List of cities in Lithuania

In Lithuania, there are 103 cities (in Lithuanian: singular – miestas, plural – miestai). The term city is defined by the Parliament of Lithuania as compact areas populated by more than 3,000 people of whom at least two thirds work in the industry or service sector. Those settlements which have a population of less than 3,000 but historically had city status are still considered to be cities. Smaller settlements are called miestelis (plural miesteliai) which is translated as towns. Even smaller settlements (villages) are called kaimas (plural kaimai). Often the official status is not clear and people refer to both towns and villages as gyvenvietė (plural gyvenvietės) which in essence means settlement.

Vilnius, capital of Lithuania

The cities started to form in the 13th-14th century together with the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. The first to receive city rights was Klaipėda. According to medieval law, a city could have its own fairs, taverns, guilds, courts, etc. Some former cities lost their status and are now just towns or villages, for example Kernavė or Merkinė. Most of the cities in Lithuania were established before the 18th century. Their location is mostly determined by trade and transportation routes. Some of the newer cities grew because of railroad construction, for example Kaišiadorys, Vievis, Radviliškis, Ignalina or Mažeikiai. In the last century cities grew next to big industrial centers, for example Visaginas, Elektrėnai or Naujoji Akmenė. Five cities – Birštonas, Druskininkai, Neringa, Palanga and Anykščiai – have a special resort status.

Most of the cities are small. There are only 19 cities with a population of more than 20,000. Cities are quite evenly spread out through the territory of Lithuania. At the 2001 census 66.7% of the population lived in cities and the percentage is growing.

Cities with over 20,000 inhabitantsEdit

# CoA City Pronunciation Population (2020) Population (2001) Change Granted city rights County Municipality Urban area estimate (2020)
1   Vilnius ListenInfo 580,020 554,281 +4.64% 1387 Vilnius County Vilnius City Municipality 700,725
2   Kaunas ListenInfo 289,380 378,943 −23.63% 1408 Kaunas County Kaunas City Municipality 381,007
3   Klaipėda ListenInfo 149,157 192,954 −22.70% 1257 Klaipėda County Klaipėda City Municipality 209,240
4   Šiauliai ListenInfo 101,514 133,883 −24.18% 1589 Šiauliai County Šiauliai City Municipality 141,784
5   Panevėžys ListenInfo 85,885 119,749 −28.28% 1837 Panevėžys County Panevėžys City Municipality 124,412
6   Alytus ListenInfo 49,888 71,491 −30.22% 1581 Alytus County Alytus City Municipality 75,775
7   Marijampolė ListenInfo 34,968 48,675 −28.16% 1792 Marijampolė County Marijampolė Municipality 53,772
8   Mažeikiai ListenInfo 32,477 42,675 −23.90% 1924 Telšiai County Mažeikiai District Municipality 51,067
9   Jonava ListenInfo 26,427 34,954 −24.39% 1864 Kaunas County Jonava District Municipality 41,163
10   Utena ListenInfo 25,395 33,860 −25.00% 1599 Utena County Utena District Municipality 37,179
11   Kėdainiai ListenInfo 22,682 32,048 −29.22% 1590 Kaunas County Kėdainiai District Municipality 45,285
12   Tauragė ListenInfo 21,516 29,124 −26.12% 1924 Tauragė County Tauragė District Municipality 37,805
13   Telšiai ListenInfo 21,294 31,460 −32.31% 1791 Telšiai County Telšiai District Municipality 39,317
14   Ukmergė ListenInfo 20,144 28,759 −29.96% 1486 Vilnius County Ukmergė District Municipality 33,471

