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List of countries by number of military and paramilitary personnel

Countries by number of active soldiers (2009)

This is a list of countries by number of military and paramilitary personnel. It includes any government-sponsored soldiers used to further the domestic and foreign policies of their respective government. The term "country" is used in its most common use, in the sense of state which exercises sovereignty or has limited recognition.

Guide to the list

The list consists of columns that can be sorted by clicking on the appropriate title:

  • The names of the states, accompanied by their respective national flags.
  • The number of military personnel on active duty that are currently serving full-time in their military capacity.
  • The number of military personnel in the reserve forces that are not normally kept under arms, whose role is to be available to mobilize when necessary.
  • The number of personnel in paramilitary forces: armed units that are not considered part of a nation's formal military forces.
  • The total number of active, reserve, and paramilitary personnel.
  • The ratio per thousand inhabitants of total military (active, reserve, and paramilitary).
  • The ratio per thousand inhabitants of active military only.

As military forces around the world are constantly changing in size, no definitive list can ever be compiled.

Many of the 171 countries listed here, especially those with the highest number of total soldiers such as the two Koreas and Vietnam, include a large number of paramilitaries, civilians and policemen in their reserve personnel. Some countries, such as Italy and Japan, have only volunteers in their armed forces. Other countries, such as Mauritius and Panama, have no national armies, but only a paramilitary force.

List by the International Institute for Strategic Studies

The following list is sourced from the 2018 edition of "The Military Balance" published annually by the International Institute for Strategic Studies.

