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List of countries by military expenditures

A pie chart showing global military expenditures by country for 2018, in US$ billions, according to SIPRI
Countries by military expenditures (absolute) in 2014, based on data from the World Bank

This article contains a list of countries by military expenditure in a given year. Military expenditure figures are presented in United States dollars based on either constant or current exchange rates.[1] These results can vary greatly from one year to another based on fluctuations in the exchange rates of each country's currency. Such fluctuations may change a country's ranking from one year to the next.

Contents

Total military spendingEdit

Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) 2018 fact sheet

The first list is based on the SIPRI fact sheet which includes a list of the world's top 15 military spenders in 2018, based on current market exchange rates.[1]

The second list is based on the 2019 edition of "The Military Balance" published by the (IISS) using average market exchange rates.[2]


List by the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute
2019 Fact Sheet (for 2018)[1]
SIPRI Military Expenditure Database[3]
List by the International Institute for Strategic Studies
Top 15 Defence Budgets 2018
[4]
Rank Country Spending
(US$ Bn.)
% of GDP
World total 1,822 2.1
01   United States of America 649.0 3.2
02   China[a] 250.0 1.9
03   Saudi Arabia[a][b] 67.6 8.8
04   India 66.5 2.4
05   France 63.8 2.3
06   Russia 61.4 3.9
07   United Kingdom 50.0 1.8
08   Germany 49.5 1.2
09   Japan 46.6 0.9
10   South Korea 43.1 2.6
11   Italy 27.8 1.3
12   Brazil 27.8 1.5
13   Australia 26.7 1.9
14   Canada 21.6 1.3
15   Turkey 19.0 2.5
2019 edition of "The Military Balance" from the International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS)
Rank Country Spending
(US$ Bn.)
01   United States of America 643.3
02   China 168.2
03   Saudi Arabia 82.9
04   Russia 63.1
05   India 57.9
06   United Kingdom 56.1
07   France 53.4
08   Japan 47.3
09   Germany 45.7
10   South Korea 39.2
11   Brazil 28.0
12   Australia 26.6
13   Italy 24.9
14   Israel 21.6
15   Iraq 19.6

Spending by GDPEdit

 
Map of military expenditures as a percentage of GDP by country, 2017.[5]

This first list is a list of countries by military expenditure share of GDP—more specifically, a list of the top 15 countries by percentage share in recent years—the amount spent by a nation on its military as a share of its GDP.

The second list presents this as a share of the general government expenditure. The first list is sourced from the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute for the year 2017 and from Military Balance 2017 published by International Institute for Strategic Studies for the year 2016. The second list is sourced only from the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute for the year 2017.

None of the following analyze such potential record-breakers like North Korea, Syria, Yemen, and Libya.

Military expenditure as a share of GDPEdit

List by the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute
SIPRI Military Expenditure Database
[6] (2016)
List by the International Institute for Strategic Studies
The Military Balance 2017, (for 2016)
[7]
Rank Country % of GDP
1   Oman 12.1
2   Saudi Arabia 10.3
3   Congo 6.2
4   Kuwait 5.8
5   Algeria 5.7
6   Jordan 4.8
7   Israel 4.7
8   Lebanon 4.5
9   Russia 4.3
10   Bahrain 4.1
11   Armenia 4.0
12   Azerbaijan 3.9
12   Iraq 3.9
14   Pakistan 3.5
15   Namibia 3.4
15   Ukraine 3.4
RankCountry% of GDP
01  Oman15.3
02  Afghanistan 14.0
03  Iraq 11.6
04  Saudi Arabia 8.9
05  Congo6.4
06  Algeria 6.3
07  Israel 6.1
08  Bahrain 4.8
09  Russia 4.6
10  Botswana 4.4
10  Jordan 4.4
12  Namibia 4.1
13  Azerbaijan4.0
13  Armenia 4.0
15  Mali 3.9

Military expenditure as a share of government spendingEdit

Rank Country % of spending
1   Sudan 30.9
2   Saudi Arabia 30.4
3   Oman 26.3
4   Belarus 25.3
5   Congo 17.9
6   Singapore 17.2
7   Pakistan 16.7
8   Algeria 16.1
9   Iran 15.8
9   Jordan 15.8
11   Lebanon 15.6
12   Armenia 15.5
12   Chad 13.8
14   Mali 12.7
15   Myanmar 12.4
15   South Korea 12.1

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b SIPRI estimate.
  2. ^ The figures for Saudi Arabia include expenditure for public order and safety and might be slightly overestimated.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Tian, Nan; Fleurant, Aude; Kuimova, Alexandra; Wezeman, Pieter D.; Wezeman, Siemon T. (28 April 2019). "Trends in World Military Expenditure, 2018" (PDF). Stockholm International Peace Research Institute. Retrieved 30 April 2019.
  2. ^ International Institute for Strategic Studies (15 February 2019). The Military Balance 2019. London: Routledge. ISBN 1857437667.
  3. ^ "Data for all countries from 1988–2018 in constant (2017) USD (pdf)" (PDF). SIPRI. Retrieved 30 April 2019.
  4. ^ "IISS Military Balance 2019".
  5. ^ 2017 data from: "Military expenditure (% of GDP). Stockholm International Peace Research Institute ( SIPRI ), Yearbook: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security". World Bank. Retrieved 2019-03-08.
  6. ^ "SIPRI Military Expenditure Database | SIPRI". www.sipri.org. Retrieved 2018-05-09.
  7. ^ The Military Balance 2017. Routledge, Chapman & Hall, Incorporated, 2017. 2017. p. 19. ISBN 9781857439007.

External linksEdit