Military of Chile
The Armed Forces of Chile (Spanish: Fuerzas Armadas de Chile) is the unified military organization comprising the Chilean Army, Air Force and Navy. The President of Chile is the commander in chief of the military, and formulates policy through the Minister of Defence. In recent years and after several major reequipment programs, the Chilean Armed Forces have become one of the most technologically advanced and professional armed forces in Latin America. The Chilean Army is mostly supplied with equipment from Germany, the United States, Israel, France, and Spain.
|Armed Forces of Chile|
|Fuerzas Armadas de Chile|
Coat of arms of Chile
|Service branches|| Chilean Army|
Chilean Air Force
|Minister of Defense||Alberto Espina|
|Chief of the Joint Chiefs of Staff||Lieutenant General Arturo Merino|
|3,815,761, age 15–49|
|3,123,281, age 15–49|
44,700 Carabineros de Chile
|Budget||US$4.25 billion (2018)|
|Percent of GDP||1.4% (2018)|
|Foreign suppliers|| Australia|
Air Force ranks
The current commander-in-chief of the Chilean Army is General de Ejército Sr. Ricardo Martínez Menanteau. The 46,350-person army is organized under six military administrative regions and six divisional headquarters. The forces include one special forces brigade, four armoured brigades, one armoured detachment, three motorized brigades, two motorized detachments, four mountain detachments and one aviation brigade. The army operates German Leopard 1 and 2 tanks as its main battle tanks, including 131 Leopard 2A4 and 115 Leopard 1. The army has approximately 40,000 reservists.
Admiral Julio Leiva Molina directs the 19,800-person Chilean Navy, including 3,600 Marines. Of the fleet of 66 surface vessels, eight are major combatant ships and they are based in Valparaíso. The navy operates its own aircraft for transport and patrol; there are no fighters or bomber aircraft but they have attack helicopters. The Navy also operates four submarines based in Talcahuano.
General Jorge Rojas Avila heads 11,050-strong Chilean Air Force. Air assets are distributed among five air brigades headquartered in Iquique, Antofagasta, Santiago, Puerto Montt, and Punta Arenas. The Air Force also operates an airbase on King George Island, Antarctica.
- Louis E.V. Nevaer, Latin America Divided Over Ties with China, Jan 26, 2011, New American Media, http://newamericamedia.org/2011/01/latin-america-divided-over-ties-with-china-growing-suspicions-over-chinese-presence-in-latin-america.php