Flag Country Active military Reserve military Paramilitary Total Per 1000 capita
(total)
Per 1000 capita
(active)
  Afghanistan[1] 174,300 0 148,700 323,000 9.5 5.1
  Albania[2] 8,000 0 500 8,500 2.8 2.6
  Algeria[3] 130,000 150,000 187,200 467,200 11.4 3.2
  Angola[4] 107,000 0 10,000 117,000 4 3.7
  Antigua and Barbuda[5] 180 80 0 260 2.7 1.9
  Argentina[6] 74,200 0 31,250 105,450 2.4 1.7
  Armenia[7][Note 1][Note 2] 44,800 210,000 4,300 259,100 85.1 14.7
  Australia[8] 57,800 21,100 0 78,900 3.4 2.5
  Austria[9][10] 22,400 152,200 25,000 199,600 22.8 2.6
  Azerbaijan[11] 66,950 300,000 15,000 381,950 38.3 6.7
  Bahamas[12] 1,300 0 0 1,300 3.9 3.9
  Bahrain[13] 8,200 0 11,260 19,460 13.8 5.8
  Bangladesh[14] 157,050 0 63,900 220,950 1.4 1
  Barbados[15] 610 430 0 1,040 3.6 2.1
  Belarus[16] 45,350 289,500 110,000 444,850 46.6 4.7
  Belgium[17] 28,800 5,000 0 33,800 2.9 2.5
  Belize[18] 1,500 700 150 2,350 6.5 4.2
  Benin[19] 7,250 0 2,500 9,750 0.9 0.7
  Bolivia[20] 34,100 0 37,100 71,200 6.4 3.1
  Bosnia and Herzegovina[21] 10,500 0 0 10,500 2.7 2.7
  Botswana[22] 9,000 0 0 9,000 4.1 4.1
  Brazil[23] 334,500 1,340,000 395,000 2,069,500 10 1.6
  Brunei[24] 7,200 700 4,900 12,800 28.9 16.2
  Bulgaria[25] 31,300 3,000 0 34,300 4.8 4.4
  Burkina Faso[26] 11,200 0 250 11,450 0.6 0.6
  Burundi[27] 30,050 0 21,000 51,050 4.5 2.6
  Cambodia[28] 124,300 0 67,000 191,300 11.8 7.7
  Cameroon[29] 14,400 0 9,000 23,400 0.9 0.6
  Canada[30] 63,000 30,000 4,500 97,500 2.7 1.8
  Cape Verde[31] 1,200 0 0 1,200 2.1 2.1
  Central African Republic[32] 7,150 0 1,000 8,150 1.4 1.3
  Chad[33] 30,350 0 9,500 39,850 3.3 2.5
  Chile[34] 77,200 40,000 44,700 161,900 9.1 4.3
  China[35] 2,035,000 510,000 1,500,000 4,045,000 2.9 1.5
  Colombia[36] 293,200 34,950 187,900 516,050 10.8 6.1
  Costa Rica[37] 0 0 9,800 9,800 2 0
  Côte d'Ivoire[38] 25,400 0 0 25,400 1.1 1.1
  Croatia[39] 15,650 0 3,000 18,650 4.3 3.6
  Cuba[40][Note 3] 49,000 1,159,000 1,465,000 2,673,000 239.8 4.4
  Cyprus[41] 15,000 50,000 750 65,750 53.8 12.3
  Czech Republic[42] 23,200 0 0 23,200 2.2 2.2
  Democratic Republic of the Congo[43] 134,250 0 0 134,250 1.6 1.6
  Denmark[44] 16,100 45,700 0 61,800 11 2.9
  Djibouti[45] 20,000 0 12,000 32,000 37 23.1
  Dominican Republic[46] 56,050 0 15,000 71,050 6.6 5.2
  Ecuador[47] 40,250 118,000 500 158,750 9.7 2.5
  Egypt[48] 438,500 479,000 397,000 1,314,500 13.5 4.5
  El Salvador[49] 24,500 9,900 17,000 51,400 8.3 4
  Equatorial Guinea[50] 1,450 0 0 1,450 1.9 1.9
  Eritrea[51] 201,750 120,000 0 321,750 54.8 34.4
  Estonia[52] 6,600 12,000 15,800 34,400 27.5 5.3
  Ethiopia[53] 138,000 0 0 138,000 1.3 1.3
  Fiji[54] 3,500 6,000 0 9,500 10.3 3.8
  Finland[55][56][Note 4] 33,490 1,127,500 2,700 1,163,690 210.9 6.1
  France[57] 202,700 72,300 103,400 378,400 5.6 3
  Gabon[58] 4,700 0 2,000 6,700 3.8 2.7
  Gambia[59] 800 0 0 800 0.4 0.4
  Georgia[60] 20,650 0 5,400 26,050 5.3 4.2
  Germany[61] 178,600 27,900 500 207,000 2.6 2.2
  Ghana[62] 15,500 0 0 15,500 0.6 0.6
  Greece[63] 141,350 220,500 4,000 365,850 34 13.1
  Guatemala[64] 18,050 63,850 25,000 106,900 6.9 1.2
  Guinea[65] 9,700 0 2,600 12,300 1 0.8
  Guinea-Bissau[66] 4,450 0 0 4,450 2.5 2.5
  Guyana[67] 3,400 670 0 4,070 5.5 4.6
  Haiti[68] 150 0 50 200 0 0
  Honduras[69] 14,950 60,000 8,000 82,950 9.2 1.7
  Hungary[70] 36,000 58,000 12,000 106,000 10.8 3.7
  Iceland[71] 0 0 250 250 0.7 0
  India[72] 1,440,000 2,096,000 1,585,950 5,121,950 4 1.1
  Indonesia[73] 395,500 400,000 280,000 1,075,500 4.1 1.5
  Iran[74][Note 5] 523,000 1,350,000 2,640,000 4,513,000 55 6.4
  Iraq[75] 64,000 0 145,000 209,000 5.3 1.6
  Ireland[76] 10,000 3,480 0 13,480 2.7 2
  Israel[77] 176,500 465,000 8,000 649,500 78.3 21.3
  Italy[78][Note 6] 174,500 18,300 182,350 375,150 6 2.8
  Jamaica[79] 3,950 980 0 4,930 1.6 1.3
  Japan[80] 247,150 56,000 13,740 316,890 2.5 2
  Jordan[81] 100,500 100,000 15,000 215,500 21 9.8
  Kazakhstan[82] 39,000 0 31,500 70,500 3.8 2.1
  Kenya[83] 24,100 0 5,000 29,100 0.6 0.5
  Kosovo[84] 2,500 800 0 3,300 1.7 1.3
  Kuwait[85] 15,500 23,700 7,100 46,300 16.1 5.4
  Kyrgyzstan[86] 10,900 0 9,500 20,400 3.5 1.9
  Laos[87] 29,100 0 100,000 129,100 18.1 4.1
  Latvia[88] 5,310 7,850 0 13,160 6.8 2.7
  Lebanon[89] 60,000 0 20,000 80,000 12.8 9.6
