,000 50,000 750 65,750 53.8 12.3
  Czech Republic[41] 23,200 0 0 23,200 2.2 2.2
  Democratic Republic of the Congo[42] 134,250 0 0 134,250 1.6 1.6
  Denmark[43] 16,100 45,700 0 61,800 11 2.9
  Djibouti[44] 10,450 0 2,650 13,100 15.1 12.1
  Dominican Republic[45] 56,050 0 15,000 71,050 6.6 5.2
  Ecuador[46] 40,250 118,000 500 158,750 9.7 2.5
  Egypt[47] 438,500 479,000 397,000 1,314,500 13.5 4.5
  El Salvador[48] 24,500 9,900 17,000 51,400 8.3 4
  Equatorial Guinea[49] 1,450 0 0 1,450 1.9 1.9
  Eritrea[50] 201,750 120,000 0 321,750 54.8 34.4
  Estonia[51] 6,600 12,000 15,800 34,400 27.5 5.3
  Ethiopia[52] 138,000 0 0 138,000 1.3 1.3
  Fiji[53] 3,500 6,000 0 9,500 10.3 3.8
  Finland[54][55][Note 4] 21,500 227,500 2,700 251,700 45.6 3.9
  France[56] 202,700 72,300 103,400 378,400 5.6 3
  Gabon[57] 4,700 0 2,000 6,700 3.8 2.7
  Gambia[58] 800 0 0 800 0.4 0.4
  Georgia[59] 20,650 0 5,400 26,050 5.3 4.2
  Germany[60] 178,600 27,900 500 207,000 2.6 2.2
  Ghana[61] 15,500 0 0 15,500 0.6 0.6
  Greece[62] 141,350 220,500 4,000 365,850 34 13.1
  Guatemala[63] 18,050 63,850 25,000 106,900 6.9 1.2
  Guinea[64] 9,700 0 2,600 12,300 1 0.8
  Guinea-Bissau[65] 4,450 0 0 4,450 2.5 2.5
  Guyana[66] 3,400 670 0 4,070 5.5 4.6
  Haiti[67] 150 0 50 200 0 0
  Honduras[68] 14,950 60,000 8,000 82,950 9.2 1.7
  Hungary[69] 27,800 44,000 12,000 83,800 8.5 2.8
  Iceland[70] 0 0 250 250 0.7 0
  India[71] 1,395,100 2,096,000 1,585,950 5,077,050 4 1.1
  Indonesia[72] 395,500 400,000 280,000 1,075,500 4.1 1.5
  Iran[73][Note 5] 523,000 350,000 40,000 913,000 11.1 6.4
  Iraq[74] 64,000 0 145,000 209,000 5.3 1.6
  Ireland[75] 9,100 2,480 0 11,580 2.3 1.8
  Israel[76] 176,500 465,000 8,000 649,500 78.3 21.3
  Italy[77][Note 6] 174,500 18,300 182,350 375,150 6 2.8
  Jamaica[78] 3,950 980 0 4,930 1.6 1.3
  Japan[79] 247,150 56,000 13,740 316,890 2.5 2
  Jordan[80] 100,500 100,000 15,000 215,500 21 9.8
  Kazakhstan[81] 39,000 0 31,500 70,500 3.8 2.1
  Kenya[82] 24,100 0 5,000 29,100 0.6 0.5
  Kosovo[83] 2,500 800 0 3,300 1.7 1.3
  Kuwait[84] 15,500 23,700 7,100 46,300 16.1 5.4
  Kyrgyzstan[85] 10,900 0 9,500 20,400 3.5 1.9
  Laos[86] 29,100 0 100,000 129,100 18.1 4.1
  Latvia[87] 5,310 7,850 0 13,160 6.8 2.7
  Lebanon[88] 60,000 0 20,000 80,000 12.8 9.6
  Lesotho[89] 2,000 0 0 2,000 1 1
  Liberia[90] 2,100 0 0 2,100 0.4 0.4
  Libya[91][Note 7] 0 0 0 0 0 0
  Lithuania[92] 18,350 6,700 11,300 36,350 12.9 6.5
  Luxembourg[93] 900 0 600 1,500 2.5 1.5
  Madagascar[94] 13,500 0 8,100 21,600 0.9 0.5
  Malawi[95] 10,700 0 4,200 14,900 0.8 0.6
  Malaysia[96][Note 8] 109,000 296,300 24,600 429,900 13.7 3.5
  Mali[97] 10,000 0 7,800 17,800 1 0.6
  Malta[98] 1,950 180 0 2,130 5.1 4.7
