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Šilalė (pronunciation (help·info), Samogitian: Šėlalė, Yiddish: שילעל Shilel, Polish: Szyłele) is a town in Western Lithuania, Samogitia, Tauragė County. It is located 30 km (19 mi) north of Tauragė. The River Lokysta flows through the town and there is a pond in the centre of the town.
Church of St. Francis of Assisi in Šilalė
|Municipality||Šilalė district municipality|
|Eldership||Šilalė city eldership|
|Capital of||Šilalė district municipality |
Šilalė city eldership
Šilalė rural eldership
|Granted city rights||1950|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+3 (EEST)|
The town is part of the Samogitian ethnographic region of Lithuania and was first mentioned in the sixteenth century. Its name derives from the generic word sila ("Pinewood") and Samogitian suffix -alė.
In July 1941, 135 Jewish men from Šilalė were shot on a site in the Jewish cemetery. In September 1941, the Jewish women and children of Šilalė were shot in the Tūbinės forest. Around 1,300 Jews were massacred by an Einsatzgruppen of Germans and local Lithuanian collaborators.
2011 - population of 5,492 people:
- Lithuanian - 99.02% (5438);
- Russian - 0.33% (18);
- Other - 0.66% (36).
2001 - population of 6,281 people:
- Lithuanian - 99.23% (6235);
- Russian - 0.37% (23);
- Other - 0.37% (23).
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