  Lesotho[90] 2,000 0 0 2,000 1 1
  Liberia[91] 2,100 0 0 2,100 0.4 0.4
  Libya[92][Note 7] 0 0 0 0 0 0
  Lithuania[93] 18,350 6,700 11,300 36,350 12.9 6.5
  Luxembourg[94] 900 0 600 1,500 2.5 1.5
  Madagascar[95] 13,500 0 8,100 21,600 0.9 0.5
  Malawi[96] 10,700 0 4,200 14,900 0.8 0.6
  Malaysia[97][Note 8] 109,000 296,300 264,600 669,900 21.3 3.5
  Mali[98] 10,000 0 7,800 17,800 1 0.6
  Malta[99] 1,950 180 0 2,130 5.1 4.7
  Mauritania[100] 15,850 0 5,000 20,850 5.5 4.2
  Mauritius[101] 0 0 2,550 2,550 1.9 0
  Mexico[102] 277,150 81,500 58,900 417,550 3.4 2.2
  Moldova[103] 5,150 58,000 2,400 65,550 18.9 1.5
  Mongolia[104] 9,700 137,000 7,500 154,200 50.3 3.2
  Montenegro[105] 1,950 0 10,100 12,050 18.8 3
  Morocco[106] 195,800 150,000 50,000 395,800 11.6 5.8
  Mozambique[107] 11,200 0 0 11,200 0.4 0.4
  Myanmar[108] 406,000 0 107,250 513,250 9.3 7.4
  Namibia[109] 9,900 0 6,000 15,900 6.4 4
  Nepal[110] 96,600 0 62,000 158,600 5.4 3.3
  Netherlands[111] 35,410 4,660 5,900 45,970 2.7 2.1
  New Zealand[112] 9,300 2,600 0 11,900 2.5 1.9
  Nicaragua[113] 12,000 0 0 12,000 2 2
  Niger[114] 5,300 0 5,400 10,700 0.6 0.3
  Nigeria[115] 118,000 0 82,000 200,000 1 0.6
  Democratic People's Republic of Korea[116][Note 9] 950,000 200,000 5,889,000 7,039,000 278.8 37.6
  North Macedonia[117] 8,000 4,850 7,600 20,450 9.7 3.8
  Norway[118] 23,950 38,590 0 62,540 11.8 4.5
  Oman[119] 42,600 0 4,400 47,000 13.7 12.4
  Pakistan[120] 653,000 0 0 653,000 3.1 3.1
  Palestine[121][Note 10] 0 0 0 0 0 0
  Panama[122] 0 0 22,050 22,050 5.9 0
  Papua New Guinea[123] 3,600 0 0 3,600 0.5 0.5
  Paraguay[124] 10,650 164,500 14,800 189,950 27.4 1.5
  Peru[125] 81,000 188,000 77,000 346,000 11.1 2.6
  Philippines[126] 125,000 181,000 40,500 346,500 3.3 1.2
  Poland[127] 105,000 0 73,400 178,400 4.6 2.7
  Portugal[128] 30,500 211,950 44,000 286,450 26.4 2.8
  Qatar[129] 11,800 0 5,000 16,800 7.3 5.1
  Republic of the Congo[130] 10,000 0 2,000 12,000 2.4 2
  Romania[131] 69,300 50,000 79,900 199,200 9.3 3.2
  Russian Federation[132][Note 11] 1,013,628 2,572,500 2,310,859 5,896,987 41.5 7.1
  Rwanda[133] 33,000 0 2,000 35,000 2.9 2.8
  Saudi Arabia[134] 227,000 0 24,500 251,500 8.8 7.9
  Senegal[135] 13,600 0 5,000 18,600 1.3 0.9
  Serbia[136] 28,150 50,150 3,700 82,000 11.5 4
  Seychelles[137] 420 0 0 420 4.5 4.5
  Sierra Leone[138] 8,500 0 0 8,500 1.4 1.4
  Singapore[139] 72,500 312,500 19,900 404,900 68.8 12.3
  Slovakia[140] 15,850 0 0 15,850 2.9 2.9
  Slovenia[141] 7,250 1,760 5,950 14,960 7.6 3.7
  Somalia[142] 19,800 0 0 19,800 1.8 1.8
  South Africa[143] 66,350 15,050 0 81,400 1.5 1.2
  Republic of Korea[144] 599,000 3,100,000 900,000 4,599,000 89.9 11.7
  Spain[145] 121,200 15,450 76,750 213,400 4.4 2.5
  Sri Lanka[146] 346,700 35,900 62,200 444,800 19.8 15.5
  South Sudan[147] 185,000 0 0 185,000 14.2 14.2
  Sudan[148] 104,300 85,000 20,000 209,300 5.6 2.8
  Suriname[149] 1,840 0 100 1,940 3.3 3.1
  Sweden[150] 29,750 0 21,950 51,700 5.2 3
  Switzerland[151] 20,950 218,270 0 239,220 29 2.5
  Syria[152] 142,500 0 150,000 292,500 16.2 7.9
  Taiwan[153] 275,000 2,800,000 1,883,450 4,958,450 210.9 11.7
  Tajikistan[154] 8,800 0 7,500 16,300 1.9 1
  Tanzania[155] 27,000 80,000 1,400 108,400 2 0.5
  Thailand[156] 360,850 245,000 93,700 699,550 10.2 5.3
  Timor Leste[157] 1,330 0 0 1,330 1 1
  Togo[158] 8,550 0 750 9,300 1.2 1.1
  Trinidad and Tobago[159] 4,050 0 0 4,050 3.3 3.3
  Tunisia[160] 35,800 0 12,000 47,800 4.2 3.1
  Turkey[161] 355,200 378,700 156,800 890,700 11 4.4
  Turkmenistan[162] 36,500 0 5,000 41,500 7.8 6.8
  Uganda[163] 45,000 10,000 1,400 56,400 1.4 1.1
  Ukraine[164] 204,000 900,000 88,000 1,192,000 27.1 4.6
  United Arab Emirates[165] 63,000 180,000 0 243,000 40 10.4
  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland[166] 150,250 82,650 0 232,900 3.6 2.3
  United States of America[167][168] 1,374,699 845,000 2,918,161 5,137,860 15.6 4.2
  Uruguay[169] 24,650 0 800 25,450 7.6 7.3
  Uzbekistan[170] 48,000 0 20,000 68,000 2.3 1.6
  Venezuela[171] 123,000 8,000 220,000 351,000 11.2 3.9
  Vietnam[172] 482,000 5,000,000 40,000 5,522,000 57.4 5
  Yemen[173] 20,000 0 0 20,000 0.7 0.7
  Zambia[174] 15,100 3,000 1,400 19,500 1.2 0.9
  Zimbabwe[175] 29,000 0 21,800 50,800 3.7 2.1