  Mauritania[99] 15,850 0 5,000 20,850 5.5 4.2
  Mauritius[100] 0 0 2,550 2,550 1.9 0
  Mexico[101] 277,150 81,500 58,900 417,550 3.4 2.2
  Moldova[102] 5,150 58,000 2,400 65,550 18.9 1.5
  Mongolia[103] 9,700 137,000 7,500 154,200 50.3 3.2
  Montenegro[104] 1,950 0 10,100 12,050 18.8 3
  Morocco[105] 195,800 150,000 50,000 395,800 11.6 5.8
  Mozambique[106] 11,200 0 0 11,200 0.4 0.4
  Myanmar[107] 406,000 0 107,250 513,250 9.3 7.4
  Namibia[108] 9,900 0 6,000 15,900 6.4 4
  Nepal[109] 96,600 0 62,000 158,600 5.4 3.3
  Netherlands[110] 35,410 4,660 5,900 45,970 2.7 2.1
  New Zealand[111] 9,000 2,300 0 11,300 2.5 2
  Nicaragua[112] 12,000 0 0 12,000 2 2
  Niger[113] 5,300 0 5,400 10,700 0.6 0.3
  Nigeria[114] 118,000 0 82,000 200,000 1 0.6
  North Korea[115][Note 9] 1,280,000 6,300,000 189,000 7,769,000 307.7 50.7
  Norway[116] 23,950 38,590 0 62,540 11.8 4.5
  Oman[117] 42,600 0 4,400 47,000 13.7 12.4
  Pakistan[118] 653,800 0 282,000 935,800 4.6 3.2
  Palestine[119][Note 10] 0 0 0 0 0 0
  Panama[120] 0 0 22,050 22,050 5.9 0
  Papua New Guinea[121] 3,600 0 0 3,600 0.5 0.5
  Paraguay[122] 10,650 164,500 14,800 189,950 27.4 1.5
  Peru[123] 81,000 188,000 77,000 346,000 11.1 2.6
  Philippines[124] 125,000 181,000 40,500 346,500 3.3 1.2
  Poland[125] 105,000 0 73,400 178,400 4.6 2.7
  Portugal[126] 30,500 211,950 44,000 286,450 26.4 2.8
  Qatar[127] 11,800 0 5,000 16,800 7.3 5.1
  Republic of Macedonia[128] 8,000 4,850 7,600 20,450 9.7 3.8
  Republic of the Congo[129] 10,000 0 2,000 12,000 2.4 2
  Romania[130] 69,300 50,000 79,900 199,200 9.3 3.2
  Russia[131][Note 11] 900,000 2,000,000 554,000 3,454,000 24.3 6.3
  Rwanda[132] 33,000 0 2,000 35,000 2.9 2.8
  Saudi Arabia[133] 227,000 0 24,500 251,500 8.8 7.9
  Senegal[134] 13,600 0 5,000 18,600 1.3 0.9
  Serbia[135] 28,150 50,150 3,700 82,000 11.5 4
  Seychelles[136] 420 0 0 420 4.5 4.5
  Sierra Leone[137] 8,500 0 0 8,500 1.4 1.4
  Singapore[138] 72,500 312,500 19,900 404,900 68.8 12.3
  Slovakia[139] 15,850 0 0 15,850 2.9 2.9
  Slovenia[140] 7,250 1,760 5,950 14,960 7.6 3.7
  Somalia[141] 19,800 0 0 19,800 1.8 1.8
  South Africa[142] 66,350 15,050 0 81,400 1.5 1.2
  South Korea[143] 625,000 6,100,000 9,000 6,734,000 131.6 12.2
  Spain[144] 121,200 15,450 76,750 213,400 4.4 2.5
  Sri Lanka[145] 243,000 35,900 62,200 341,100 15.2 10.8
  South Sudan[146] 185,000 0 0 185,000 14.2 14.2
  Sudan[147] 104,300 85,000 20,000 209,300 5.6 2.8
  Suriname[148] 1,840 0 100 1,940 3.3 3.1
  Sweden[149] 29,750 0 21,950 51,700 5.2 3
  Switzerland[150] 20,950 218,270 0 239,220 29 2.5
  Syria[151] 142,500 0 150,000 292,500 16.2 7.9
  Taiwan[152] 215,000 1,657,000 11,450 1,883,450 80.1 9.1