Cities with under 20,000 inhabitantsEdit

# CoA City Pronunciation
(audio help)
Population (2001) Population (2020) Granted city rights County Municipality
15   Visaginas ListenInfo 29,554 18,031 1977 Utena County Visaginas Municipality
16   Plungė ListenInfo 23,436 18,904 1792 Telšiai County Plungė District Municipality
17   Kretinga ListenInfo 21,423 18,732 1609 Klaipėda County Kretinga District Municipality
18   Gargždai ListenInfo 15,212 16,814 1792 Klaipėda County Klaipėda District Municipality
19   Šilutė ListenInfo 21,476 16,812 1941 Klaipėda County Šilutė District Municipality
20   Radviliškis ListenInfo 20,339 16,344 1923 Šiauliai County Radviliškis District Municipality
21   Palanga ListenInfo 17,623 15,474 1791 Klaipėda County Palanga City Municipality
22   Biržai ListenInfo 15,262 15,262 1589 Panevėžys County Biržai District Municipality
23   Rokiškis ListenInfo 16,746 14,351 1920 Panevėžys County Rokiškis District Municipality
24   Kuršėnai ListenInfo 14,197 14,197 1946 Šiauliai County Šiauliai District Municipality
25   Druskininkai ListenInfo 18,233 14,172 1893 Alytus County Druskininkai Municipality
26   Elektrėnai ListenInfo 14,050 13,664 1962 Vilnius County Elektrėnai Municipality
27   Garliava ListenInfo 13,322 13,423 1958 Kaunas County Kaunas District Municipality
28   Jurbarkas ListenInfo 13,797 12,972 1611 Tauragė County Jurbarkas District Municipality
29   Raseiniai ListenInfo 12,541 11,203 1492–1506 Kaunas County Raseiniai District Municipality
30   Vilkaviškis ListenInfo 13,283 11,117 1660 Marijampolė County Vilkaviškis District Municipality
31   Lentvaris ListenInfo 11,773 11,105 1946 Vilnius County Trakai District Municipality
32   Joniškis ListenInfo 11,329 10,881 1616 Šiauliai County Joniškis District Municipality
33   Grigiškės ListenInfo 11,448 10,867 1958 Vilnius County Vilnius City Municipality
34   Anykščiai ListenInfo 11,958 10,575 1516 Utena County Anykščiai District Municipality
35   Kelmė ListenInfo 10,900 10,302 1947 Šiauliai County Kelmė District Municipality
36   Varėna ListenInfo 10,845 10,296 1946 Alytus County Varėna District Municipality
37   Prienai ListenInfo 11,353 9,867 1609 Kaunas County Prienai District Municipality
38   Kaišiadorys ListenInfo 10,002 9,729 1946 Kaunas County Kaišiadorys District Municipality
39   Naujoji Akmenė ListenInfo 12,345 9,300 1792 Šiauliai County Akmenė District Municipality
40   Pasvalys ListenInfo 8,709 8,296 1946 Panevėžys County Pasvalys District Municipality
41   Kupiškis ListenInfo 8,451 8,082 1791 Panevėžys County Kupiškis District Municipality
42   Zarasai ListenInfo 8,365 7,766 1843 Utena County Zarasai District Municipality
43   Skuodas ListenInfo 7,896 7,358 1572 Klaipėda County Skuodas District Municipality
44   Kazlų Rūda ListenInfo 7,401 7,162 1950 Marijampolė County Kazlų Rūda Municipality
45   Širvintos ListenInfo 7,273 7,070 1950 Vilnius County Širvintos District Municipality
46   Molėtai ListenInfo 7,221 6,949 1956 Utena County Molėtai District Municipality
47   Šalčininkai ListenInfo 6,722 6,563 1956 Vilnius County Šalčininkai District Municipality
48   Šakiai ListenInfo 6,795 6,511 1776 Marijampolė County Šakiai District Municipality
49   Švenčionėliai ListenInfo 6,923 6,346 1920 Vilnius County Švenčionys District Municipality
50   Pabradė ListenInfo 6,525 6,236 1946 Vilnius County Švenčionys District Municipality
51   Kybartai ListenInfo 6,556 6,209 1947 Marijampolė County Vilkaviškis District Municipality
52   Ignalina ListenInfo 6,591 6,119 1950 Utena County Ignalina District Municipality
53   Šilalė ListenInfo 6,281 6,037 1950 Tauragė County Šilalė District Municipality
54   Nemenčinė ListenInfo 5,892 5,876 1955 Vilnius County Vilnius District Municipality
55   Pakruojis ListenInfo 6,057 5,750 1950 Šiauliai County Pakruojis District Municipality
56   Švenčionys ListenInfo 5,684 5,566 1800 Vilnius County Švenčionys district
57   Trakai ListenInfo 5,725 5,373 1409 Vilnius County Trakai District Municipality
58   Vievis ListenInfo 5,303 5,049 1950 Vilnius County Elektrėnai Municipality
59   Kalvarija ListenInfo 5,090 5,013 1791 Marijampolė County Kalvarija Municipality
60   Lazdijai ListenInfo 5,140 4,811 1957 Alytus County Lazdijai District Municipality
61   Rietavas ListenInfo 3,979 3,843 1792 Telšiai County Rietavas Municipality
62   Žiežmariai ListenInfo 3,884 3,759 1792 Kaunas County Kaišiadorys District Municipality
63   Eišiškės ListenInfo 3,765 3,610 1950 Vilnius County Šalčininkai District Municipality
64   Ariogala ListenInfo 3,697 3,458 1792 Kaunas County Raseiniai District Municipality
65   Neringa ListenInfo 2,386 3,371 1961 Klaipėda County Neringa Municipality
66   Šeduva ListenInfo 3,400 3,200 1654 Šiauliai County Radviliškis District Municipality
67   Birštonas ListenInfo 3,225 3,172 1518? Kaunas County Birštonas Municipality
68   Venta ListenInfo 3,412 2,959 1978 Šiauliai County Akmenė District Municipality
69   Akmenė ListenInfo 3,140 2,690 1792 Šiauliai County Akmenė District Municipality
69   Tytuvėnai ListenInfo 2,851 2,690 1956 Šiauliai County Kelmė District Municipality
71   Rūdiškės ListenInfo 2,559 2,472 1958 Vilnius County Trakai District Municipality
72   Vilkija ListenInfo 2,338 2,301 1792 Kaunas County Kaunas District Municipality
73   Pagėgiai ListenInfo 2,393 2,236 1923 Tauragė County Pagėgiai Municipality
74   Viekšniai ListenInfo 2,270 2,198 1791 Telšiai County Mažeikiai District Municipality
75   Žagarė ListenInfo 2,312 2,115 1924 Šiauliai County Joniškis District Municipality
76   Ežerėlis ListenInfo 2,051 2,014 1956 Kaunas County Kaunas District Municipality
77   Skaudvilė ListenInfo 2,140 1,976 1950 Tauragė County Tauragė District Municipality
78   Gelgaudiškis ListenInfo 2,029 1,936 1958 Marijampolė County Šakiai District Municipality
79   Kudirkos Naumiestis ListenInfo 1,997 1,916 1643 Marijampolė County Šakiai District Municipality
80   Simnas ListenInfo 1,980 1,844 1626 Alytus County Alytus District Municipality
81   Salantai ListenInfo 1,942 1,825 1746 Klaipėda County Kretinga District Municipality
82   Linkuva ListenInfo 1,797 1,735 1950 Šiauliai County Pakruojis District Municipality
83   Ramygala ListenInfo 1,733 1,695 1957 Panevėžys County Panevėžys District Municipality
84   Priekulė ListenInfo 1,725 1,663 1948 Klaipėda County Klaipėda District Municipality
85   Veisiejai ListenInfo 1,762 1,592 1956 Alytus County Lazdijai District Municipality
86   Daugai ListenInfo 1,458 1,432 1792 Alytus County Alytus District Municipality
87   Joniškėlis ListenInfo 1,477 1,389 1736 Panevėžys County Pasvalys District Municipality
88   Jieznas ListenInfo 1,476 1,311 1956 Kaunas County Prienai District Municipality
89   Obeliai ListenInfo 1,371 1,293 1956 Panevėžys County Rokiškis District Municipality
90   Varniai ListenInfo 1,355 1,258 1950 Telšiai County Telšiai District Municipality
91   Virbalis ListenInfo 1,351 1,250 1593 Marijampolė County Vilkaviškis District Municipality
92   Seda ListenInfo 1,309 1,189 1950 Telšiai County Mažeikiai District Municipality
93   Vabalninkas ListenInfo 1,328 1,155 1775 Panevėžys County Biržai District Municipality
94 Subačius ListenInfo 1,180 1,105 1958 Panevėžys County Kupiškis District Municipality
95   Baltoji Vokė ListenInfo 1,073 1,073 1958 Vilnius County Šalčininkai District Municipality
96   Pandėlys ListenInfo 1,024 941 1956 Panevėžys County Rokiškis District Municipality
97   Dūkštas ListenInfo 1,070 930 1956 Utena County Ignalina District Municipality
98   Užventis ListenInfo 898 844 1746 Šiauliai County Kelmė District Municipality
99   Dusetos ListenInfo 914 831 1950 Utena County Zarasai District Municipality
100   Kavarskas ListenInfo 809 692 1956 Utena County Anykščiai District Municipality
101   Smalininkai ListenInfo 653 600 1945 Tauragė County Jurbarkas District Municipality
102   Troškūnai ListenInfo 525 451 1956 Utena County Anykščiai District Municipality
103 Panemunė ListenInfo 329 319 1837 Tauragė County Pagėgiai Municipality