Not included in the list are the militaries of Abkhazia, Andorra, Bhutan, Northern Cyprus, Maldives, Monaco, Artsakh, San Marino, Saint Kitts and Nevis, São Tomé and Príncipe, Somaliland, Eswatini, Tonga and Vanuatu.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ The reserve military of Armenia consists mostly of ex-conscripts who have seen service within the last 15 years.
  2. ^ Does not include Army forces of Artsakh, which has an Armenian backed army.
  3. ^ The reserve paramilitary of Cuba consists of the Youth Labour Army, Civil Defence and Territorial Troops Militia and count 1,120,000 units. Ready reserves serve 45 days per year.
  4. ^ Finnish Defence Forces has a ~33,400 active strength, a wartime strength of ~280,000, with a total reserve of ~900,000
  5. ^ The paramilitary forces of Iran largely consists of the Basij, a paramilitary militia with claimed membership of 12.6 million (including women and children), which after mobilization can reach about 1,000,000 people able to fight.
  6. ^ The paramilitary forces of Italy consists of the Carabinieri and the Guardia di Finanza.
  7. ^ No data due to the ongoing civil war.
  8. ^ The paramilitary forces of Malaysia includes 240,000 reservists from the People's Volunteer Corps.
  9. ^ The Worker-Peasant Red Guards count 5,700,000 units and are used as a reserve paramilitary.
  10. ^ Precise personnel-strength figures for the various Palestinian groups are not known.
  11. ^ The potential reserve personnel of Russia may be as high as 20 million, depending on how the figures are counted. However, an est. 2 million have seen military service within the last 5 years.

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Bibliography

Further reading