Open main menu

List of countries by military expenditures

Countries by military expenditures (% of their GDP) in 2014, based on data from the World Bank
Countries by military expenditures (absolute) in 2014, based on data from the World Bank

This article is a list of countries by military expenditure in a given year. Military expenditure figures are presented in United States dollars based on either constant or current exchange rates.[1] These results can vary greatly from one year to another based on fluctuations in the exchange rates of each country's currency. Such fluctuations may change a country's ranking from one year to the next.

The first list is based on the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) 2018 fact sheet, which includes a list on the world's top 15 military spenders in 2017, based on current market exchange rates.[1] The second list is based on the 2019 edition of "The Military Balance" published by the International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS) using average market exchange rates.[2]

Contents

ListEdit

List by the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute
2018 Fact Sheet (for 2017)[1]
SIPRI Military Expenditure Database[3]
List by the International Institute for Strategic Studies
Top 15 Defence Budgets 2018
[4]
Rank Country Spending
($ Bn.)
% of GDP
World total 1,739 2.2
01   United States 610.0 3.1
02   People's Republic of China[a] 228.0 1.9
03   Saudi Arabia[a][b] 69.4 10.0
04   Russia 66.3 4.3
05   India 63.9 2.5
06   France 57.8 2.3
07   United Kingdom 47.2 1.8
08   Japan 45.4 0.9
09   Germany 44.3 1.2
10   South Korea 39.2 2.6
11   Brazil 29.3 1.4
12   Italy 29.2 1.5
13   Australia 27.5 2.0
14   Canada 20.6 1.3
15   Turkey 18.2 2.2
Rank Country Spending
($ Bn.)
01   United States 712.0
02   People's Republic of China 168.2
03   Saudi Arabia 82.9
04   Russia 63.1
05   India 57.9
06   United Kingdom 56.1
07   France 53.4
08   Japan 47.3
09   Germany 45.7
10   South Korea 39.2
11   Brazil 28.0
12   Australia 26.6
13   Italy 24.9
14   Israel 21.6
15   Iraq 19.6


NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b SIPRI estimate.
  2. ^ The figures for Saudi Arabia include expenditure for public order and safety and might be slightly overestimated.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Tian, Nan; Fleurant, Aude; Kuimova, Alexandra; Wezeman, Pieter D.; Wezeman, Siemon T. (May 2018). "Trends in World Military Expenditure, 2017" (PDF). Stockholm International Peace Research Institute. Retrieved 4 November 2018.
  2. ^ International Institute for Strategic Studies (15 February 2019). The Military Balance 2019. London: Routledge. ISBN 1857437667.
  3. ^ "Data for all countries from 1988–2017 in constant (2016) USD (pdf)" (PDF). SIPRI. Retrieved 2 May 2018.
  4. ^ "IISS Military Balance 2019".

External linksEdit