MapEdit

Map showing all cities marked with red dots. Bigger cities are written in larger letters. Click on the map for better resolution.

 

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

Notes and sourcesEdit

  • Population sizes are given according to Department of Statistics to the Government of the Republic of Lithuania (Statistics Lithuania) data for the census of 2001.
  • "City rights" means rights to self-governing. For older cities usually it is the date when Magdeburg rights were granted. Most dates are obtained from Lithuanian Wikipedia which assembled the information from several different sources. One of the main sources was Population Statistics. This information cannot be completely trusted.
  • Counties, municipalities and elderates are given according to Lithuanian Central Internet Gates data.
  • Stasys Vaitiekūnas, Elena Valančienė, Lietuvos geografija (Geography of Lithuania), Alma littera, 2004, pages 160-162. ISBN 9955-08-534-7
  • Lietuvos Respublikos teritorijos administracinių vienetų ir jų ribų įstatymas (Republic of Lithuania Law on Administrative Units and Their Borders), Seimas law database, June 19, 1994, law no. I-558.
  • At the time of 2001 census, there were 106 cities in Lithuania. Government of Republic of Lithuania made these changes:
  • On December 16, 2002 Juodupė lost city status and became a town;
  • On February 25, 2003 Kulautuva lost city status and became a town;
  • On April 8, 2003 Tyruliai lost city status and became a town.
  • Cities without coat of arms image do not have it confirmed by the President of Lithuania. Municipalities share coat of arms with their capitals with the exception of cities which are capitals of more than one municipality (i.e. a city municipality and a district municipality) in which case the city municipality shares the coat of arms with the city, while the district municipality has its own distinct coat of arms. Another notable exception is Trakai town, which has different coat of arms than does its municipality (Trakai District Municipality).