  Tajikistan[153] 8,800 0 7,500 16,300 1.9 1
  Tanzania[154] 27,000 80,000 1,400 108,400 2 0.5
  Thailand[155] 360,850 245,000 93,700 699,550 10.2 5.3
  Timor Leste[156] 1,330 0 0 1,330 1 1
  Togo[157] 8,550 0 750 9,300 1.2 1.1
  Trinidad and Tobago[158] 4,050 0 0 4,050 3.3 3.3
  Tunisia[159] 35,800 0 12,000 47,800 4.2 3.1
  Turkey[160] 355,200 378,700 156,800 890,700 11 4.4
  Turkmenistan[161] 36,500 0 5,000 41,500 7.8 6.8
  Uganda[162] 45,000 10,000 1,400 56,400 1.4 1.1
  Ukraine[163] 204,000 900,000 88,000 1,192,000 27.1 4.6
  United Arab Emirates[164] 63,000 0 0 63,000 10.4 10.4
  United Kingdom[165] 150,250 82,650 0 232,900 3.6 2.3
  United States[166] 1,348,400 857,950 0 2,206,350 6.8 4.2
  Uruguay[167] 24,650 0 800 25,450 7.6 7.3
  Uzbekistan[168] 48,000 0 20,000 68,000 2.3 1.6
  Venezuela[169] 123,000 8,000 220,000 351,000 11.2 3.9
  Vietnam[170] 482,000 5,000,000 40,000 5,522,000 57.4 5
  Yemen[171] 20,000 0 0 20,000 0.7 0.7
  Zambia[172] 15,100 3,000 1,400 19,500 1.2 0.9
  Zimbabwe[173] 29,000 0 21,800 50,800 3.7 2.1

Not included in the list are the militaries of Abkhazia, Andorra, Bhutan, Northern Cyprus, Maldives, Monaco, Artsakh, San Marino, Saint Kitts and Nevis, São Tomé and Príncipe, Somaliland, Swaziland, Tonga and Vanuatu.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ The reserve military of Armenia consists mostly of ex-conscripts who have seen service within the last 15 years.
  2. ^ Does not include Army forces of Artsakh, which has an Armenian backed army.
  3. ^ The reserve paramilitary of Cuba consists of the Youth Labour Army, Civil Defence and Territorial Troops Militia and count 1,120,000 units. Ready reserves serve 45 days per year.
  4. ^ Finnish Defence Forces has a ~33,400 active strength, a wartime strength of ~280,000, with a total reserve of ~900,000
  5. ^ The paramilitary forces of Iran largely consists of the Basij, a paramilitary militia with claimed membership of 12.6 million (including women and children), which after mobilization can reach about 1,000,000 people able to fight.
  6. ^ The paramilitary forces of Italy consists of the Carabinieri and the Guardia di Finanza.
  7. ^ No data due to the ongoing civil war.
  8. ^ The paramilitary forces of Malaysia includes 240,000 reservists from the People's Volunteer Corps.
  9. ^ The Worker-Peasant Red Guards count 5,700,000 units and are used as a reserve paramilitary.
  10. ^ Precise personnel-strength figures for the various Palestinian groups are not known.
  11. ^ The potential reserve personnel of Russia may be as high as 20 million, depending on how the figures are counted. However, an est. 2 million have seen military service within the last 5 years.

