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Ignalina (About this soundpronunciation ; Yiddish: איגנאלינעIgnaline) is a town in eastern Lithuania, famous for the Ignalina Nuclear Power Plant in nearby Visaginas. It is said that Ignalina name got its name from Ignas and Lina, two lovers with quite popular Lithuanian names. According to the 2011 census, it had 6,007 residents, to 2017 census - 5,260 residents[1].

Ignalina
Town
Skyline of Ignalina
Coat of arms of Ignalina
Coat of arms
Ignalina is located in Lithuania
Ignalina
Ignalina
Location of Ignalina
Coordinates: 55°21′0″N 26°10′0″E / 55.35000°N 26.16667°E / 55.35000; 26.16667Coordinates: 55°21′0″N 26°10′0″E / 55.35000°N 26.16667°E / 55.35000; 26.16667
Country Lithuania
Ethnographic regionAukštaitija
CountyUtena County COA.png Utena County
MunicipalityIgnalina district municipality
EldershipIgnalina town eldership
Capital ofIgnalina district municipality
Ignalina town eldership
Ignalina rural eldership
First mentioned1810
Granted city rights1950
Government
 • MayorJustas Rasikas (LSDP)
Population
 (2018)
 • Total5,053
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Websitewww.ignalina.lt

Contents

HistoryEdit

Archeological findings and artefacts - mounds show that people lived in the territory of Ignalina already in 9th century. It is supposed that the territory of Ignalina earlier belonged to the ancient land of Nalšia, which was mentioned in 1229–1298. The toponyms and hidronyms demonstrate that it was inhabited by the Baltic tribe Selonians.

Even though there is archeological evidence that people lived in Ignalina area in the Stone Age, Ignalina was mentioned only in 1810. It started to grow only after the Warsaw – Saint Petersburg Railway was built in 1866. It is regarded as one of the new industrial cities. However, nowadays it is known more as a tourist destination in the Aukštaitija National Park.

After World War I, the area was disputed between Poland and Lithuania. It was occupied by troops of Lucjan Żeligowski,[2] and internationally recognized as part of the Second Polish Republic in 1923. Nonetheless, Lithuania continued to claim this territory.[3][4] Before September 1939, Ignalina (Ignalino) was situated in the Wilno Voivodeship.[5]

Following the invasion of Poland, Ignalina became the capital of Ignalina eldership. More than half of the population was Jewish, 1200 people before the Holocaust.[6] During World War II, in 1941, Jews were imprisoned in a ghetto and exploited through forced labour. They are later murdered in mass executions.[7][8][9]

In 1950 city become a capital of Ignalina District Municipality in Vilnius County. In 1995 Ignalina District Municipality become a part of Utena County.

SportsEdit

Lithuanian Winter Sports Center is located in Ignalina near Šiekštys or Žaliasis (Green) Lake.

Ignalina used to be the main ski jumping venue in Lithuania until the 1970s when this sport was discontinued in the country.[10]

Nature and GeographyEdit

Ignalina is located in the laky region – dotted with the lakes Šiekštys, Gavaitis, Gavys, Paplovinis, Palaukinis, Ilgys, Baltys, Varnys, Juodinis, Agarinis, Gulbinis, Mekšrinis, Budaraistis, Žiežulinis, Krakinis, Viksvojis, Paviksvojis, Daržinėlės.

Education institutionsEdit

Famous peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Utenos apskrities gyventojų surašymo duomenys". Lithuanian official statistics department.
  2. ^ Tessaris, Chiara. "Peace and Security beyond Military Power: The League of Nations and the Polish-Lithuanian Dispute (1920-1923)". Retrieved 6 January 2019. Kaunas petitioned the League of Nations "to take necessary steps without delay to put an end to those persecutions and to extend its protection to the Lithuanian element in the Vilna region occupied by General Zeligowski."
  3. ^ Reddaway, W. F., ed. (2016). The Cambridge History of Poland. From Augustus II to Pilsudski (1697-1935). Cambridge University Press. p. 577. ISBN 978-1316620038. in March 1923, international recognition was accorded to the Eastern frontier of Poland as it then existed de facto (...) Polish soveregnity in Eastern Galicia and in the Wilno territory was recognized.
  4. ^ Gross, Jan Tomasz (2002). Revolution from Abroad: The Soviet Conquest of Poland's Western Ukraine and Western Belorussia. Princeton University Press. p. 3. ISBN 978-0691096032.
  5. ^ Megargee, Geoffrey P. (2009). The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Encyclopedia of Camps and Ghettos, 1933-1945. Vol. 2, part A. Indiana University Press. p. 1058.
  6. ^ "המכון הבין-לאומי לחקר השואה - יד ושם". yadvashem.org. Retrieved 2017-07-15.
  7. ^ "Holocaust Atlas of Lithuania". holocaustatlas.lt. Retrieved 2017-07-15.
  8. ^ "Holocaust Atlas of Lithuania". holocaustatlas.lt. Retrieved 2017-07-15.
  9. ^ "Holocaust Atlas of Lithuania". holocaustatlas.lt. Retrieved 2017-07-15.
  10. ^ "Šuolininkų nuo tramplino bus daug!" (in Lithuanian). http://Sportas. 2011-02-09. Retrieved 2013-12-15.

External linksEdit