List of countries by military expenditures

This article contains a list of countries by military expenditure in a given year. Military expenditure figures are presented in United States dollars based on either constant or current exchange rates.[1]

A pie chart showing global military expenditures by country for 2018, in US$ billions, according to SIPRI
Countries by military expenditures (absolute) in 2014, based on data from the World Bank

Total military spendingEdit

Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) 2019 fact sheet

The first list is based on the SIPRI fact sheet which includes a list of the world's top 15 military spenders in 2019, based on current market exchange rates.[1]

The second list is based on the 2020 edition of "The Military Balance" published by the (IISS) using average market exchange rates.[2]

List by the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute
2020 Fact Sheet (for 2019)[1]
SIPRI Military Expenditure Database[3]
List by the International Institute for Strategic Studies
Top 15 Defence Budgets 2019
[4]
Rank Country Spending
(US$ bn)
% of GDP
World total 1,917 2.2
01   United States 732.0 3.4
02   China[a] 261.0 1.9
03   India 71.1 2.4
04   Russian Federation 65.1 3.9
05   Saudi Arabia[a][b] 61.9 8.0
06   France 50.1 1.9
07   Germany 49.3 1.3
08   United Kingdom 48.7 1.7
09   Japan 47.6 0.9
10   South Korea 43.9 2.7
11   Brazil 26.9 1.5
12   Italy 26.8 1.4
13   Australia 25.9 1.9
14   Canada 22.2 1.3
15   Israel 20.5 5.3
2020 edition of "The Military Balance" from the International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS)
Rank Country Spending
(US$ bn)
01   United States 684.6
02   China 181.1
03   Saudi Arabia 78.4
04   Russia 61.6
05   India 60.5
06   United Kingdom 54.8
07   France 52.3
08   Japan 48.6
09   Germany 48.5
10   South Korea 39.8
11   Brazil 27.5
12   Italy 27.1
13   Australia 25.5
14   Israel 22.6
15   Iraq 20.5

Military spending by GDPEdit

 
Map of military expenditures as a percentage of GDP by country, 2017.[5]

This first list is a list of countries by military expenditure share of GDP—more specifically, a list of the top 15 countries by percentage share in recent years—the amount spent by a nation on its military as a share of its GDP.

The second list presents this as a share of the general government expenditure. The first list is sourced from the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute for the year 2017 and from Military Balance 2017 published by International Institute for Strategic Studies for the year 2016. The second list is sourced only from the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute for the year 2017.

None of the following analyze such potential record-breakers like North Korea, Syria, Yemen, and Libya.

As a share of GDPEdit

List by the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute
SIPRI Military Expenditure Database
[6] (2018)
List by the International Institute for Strategic Studies
The Military Balance 2017, (for 2016)
[7]
Rank Country % of GDP
1   Saudi Arabia 8.8[a]
2   Oman 8.2[c]
3   Algeria 5.3[c]
4   Kuwait 5.1
5   Lebanon 5.0[a]
6   Armenia 4.8
7   Jordan 4.7
8   Israel 4.3
9   Pakistan 4.0
10   Russia 3.9
11   Ukraine 3.8[a]
11   Azerbaijan 3.8
13   Bahrain 3.6
13   Uzbekistan 3.6
15   Namibia 3.3
16   Colombia 3.2
RankCountry% of GDP
01  Oman15.3
02  Afghanistan 14.0
03  Iraq 11.6
04  Saudi Arabia 8.9
05  Congo6.4
06  Algeria 6.3
07  Israel 6.1
08  Bahrain 4.8
09  Russia 4.6
10  Botswana 4.4
10  Jordan 4.4
12  Namibia 4.1
13  Azerbaijan4.0
13  Armenia 4.0
15  Mali 3.9

As a share of government spending (2018)Edit

Rank Country % of spending[8]
1   Belarus 31.9
2   Saudi Arabia 24.6
3   Armenia 20.9
4   Oman 19.0
5   Pakistan 18.5
6   Singapore 17.1
7   Iran 15.8
8   Lebanon 15.6
9   Myanmar 15.2
10   Jordan 15.0
11   Chad 14.6
12   Mali 14.3
13   Algeria 13.8
14   South Korea 12.4
15   Colombia 11.6

As a share of goods exports (2018)Edit

Rank Country % of exports[9][10]
1   Timor-Leste (2017) 158.8
2   Lebanon (2017) 73.9
3     Nepal (2017) 47.5
4   Pakistan 45.8
5   United States* 38.7
6   Burundi (2017) 37.8
7   Sudan 30.1
8   Algeria 27.7
9   Israel 26.8
10   Afghanistan (2017) 25.3
11   Jordan 25.2
12   Colombia 23.9
13   Armenia 23.2
14   Saudi Arabia 22.9
15   India 20.0

*59.8% including the costs for veterans in 2016[11]

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e SIPRI estimate.
  2. ^ The figures for Saudi Arabia include expenditure for public order and safety and might be slightly overestimated.
  3. ^ a b Highly uncertain data.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Tian, Nan; Fleurant, Aude; Kuimova, Alexandra; Wezeman, Pieter D.; Wezeman, Siemon T. (27 April 2020). "Trends in World Military Expenditure, 2019" (PDF). Stockholm International Peace Research Institute. Retrieved 27 April 2020.
  2. ^ International Institute for Strategic Studies (14 February 2020). The Military Balance 2020. London: Routledge. ISBN 978-0367466398.
  3. ^ "Data for all countries from 1988–2018 in constant (2017) USD (pdf)" (PDF). SIPRI. Retrieved 30 April 2019.
  4. ^ "IISS Military Balance 2020".
  5. ^ 2017 data from: "Military expenditure (% of GDP). Stockholm International Peace Research Institute ( SIPRI ), Yearbook: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security". World Bank. Retrieved 2019-03-08.
  6. ^ "SIPRI Military Expenditure Database | SIPRI". www.sipri.org. Retrieved 2018-05-09.
  7. ^ The Military Balance 2017. Routledge, Chapman & Hall, Incorporated, 2017. 2017. p. 19. ISBN 9781857439007.
  8. ^ "Military expenditure (% of general government expenditure) | Data". data.worldbank.org. Retrieved 2019-10-12.
  9. ^ "Military expenditure (current USD) | Data". data.worldbank.org. Retrieved 2019-10-12.
  10. ^ "Goods exports (BoP, current US$) | Data". data.worldbank.org. Retrieved 2019-10-12.
  11. ^ "Countries by military expenditures as a percentage of exports" (PDF).

External linksEdit