References

  1. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 240
  2. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 82
  3. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 325
  4. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 445
  5. ^ IISS 2018, p. 383
  6. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 383
  7. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 181
  8. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 241
  9. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 83
  10. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 182
  11. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 386
  12. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 327
  13. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 244
  14. ^ IISS 2018, p. 387
  15. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 185
  16. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 85
  17. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 387
  18. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 446
  19. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 388
  20. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 87
  21. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 447-448
  22. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 390
  23. ^ IISS 2018, p. 247
  24. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 88
  25. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 448-449
  26. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 449-450
  27. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 248
  28. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 451
  29. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 43
  30. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 452
  31. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 453
  32. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 454
  33. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 394
  34. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 249-250
  35. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 397
  36. ^ IISS 2018, p. 400
  37. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 456
  38. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 90
  39. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 400-401
  40. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 92
  41. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 94
  42. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 457
  43. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 96
  44. ^ IISS 2016, pp. 459
  45. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 402
  46. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 403
  47. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 329
  48. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 405-406
  49. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 460
  50. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 461
  51. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 98
  52. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 462
  53. ^ IISS 2018, p. 259-260
  54. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 99-100
  55. ^ Kotimaa. "900 000 suomalaista saa pian postia armeijalta – HS kertoo reserviläiskirjeen sisällön - Kotimaa - Helsingin Sanomat". Hs.fi. Retrieved 2017-02-18.
  56. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 102
  57. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 463
  58. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 464-465
  59. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 186-187
  60. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 107-108
  61. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 465
  62. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 111
  63. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 407
  64. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 466-467
  65. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 467-468
  66. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 408
  67. ^ IISS 2018, p. 409
  68. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 409-410
  69. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 114
  70. ^ IISS 2018, p. 116
  71. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 260
  72. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 266-267
  73. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 333-334
  74. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 337-338
  75. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 116-117
  76. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 339-340
  77. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 118
  78. ^ IISS 2018, p. 411
  79. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 270
  80. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 343
  81. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 188
  82. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 468
  83. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 145
  84. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 345
  85. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 190
  86. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 281
  87. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 122
  88. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 347
  89. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 470
  90. ^ IISS 2018, p. 470
  91. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 349
  92. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 124
  93. ^ IISS 2018, p. 125-126
  94. ^ IISS 2018, p. 471
  95. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 472
  96. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 282
  97. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 473
  98. ^ IISS 2018, p. 127
  99. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 350
  100. ^ IISS 2018, p. 474
  101. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 411-412
  102. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 191
  103. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 285
  104. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 128
  105. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 351-352
  106. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 475
  107. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 286-287
  108. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 476
  109. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 288
  110. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 130
  111. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 289-290
  112. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 414
  113. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 477
  114. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 478
  115. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 274-275
  116. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 132-133
  117. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 354
  118. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 291
  119. ^ IISS 2018, p. 398
  120. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 415
  121. ^ IISS 2018, p. 294
  122. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 416
  123. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 417-418
  124. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 295
  125. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 135
  126. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 138
  127. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 357
  128. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 126
  129. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 455
  130. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 140
  131. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 192
  132. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 480
  133. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 358-359
  134. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 481
  135. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 143
  136. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 482-483
  137. ^ IISS 2018, p. 483
  138. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 297-298
  139. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 145
  140. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 147
  141. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 484
  142. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 485
  143. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 277-278
  144. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 148
  145. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 300-301
  146. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 487
  147. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 488-489
  148. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 420-420
  149. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 152
  150. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 154-155
  151. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 361-362
  152. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 302
  153. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 207
  154. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 490-491
  155. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 305
  156. ^ IISS 2018, p. 308
  157. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 492
  158. ^ IISS 2018, p. 421
  159. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 365-366
  160. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 156-157
  161. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 208
  162. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 493
  163. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 209-210
  164. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 367
  165. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 160-161
  166. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 46
  167. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 422
  168. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 214
  169. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 423-424
  170. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 309
  171. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 370
  172. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 494
  173. ^ IISS 2017, pp. 495-496

Bibliography

Further reading